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  • Sjökvist, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Provisoriska beredskapsbroar: Montering och lansering av Järnvägskrigsbro 32017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has become more common to use provisional emergency bridges whenever there is a renovation or replacement of a bridge. Emergency bridges makes it possible for the traffic to pass temporarily on the side of an ongoing bridge project. Constractors who are planning for these projects will hit challenges when they realize that the documents that describes the system of the bridge is very old. In addition, experience of these bridges is limited to only a few people.

    This study therefore aims to increase the awareness of provisional war bridges to make it easier for contractors to project with them in the future. The main goal of the study is to create a checklist highlighting the most important parts to consider when designing and planning. The study is limited to studying the fragment type Järnvägskrigsbro 3 which is one of several bridges that the Swedish Transport Administration today manages.

    The used study method is descriptive and has been used with qualitative interviews to create deeper insights into the subject. The theory describes the different operations of Järnvägskrigsbro 3, including what organization is needed, how a launch plan looks like, how the installation, launch and immersion work, and what risks the work entails. The theory has then been compared with the observation during the production of a railway war bridge and along with interviews from installation managers and production manager.

    The conclusions led to the fact that the contractors strongly depend on the knowledge of the installation managers when planning. To increase the knowledge of the less experienced, the old documents that describe the bridge system need updating.

    The checklist is a tool that the contractors can use in the upcoming project with Järnvägskrigsbro 3, but it has not yet been tested for how well it is actually helpful.

  • Hägg, Adam
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Lynk&Co Rebyell: The rebellious shared city sport car, shaped for the future urban youth.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis concerns the implementation of car sharing technology into a semi autonomous future city sportscar. The vehicle is aimed towards the young rebellious generation who will be living an urban, compact lifestyle. The goal was to create a design language and practical supporting features that would appeal to the target group and express sharing technology.

    The car can change its visual expression depending on the mode or kind of use. The trunk window is a transparent screen displaying information about availability. In order to enter the car, the window scans the user’s iris and recognises if the person is a subscriber of the service. While using the car, the trunk window turns opaque and the front windows turn transparent.

    Methods used during the design process included research, sketching, package study, clay modelling, CAD modelling, final visualisation and a physical model.

  • Medeisis, Lukas
    LAND ROVER MELRAKKI2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The automotive industry is blooming with new interpretations of what future cars will be in the future. Progressive technologies, environmental awareness and people’s behavioral change o er new opportunities for creating more sustainable vehicles. While these are primarily being developed to solve problems in urban environments, similar developments should be aimed to preserve our natural surroundings.

    During this project I traveled to Iceland to explore the country and learn how we can improve the experience of travel. I used my research, observations and the Land Rover heritage to look for opportunities in an autonomous o -road scenario. Furthermore I wanted to explore of how renewable energy sources can be used to benefit vehicle development and usage.

    Project outcome is Land Rover Melrakki, a vehicle developed to explore Iceland while sustaining main traveller needs in a downscaled solution.

  • Schopka, Martin
    VOLVO UNITED2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What if advanced digital tools enable users to participate in the car design process? Putting people at the centre has always been the core of Volvo Cars. This master thesis project explores how the Scandinavian design philosophy of user-centric design can be brought to the next level.

    The goal of this speculative design project is to inspire and trigger discussions about the future of car design and designers, by showing a fictional urban vision of 2037, where shifts in economy and society change the way we live and work, and ultimately how we move.

    The result is Volvo United, a system that connects people – locally and globally – by empowering them to participate in the process of creating truly individual and meaningful modes of transport.

    Designed by you. Made by people around you. 

  • Striedieck, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    LOOPHOLE: How sports cars will find a way to survive the autonomous future.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What will happen to sport cars once our society and infrastructure allow for a fully autonomous transport systems? My concern for the ”survival of the sports car” clearly originates from an emotional viewpoint rather than a reasonable argument. We know about the benefits that come along with autonomy but that doesn’t make the fear of loosing the emotional side of driving unfounded.

    My aim was to create a scenario that allows both reason and emotion to coexist and furthermore to benefit from each other rather than to create a conflict.

    The result is a PORSCHE for 2040 that shows an exciting concept for steering fully autonomous cars of the future. It combines the benefits of autonomy with the emotions of sports cars. 

  • Chen, Xintao
    DECELERATION: Mobility Designed to be Slow2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What is next for the luxury experience when autonomous technology is replacing your private chau eur and there is no need for improving the performance of a vehicle? What if consumers simply get bored of rare and expensive materials as the only reference to luxury? There is a potential to change the mindset and rethink the value of mobility. As it is already happening, people start to treasure experiences rather than ownership. Vehicles play multiple important

    roles in our lives and some of our most precious stories can happen during a ride. Inspired by such insights, this project pushed the boundaries to envision a new kind of luxurious mobility experience designed to be slow.

    Research, ideation, storytelling, 3D modelling and visualisation were used to propose a shared airborne mobility service for the megacity. A system composed of dirigibles and docking stations, inspired and fictitiously operated by the Lexus brand. 

  • Strandberg, Anton
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Intermittent strömförsörjda anläggningar: En praktisk lösning för lågförbrukare2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis has been carried out along with Umeå Energi and addresses one of their clients' problems. A specific tunnel used for walking- and cycling traffic has been the subject of complaints from the public because its lighting is switched off during the daytime. During certain periods of the day, the tunnel feels dark and unsafe. Currently, the tunnel lighting is being controlled, alongside with other parts of the street lighting, by a light sensor. There is a desire to use battery storage to supply the tunnel lighting during the time when the power is turned off.

    Since the street lighting in addition to being switched off periodically throughout the day is also completely shut down throughout June and half of July, a solar panel was required to provide energy to the luminaires during that time. Solar power was chosen partly because of the fact that it produces the most amount of energy during the time the facility has no type of power supply but also in view of the customer's desire to work with renewable energy.

    In order to live up to the Traffic Authority's guideline values, only a small part of the power was required. The luminaires were prepared for Dali and since the facility was desired to be as small as possible, motion sensors that both turn off the lighting when there is no one in the tunnel but also does not raise the lighting more than necessary was suggested. Batteries were dimensioned upon expected load and given power losses.

    To evaluate the solar panel's ability to cover the luminaires needs, simulations was made in Polysun. The 37 kWh/month that the 300 Wp solar panel generates during the summer is sufficient for 14 hours of lighting per day, which is considered enough for the time period based on the tunnel usage. Circuit diagram with component list, cable list and a proposed layout were produced in PCSchematics to display one type of solution.

    In addition, it was recommended to paint the tunnel in a bright color to better reflect light. Possibly, it could lead to a further reduction of the illumination. 

  • Magnusson, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Användande av lokala nollpunktsreaktorer: Hantering av kapacitiva jordfelsströmmar i kabelnät2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rural power grid has traditionally mostly consisted of overhead power lines. In recent years the trend has been to replace the overhead lines with cables instead. The reason is that overhead lines are relatively vulnerable, strong winds and storms can cause trees and branches to fall over the power lines and cause a phase to ground fault. This will then trip the ground fault relays and disconnect the faulty power line. A cable grid is not vulnerable in the same way, and could be considered a solution to make the power grid more reliable. A cable grid does come whit other types of problems instead. It generates about 50 times more phase to ground capacitance compared with the same length of overhead lines. When a phase to ground fault occurs the capacitance in the healthy phases will generate a current to ground and then through the fault. On average a cable grid generates about 2 A per kilometer. Large cable grids can therefore cause very large capacitive currents to flow through the fault.  To counter this, a reactor is placed between the neutral point of the transformer and ground. When a phase to ground fault occurs, the reactor will generate an inductive current which is in the opposite phase compared to the capacitive current. This current will flow through the faulty line and cancel out the capacitive current. In a perfectly tuned power grid the only component left in the fault is a smaller resistive current. Large cable grids will require a large reactor to generate the large inductive current, which might need to flow over a great distance in the grid to reach the fault location. To reduce the inductive current from the central reactor, it is possible to install smaller local reactors in the grid. These will then in the event of a phase to ground fault generate a part of the inductive current, which will reduce the currents from the central reactor. This report will look at the factors related to grounding systems and how these factors affect the ground fault currents. The purpose of the report is to give recommendations to Umeå Energi on where in their grid they should install additional local reactors and also which factors they should consider when doing future expansions and rebuilds of their power grid.  

  • Ritter, Robin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    The 100 kW Sportscar: Experience-Oriented Performance through Reduction in Times of Excess2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem Area

    With the introduction of the Bugatti Veyron in 2005, a new breed of sportscars was born: the hypercar. It was celebrated as a technological masterpiece, its todays hybrid counterparts, the McLaren P1, Ferrari LaFerrari and Porsche 918 Spyder were named the ‘holy trinity’ of sportscars. However, only a few hundreds of these cars will ever be built, and most enthusiasts will only be able to experience their performance in the virtual world in a racing simulator. The few lucky owners though face a similar problem: These machines are so fast and their traction limit is so high that they can hardly be driven flat-out on open roads, which turns many of them into a track-only toys or garage queens.

    Design process

    The design process used is fairly traditional, starting with a research phase, an ideation phase which is being followed by a refinement phase and ultimately the execution of the design in form of a physical scale model and digital renderings.

    However it needs to be stated that the availability of VR reviews already has a very positive impact on the design workflow. Many design solutions, ergonomics and proportions were modeled directly in 3D and immediately tested in VR, similar to a continously updated 1:1 clay model in the industry.

    Final result

    The final result is a lightweight sportscar that makes most out of its limited power resources. Not only does it use state-of-the art technologies and materials to be as efficient as possible, it also boosts the driving experience with several innovative design solutions.

    The styling is modern and in line with Porsche’s carefully developed current design DNA, but also links to the past. Connaisseurs of the Porsche heritage will find several references to models from the past, yet all these elements are respectfully interpreted in a contemporary yet timeless way.

    Other, more high-volume manufacturers also produce versions of their models with ridiculously powerful engines - similar to the era of the muscle cars in the late 60ies. In some cases, it seems that this is more of an engineers game of numbers, a marketing strategy or a method to please the ego of the companies’ board members.

    The fun of sportscar driving however is where the driver and or the machine reach their physical limits - in speed, revs, reaction time, grip and g-forces. Finding and riding along on this edge is the challenge of driving a sportscar, and this project claims that this can be brought back to a level that is far below that of hypercars.

    The challenge of this project is therefore to develop a car that can deliver an exciting, memorable driving experience with less financial, energy and material resources. At the same time, in an age of Uber, Lyft and the advent of autonomous vehicles, this car should attract younger customers to keep the following generations interested in the driving aspect of cars, a key factor in the emotionality that ultimately leads to higher profits for the manufacturer and above all, an exciting leisure time experience for the customer.

    Design process

    The design process used is fairly traditional, starting with a research phase, an ideation phase which is being followed by a refinement phase and ultimately the execution of the design in form of a physical scale model and digital renderings.

    However it needs to be stated that the availability of VR reviews already has a very positive impact on the design workflow. Many design solutions, ergonomics and proportions were modeled directly in 3D and immediately tested in VR, similar to a continously updated 1:1 clay model in the industry.

    Final result

    The final result is a lightweight sportscar that makes most out of its limited power resources. Not only does it use state-of-the art technologies and materials to be as efficient as possible, it also boosts the driving experience with several innovative design solutions.

    The styling is modern and in line with Porsche’s carefully developed current design DNA, but also links to the past. Connaisseurs of the Porsche heritage will find several references to models from the past, yet all these elements are respectfully interpreted in a contemporary yet timeless way.

  • Yang, Xingyu
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Jeep Black Label: Formulating future symbolism around hybrid lifestyle2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world is becoming more complicated; our lives develop into multiple facets. This master thesis focuses on defining a future typology in vehicle design representing a hybrid lifestyle.

    New technologies bring convenience to people but sometimes the amount of information exceeds our needs. Jeep Black Label is designed to escape all that in the year 2040. An unplugged lounge experience for the city and a great analogue getaway into nature.

    A holistic research method was used to understand the context for this vehicle. The design process followed an inside-out approach. First a dynamic interior space was generated based on users’ needs. The nal step was to ideate and choose a meaningful exterior appearance following the goal to communicate brand identity, automation and hybrid driving modes.

  • Lindblom, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sjuårig folkskola i riksdagsprotokoll och Svensk läraretidning: En beskrivande uppsats om utredningen bakom folkskolereformen 1936 och debatten bland lärare och politiker2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Kotanen, Valtteri
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ateism i religionsundervisningen för högstadiet: En undersökning av läroplaner och läroböcker för kristendoms- och religionskunskap i högstadiet från 1962-20152017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lodén, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    To make a mountain out of a molehill: A comparative study of the metonymical and metaphorical structures of three semantically identical, but lexically different, idioms in English, Swedish and German2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study revolves around the different underlying metaphorical or metonymical structures of three specific idioms, one English, one Swedish and one German, but with equivalent semantics. The structure of the source and target domains was analysed, as well as the mapping from source to target. The lexical features and the cognitive concepts involved were analysed as well. The method used for this study was an analysis based on cognitive linguistics and conceptual metaphor theory. The result shows a structure of conceptual metaphor within the English and German idioms: making a small entity into a big entity is exaggeration. The Swedish idiom consists of a conceptual metaphor but with a metonymic structure: the part for the whole is exaggeration. The result also suggests a difference in meaning of the definitions of the idioms, indicating that the form of exaggeration varies depending on which idiom is used. 

  • Rehn, Inez
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Män på botten = män på toppen=: En studie om rekryteringsprocesser till styrelseuppdrag i en mansdominerad idrottsvärld2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish sport movement is based on an idea that everyone is welcome to join and should be able to contribute and effect on those decisions that affects themselves. Although, recent studies show that a large percent of all power positions in the Swedish world of sports is held by men. The purpose of this study is to investigate the road to a board commission in one of Sweden’s most established sports where a large amount of the practitioners are men. The Swedish federation of Motorbike- and Snowmobile has 81 percent men as their practitioners and 89 percent men of their board members are male. Through interviews with people in the election committee in all six districts of the federation, this study shows the processes and the criterial that is behind a nomination to the districtal board. Overall, the participations show that most of the work behind a recruitment is based on small and internal networks. Not rarely a person that has a finished career of his own is chosen to be the best suited for the job. Strong criterias for a suitable board member is also having knowledge about the sport and to have a lot of time on their hands for the job. The main conclusion of this study is that it’s not that woman are not wanted as board members, but the processes and social constructions about who’s suitable for this kind of job is making it so much harder for a woman to get it. There will always be men on the top of the pyramid in sports if we don’t change the way we recruit people and challenge our mindsets on how a suitable candidate for board membership looks like.

  • Olsson, Moa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rönnebrand, Klara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Från triangel till rektangel: Utvecklingsåtgärder för att utöka breddidrotten inom brottningen i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today the community sport struggles with adapting sport to society's rapid development. In order to make sport for all possible the organization of sports needs to change. The boundaries of the triangle with the children in the bottom and the taper to the elite at the top needs to be widened to create a rectangle where everyone gets a chance to participate in sport regardless of their level. The purpose of this study was to create knowledge about the term ”triangle to rectangle” and how it unfolds in the Swedish sports community. The specific purpose was to present an approach of how the Swedish Wrestling Association can implement the emergence of the new knowledge. The method used was qualitative interviews with 9 key people in Swedish wrestling. The respondents represented different authorities such as the Swedish Wrestling Association, district federations and wrestling clubs. The results showed the need of communication between all the authorities. This applies primarily to the Swedish Wrestling Association. In order for the sport to transform from ”triangle to rectangle” the leadership training must be developed to enhance the competence of voluntary leaders. This will be a major contributing factor to lifelong sport participation as the recruitment of members will increase. Different types of exercise groups for all ages must be conducted to make members to stay in the association their whole life. Competition activities for children and adolescents needs to be changed to maximize their experience and maintain their interest. The conclusions of this study were that there are several development opportunities for wrestling and Swedish sport to achieve sport for all. These efforts will be very time-consuming and received in different ways but will hopefully be welcomed in the ongoing business.

  • Lindblad, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Backa, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Är den svenska Idrotten legitim?: En studie om valberedningars arbete med fokus på kön och etnicitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish voluntary sport advocates sports for all and the right for every human to be involved indecision-making processes regarding the sport associations. However, recent studies shows that not allsocial groups are included on decision making positions in the Swedish sport boards in Swedishvoluntary sport organization. This due to historical male domination in sports, and on influentialpositions in sport. With an increased focus on gender equality between men and women in society, anda population that is affected by an increased number of immigrants, this misrepresentation is one ofSwedish voluntary sport's biggest challenges today. This study focuses on the term diversity as acommon denominator for gender and ethnic background. During the course of the study, aninteresting question concerning the legitimacy of Swedish voluntary sport was discussed. Because theSwedish voluntary sport organization are build on the terms that all human should be able to beinvolved in decision making the lack of diversity makes us claim that the legitimacy is at stake.Therefore, the aim with this study was to create knowledge on how election committees in Swedishdistrict sport associations work with diversity in the process of recruitment and nomination to boardpositions. Special attention was given to the criteria used by the nomination committees torecruitment and nomination to sport boards. The result was achieved through semi-structuredinterviews and we found that election committees recruited sport board members by competencies,gender and sports background if current members of the sport board chose to resign .Due to theincreased focus on gender in sports and society overall, the lack of representation of women inSwedish district sport associations are improved. However, the lack of members with other ethnicbackground than Swedish still remain and it is clear that the efforts of this problem must increaserapidly. Due to this, Swedish voluntary sport legitimacy is still questioned and has a remainingchallenge in living as they learn.

  • Altin, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Försörjning av ungdomstränare: En kvalitativ studie om goda exempel inom föreningsfotbollen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The football in Sweden activates hundreds of thousands of children and youngsters every week wherevolunteer coaches are responsible for the activities. On these occasions, the youth sports coaches havethe opportunity to give children and young people a positive experience of football and physical activity,which hopefully evolves into a lifelong interest. For the youth sports coaches to be able to offerdevelopment and fun football activity, it becomes apparent that football clubs have a great responsibility.The clubs should support and create good conditions for the youth sports coaches in their role. Sportclubs management of volunteer workers appears to be major deficiencies, and leadership developmentstrategies are often lacking. In this study, specific clubs have been chosen as good examples of how towork with recruitment, education and development for youth coaches. The purpose of the study was toinvestigate the strategies the clubs work with in recruiting, retaining and developing their youth sportscoaches, as well how they are expressed in the clubs operation plans and policy documents. The datacollection was done with analyzes of the clubs programme of operations and policy documents, as wellas interviews with board members and the person who has education responsibility in each clubs. Theconclusions of the study are, in general, that the clubs have conscious and similar strategies forrecruitment, education and developing youth coaches. In the clubs they have clearly set goals andguidelines. They also have mentoring, projects, education and social meetings with the coaches. Byhighlighting the good clubs strategies, there is a possibility that other football clubs can be inspired bytheir work and that more clubs take greater responsibility towards their youth coaches. The report endswith a final discussion with suggestions on how the clubs can continue to work with education anddevelopment.

  • Forss, Viktor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Mathematics Education.
    Lärandeteorier i undervisning och examination: En studie av samhällskunskapslärares kunskapssyn i gymnasieskolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker huruvida samhällskunskapslärare på gymnasiet präglas av olika lärandeteorier i sin undervisning i förhållande till sina examinationsmoment. För att ta reda på detta har undersökningen en kvalitativ ansats där intervjuer har genomförts med fyra lärare på en gymnasieskola i Stockholm. Intervjuerna har försökt klargöra vilka av lärandeteorierna behaviorism, kognitivism, pragmatism och det sociokulturella perspektivet som kan tänkas känneteckna deras syn på kunskap och examinationsmaterial. Resultaten från dessa intervjuer har sedan jämförts med kvalitativa innehållsanalyser av lärarnas examinationsmaterial med fokus på vilka lärandeteorier som kunnat identifierats. Slutsatsen för denna studie är att skillnader finns mellan vilka lärandeteorier som präglar samhällskunskapslärarnas syn på kunskap och hur de konstruerar samt bedömer examinationer. Detta skulle kunna vara problematiskt för framför allt elever i de fall där de inte uppnår ett önskat resultat på grund av skillnader mellan undervisningsmetod och examinations-moment.

  • Gunnarsson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Taxing for equality: A re-emerging tax policy trend in Europe2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Key Findings

    • Social dimensions of taxation are an underdeveloped field of research.
    • The last decades of “growth-friendly” economically efficient tax policies in the European Union Member States have abandoned tax fairness objectives regarding income equality, gender equality and social justice perspectives. In fact, outcomes of these tax policies seem to undermine the inclusive social rights foundation of existing welfare states programs.
    • Policy makers take legal obligations and socio-economic realities seriously to ensure that tax systems promote gender equality.
    • Fiscal and social policies have to be coherent in the ambition to promote women’s paid work in the labour market.
  • Nilsson, Regina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Wängberg, Axel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Förväntar sig konsumenter att handla på realisation och kampanj?: En kvantitativ studie av konsumenters förväntningar på pris i en era av e-handel2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens läge råder det hög konkurrens i klädbranschen och det är svårt att planera kollektioner då vädret har varit svårt att förutspå. En bidragande orsak till den höga konkurrensen i branschen är internethandelns framväxt. År för år växer internethandeln och kläder är en av de största varugrupperna. Det här har bidragit till att aktörerna i branschen ofta tar till realisationer och kampanjer för att minska sina lager. De senaste åren har realisationer ökat i antal och många webshoppar har ständigt en flik där de samlat de kläder som är på rea. Även det faktum att allt fler har tillgång till internet och att den tid som personer spenderar på internet ökar år för år gör det troligt att internethandeln kommer att tillta. Det som är speciellt med internethandeln är att kampanjerna och realisationerna är lättåtkomliga eftersom konsumentens geografiska position inte är av någon större vikt. Tidigare forskning har visat att företagens vinst skulle minskas om konsumenter skulle förmå att förstå företags prisstrategi. Grundat på ovanstående så är studiens syfte att undersöka konsumenters prisförväntningar då kunskap om dessa är en start för att förstå konsumenters beteende och köpprocess.

    För att få fram information om konsumenters prisförväntningar konstrueras en enkät med bakgrund i existerande teorier. Studien utgår från ett objektivt synsätt, har en positivistisk kunskapssyn och en deduktiv forskningsansats, vilket är vanlig för studier som utgår från befintliga teorier och vars undersökningsmetod är kvantitativ vilket studiens enkät är. De teorier som har varit en grund för studien behandlar konsumentbeteende och prissättning. Teorierna rör ämnen som kan komma att påverka konsumenters förväntningar, och mer specifikt behandlar de köpbeslutsprocessen, konsumentbeteende på internet och prissättningsstrategier. När enkäten var färdig och hade genomgått revidering, skickades den ut via Facebook, alltså är urvalet ett bekvämlighetsurval. Enkäten samlade in data om konsumenters beteende, bakgrund och förväntningar från 329 respondenter varav 256 stycken ingick i urvalet och låg sedan till grund för diskussion och slutsats. För att få större inblick i branschen genomfördes även en intervju med en representant från ett företag som säljer kläder på internet. De data som insamlades via enkäten och från intervjun presenteras och vidare analyseras till exempel med hjälp av regressionsanalys för att undersöka huruvida variabler har samband med varandra eller inte.

    Testernas resultat visar att variablerna kön, internetanvändning, ägnar tid åt klädshopping, avvaktat med köp, aktivt sökt efter rabattkod, klädintresse, ålder, spenderande av pengar på kläder, användning av prisjämförelsesida har påverkan på konsumenters prisförväntningar. De variabler som kan knytas till steget informationssök i köpbeslutsprocessen verkar ha en negativ effekt på hur många plagg konsumenten förväntar sig att köpa till fullpris. Däremot visas det att de variabler som kan knytas till ett högre intresse av kläder påverkar konsumenters prisförväntningar positivt, dvs att de förväntar sig att köpa fler plagg på ordinarie pris. Även intervjun med företagsrepresentanten gav indikationer på att konsumenter med ett större klädintresse inte väntar med inköp i väntan på realisation. 

  • Asseffa, Samrawit
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Computing Science.
    Seleshi, Bihil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Computing Science.
    A Case Study on Differential Privacy2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout the ages, human beings prefer to keep most things secret and brand this overall state with the title of privacy. Like most significant terms, privacy tends to create controversy regarding the extent of its flexible boundaries, since various technological advancements are slowly leaching away the power people have over their own information. Even as cell phone brands release new upgrades, the ways in which information is communicated has drastically increased, in turn facilitating the techniques in which people’s privacy can be tampered with. Therefore, questioning the methodology by which people can maintain their privacy in the twenty-first century is a validated action undoubtedly conducted by the multitude of the world’s population.

    Admittedly, data is everywhere. The world has become an explosion of information, and it should not come as a surprise, especially in a time when data storage is cheap and accessible. Various institutions use this data to conduct research, track the behavior of users, recommend products or maintain national security. As a result, corporations’ need for information is growing by the minute. Companies need to know as much as possible about their customers. Nonetheless, how can this be achieved without compromising the privacy of individuals? How can companies provide great features and maintain great privacy?

    These questions can be answered by a current, anticipated research topic in the field of data privacy: differential privacy. Differential privacy is a branch of statistics that aims to attain the widest range of data while achieving a robust, significant and mathematically accurate definition of privacy.

    Thus, the objective of this thesis will be describing and analyzing the concept of differential privacy and its properties that lead to the betterment of data privacy. Hence, we will try to study the basic state-of-the-art methods, the model and the challenges of differential privacy.

    After analyzing the state-of-the-art differential privacy methods, this thesis will focus on an actual case study that is concerned with two types of different datasets which are experimented with one of the methods of differential privacy methods. We design a basic framework that tries to achieves differential privacy guarantee and evaluate the results regarding the level of privacy achieved.

  • Berggren, Christoffer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Westling, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Det är utsidan som räknas: Etiketternas påverkan av konsumenters uppfattningar på en ölflaska2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag finns det över 250 bryggerier i Sverige och detta märks även på mångfalden av öl som finns att välja i hyllorna på Systembolaget. Men vad är det som styr vilken flaska vi faktiskt köper? Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur bryggerier arbetar och vad de vill förmedla när de designar sina etiketter, samt att undersöka hur konsumenterna uppfattar etiketterna. Det har genomförts semistrukturerade intervjuer med representanter på bryggerier samt en kvalitativ enkätundersökning med konsumenter. Datan från undersökningarna har sedan ställts mot varandra. Resultaten visar att bryggerierna jobbar på olika sätt för att förmedla olika aspekter. Alla har en tanke om vad de faktiskt vill att etiketten ska förmedla. Konsumenterna uppfattar bryggerierna på olika sätt med olika uppfattning av bryggeriernas identitet. Vid vissa tillfällen jobbar bryggerierna efter vad forskningen säger kan vara bra, dock är detta oavsiktligt. Resultaten påvisar däremot att konsumenternas tolkning av etiketterna kan skilja sig från vad bryggeriernas tanke varit.

  • Persson, Niklas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Strandberg, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Strandlund, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Samarbetet mellan restauranger i Umeå stad och livsmedels och råvaruproducenter i Umeå region2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This student work describes how the collaborative relationship between local food producers and restaurateurs in Umeå is working today. The purpose of this study was to examine the collaboration between restaurants in the city of Umeå and local food producers in the region of Umeå. The method used to examine this is a semi structured interview technique with focus on life world. The results shows that the collaboration between restaurants and producers are especially dependent on certain individuals to continue. Furthermore stating that a distribution network for the local food producers is in demand, and that one of the interviewed producers is involved in building such a network.

  • Söderström, Cornelia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Ginell, Henrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Menyernas historia: dåtid, nutid och framtid: En studie i svenska menyer mellan 1950–20172017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When eating at a restaurant one of the first impression of the restaurant can be the menu. Design of the menu may influence the guest in what choices they make during their meal. In this essay menus from the 1950- and forward has been studied to find out why restaurants design menus in a certain way, and what the difference is today compared to 60 years ago. The future, in which way menu design is heading towards in Sweden has also been discussed and the influence of technology on menu design. The study was conducted with analysing menus from the 1950’s and onward through text analysis and interviews with active people in the restaurant industry.  The results shows a change in how restaurant design their menus compared to 60 years ago, sustainability, green and individual concepts has gained more focus and will probably keep being a big part moving forward with menu design, the language used in menus has also changed since the 50s. The advanced in technology has affected the industry for some time, but in the case of menus is still not getting the same focus as other parts of the industry.

  • Åhlgren, Rosanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Svensson, Fanny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Heikkilä, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Kompakt skåning mot platt västerbottning: En studie om kavring och tunnbröd i Malmö och Umeå2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bread has been a primary source of food in households for a long time. In the 16th century bread made of wheat was considered a high-status bread mostly because it was consumed only by royals. Nowadays bread is something most of the people eat every day but also at weekends and holidays, at home or in restaurants. The sweet rye bread from the south and the flatbread from the north are classical breads that has influenced the history of bread in the two provinces Norrland and Götaland. The aim with this study were to examine how the traditional sweet rye bread and flatbread are used today in the cities of Malmö and Umeå.

    To be able to fulfil the aim of this study the students have used a quantitative method such as structured observation, the critical incident technique as well as sales numbers from the previous year from each store. In Malmö sweet rye bread were used for sandwiches and with pickled herring. Equally used in holidays and regular weekdays. Flatbread in Malmö where mostly used for breakfast or as a snack. One person in Umeå chose sweet rye bread and used it as a sandwich at breakfast. Soft flatbread was widely used at breakfast as sandwiches in Umeå. Most the participants used the bread at weekdays but some of them ate it at holidays. In Umeå the hard flatbread was the most common bread among the participants. Several of them answered that the hard flatbread was a part of their childhood and upbringing and therefore a given product to have at home. In Malmö the usage of sweet rye bread is mostly with pickled herring, usually combined with holidays while the flatbread is something that people eat at weekdays as a sandwich. Sweet rye bread in Umeå based on this study shows that its most common as a sandwich at weekdays while the flatbread were common both at the holidays and the weekdays. As a sandwich, with your meal and as a dessert are some of the ways the flatbread is used in Umeå today.

  • Sävenlid, Victor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    "Lek inte med maten": En etnografisk studie om familjemåltiden som ett medel för uppfostran hos barnfamiljer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En familj sitter ner och äter, pappan säger till sitt barn ”lek inte med maten”. Situationer som den här är något vi kan förstå och relatera till. Ett intresse väcktes för barnfamiljens middagar och vart den förståelse gällande hur vi beter oss runt matbordet kommer ifrån. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur kulturell kunskap överförs i from av barnuppfostran under barnfamiljers vardagsmiddagar. För att undersöka detta har deltagande observationer utförts hos tre familjer i Stockholms villaförorter. Kompletterande kvalitativa intervjuer med föräldrarna i familjerna utfördes för att få en djupare kunskap om middagens innebörd för barnfamiljen. Insamlad data från utförda metoder har sedan analyserats tillsammans med två olika kvalitativa innehållsanalyser, domän analys och analytisk induktion. Domän analys fokuserar på termer och koncept för att skapa kulturella domäner. Analytisk induktion fokuserar på att låta insamlad data härleda ytterligare svar. Två domäner urskildes genom användandet av den första analysmetoden; Det goda föräldraskapet och Det goda måltidsbeteendet. Med hjälp av den andra analysen skapades teman underliggandes till dessa domäner; Tillsägelser, uppmuntran, auktoriteter, maktrelationer, mat, deltagarnas agerande, förväntningar/förhoppningar/ideal och bordsskick. Teman agerande och förväntningar var det mest förekommande i resultat och oftast i relation till varandra. Barnuppfostran visar sig i relationen mellan Det goda föräldraskapet och Det goda måltidsbeteendet och slutsatsen för detta arbete är att måltiden blir ett medel för överföring av kunskap. Då kunskap baseras på förståelse av kontext skapas en middag av motsägelser vilket öppnar upp för framtida studier.

  • Hult, Kajsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Fritzell, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Naturvinets symboliska värden: En fenomenologisk undersökning om den postmoderna naturvinskonsumenten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen har för avsikt att skapa förståelse i hur symboliska värden påverkar konsumtionen av naturvin. I den postmoderna konsumtionskulturen sker konsumtionen i syfte att bygga upp bilden av sig själv, snarare än att konsumera produkter av praktisk nytta. Studien omfattar ett teoretiskt ramverk bestående av symbolisk interaktionism, konsumtionskulturen och den postmoderna marknadsföringen. Genom en existentiell fenomenologisk metod har konsumenters upplevelser med naturvinet studerats och tolkas. Tolkning utfördes genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys och mynnade ut i betydelsefulla symboler. Resultatet pekar på att symbolerna i naturvinet bidrar till ett gott liv, en gemenskap och en kamp om vinets existens. I studien framgår det att konsumtionens främsta anledning inte handlar om smakupplevelsen utan har en djupare mening än så. 

  • Dyrén, Johanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Karlgren Björkland, My
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Det lokala kornet som matarv: En studie i kornets förändrade roll i området Höga Kusten genom ett tvärvetenskapligt arbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For this study we have investigated the barley grain, and its importance in the High Coast of Sweden. In this region the traditional food products are flatbread, porridge and “palt”, that traditionally contain barley.

    The locals have an ambition to promote the High Cost as an gastronomical region, but we believe more knowledge supporting this food heritage is needed. We have chosen to work in an interdisciplinary way, combining the disciplines of gastronomy, agricultural history and archaeology. This comparative research has in turn provided us with a broad history of barley, from the first permanent settlements in the High Coast during the Iron Age, to present day. Due to the lack of definitive description of what classifies as a local product we conclude that more research is needed in this area.

  • Eriksson, Jesper
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Hedlund, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    En kasse kunskap: En kvantitativ enkätstudie om ICAs vegetariska matkassetjänst, utveckling av matlagningskunskap och attityd till vegetarisk mat.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att minska köttkonsumtionen är ett steg att dämpa klimatförändringarna. För att gå över till en mer växtbaserad kost behövs mer kunskap om vegetarisk matlagning. Kunskapen om matlagning har dock minskat över tid, en orsak till detta anses vara tidsbristen som finns i samhället. För att spara tid har många svenskar börjat använda matkassetjänster från olika företag där färdigplanerade måltider med recept levereras till dörren en gång i veckan. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka om det finns någon självupplevd kunskapsutveckling hos kunder som använder sig av matkassetjänsterna Icas Vego- och Inspirationskasse 4-dagars. Även att undersöka till vilken grad kundernas attityd till vegetarisk mat har förändrats genom att mäta känslan av gott, enkelt och roligt.

    En kvantitativ enkät skickades ut med hjälp av ICA AB. Enkäten innehöll frågor med likertskala om kundens självskattade kunskap innan Matkassen, om de hade någon kunskapsutveckling samt attityd gällande hur roligt, enkelt och gott vegetarisk mat och matlagning var innan och efter de hade använt Matkassen. 231 respondenter svarade på enkäten, resultatet visade att det fanns en kunskapsutveckling som är statistiskt signifikant. Resultatet visade också med statistisk signifikans att vegetarisk mat blev roligare, enklare och godare. Det fanns också en positiv korrelation mellan att äta vegetarisk mat hemma och att äta detta på restaurang. Vilken kost respondenterna hade påverkade deras frekvens av att välja vegetarisk mat på restaurang.

    Det fanns ingen statistisk signifikant skillnad i hur länge respondenterna hade använt Matkassen och deras självskattade kunskapsutveckling. Det fanns också skillnader mellan de undersökta kassarna i hur kunskapsutvecklingen hade skett.

    Vi förkastade nollhypoteserna i båda fallen. Det kan finnas många anledningar till att vi såg detta resultat, allt från att det är recepten i Matkassen som påverkat denna förändring, till att det är utomstående faktorer som frigörandet av tid från en annars stressig vardag.

  • Escher, Cecilia
    et al.
    Creutzfeldt, Johan
    Meurling, Lisbet
    Hedman, Leif
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Center for Advanced Medical Simulation and Training (CAMST), Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kjellin, Ann
    Fellaender-Tsai, Li
    Medical students' situational motivation to participate in simulation based team training is predicted by attitudes to patient safety2017In: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 17, 37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patient safety education, as well as the safety climate at clinical rotations, has an impact on students' attitudes. We explored medical students' self-reported motivation to participate in simulation-based teamwork training (SBTT), with the hypothesis that high scores in patient safety attitudes would promote motivation to SBTT and that intrinsic motivation would increase after training.

    Methods: In a prospective cohort study we explored Swedish medical students' attitudes to patient safety, their motivation to participate in SBTT and how motivation was affected by the training. The setting was an integrated SBTT course during the surgical semester that focused on non-technical skills and safe treatment of surgical emergencies. Data was collected using the Situational Motivation Scale (SIMS) and the Attitudes to Patient Safety Questionnaire (APSQ).

    Results: We found a positive correlation between students' individual patient safety attitudes and self-reported motivation (identified regulation) to participate in SBTT. We also found that intrinsic motivation increased after training. Female students in our study scored higher than males regarding some of the APSQ sub-scores and the entire group scored higher or on par with comparable international samples.

    Conclusion: In order to enable safe practice and professionalism in healthcare, students' engagement in patient safety education is important. Our finding that students' patient safety attitudes show a positive correlation to motivation and that intrinsic motivation increases after training underpins patient safety climate and integrated teaching of patient safety issues at medical schools in order to help students develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes required for safe practice.

  • Lindblom, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    How crossing one's fingers and holding one's thumbs manages to convey a similar semantic meaning.: The cognitive motivations behind the understanding of three Swedish and English idiom pairs, with different words for body parts.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Three idiom pairs were analysed in order to identify which conceptual motivation, in the form of metaphors, metonymies, embodied motivations and conventional knowledge, were present. Each pair had one Swedish- and one English idiom. They had a similar semantic meaning and they both contained a lexical word for a body part – but not the same body part. The aim was to find out how the idioms could have a similar semantic meaning without having the same structure and the same words. The aim was the research questions were answered by analysing the idiom pairs from a cognitive linguistic perspective. The result of the study showed there are cognitive and conceptual motivations for the underlying process, which makes people understand the idioms in a similar way. The reason for why the Swedish and the English idioms used different words for body parts seems to have been the notion of embodiment and of cultural and conventional knowledge. The different words for the body parts did not seem to affect the semantic similarity of the idiom pair. 

  • Strömberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Näslund, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Open Data within a Smart City Initiative: A case study exploring how collaboration can foster innovation within a smart city initiative2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Open data is information readable by machines that are freely available to others and it is further the defining element of a smart city. However, little research has been conducted within the area of open data within the smart city context. Further, the smart city initiative explored is the second to be established in Sweden, and an open data platform will serve as the cornerstone in the smart city initiative. In addition to that, the collaboration between the stakeholders is a key factor for reaching the common goal when creating a smart city. In this case study, the researchers have conducted an exploratory case study in order to examine how stakeholders can collaborate within a smart city initiative to foster innovation through the use of open data. Therefore, key stakeholders within the project have been interviewed and the concept of digital innovation network has been adopted to get a deeper understanding of the project, as it involves institutions and companies from both public and private sector that aims to be innovative together. Further, this study identifies four key concerns to guide the smart city initiative. There is a need for a clear strategy and committed management when opening up and handling data; to involve public opinion in data collection, analysis and application to make the open data platform function; to bridge the knowledge resources between the stakeholders in order to benefit from the collaboration in the project; and make a distinction in how to share data between the two discovered innovation networks.

  • Boström, Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Celik, Onur Can
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Towards a Maturity Model for Digital Strategizing: A qualitative study of how an organization can analyze and assess their digital business strategy2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many  companies  are  struggling  to  navigate  in  the  rapidly  changing  environment  and uncertain time of the digital era. Previous research has been exploring the ongoing trend of digital transformation, as well as digital business strategies, but still there is little guidance for  practitioners  in  terms  of  concrete  frameworks  and  concepts  for  digital  business strategizing.  This  thesis  investigates  critical  factors  of  digital  business  strategizing  and contributes  by  developing  a  maturity  model  for  digital  business  strategizing.  The contribution  of  this  study  is  two  folded,  on  the  one  hand  it  provides  practitioners  a conceptual  artefact  in  order  to  analyze  their  challenges  in  the  new  landscape  of  digital transformation and on the other it gives valuable insights for researchers on the new rising phenomena of digital business strategies.

  • Gramner, David
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Jungstedt, Joacim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Transparens i rapporteringen av hållbara och ansvarsfulla investeringar hos de svenska AP-fonderna2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problembakgrund: På grund av ett ökat intresse för hållbarhet blir det allt viktigare för organisationer att beakta dessa aspekter. Fler och fler ansluter sig frivilligt till olika ramverk som kräver upprättande av hållbarhetsredovisning, för att kommunicera det arbete företaget gör för att agera ansvarsfullt. Flertalet av dessa ramverk innefattar kriterium om att transparent redovisa för verksamhetens olika delar. Hur detta kriterium efterlevs bör kunna påverkas av den verksamhet som bedrivs, och vilka intressenter som förekommer. Organisationer bör därför också möta olika utmaningar utifrån denna aspekt.

    Centrala frågeställningar: • Vilka teoretiska egenskaper finns i begreppet transparens? • Hur påverkas transparens i de olika AP-fondernas rapportering utifrån vilken investeringsstrategi som används? • Vilka egenskaper för transparens är relevanta för AP-fondernas rapportering?

    Syfte: Studiens syfte är dels att undersöka vilka olika egenskaper som begreppet transparens kan sägas bestå av. Ytterligare ett syfte är att undersöka om transparens inom rapporteringen påverkas utifrån att de svenska AP-fonderna använder sig av olika investeringsstrategier. Alla sex statliga pensionsfonder kommer analyseras. Vi ämnar även undersöka vilka transparens-egenskaper som kan vara av särskild betydelse för APfondernas rapportering.

    Teori: Den teoretiska referensramen konstrueras främst utifrån tidigare forskning om begreppet transparens. Här klarläggs egenskaper inom begreppet som sedan står som grund inom den fortsatta analysen av AP-fonderna.

    Metod: Denna studie bygger på ett abduktivt angreppssätt i kombination med en konstruktionistisk verklighetssyn. Studien är konstruerad utifrån tre steg. En inledande innehållsanalys av tidigare forskning skapar ett teoretisk ramverk utifrån begreppet transparens. Inom det andra steget upprättas tre propositioner med antaganden om effekten av investeringsstrategier på transparens. Det tredje steget utvärderar slutligen riktigheten i dessa propositioner.

    Slutsats: Resultatet av denna studie identifierar nio aspekter som tidigare forskning hävdar beskriver begreppet transparens. Dessa är jämförbarhet, pålitlighet, tillgänglighet, relevans, precision, frekvens, ansvar, begriplighet samt helhet. Studien visar även på att valet av investeringsstrategi kan påverka möjligheten att upprätta en redovisning som av intressenter uppfattas som transparent. Utifrån hur strategin är utformad kan effekten på transparens bli både positiv och negativ. Transparens inom urvalsbaserade strategier verkar generellt vara svårare att upprätta. Att skapa en transparent redovisning utifrån uteslutningsstrategin verkar i regel enklare.

  • Yttergren, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Metallhalter i vattendrag längs Umeälven: Avvikelser mot uppskattade bakgrundshalter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate metal concentrations in unaffected streams located in Västerbotten, Sweden, with the hypothesis that even though unaffected by human activities, some streams will show high metal concentrations due to bedrock geology. Based on previous hypothesis the aim was also to evaluate regional background levels set by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, to emphasise the difficulty in using said background levels when evaluating metal loading. Twenty four streams were investigated and plotted according to bedrock, stream order and distance from area of mining explorations, TOC and pH. The results showed that metal concentrations differed from estimated background levels, especially in regard to arsenic and lead. Concentrations of arsenic was in many locations higher than estimated background levels, in Barsele area, very high concentrations was noted. There were also a distinct difference between locations in mountainous areas (mostly mafic and sedimentary rock), that had lower concentrations, and locations in the Baltic shield (mostly felsic and pyrite rock), with higher concentrations than estimated background levels. Concentrations of lead was in all cases lower than estimated background levels, and lowest in the mountainous area. Locations with stream order one often had higher metal concentrations than streams with higher order, indicating a negative correlation between background levels and stream order, the opposite of what had been estimated by Swedish Environmental Protection Agency – with lower metal concentration in smaller streams. 

  • Frisk, Christopher
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Chu, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Varför betala fullpris när jag kan köpa på rea?: En kvantitativ studie i hur tillfälliga prisnedsättningar påverkar klädkonsumenters benägenhet att vänta på framtida realisationer2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade konkurrenssituationen på klädmarknaden har lett till ett ökat användande av realisationer av företagen inom branschen. Detta då företagen använder realisationer som en strategi för att skapa merförsäljning. En ökad möjlighet för konsumenter att erhålla realisationer från andra håll tvingar företagen till ett aggressivare användande av realisationer för att realisationsstrategin ska vara attraktiv för konsumenterna. En ökad konkurrenssituation på klädmarknaden gör att fler aktörer delar på klädbranschens marknadsandelar. Försäljningen för varje aktör sjunker, vilket leder till att de olika aktörer tvingas sälja mer varor till nedsatta priser. Dessutom har konsumenternas ökade trendmedvetenhet satt press på företagen att inte spara överblivna varor till kommande säsonger vilket även det genererar ett ökat användande av stora och frekventa realisationer.

    Företagets ökade användande av stora och frekventa realisationer riskerar att generera att konsumenterna ifrågasätter företagets ursprungspriser och istället inväntar företagens framtida realisationer. Detta kan vara problematiskt ur många avseenden. Att konsumenterna undviker att betala originalpris och istället konsumerar på realisationer leder till lägre bruttovinster vilket är problematiskt för företagens vinstmarginaler. Vidare riskerar värdet på företagens varumärken att sjunka då pris signalerar kvalité för vissa konsumenter. För att undersöka hur stora dessa risker är och för att bistå med verktyg för att undvika dessa, utfördes denna studie. Studien undersökte hur denna frågeställning skiljde sig beroende av konsumenternas demografiska profil, grader av impulsivitet, kvalitetsmedvetenhet, modemedvetenhet, prismedvetenhet och varumärkeslojalitet, samt kön och inkomst. Studien genomfördes genom kvantitativ forskningsmetod på Umeåbor tillhörande generationsintervallet Y.

    Resultatet visar att alla klädkonsumenter är benägna att vänta på framtida realisationer i en betydande grad. Vidare visar resultatet att ju högre konsumentens grad av impulsivitet, kvalitetsmedvetenhet, varumärkeslojalitet och modemedvetenhet är, desto mindre benägna är de att vänta på framtida realisationer. Slutligen visar resultaten att prismedvetna konsumenter, samt män, är mindre benägna att vänta på framtida realisationer än genomsnittet för studien. I studien har en modell för att estimera konsumenters benägenhet att vänta på framtida realisationer presenterats, vilket företag inom klädbranschen kan använda som ett verktyg för att utvärdera deras användande av realisationer och som branschanalytiker kan använda för att estimera hur stor andel försäljning som kommer ske till ursprungspris respektive realisationspris. Slutligen har studien presenterat praktiska samt teoretiska rekommendationer vid användande av realisationer, för företagen och branschen i stort. 

  • Edvardson, Josefine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Söderberg, Fanny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Så nära men ändå så långt bort: En kvalitativ fallstudie om betydelsen av organisatorisk identifiering för svenska bemanningsföretag2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Organisatorisk identifiering innebär att individer känner tillhörighet till en organisation. Vidare medför den organisatoriska identifieringen att individerna ser sig själva som en del av organisationen och strävar efter att uppnå organisationens mål. Forskningen indikerar att de anställdas organisatoriska identifiering har en positiv inverkan på deras arbetstillfredsställelse och ökar de anställdas benägenhet att stanna länge i organisationen. Då en hög personalomsättning är en stor kostnad för organisationer är därmed organisatorisk identifiering eftersträvansvärt för både individer och organisationer.

    Då forskningen om organisatorisk identifiering huvudsakligen utgår från traditionella organisationer, är forskningen om organisatorisk identifiering för bemanningsföretag begränsad. Detta med hänsyn till att den befintliga forskningen främst utgår från bemanningsföretagets anställdas perspektiv. Det är därmed inte fastställt huruvida organisatorisk identifiering är eftersträvansvärt för bemanningsföretag. Enligt forskningen har ledaren en stor påverkan på de anställdas organisatoriska identifiering. Ledarskapet i bemanningsbranschen skiljer sig dock från ledarskapet i traditionella organisationer. Detta med hänsyn till att bemanningsföretagets chefer inte alltid befinner sig på samma arbetsplats som de anställda, samt delar ledarskapet med cheferna i den organisation där de anställda arbetar. Då bemanningsföretagets anställda är uthyrda till en annan organisation och inte arbetar på bemanningsföretagets arbetsplats, försvåras den organisatoriska identifieringen. Därmed är det intressant att undersöka betydelsen av den organisatoriska identifieringen i en organisation där ledaren har begränsat inflytande över de anställda. För att generera en djupgående förståelse för detta, grundar sig arbetet på en kvalitativ fallstudie på bemanningsföretaget Adecco där följande problemformulering besvarats:

    I vilken utsträckning är organisatorisk identifiering eftersträvansvärt för bemanningsföretag, och hur kan bemanningsföretag påverka de anställdas organisatoriska identifiering?

    Syftet med arbetet är att öka förståelsen för betydelsen av organisatorisk identifiering för svenska bemanningsföretag, samt påvisa hur ledarna i bemanningsföretaget kan påverka de anställdas organisatoriska identifiering. För att öka förståelsen för i vilken utsträckning organisatorisk identifiering är eftersträvansvärt för bemanningsföretag har en fokusgrupp med tre chefer i bemanningsföretaget, samt tio semistrukturerade intervjuer med bemanningsföretagets anställda genomförts. De semistrukturerade intervjuerna avsåg dessutom påvisa hur ledarna i bemanningsföretaget kan leda de anställda för att påverka den organisatoriska identifieringen.

    Arbetets resultatet visar att organisatorisk identifiering i hög utsträckning är eftersträvansvärt för svenska bemanningsföretag. Detta med hänsyn till att organisatorisk identifiering främjar de anställdas välmående och på sikt även förbättrar bemanningsföretagets organisatoriska resultat. Vidare visar resultatet att de anställdas välmående dessutom påverkas av gemenskapen på arbetsplatsen. Avslutningsvis visar resultatet att bemanningsföretagets ledare bör utöva ett proaktivt ledarskap för att påverka de anställdas organisatoriska identifiering. 

  • Karlsson, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Spänningshöjning på grund av solkraft i lågspänningsnät2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is becoming increasingly common for individual households to install solar panels to generate their own electricity. To investigate how single-phased solar panels affect the voltage in the network a large project was started, which was then divided into several parts. The part examined in this report deals primarily with voltage imbalance.

    The purpose of this project was to determine if connection of solar panels could become a network problem, what possible countermeasures could be found, and whether new rules and laws might be required in the future to regulate the connection of solar power or other distributed generation.

    The aim of this survey was to use the network data for two types of networks in northern Sweden, along with calculations and simulations in Matlab, to investigate and compare how the voltage was affected when connecting solar panels either to the same phase, random connection of solar panels over the phases, or coordinated connection with the solar panels distributed evenly over the phases.

    Most simulations gave the expected result. The more solar panels connected to the network, the more the voltage was affected. Certain cases of random connections lead to very high voltage imbalances, but after assessing the more likely cases (within the 10th and 90th percentiles), these values ​​were significantly lowered.

    After further interpretation of results, the networks were assessed to be strong enough to manage the connection of solar panels well, even with multiple panels connected to the network. The voltage change that each customer noticed was primarily decided by how the other nearby customers had connected their solar panels. By coordinating the connection and distributing the solar panels evenly across the phases, voltage changes (both increases and decreases) could be controlled so that they differed less from the original value.

    There are many areas that require further research, and the larger project will continue even after the work on this report has been completed. Therefore, there are still many questions left unanswered.

  • Jakobsson, Josephine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Rylander, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Integration av hållbarhet i företagets strategi: En kvalitativ fallstudie om hur företag med hjälp av kontrollsystem kan integrera hållbarhet i sin strategi2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Företag påverkar medsin verksamhet det samhälledär de verkar. Därför är det viktigt att de tar ansvar och arbetar för en hållbar utveckling. Genom att integrera hållbarhet i sin strategi blir det en naturlig del av verksamheten.Den här studien har undersökt hur företag genom olika kontrollsystem kan integrera hållbarhet i sin strategi med stöd av ekonomistyrning.Studien motiveras av att tidigare forskning inte bidragittill att ge en djupare förståelse för hur hållbarhet kan integreras i företagets strategi eftersom forskningen inom områdetfrämst har varit av kvantitativ art.För att kunna genomföra studien har en huvudsaklig forskningsfråga formulerats:•Hur integreras hållbarhet i företagets strategi? För att besvara huvudfrågan har den kompletterats med tvådelfrågor:•Hur har företagets hållbarhetsstrategi utvecklats medhjälp av olika kontrollsystem?•Hur följs hållbarhetsstrategin upp med hjälp av diagnostiska kontrollsystem och hur har detta förändrats över tid?Syftet med studien är att skapa en djupare förståelse för hur hållbarhet integreras i företagets strategi samt hur detta arbete kan stödjas av ekonomistyrning. Studien är en kvalitativ fallstudie med ett longitudinellt inslag och har ett deduktivt angreppssätt. Vidare är den ontologiska ståndpunkten subjektivism och den epistemologiska utgångspunkten är ett tolkande perspektiv.Den teoretiska referensramen består av två modeller. Den första är Simons (1995) Levers of controloch den andra är en modell av Gond et al. (2012) som beskriver olika utvecklingsfaser i arbetet med att integrera hållbarhet i företagsstrategin. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av semi-strukturerade intervjuermed fem respondenterpå tre olika företag i Umeå. Urvalet är ett subjektivt icke-sannolikhetsurval i syfte att nå ett explorativt urval. I studien har en innehållsanalys samt en narrativ analys genomförts.Resultatet visar att företagen använder sig av olika kontrollsystem för att integrera hållbarhet i sin strategi. Alla företaghar i detta arbete haft stöd av ekonomistyrning. Vidarehar vi kommit fram till att alla tre företagbefinner sigi olika stadier av utveckling i arbetet med att integrera hållbarhet i sin strategi. Att företagen befinner sig i olika utvecklingsfaser kan vara en orsak till att de använder sig av olika kontrollsystem när de ska integrera hållbarhet.

  • Charlson, Alexandra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Removal of pharmaceuticalcontainingwastewater by bioandhydrochar adsorbents: Adsorption capacity and surface functionalities2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Westerlund, Johanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Simma, Maria
    Det gäller att vara bestämd och verkligen vila, och familjen måste acceptera att det är så det är: Upplevelser av MS-fatigues påverkan på familjelivet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fatigue är ett av de vanligaste och mest besvärande symtomen hos personer som ärdiagnostiserade med multipel skleros (MS). Många av de som drabbas av MS är mitt ilivet och lever i familj. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka upplevelser av att levamed MS-fatigue i familj. Nio semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med MS-sjukapersoner som upplevde fatigue som ett av sina mest framträdande symtom. Intervjuernaanalyserades med tematisk analys. Analysen utmynnade i tre huvudteman: Att lärakänna sig själv igen, Familjens förståelse för min trötthet är helt avgörande och Vi måstejobba aktivt för att det ska fungera. Resultatet visade hur deltagarna beskriver sina egnasamt deras partners anpassning till de nya förutsättningarna som avgörande för hur välfamiljelivet fungerar. Vidare visade sig fatigue leda till både positiva och negativakonsekvenser för deltagarnas upplevda föräldraskap. I studien diskuteras fatigue som ettsymtom vars konsekvenser behöver förstås i den kontext det uppstår i och inte som ettisolerat symtom. Vidare föreslås ett mer utbrett familjeperspektiv i de vårdinsatser somerbjuds för MS-patienter.

  • Segerdahl, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Vallin, Julia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Den stora affären: En experimentell studie om Generation Y's rationalitet vid bostadsrättsköp i Umeåområdet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bostadsmarknaden är ständigt ett hett ämne som diskuteras frekvent i olika medier, fi­ka­rum och hemma runt köksborden. Bristen på bostäder, de låga räntenivåerna samt den höga viljan till att äga sitt boende är några tänkbara faktorer till att priserna på bostäder de senaste åren ökat kraftigt. Den rådande situationen gör det inte lätt för de unga som vill köpa sin första bostad. Främst när det kommer till finansieringen men även när det kom­mer till vad man bör tänka på vid bostadsköp. Detta fick oss författare till att börja fun­dera över hur komplexa köpbeslut tas om man som individ inte har någon erfarenhet. Vi ställde oss därmed frågan:

    Hur rationella är unga konsumenter vid bostadsköp?

    Det finns omfattande forskning kring rationalitet men ej i relation till 90-talister och framför­allt inte i relation till dyra, komplexa köp anser vi att vår studie bidrar till att fylla dessa kun­skapsgap. Baserat på vår teoretiska referensram är definitionen av rat­ionalitet att individen gör sina val genom att väga olika alternativ mot varandra som grundar sig i tidi­gare erfaren­heter och kunskaper, för att på så sätt kunna välja det alter­nativ som maxime­rar individens användbarhet. Individen är därmed rationell om denna bedömer de för- och nackdelar som finns med att genomföra en viss handling.

     

    Studien genomfördes utifrån en experimentell metod där syftet var att undersöka om det finns skillnader gällande beslutsfattande, baserat på de manipulerade variablerna bild och text. Detta innebär att ena experimentgruppen fått information via bild och den andra via text. Ex­perimentets oberoende variabel är bostadsrättsköp och den beroende variabeln rat­ionalitet. Studiens resultat visar på att det finns svaga orsakssamband mel­lan den obero­ende och bero­ende variabeln då våra statistiska tester visade på signifi­kanta skillna­der angående prisavvi­kelsen mellan de två experimentgrupperna vid ett av de fyra bostadsob­jekt som bedömdes. I de resterande tre finner vi enbart ett återkom­mande möns­ter där Bildgruppen tenderar till större prisavvikelse än Textgruppen, därav det svaga orsakssamban­det. Ytterligare resultat indikerar på att samtliga deltagare blivit influerade vid beslutsfattandet av sina känslor, då de under experimentets gång ändrat åsikt efter de bli­vit presenterad information antingen via bild eller text.

     

    Det praktiska bidraget från studien är lämpat till företag i sälj- och marknadsförings­syfte för att få kunskap om hur 90-talisters informationsbearbetning ter sig, vilket kan påverka indivi­dens köpbeslut. Det teoretiska bidraget ligger bland annat i ytterligare kartläggning av 90-talis­ters konsumentbeteende men framförallt bidrar studien till ökad kunskap till den befint­liga rationalitetsforskningen då vi argumenterar för att rational­itetsbegreppet bör utökas med emotionell rationalitet då 90-talister, som utgör en del av Generation Y, tende­rar till att invol­vera känslor i en högre grad än vad tidigare studier visar på.

  • Lindén, Anton
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Is green the new black?: An investigation of underlying factors that may influence Generation Y consumers’ purchase behaviour of sustainably produced clothes2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence and success of fast fashion companies have had a negative impact on the environment. A questionnaire based on the Theory of planned behaviour was distributed to 122 respondents (mean age 26,16) through Facebook to investigate underlying factors that may influence young consumers’ purchase behaviour of sustainably produced clothes. The results show that a positive attitude toward the consequences of sustainable consumption is the best predictor of purchase intention (r  =.69), which in turn is connected to purchase behaviour (r  = .61). The younger consumers are valuing price and design higher than the older consumers, while the older are valuing quality and sustainability higher than the younger consumers (X2  (1) = 7,91, p  < .01).

  • Hedström, Cassandra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Biomedical Laboratory Science.
    Sena potentialer och arytmitendens i en grupp patienter med implanterbar defibrillator2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Berggren, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Stoftnedfall från gruvindustrin: En utvärdering av analysdata och undersökning av provtagningspunkter kring Aitikgruvan, Gällivare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the sampling points for measuring airborne dust deposition in the Aitik copper mine - the largest, most effective opencast copper mining in Europe - are well located regarding efficiency to collect monitoring data. Issues that were addressed, among others, include background levels, weather impacts and possible external influence. The study was carried out by analyzing monitoring data covering a seven-year period (2010–2016). Dust-and copper levels, precipitation patterns, wind direction and wind speed were the parameters analyzed. A further look into the sampling points and their actual location in terrain was also made. The result of the study indicates, according to different aspects, on decreasing dust fall levels even though the production has increased. For instance, many of the 19 sampling points shows to have lower dust and copper levels according to a comparison of measurement data from 2010 to 2016. A correlation test showed that precipitation and wind does not have a strong connection to dust levels. On the other hand, wind speed showed to have a strong impact on dust fall levels under periods when the highest dust amounts were measured. Many of the sampling points also showed to have a strong connection to each other. The study concludes that a better dust control programme can be obtained if sampling points are reorganized along with a better method for calculating the dispersion of airborne dust.

  • Jakobsson, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Kartläggning av oljeavskiljare hos fordonsverksamheter inom Arvidsjaur kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To prevent oil and light liquids from causing damage at wastewater treatment facilities and the environment, a functional oil separator is important. The purpose of this study is to examine which vehicle operations have an oil separator installed and how they supervise its functionality in Arvidsjaur municipality. A questionnaire was used at the interview with all the owners with an oil separator. For those not able to participate in the interview, the same questionnaire was sent by email. The study showed that 14 of the total 15 owners had oil separator at their property and the majority of those where older ones of gravimetric type. Only 31 % had a regular self-inspection of the oil separator, which include control frequency of alarms, oil- and sludge level. The majority of the oil separators had been emptied at least once a year. Further the interviews indicated deficiencies in the owners existing knowledge, record-keeping and documentation. None of the oil separators had been inspected in the last 5 years. 46 % said that the oil separator lacked oil- and sludge level alarms. Results from a survey of operators self-inspection of oil separators in other municipalities in north of Sweden showed similar results as this study. Finally, examples of actions in accordance with standards and established guidelines are presented, which the regulatory authority may require from the owners with insufficient oil separators.

  • Stenberg, Maja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Dag- och kylvatten vid industri: Kartläggning av riktvärden för dag- och kylvatten, beräkning av föroreningsbelastning på recipient och upprätta en provtagningsplan.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to improve the knowledge about stormwater and water coolant at an industry, and in this case, Volvo GTO Umeå. It investigates which benchmark that should be used, Volvo GTO Umea’s pollutant load over a year and how the industry should sample the outgoing stormwater and water coolant. Article researches and interviews with the municipality and operations was the method for the sampling plan. Article researches were also used to find suitable benchmarks. To calculate the pollutant load, data were gathered from books, Internet and verbal sources. The conclusion is that it is hard to establish a flow proportional sampling plan for Volvo GTO Umeå when only a few companies uses the method and when it does not exist any national guidelines. It takes a lot of time to calculate a stormwater pollutant load on the recipient if the area has more than one sampling stormwater drain that has an outflow to the recipient. If the runoff coefficient is the same for all the sampling storm drains and standard concentrations is used as pollutant data, the pollutant load can be misleading for each sampling storm drains. It is important for a company to have benchmarks to compare their sampling data with. The benchmarks should consider the recipients sensitivity, to prevent impact on it.

  • Stenlund, Mikaela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Primärproduktionskontroll av livsmedel i Sverige: -Hur arbetar länsstyrelserna med förbättring?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Primary production control of food in Sweden

    How does the county administrative boards work with improvements?

     

     

    Author: Mikaela Stenlund

     

    Abstract

    The county administrative boards are the responsible administrative authority for the primary production control of food in Sweden. The purpose of this study was to investigate

    how the county administrative boards work with improvements on primary production control of food, compared to some aspects from the Swedish National Audit Office report RIR 2014:12 and if any improvements can be seen at the present time. A survey was performed to find out if any improvement had been made. The survey included both quantitative and qualitative questions about food control, registration, control frequency, cooperation, resources and competence. 18 of the 21 county administrative boards answered the survey. The result from the survey indicate improvements in some fields of the primary production control of food, compared to the report RIR 2014:12. Areas that indicated improvements are an increased control frequency of registered primary production producers and that there were an increased proportion of registrations of the primary production producers that are required to register. Cooperation between the county administrative boards in addition to contacts for advice and support also indicated improvements.

     

     

    Keywords: primary production, food control, official control, cross complience

  • Grefve, Josefin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Jonsson, Evelina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Barns upplevelser av vad som främjar hälsa och välmående när de bor på barnhem: - En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Barns upplevelser av vad som främjar hälsa och välmående när de bor på barnhem.

     

    Bakgrund: Över 153 miljoner barn beräknas vara föräldralös utifrån en rad olika orsaker så som missbruk, krig och sjukdom. Många av dessa barn drabbas av ohälsa, både psykiskt, fysiskt och emotionellt då deras grundläggande behov blivit åsidosatta. Detta kan leda till negativa konsekvenser i vuxenlivet dock finns det även stärkande och skyddande aspekter av att komma till barnhem för dessa barn.

     

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att belysa barns upplevelser av vad som kan främja hälsa och välmående i situationen att bo på barnhem.

     

    Metod: I denna studie har åtta artiklar med kvalitativ ansats valt ut. Dessa har barnens perspektiv i fokus. Artiklarna har kvalitétsgranskats, analyserats och slutligen sammanställts.

     

    Resultat: När barnen kom till barnhemmet beskriver det att de fick sina grundläggande behov tillgodosedda, såsom husrum, mat, utbildningen och sjukvård. Emotionella behov blev även tillgodosedda genom stabila relationer med personal och vänner. I majoriteten av studierna uttrycker barnen vikten av att bli älskad och respekterad; att känna sig önskad och accepterad; känna att någon bryr sig och att känna en samhörighet.

     

    Konklusion: Att få de grundläggande behov tillgodosedda var viktigt för att öka tryggheten. Andra betydelsefulla aspekter var att ha stabila relationer till vuxna och vänner samt tillgång till utbildning.

  • Persson, Anton
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Hannah, Cheadle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    The transparency of fitness: A view of transparency management within gyms2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Did you know that there are over 1500 gyms in Sweden?With personal health becoming of greater importance in Sweden, the increase in interest for gyms have skyrocketed in the last decade. This has created a competitive business environment with over 100 new gyms starting in 2013 alone.

    In this new competitive environment gyms and gym managers struggle to stay on top in order to increase their customer base. Many managers expand their businesses to offer a broader experience and everyone has a core focus on customer interaction and service. The factor of trust between members and organization has been an important factor in order to retain members. In order to do this gyms have been acting in a clear and transparent manner in order avoid confusion amongst their members. Our study has the intention to discover what tools a manager has at her disposal when managing transparency within the gym industry. Previous research on transparency management has chiefly focused on the financial sectors such as banking and investment. Our goal was to find out how transparency management could be handled in a practical setting within another relevant sector. This leads us to our research question:

    How is transparency managed within the gym sector?

    To tackle this question we used theories from three different sectors relating to transparency management. Firstly we used a theory describing the mechanisms in order to control transparency. After that we related this to the notion of trust in order to observe what parts of trust a transparency strategy can impact. Finally, we use theories within the field of communication to establish a transportation device for transparency to reach trust.

    Our project concerns the actions and intentions of managers and as such we decided to conduct a qualitative study. We held five interviews with top managers of five mediumsized gyms in order to collect enough data to spot trends amongst the strategies.

    Our conclusions are that gyms manage transparency through having an open agenda by sharing as much information, as quickly as possible. Information is most efficiently shared and adapted to the individuals through personal communication and social medias. In order to support this, gym managers nurture a knowledgeable staff and deal with most communications on a case to case basis. However, our findings display the lack of a clear cut strategy for managing transparency and showcase a room for future improvement.