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  • Disney-Hogg, Linden
    et al.
    Sud, Amit
    Law, Philip J.
    Cornish, Alex J.
    Kinnersley, Ben
    Ostrom, Quinn T.
    Labreche, Karim
    Eckel-Passow, Jeanette E.
    Armstrong, Georgina N.
    Claus, Elizabeth B.
    Il'yasova, Dora
    Schildkraut, Joellen
    Barnholtz-Sloan, Jill S.
    Olson, Sara H.
    Bernstein, Jonine L.
    Lai, Rose K.
    Swerdlow, Anthony J.
    Simon, Matthias
    Hoffmann, Per
    Nöthen, Markus M.
    Jöckel, Karl-Heinz
    Chanock, Stephen
    Rajaraman, Preetha
    Johansen, Christoffer
    Jenkins, Robert B.
    Melin, Beatrice S.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper.
    Wrensch, Margaret R.
    Sanson, Marc
    Bondy, Melissa L.
    Houlston, Richard S.
    Influence of obesity-related risk factors in the aetiology of glioma2018Inngår i: British Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0007-0920, E-ISSN 1532-1827, Vol. 118, nr 7, s. 1020-1027Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Obesity and related factors have been implicated as possible aetiological factors for the development of glioma in epidemiological observation studies. We used genetic markers in a Mendelian randomisation framework to examine whether obesity-related traits influence glioma risk. This methodology reduces bias from confounding and is not affected by reverse causation. METHODS: Genetic instruments were identified for 10 key obesity-related risk factors, and their association with glioma risk was evaluated using data from a genome-wide association study of 12,488 glioma patients and 18,169 controls. The estimated odds ratio of glioma associated with each of the genetically defined obesity-related traits was used to infer evidence for a causal relationship. RESULTS: No convincing association with glioma risk was seen for genetic instruments for body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, lipids, type-2 diabetes, hyperglycaemia or insulin resistance. Similarly, we found no evidence to support a relationship between obesity-related traits with subtypes of glioma-glioblastoma (GBM) or non-GBM tumours. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides no evidence to implicate obesity-related factors as causes of glioma.

  • Olsson, Karin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Kardiologi. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Näslund, Ulf
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Kardiologi.
    Nilsson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Kardiologi.
    Hörnsten, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Patients' experiences of the transcatheter aortic valve implantation trajectory: A grounded theory study2018Inngår i: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 149-157Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to explore how patients experienced the recovery process from transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Design: A qualitative approach where in-depth interviews were used. Method: Eleven men and eight women undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation were individually interviewed 6 months after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Grounded theory was used for the analysis. Results: The analysis generated the core concept "A journey of balancing between life-struggle and hope" connected to descriptive, bipolar categories. Before transcatheter aortic valve implantation patients not only felt threatened but also experienced hope. The rehabilitation phase was described as demanding or surprisingly simple. At the 6 months follow-up patients were pleased to return to life, however, still struggling with limitations. To feel hope is essential for transcatheter aortic valve implantation patients' well-being, both before and during the recovery process. It is important that healthcare professionals not only support hopeful thinking but also take time to discuss and prepare patients, talk about concerns and build confidence. Individual plans for rehabilitation should be designed.

  • Isaksson, Sture
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Kirurger blir läkare: från hantverk till akademi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the development of the trade surgery in Sweden, mainly in Stockholm, from the 16th century until training for surgeons was incorporated in the university education for physicians in 1861. Surgeons long claimed to be able to continue their practice, not only with injuries and external illness, but also with internal illness. Surgeons were organized in guilds as craftsmen. For many years, when Sweden was a Great Power, there was a great demand for surgeons for active service in the wars, often going on for long periods. But soon surgeons lost the rights to deal with internal illness after struggle with the organization of university educated physicians. Physicians considered surgeons to be uncultured and ill-bred. However, at the end of the 18th century these two groups came together in the same organization, the one of the university educated. Until 1861 the surgeons kept much of their old education.

    In the first half of the 19th century the discovery of narcosis and antiseptic revolutionized surgery. Now it became possible for surgeons to treat both external and internal illness. Their social position increased radically. The 19th century has been called “the century of surgery”.

    In addition, the paper also deals with the causes of this transformation based on the documents used, however without being able to establish one cause as the inevitable one.

  • Björklund, Samuel
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Omsorgsetiken som moralteori: En feministisk teori om omsorg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I will defend Nel Noddings care ethics by arguing against Michael Slotes critique of it, while also presenting critique of Slotes virtue ethical version of care ethics. The essential difference between the theories is in my opinion that Noddings theory gives relations so-called ontological priority. I will be arguing that the relational ontology vies better guidance in care situations, but it is also preferrable as an metaethical fundament. I will do this by presenting a situation where Slotes virtue ethics judges an act as caring, even though that’s not necessarily the case. I will then argue that Noddings care ethics demands a more amplie picture of the situation and therefore also gives better guidance, which I argue is valid generally in moral practice. In this essay I will also present arguments against Slote by bringing to light how the feasability of his arguments and theory presupposes a so-called individualistic ontologi (unlike Noddings relational ontology). A relational ontology presupposes a relation between two (or more) individuals in a situation, while the individualistic doesn’t consider that fact. The relational ontology is important for most of care ethics advocates, which is why I contend that Noddings theory is to prefer ahead of Slotes theory. Therefore I argue for using the relational ontology also as a metaethical foundation.

  • Ho, Jenny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Odysseus irrfärd: Existentiella, psykologiska och religionshistoriska idéer i det homeriska eposet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares Odysseus and Achilles from an existential, psychological and religious perspectives in order to understand the Homeric characters and shed light on the importance of, particularly Odysseus, in our postmodern time. It starts by describing the Homeric field of research and the ideas about Odysseus that were common for the ancient Greek philosophers, and continues with the discussion of the topicality, value and advantage in studying the antiquity. In comparing Odysseus and Achilleus, the paper elaborates on the idea of the relationship between man and god, notably the relationship between Odysseus and Athena and Zeus respectively. It ends with the discussion of the divine connection between Zeus’ and Odysseus’ kingship.

  • Hellmann, Jacqueline
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Dygdetik och Handlingsvägledning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    En normativ moralteori syftar ofta till att tillfredsställa minst ett av två följande mål; det teoretiska riktighetskriteriet vilket dikterar i egenskap av vad rätta handlingar är rätta, och/eller den praktiska handlingsvägledningen (eller beslutsmetoden) vilken avser fungera i det närmaste som en manual för att komma fram till vad rätt handlande innebär i enskilda situationer. Min tes är att dygdetiken kan tillfredsställa båda dessa mål och syftet är här att definiera en dygdetisk handlingsvägledning. Metoden kommer vara att utgå ifrån en undersökning av ett riktighetskriterium. I detta riktighetskriterium figurerar den dygdiga agenten den som rättsgörande egenskapen. Tesen är att den dygdiga agenten kan förstås som en person som befinner sig i eudaimonia, och för att tillhandahålla en konkret handlingsvägledning kommer jag återge, för syftet, relevanta aspekter hos en empirisk och psykologisk teori om vad som utgör eudaimonia, men också Rosalind Hursthouses redogörelse av tillämpad dygdetik på moraliska dilemman. Denna analys kommer resultera i fyra komponenter som tillsammans utgör handlingsvägledningen i fråga. Vidare kommer jag motivera hur det kan vara rimligt att anta att för att kunna uppnå denna typ av riktigt handlande behövs vissa grundförutsättningar tillhandahållas tidigt i en människas liv. Jag föreslår att detta generar slutsatsen att somliga har svårare att handla riktigt än andra. Ett sådant faktum bör inte ses som en svaghet hos dygdetiken utan som värdefull information om människans natur utifrån vilken vi kan försöka bädda för en förändring i människans moraliska potential.

  • Pontarp, Mikael
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap. Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Petchey, Owen L.
    Ecological opportunity and predator-prey interactions: linking eco-evolutionary processes and diversification in adaptive radiations2018Inngår i: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 285, nr 1874, artikkel-id 20172550Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Much of life's diversity has arisen through ecological opportunity and adaptive radiations, but the mechanistic underpinning of such diversification is not fully understood. Competition and predation can affect adaptive radiations, but contrasting theoretical and empirical results show that they can both promote and interrupt diversification. A mechanistic understanding of the link between microevolutionary processes and macroevolutionary patterns is thus needed, especially in trophic communities. Here, we use a trait-based eco-evolutionary model to investigate the mechanisms linking competition, predation and adaptive radiations. By combining available micro-evolutionary theory and simulations of adaptive radiations we show that intraspecific competition is crucial for diversification as it induces disruptive selection, in particular in early phases of radiation. The diversification rate is however decreased in later phases owing to interspecific competition as niche availability, and population sizes are decreased. We provide new insight into how predation tends to have a negative effect on prey diversification through decreased population sizes, decreased disruptive selection and through the exclusion of prey from parts of niche space. The seemingly disparate effects of competition and predation on adaptive radiations, listed in the literature, may thus be acting and interacting in the same adaptive radiation at different relative strength as the radiation progresses.

  • Södermark, Philip
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Of Moral Wizardry and Experiential Transformation: A Case for Consent as a Mental State2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In ethics, a highly relevant and divisive topic is that of consent. Many moral dilemmas and ethical forks in the road turn on the question of consent. But how do we differentiate between the consensual and the non-consensual? There is no simple answer to this question and philosophers are quite divided, as they tend to be. Some believe that consent is a mental state whereas others maintain that it is a behavioral expression of some kind. There are others still who argue that consent is some combination of mental states and communication. In this paper, I shall defend the view that consent is a mental state and that it does not depend on any type of behavior. My central thesis is that only this view accounts for the ethical importance of consent in a liberal moral framework where consent matters due to its connection to our intrinsic right to personal autonomy. Additionally, views that make consent dependent on behavior have counterintuitive, and sometimes morally unacceptable, consequences for what is and isn’t consensual. I argue that only the view that I defend can account for the moral significance that consent should have.

  • Frändberg, Charlotta
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Vem bryr sig?: Omsorgsetiska argument mot (ökad) handel med hushållstjänster2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, I bring together the Swedish debate concerning tax subsidized household services – the so called RUT-deduction – with feminist care ethics, here represented mainly by philosopher Virginia Held.

    The first and main question asked, is how a care ethical argument against increased trade in housework can be formulated. The idea of the relational character of care as well as care representing an irreplaceable value, leads to the following argument: An increased trade in housework leads to less care and weakened care relations and this implies a loss both to individuals and to society. The second question posed, concerns the reach of the argument above: both with respect to what kind of housework that can reasonably be seen as part of the practice of care as well as within what type of relationships the idea of care practice applies. In this part I conclude that there is no ground for drawing a sharp line between housework which is, and housework which is not, part of care practice.

    The arguments presented are relevant for the discussion about what kind of gender equal society we should strive for. If justice is seen as a value superior to care, full time paid work for women as well as for men can be seen as a reasonable route towards gender equality. If the value of care and of care relations is placed alongside justice, other solutions than commodification of housework may be seen as needed.

  • Vasconcelos, Rivera Francisco
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap. Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.
    Menezes, Rosemberg Fernandes
    Attayde, José Luiz
    Effects of the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) on the plankton community of a tropical reservoir during and after an algal bloom2018Inngår i: Hydrobiologia, ISSN 0018-8158, E-ISSN 1573-5117, Vol. 817, nr 1, s. 393-401Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The invasive species Nile tilapia is a filter-feeding omnivorous fish that can have a negative effect on zooplankton and phytoplankton resources. However, the strength of its effects on plankton communities should decrease with increasing plankton biomass, e.g., during an algal bloom. We tested this hypothesis by performing two experiments in a tropical reservoir, where we randomly allocated two treatments (with and without tilapia) to 20 mesocosms. The first experiment was conducted during an algal bloom (biovolume = 1038.34 mm(3) l(-1)), while the second experiment was conducted after the bloom (biovolume = 1.05 mm(3) l(-1)). The negative effects of fish on mesozooplankton (mean size of 480 mu m in both experiments) and large algae (GALD < 50 mu m) were stronger in the second than in the first experiment. On the other hand, the negative effects of fish on microzooplankton (experiment 1: mean size 180 mu m; experiment 2: mean size 128 mu m) and small algae (GALD < 50 mu m) were stronger in the first than in the second experiment. We conclude that the Nile tilapia can suppress phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass in tropical lakes and reservoirs, but the magnitude of this effect depends on plankton biomass and size-structure.

  • Esmail, Shaymaa
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Persuasion in Rhetoric: A Critical Metaphor Analysis of the Use of Metaphor in Pro-war Political Speeches2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is investigating how metaphors are used in political speeches to achieve persuasion. By analyzing three speeches dealing with the 2003 Iraq war delivered by Bush, Blair and Howard, I try to find out the similarities and differences in how metaphors are constructed; how they are used as a persuasive technique; and lastly if the different military contribution of the three countries affected how metaphors are constructed. The main theory used in this study is Critical Metaphor Analysis suggested by Charteris-Black (2011). The analysis suggests that the speeches contain different kinds of metaphors like THE-STATE-AS-PERSON metaphor, the POLITICS IS BUSINESS metaphor and JOURNEY metaphors. The analysis also suggests that Bush, Blair and Howard make use of THE FAIRY TALE OF THE JUST WAR scenario as well as THE RULER-FOR-STATE metonym. Metaphors are generally found to be used in a similar way in order to show that the politicians are ‘right’. Still, there are some differences that could be attributed to the different military contributions of the countries and their different roles in the war. 

  • Enström, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Myndigheters utövande av tillsyn: – en jämförande studie mellan en svensk och en norsk kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    To create a safe environment and ensure the well-being of its population, governments apply structured supervision to ensure that the environmental regulations are adhered to. The purpose of this study is to take a deeper look at the efficiency of how supervision in Sweden is carried out, and to compare it to a neighbour country, Norway, by comparing a Swedish municipality with a Norwegian municipality. The study was carried out by studying literature and performing interviews with a representative environmental inspector in each municipality. The results show that there are differences between the countries, both with regards to the regulatory framework and the organisation of its supervision. In Sweden the environmental regulations are concentrated in one Environmental Code, whereas in Norway there are 17 different mostly sector-specific laws that deal with the environment and its protection. Many of the tasks that are carried out by municipalities in Sweden are instead handled by sector-specific departments and/or by private firms in Norway. Inspectors in both countries wanted more guidance and assistance from central agencies. The study also found that it is difficult to compare statistics in both countries because of large differences in how those statistics are presented in the municipalities. The differences between the countries are hard to explain, and both approaches seem to work, but they want to have a more uniform environmental supervision in the future. Norway is also writing more and more environmental rules that apply across all sectors

  • Hanna, Åbrink
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Nturlig förekomst av arsenik, bly och kadmium i enskilda dricksvattenbrunnar i norr- och västerbotten: Samband med jordarter. identifiering av riskområden samt följder av klimatförändringar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

     

    Clean and healthy drinking water is fundamental to human health. If the water comes from household drinking water wells, the quality of the water should be ensured by the property owner. Arsenic, lead and cadmium are substances that can cause health problems in elevated drinking water levels, making it important to control its occurrence. Several municipalities around the Skelleftefältet area in Norr- and Västerbotten County have been identified with elevated levels of these elements and the source is assumed to be the sulfide rich bedrock that dominates the area. This report aimed to investigate whether there was a correlation between elevated levels of arsenic, lead, and cadmium and soils. There was also reason to investigate future risk areas with increased erosion due to climate changes. Data from a total of 435 drinking water wells were gathered from Skellefteå and Piteå municipality and then compared with the soil at the sampling point. Wells within a radius of 1 km from areas with ravines or landslides were identified as risk areas. The result showed that about 14 % of the identified drinking water wells had elevated levels of arsenic. The concentrations in the samples and the soil types at the sampling points varied, and a correlation between a certain soil and elevated level could not be ensured. A few sampling points were identified in erosion-sensitive areas which are at major risk of major risk of increased mobility of metals.

  • Häggström, Rebecca
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Livscykelanalys inom byggbranschen: Kartläggning av kompetens- och intresseskillnader inom offentlig och privat sektor, samt verktygets framtid2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this case study has been to evaluate differences between the public and the private sector based on interest and knowledge of Life cycle assessments, LCA, of residential buildings. The construction and building sector have a major impact on the environment and the climate change. Methods and tools are required to measure and compare the environmental impacts generated from human activities and products within the sector. The entire life cycle must be known and kept in mind in order to value the total environmental impact of activities and products. The environmental life cycle of a product consists all the different stages, from raw material, through use, to waste management. Life cycle assessment is a method that makes it possible to value and then minimize the environmental impact throughout the whole life cycle. Telephone interviews with representatives from participant counties and companies have been made in order to compare their answers and to achieve great insight of how they work towards environmental questions. The results show that the sectors differ from each other. The private sector was further in the development, although a larger number of the counties had plans on using the assessment in the future. The interviews indicated LCA’s future role in the sector, and even though LCA’s is quite new in the area the future seems bright. The global population and the demand for residents are continuously increasing and the need to adopt the sector to sustainable development is substantial.

  • Fahlander, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Jämförelsestudie inför införandet av fastighetsnära insamling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Comparative study for the inception of curb-side collection: A bachelor thesis commissioned by Vakin AB.

     

    Linda Fahlander

     

    Abstract

     

    The purpose of this study was to investigate other municipalities' methods of inception of the curb-side collection with a four-compartment system. The Swedish government has sent a referral to see more of the curb-side collection of packaging and newspapers. The curb-side collection with a four-compartment system has proven to be the system with the greatest environmental benefits. This was a comparative study between 36 municipalities. The municipalities answered questions by the way of email regarding their attendance of the four-compartment system, financial instruments, communication to / from customers, the customers’ ability to recycle material in each municipality and problems that arose during the inception. The result from the comparative study showed that 33% of the variation was due to the quantity of recycling stations. Most municipalities had customers who had a generally positive attitude towards the curb-side collection. What the customers were most disturbed by was that the vessels are too big and that there is no room for them on their property. We are affected by the society around us and especially by our own municipality as well as the people we trust when it comes to our choices about waste management. The conclusion was that the basis for a higher attendance of the four-compartment system for VAKIN consist of several factors. According to this study, the waste tax and the quantity of recycling stations are decisive factors.

     

    Key words: Four-compartment system, Curb-side collection, Municipal recycling, Waste tax

     

  • Wackett, Adrian A.
    et al.
    Yoo, Kyungsoo
    Olofsson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Klaminder, Jonatan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Human-mediated introduction of geoengineering earthworms in the Fennoscandian arctic2018Inngår i: Biological Invasions, ISSN 1387-3547, E-ISSN 1573-1464, Vol. 20, nr 6, s. 1377-1386Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is now well established that European earthworms are re-shaping formerly glaciated forests in North America with dramatic ecological consequences. However, few have considered the potential invasiveness of this species assemblage in the European arctic. Here we argue that some earthworm species (Lumbricus rubellus, Lumbricus terrestris and Aporrectodea sp.) with great geomorphological impact (geoengineering species) are non-native and invasive in the Fennoscandian arctic birch forests, where they have been introduced by agrarian settlers and most recently through recreational fishing and gardening. Our exploratory surveys indicate no obvious historical dispersal mechanism that can explain early arrival of these earthworms into the Fennoscandian arctic: that is, these species do not appear to establish naturally along coastlines mimicking conditions following deglaciation in Fennoscandia, nor were they spread by early native (Sami) cultures. The importance of anthropogenic sources and the invasive characteristics of L. rubellus and Aporrectodea sp. in the arctic is evident from their radiation outwards from abandoned farms and modern cabin lawns into adjacent arctic birch forests. They appear to outcompete previously established litter-dwelling earthworm species (i.e. Dendrobaena octaedra) that likely colonized the Fennoscandian landscape rapidly following deglaciation via hydrochory and/or dispersal by early Sami settlements. The high geoengineering earthworm biomasses, their recognized ecological impact in other formerly glaciated environments, and their persistence once established leads us to suggest that geoengineering earthworms may pose a potent threat to some of the most remote and protected arctic environments in northern Europe.

  • Form, Niclas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Bicycle hazards: Do intersections matter?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish city of Umeå is one amongst other cities that has a focus on the increase in the bicycling usage. The municipality of Umeå aims to make public transport, bicycling and walking the most frequently used modes of transport in the city (Umeå kommun, 2017b). There are both positive and negative effects when people are using the bicycle as a mode of transportation. The positive aspects can be increase in health benefits, more environmentally friendly than other transport options and it is a relatively cheap way to transport oneself. The negative aspects can be that more people get hurt due to the risks with bicycling such as physical infrastructure related hazards. The aim of this thesis is to explore if the number of roads in an intersection has any correlation with the amount and severity of accidents and to analyse it in the scope of sustainable development and accessibility. This was done with the quantitative database STRADA which consists of both hospital data and police data on bicycles accidents in the timespan of 2008-2018. The chosen study area was Umeå but with two more specific locations: the city centre and the campus area. Two different approaches were used to utilize the data from STRADA: GIS to create descriptive maps and calculations of the bicycle accidents and logistics-regressions to investigate the accident severity relation to a certain number of chosen variables. The main findings were that it is important that every aspect of bicycling should be as safe as possible otherwise many beneficial effects with bicycling may disappear, such as the ones with sustainable development and accessibility. The results show that there was one type of intersection that had relevance and that was the intersections with three roads in it. Three road intersections were significant in two ways. The first way was that it caused an increased risk in more severe accidents and the second way had an opposite relationship and this was depending on what type of geographical place one was looking at. As with other risk factors there were many variables that affected the outcome of the risk. In Umeå it seemed that people that were over age 39, accidents with vehicles and winter were factors alongside with the three road intersections.

  • Ericsson, Alexander
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Green Parking Purchase: A Study of Policy, Implementation and Acceptance of Travel Demand Management2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study utilized both quantitative and qualitative methods to investigate different actors and layers of policy, implementation, and reception of pro-environmental Travel Demand Management policy and measures in Umeå. One initiative by Upab (Umeå Parkering AB) and Umeå municipality, Grönt parkeringsköp, which means moving parking spaces from the central area of Umeå and replacing them with facilities that promote sustainable travel, was investigated more thoroughly. The data was collected through a manually distributed survey in three properties that have implemented Grönt parkeringsköp, as well as through interviews with property owners. Utilizing discourse analysis, thematic analysis as well as OLS-regressions, the results have shown that the comprehensive plan of Umeå puts emphasis on sustainable growth to 200 000 inhabitants, as well as minimising car traffic in the central areas of town, mainly through densification of already built-up areas. The property owners stated several motives to implement such policies, including ecological, financial as well as brandstrengthening benefits. Attitudes amongst survey respondents are generally positive towards measures that improve conditions for bicycle users, and more negative towards push-measures. There are different predictors for attitudes and perceived importance of Travel Demand Management measures, including altruism and self-interest. The use of the installed measures through Grönt parkeringsköp however appear to be limited, possibly due to a lack of information.

  • Sorokolit, Tetiana
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Graduate’s migration and employment. A case study of Umeå.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the students who graduated from the Umeå university in respect to their migration patterns and their employment situation. The study focuses on young adults with higher education, who due to their age are highly mobile and are a significant part of human capital which provides an influx of collective intelligence and has a positive effect on the region. The migration is investigated in terms of defining different migration patterns and the employment is looked at in terms of horizontal match/mismatch.Additionally the factors that have relation to migration patterns and employment match are studied; among them are gender, family status, age and field of studies. It is also studied if there is an income penalty if the employment mismatch occurs.Descriptive statistics as well as logistic regressions are used to research the aim of the study. This is done by means of data from Statistics Sweden available at the Department of Geography and Economic History at Umeå University. The results show that graduates are highly mobile because of their age and the family status plays a more significant role than the employment match for migration. However, the probability to migrate is decreasing if an individual has a child, but it increases chances of being a return migrant. Still the decision to migrate is complex and cannot be determined by one factor only.The employment match appeared to be rather low for Umeå university graduates and there was an income penalty which slightly decreased with the flow of time.

  • Andreasson, My
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Emergency Water Planning and the Issues with making Drinking Water Accessible for Everyone2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the access to drinking water is something that often is taken for granted. But several incidents where regions have found themselves without drinking water shows that we should be more concerned about crisis management concerning drinking water. Regulations state that even in a situation with drinking water disturbance the municipality is responsible for providing all citizens with drinking water of acceptable quality. When drinking water is not delivered in regular pipelines it is called emergency water, which is an alternative way to distribute drinking water within the region. During a crisis it is important that the authorities can act quickly in order to minimize the consequences that will occur if a region is without drinking water. The National Food Agency (Livsmedelsverket) have therefore developed a guide for municipalities how to make an emergency water plan. It contains information of how to map and prioritize water users. This is a case study of Nordmaling Municipality that investigates how and why water users should be prioritized during a disturbance in drinking water. The aim has also been to locate emergency water containers for citizens and study the accessibility of these locations and the level of justice within the society connected to citizens (in)accessibility. In order to do this study, the guide from the National Food Agency have been studied along with consultation with the municipal administration. Then a quantitative Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) in GIS has been performed in order to find “optimal” locations for emergency water resources. Recommendations from the National Food Agency have been followed within the frame, ability and visions of Nordmaling Municipality. The study displays the functions that will obtain emergency water, and recommendations and regulations behind the decisions. Along with 12 different locations which have been decided based on results from the MCA. Water users (with extra consideration to vulnerable water users) living outside of the geographical “catchment-area” of a location with emergency water have been studied. This has shown that the locations are not accessible for everyone within the municipality. Constrained accessibility can be seen especially for elderly and those living in the sparsely parts of Nordmaling, which displays an unjust society.

  • Gylfe, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi, Klinisk bakteriologi.
    Ribers, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi.
    Forsman, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi.
    Bucht, Göran
    Alenius, Gerd-Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Wållberg-Jonsson, Solveig
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Reumatologi.
    Ahlm, Clas
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi, Infektionssjukdomar.
    Evander, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi, Virologi.
    Mosquitoborne Sindbis Virus Infection and Long-Term Illness2018Inngår i: Emerging Infectious Diseases, ISSN 1080-6040, E-ISSN 1080-6059, Vol. 24, nr 6, s. 1141-1142Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An unexpected human outbreak of the mosquitoborne Sindbis virus occurred in a previously nonendemic area of Sweden. At follow-up, 6-8 months after infection, 39% of patients had chronic arthralgia that affected their daily activities. Vectorborne infections may disseminate rapidly into new areas and cause acute and chronic disease.

  • Nilsson, Emil
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Evaluation of how clock synchronisation protocols affects inter-sender synchronisation of live continuous multimedia2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There exists several inter-sender synchronisation algorithms today, some of these requires globally synchronised clocks. Exactly how the clocks are going to be synchronised are generally not mentioned. This thesis aims to investigate how the choice of clock synchronising protocol affects these kinds of synchronisation algorithms. Tests have been conducted with NTP and PTP on a rudimentary inter-sender synchronisation algorithm. Results shows that there is little difference between protocols and the choice between them should be done on what constraint each protocol introduces. However if performance is extremely important there is some benefits to choosing a better clock synchronisation protocol.

  • Boström, Ludvig
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Reducing cost of volatile risk estimates on financial instruments in a cloud environment2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Performing high accuracy risk calculations on financial instruments is a computationally heavy task. Since a day can contain a lot of different events that change the stock prices, it is important that these risk calculations are done in real time. Deploying a system to calculate real time risk in a cloud environment would result in high costs because of the heavy calculations that needs to be performed. This thesis is a practical continuation of a previous master thesis written by Sara Ekman [1]. Ekman proposed different strategies to reduce the amount of recalculations while still having real time precision on the risk values. In this thesis the strategies covering European options and Futures are implemented and tested over several days, with a goal of reducing the cost of a daily run by 5%, compared to using constant intervals. Some strategies upheld the goal in simulations but did however loose accuracy. The strategies that performed the best, under tested conditions, was the strategies that did not consider any scenarios when evaluating if recalculations had to be made.

  • Backstad, Sebastian
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Federated Averaging Deep Q-NetworkA Distributed Deep Reinforcement Learning Algorithm2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In the telecom sector, there is a huge amount of rich data generated every day. This trend will increase with the launch of 5G networks. Telco companies are interested in analyzing their data to shape and improve their core businesses. However, there can be a number of limiting factors that prevents them from logging data to central data centers for analysis.  Some examples include data privacy, data transfer, network latency etc.

    In this work, we present a distributed Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) method called Federated Averaging Deep Q-Network (FADQN), that employs a distributed hierarchical reinforcement learning architecture. It utilizes gradient averaging to decrease communication cost. Privacy concerns are also satisfied by training the agent locally and only sending aggregated information to the centralized server. We introduce two versions of FADQN: synchronous and asynchronous.

    Results on the cart-pole environment show 80 times reduction in communication without any significant loss in performance. Additionally, in case of asynchronous approach, we see a great improvement in convergence.

  • Elkafri, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    The Effect of Transfer on Arab and Portuguese Learners' Use of the English Prepositions to and for.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The researcher has studied, in this paper, the effect of transfer on the Arabic and Portuguese learners’ using prepositions during their process of learning English as a second language. The prepositions that the study deals with are to and, for. The aim of the study is to show the influence of the learner’s first language on the target language. The study draws upon literary sources such as Littlewood’s book Foreign and Second Language Learning (Littlewood, 1984), as well as practical experiments which are divided into a multiple choice test and a translation test. Through the analysis of the results of these tests, the study shows the extent of influence of the first language on the process of learning a second language. The answers of the students are analyzed by comparing the rules of using prepositions in the learner’s first language and English. The participants in this study are students in ACS international school in Qatar. The study also includes interviews with two teachers. The interviews are done in order to provide additional information on the effect of the learner’s first language on learning a second language. The teachers express their views which was formed after many years of teaching experience.

  • Göttfert, Joline
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Värdering av bitcoin: En selektiv litteraturöversikt av värderingsmodeller för bitcoin2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har två delsyften. Det första delsyftet är att ge en beskrivning av vad bitcoin är och hur tekniken bakom bitcoin fungerar. Det andra delsyftet är att redogöra för hur bitcoin ska värderas. Genom en selektiv litteraturöversikt med avseende på värderingsmodeller för bitcoin har det andra delsyftet besvarats. I litteraturen har tre olika ansatser till att värdera bitcoin återfunnits och denna uppsats presenterar respektive värderingsansats för bitcoin och de resultat som har framkommit av tidigare studiers empiriska test. I den första modellen har bitcoin klassificerats och värderats som ett betalningsmedel. Ansatsen för den andra modellen är att värdera bitcoin som en finansiell tillgång. Utgångspunkten för den tredje modellen är att bitcoin är ett nätverk och ska värderas utifrån den aspekten med hjälp av Metcalfe’s lag. Sammanfattningsvis kan alla tre modeller förklara bitcoins prisbildning till en viss del. Slutsatsen är att bitcoin i högre grad kan klassificeras och värderas som en finansiell tillgång, eller som ett nätverk, än som ett fungerande betalningsmedel.

  • Segerbrant, Petra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Hälsoskatt på livsmedel i Sverige: Kan en riktad skatt mot skadliga fetter styra konsumtionen mot mer hälsosamma livsmedelsval?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker om ekonomiska styrmedel kan påverka konsumtionen av livsmedel som innehåller en hög andel mättat fett och transfetter samt om konsumtionen kan riktas mot mer hälsosamma livsmedelsval och därigenom förbättra folkhälsan. Datamaterialet som ligger till grund för analysen är aggregerat tidsseriedata över konsumtion, livsmedelsförsäljning och konsumentprisindex. Sex livsmedel analyseras; rött kött, chark, fjäderfä, smör, margarin och olja, där fetterna och köttprodukterna analyseras i separata modeller. Med hjälp av LA/AIDS-modellen estimeras elasticiteten för de olika varorna vilket sedan används vid simulering av olika skatte-och/eller subventionsreformer. Simuleringen utförs för att analysera effekten av de olika ekonomiska styrmedlen på konsumtionen av de olika livsmedel samt om för att se om någon hälsoeffekt är att vänta. Resultatet för studien visar att det går att påverka konsumtionen av livsmedel samt att konsumtionen kan styras mot mer hälsosamma livsmedelsval.

  • Tistelgren, Mathias
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Can I Have a Robot Friend?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The development of autonomous social robots is still in its infancy, but there is no reason tothink that it will not continue. In fact, the robotics industry is growing rapidly. Since this trendis showing no signs of abating it is relevant to ask what type of relations we can have withthese machines. Is it for example possible to be friends with them? In this thesis I argue that it is unlikely that we will ever be able to be friends with robots. To believe otherwise is to be deceived, a trap it is all too easy to fall into since the efforts put on making social robots as human-like as possible and to make the human-robot interaction as smooth as possible are huge. But robots are not always what they seem. For instance, the capacity to enter into a friendship of one’s own volition is a core requirement for a relationship to be termed friendship. We also have a duty to act morally towards our friends, to treat them with due respect. To be able to do this we need to have self-knowledge, a sense of ourselves as persons in our own right. We do not have robots who display these capacities today, nor is it a given that we ever will.

  • Nordin, Linn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Firm Competitiveness and the EU ETS: An empirical study using Swedish firm-level data2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to study the effect of the EU ETS on economic and financial indicators through which the impacts on firm competitiveness may be observed. Examining labor productivity, relative profit before tax, turnover, and value added afterthe introduction of the EU ETS offers a method for evaluating the effects of the program on economic performance. The study is based on a unique dataset of Swedish firms covering the years 2003-2008. To assess the causal impact of the EU ETS on firm performance the propensity score matching method is combined with the difference-indifference approach. The findings suggest a positive and significant impact on labor productivity, turnover and value added, while a negative and significant effect can be observed for relative profit before tax.

  • Nilsson, Linnea
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Eriksson, Alexander
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ett osynligt fenomen: En kvalitativ studie om depression bland äldre inom den kommunala hemtjänsten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • Elsner, Dominik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of a Hypothetical Dengue Vaccination Campaign in Bolivia2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis for a hypothetical vaccination campaign against dengue fever in Bolivia, a low-income country with endemic risk of Dengue in the eastern lowlands of the country. A vaccination campaign is evaluated using a societal perspective and accounting for different disease incidence rates. The analysis is based on a Markov model previously used in neighboring Argentina and adapted to the Bolivian context by use of information published in scientific journals and information obtained by personal communication with Bolivian doctors. The vaccination campaign was found likely to be cost-effective when the clinical/suspected case incidence is used. Cost-effectiveness is not given when only the laboratory confirmed case incidence is used. The results are similar for a sensitivity analysis that accounted for differences in costs for treatment or vaccination. A probabilistic analysis yielded a probability of 100% at the three-times GDP per capita threshold of 9,231 US$ for the clinical incidence and correspondingly a 56% probability of cost-effectiveness for the lower incidence measure.

  • Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Edfors, Petra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Barn som utsätts för våld inom familjen: Hur upptäcks de inom socialtjänsten och barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att samhället har ett ansvar för att skydda barn från våld, är det flera barn som utsätts för våld utan att någon upptäcker det. Studier visar att barn som utsätts för våld hemma löper större risk att utveckla svårigheter såsom psykiska problem, samt att många barn inte berättar om våldet ifall frågan inte ställs. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur socialtjänsten och barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin (BUP) upptäcker barn som utsätts för våld, hur rutinerna ser ut i samtalen med barn, samt hur de yrkesverksamma upplever sitt arbete kring upptäckten av våldsutsatta barn. Frågeställningarna är hur de yrkesverksamma får vetskap om barn utsätts för våld hemma ifall det är okänt, hur de upplever det är att ha barnsamtal kring våld, vilka rutiner de följer i barnsamtal, samt hur de yrkesverksamma upplever sin egen kunskap gällande upptäckten av våldsutsatta barn. Tre stycken utredare på barn och unga från socialtjänsten och en behandlare från BUP har intervjuats enligt en kvalitativ metod via en semistrukturerad intervjuguide (se bilaga 1). Resultaten har analyserats med hjälp av en innehållsanalys och presenteras slutligen i fyra olika teman (se tabell 1). Resultat visar att frågan om våld till barn inte ställs rutinmässigt. De yrkesverksamma är eniga om att det är svårt att upptäcka våld, samt upplever de en varierande svårighetsgrad att prata med barn beroende på barnets ålder och typ av våld.

  • Nordström, Cecilia
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Samuelsson, Hanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Barns väg till samhällsvård: En jämförande studie av två förvaltningsrätters beslut enligt 2 § LVU2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I närmare 100 år har sociala frågor diskuterats i Sverige och i takt med att samhället förändras, ändras även synen på människan och samhällets normer och värderingar. Synen på vad som är sociala problem och vad som orsakar dem har förändrats och även det sociala arbetet genomgår förändringar och påverkas kontinuerligt av både lokala och globala processer. De sociala skillnaderna har de senaste årtiondena ökat både mellan och inom länder och sociala skillnader kan idag även ses mellan geografiska områden i städer. När en förvaltningsrätt ska avgöra frågan om ett barn ska vårdas av samhället, övergår det sociala arbetet till att även bli en rättslig process. Syftet i den här studien har varit att undersöka rättstillämpningen av 2 § LVU vid förvaltningsrätten i Luleå och Malmö. Genom valet av de två förvaltningsrätterna får studien med en samhällskontext vilket gjorde det möjligt att närmare undersöka om förändringar av samhällets normer och värderingar även kan ses vid beslut om beredande av vård för barn genom tvång. I studien undersöktes vilka rekvisit de båda förvaltningsrätterna grundat sina beslut på och vilka likheter som kunde ses i det fattade besluten gällande bifall eller avslag på socialnämndernas ansökningar om vård enligt 2 § LVU. En kvalitativ ansats med innehållsanalys som metod har använts för studien som omfattar 31 förvaltningsrättsbeslut och berörde 42 barn. I studien har domskälen i förvaltningsrätternas beslut använts för att identifiera de rekvisit och argument som förvaltningsrätterna angett som grund för sina beslut. Resultatet av de i studien ingående 42 ärendena, med 37 bifall respektive fem avslag, var jämnt fördelade mellan de båda förvaltningsrätterna. Av de fyra rekvisiten i 2 § LVU har de båda förvaltningsrätterna nämnt rekvisitet brister i omsorgen i nästan samtliga bifallna beslut. I de ansökningar som rätterna avslog, angavs också liknande rättsliga argument. Studiens resultat visar på slutsatser om att liknande fall har bedömts på liknande sätt och med liknande rättsliga argument av de båda förvaltningsrätterna.

  • Hansson, Mikael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    From Matter to Data and Back Again: Enabling Agency through Digital Fabrication2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Digital fabrication technologies such as 3D printers entail a radical change to the traditional consumer-producer paradigm. Combined with other recent developments, self-styled Makers design and fabricate sophisticated devices and interactive technologies that would otherwise never have existed. However, stopping the uninitiated novice from making use of this potential is complex CAD software, and a high barrier to entry. In this study a series of workshops explore the potential of combining traditional handicraft materials – such as clay, paper and fabric – with 3D scanning to enable novices to work with 3D printers. Based on the results a set of instruction were created detailing the process of making three types of practical objects, covering the entire process from the making and subsequent 3D scanning of a physical object, to the software clean-up and final 3D printing. The results suggest that whilst the explored method can enable novices to create 3D printable models, a certain mindset is required for the novice to do so effectively.

  • Gustafsson, Linnea
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Björndahl, Lisa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Fikarastens betydelse ur ett hälsoperspektiv: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares syn på vikten av fikarast2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie belyser fikarastens betydelse inom det socialt arbetande verksamhetsfältet. Studien undersöker också socialarbetarnas ståndpunkt vad gäller anledningarna till att ta eller inte ta fikarast samt hur arbetstrivseln är relaterad till fikarasten. Fem intervjuer utförs med socialarbetare som arbetar inom den privata sektorn.  Detta bearbetas sedan med hjälp av innehållsanalysen där sex teman slutligen väljs ut. Resultatet presenteras sedan utifrån dessa teman och analyseras utifrån krav-, kontroll- och stödmodellen. Resultatet pekar på att fikarast är viktigt inom socialt arbete men att det i praktiken inte fungerar att schemalägga inom alla verksamheter. Rast ser olika ut för olika människor och är en sak som snarare behöver vara individanpassad än ske enligt dagordning. Att arbeta i människobehandlande verksamheter visar sig vara en viktig orsak till att ta fikarast, då tid ska ges till återhämtning, reflektion och ny energi för att orka med dagen.

  • Laanpere, Jaak
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Revealing the secret pieces of the puzzle: Studying the hidden influences of agile development context on user-centered design2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In a world dominated by digital technologies, user-centered design aims to ensure that the users are catered with solutions that deal with their needs. As agile methods have become a prevalent approach in software development, it is crucial for the two disciplines to work together. However, existing studies have already presented incompatibilities between the methods of the two disciplines. This study intends to investigate the impact that agile principles have on the adoption of user-centered approach on a broader scale through the many parties involved in the process. By conducting interviews with practitioners and interpreting the results through the lens of Engeström’s activity system model, the findings of the study reveal significant influences imposed on the user-centered approach by external and organizational factors that are intensified by the agile principles. Three main areas of concern are identified and accompanied by broad suggestions on how to approach resolving them, focusing on the empowerment of UX designers, accurate deliberation of the intentions and practices of user-centered approach, and close collaboration to raise awareness of the benefits of user-centered approach. Lastly, it is emphasized that the identified areas of concern – primarily the problematic impact from clients and executives – need further extensive research to provide definitive solutions.

  • Norenius, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Att vara socionom på pedagogernas arena: Skolkuratorers upplevelse av roll, uppdrag, svårigheter och möjligheter i skolans sociala arbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Som skolkurator är man verksam i en organisation som domineras av andra professioner. Studien syftar till att studera skolkuratorers upplevelser av att vara socionom verksam på pedagogernas fält avseende roll, uppdrag, svårigheter och möjligheter i skolans sociala arbete. Skolkuratorerna arbetar på kommunal grund- eller gymnasieskola. Studien är en fallstudie inom en kommun där skolkuratorerna är verksamma inom samma förvaltning med organisatorisk tillhörighet under elevhälsans verksamhetschef. Det är en kvalitativ undersökning med explorativt och induktivt arbetssätt, med datainsamling via semistrukturerade intervjuer samt innehållsanalys som metod. Resultatet visar att skolkuratorerna ser sig som socionomer verksamma i skolan, där professionstillhörigheten överväger gentemot yrkestiteln. Skolkuratorernas uppdrag är att vara elevens ombud men elevens bästa är överordnat. En skolkurator står bredvid pedagogen men bakom eleven, då de hjälper pedagogen att hjälpa eleven. En skolkurator kan användas till mer än vad som görs idag, som ett komplement till det pedagogiska. De svårigheter som skolkuratorerna möter är utmaningar i form av samarbete med pedagoger men även att få tiden att räcka - till både konsultation och direkt elevarbete samt mellan främjande, förebyggande och åtgärdande arbete. Att involvera skolkuratorerna i diskussioner på organisations- och ledningsnivå samt att ta tillvara på kunskap från individ- till gruppnivå, ser skolkuratorerna som åtgärder som ger möjligheter att utveckla det skolsociala arbetet. Att vara socionom i skolan kräver mod att tro på sin profession och att våga stå upp för elevens rättigheter, då det kan vara tufft att vara ensam på annan professions arena. Slutsatserna visar att skolkuratorernas roll och uppdrag har en komplex ”dubbelsidighet” som får konsekvenser för vad socionomen kan uppnå gällande skolans sociala arbete. Studien visar på behov gällande synliggörande av socionomens kompetens för skolledning och medarbetare, då skolkuratorerna anser att de kan användas till mer. Det finns även ett behov av att systematisera samarbetet mellan professionerna, så att det inte blir upp till professionerna att söka upp varandra.

  • Lisa, Lundgren
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    An educational programming environment for the Swedish school2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Programming is currently being introduced as an obligatory part of the K-9 education in Sweden with the aim to strengthen pupils’ digital competence and prepare them with skills adapt for the 21st century. The challenge is now to successfully integrate programming as a tool for teaching and learning within existing practices. Teachers are expected to support their pupils learning about programming despite their own limited chance to acquire knowledge on the subject. The Swedish National Agency for Education (Skolverket)has given some guidance but research on this area is rather limited and a lot is left to the teachers to decide and educate themselves in. Educational programming environments (EPEs), especially aimed at novices, can support teachers in this integration but needs to be suitable for the objectives from the Swedish school to not unintentionally direct the way teaching is done. This study aims to answer how an EPE should be designed to fit within the Swedish school context with a focus on the teachers’ perspective. To study this, seven interviews were conducted with educators in middle school with experience of working with programming in the classroom, followed by two observations during lectures with EPEs. The results provided implications that were used to form design guidelines for an EPE aimed at the Swedish school.

  • Lindström, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Job loss and Education: Effects of adult education on wage earnings for displaced workers2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden suffered one of its worst economic crises during the 1990s. Many individuals lost their jobs due to large workforce reductions and workplace shutdowns. This resulted in forming a unique group of displaced workers with a broad set of skills, abilities and work experience. A displaced worker had three choices, finding a new job, enrolling in education, or neither of these two. This study assesses the long-term effect on wage earnings from enrollment in adult education (Komvux) for workers aged 20-47 that lost their jobs in 1992 and had two years of upper secondary school education. Through analysing registry data from 1990-2015 which includes direct measures of ability, this study found that 1) the long-term total net benefit 24 years after enrollment is negative for both females and males (full samples). 2) It can take up to 14 years for the difference-in-difference in wage earnings between enrollees and non-enrollees to converge to the pre-enrollment level. 3) Controlling for ability among males have a negative effect on the results for enrollees. 4) Analysing heterogeneous effect found that females that did not register as unemployed fared best, and males over 25 fared worst from enrollment.

  • Lindqvist, Carina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Samarbete och delad kunskap: - hos socialtjänst, förskola och grundskola, för barnens rätt till stöd2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med min undersökning har varit att söka förståelse och förklaringar till hur samarbetet mellan förskola, grundskola förskoleklass – åk 5 och socialtjänst fungerar i Skellefteå kommun. En del i undersökningen har även varit att få kännedom om hur pedagogernas kunskap ser ut kring barn som far illa, orosanmälningar, anmälningsskyldighet, våld mot barn och vilka signaler barn som blir utsatta för våld kan uppvisa. Eftersom ambitionen var att skildra hur realiteten ser ut i Skellefteå kommun valde jag en kvantitativ forskningsmetod, genom att distribuera webenkäter till de olika verksamheterna. På detta sätt ansåg jag att möjligheten fanns att uppbringa tillräckligt många respondenter och därmed tillhandhålla en bred och genuin bild av vad verksamheternas anställda tycker. Information och enkäter har skickats ut via verksamheternas chefer.

    Bakgrunden till att jag valde att göra denna undersökning var att jag via egen erfarenhet uppfattat att det finns brister i samarbetet mellan de olika verksamheterna. Och även brister i relevant kunskap hos pedagogerna kring dessa ämnen. När jag sedan började söka tidigare forskning och kunskap kring hur omständigheterna såg ut fann jag tämligen snabbt belägg för att avsaknad av samarbete och kunskap förefaller resultera i att barn i behov av stöd och hjälp faller mellan stolarna.

    Mina resultat visar att detta även till stor del gäller i Skellefteå kommun. Resultatet visar på att alla tre verksamheterna upplever brister i samarbetet dem emellan och samtidigt framhävs en önskan om förändringar till en starkare samverkan. Resultaten belyser också den avsaknaden av kunskap som pedagogerna känner kring de områden jag ämnade att undersöka. Och att denna kunskapsbrist leder till osäkerhet och hinder i bedömningar kring barn som man misstänker far illa.

    I den avslutande analysen och diskussionen presenterar jag förslag på åtgärder som kan utföras på väg mot ett mer solitt samarbete och mer delad kunskap hos verksamheterna.  

  • Lockner, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ståhl, Isabelle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    ”Det här budskapet kommer ju inte att nå fram till dom männen som skulle behöva det”: En studie om mäns upplevelser av #metoo2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här undersökningen syftade vi till att fånga en grupp mäns upplevelser av det digitala fenomenet #metoo. Vad har dessa män upplevt för svårigheter i samband med #metoo samt hur de har upplevt att #metoo har påverkat dem. Informanterna i studien valdes via ett strategiskt urval. Alla informanter är manliga studenter som läser eller har läst på universitetsnivå och kan komma att arbeta med sociala insatser i framtiden. Insamlingen av material inhämtades via en fokusgrupp om fyra personer och analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet i denna studie visade att de manliga informanterna upplevde att det finns strukturer i samhället som gör att män beter sig på ett sådant sätt som föreligger #metoo. Informanterna upplevde att #metoo har gjort så att de har rannsakat sig själva och sitt eget beteende. De upplevde även att de behövde förändra sig själva samt hade tankar om hur de skulle gå tillväga, dock så upplevde de svårigheter med att göra detta själv. I vår analys undersökte vi närmare varför de upplevde sådana svårigheter till förändring och kopplar in tre olika teorier för att få möjligheten att analysera på olika nivåer. Våra slutsatser i denna studie är att det kan vara komplext att vara man och ta ställning för kvinnorättsfrågor i ett samhälle som är under strukturell förändring samt att informanterna påverkades av #metoo i sociala medier mer än vad de själva trott. Vidare är vår slutsats att informanterna hade svårt att se sin egen delaktighet i upprätthållandet av maktstrukturer. Informanterna var inte beredda på att riskera sina sociala eller samhälleliga fördelar för att visa medhåll för #metoo. Även om de såg hur deras beteende kunde vara en del av problematiken #metoo belyser så lade de större vikt på att det är andra män som borde nås av #metoo´s budskap.

  • van der Werf, Marinus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Rundqvist, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Turning the Tides: A case study about integrating UX practices within a UX-immature organization2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In an era where the customer has the power, creating not only usable but also satisfiable systems and applications is of importance. However, research shows that software development practices do not always allow user experience design to take place and gives little guidance regarding how to conduct and integrate UX work. Despite UX’ increased popularity, gained recognition and prior research efforts, organizations and companies still encounter challenges when trying to embrace this change to offer customers more than just a system that ‘works’. Much recognition has gone to the UX field of late, however organizations that lack knowledge, strategies or personnel can often feel powerless. Therefore, we set out to explore what an in-house IT-department without UX practitioners perceived as challenges when integrating UX work and practices. We conducted interviews with developers and project managers within an IT-department to get their opinions. In our study, we identified factors that seem to play a part when integrating UX – such as communication, UX maturity, prioritization and attitudes. Based on these findings, we visualized these factors in what we call a maturity map.

  • Hedbern, Anton
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Sjölund, Sofie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Mentala påfrestningar i arbetet med våldsutsatta kvinnor: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelser av att arbeta med våldsutsatta kvinnor inom kvinnojouren2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige utförs en stor del av arbetet med våldsutsatta kvinnor av personer som arbetar på olika kvinnojourer. Detta arbete innefattar främst att tillhandahålla stödjande samtal till de våldsutsatta kvinnorna, som ofta kan lida av posttraumatiskt stressyndrom till följd av våldet. Dessa stödsamtal beskrivs i tidigare forskning som påfrestande för de personer som arbetar inom kvinnojouren. Stödsamtal med våldsutsatta kvinnor som lider av posttraumatiskt stressyndrom kan leda till upplevelser av sekundär traumatisering hos den som tar del av kvinnans traumatiska berättelser. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur personer som arbetar inom kvinnojourer upplever de mentala påfrestningar som arbetet med våldsutsatta kvinnor kan medföra samt hur dessa påfrestningar kan förstås och hanteras. Materialet till denna studie har samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem personer som arbetar inom olika kvinnojourer. Materialet har därefter analyserats utifrån kvalitativ innehållsanalys. De flesta av intervjupersonerna berättade att de upplevt mentala påfrestningar som till exempel ilska, trötthet, frustration, vanmakt och nedstämdhet till följd av arbetet. Begreppet sekundär traumatisering var relativt okänt för de flesta av respondenterna. Många av dem kunde inte heller säga sig upplevt symtom av sekundär traumatisering till följd av arbetet. Handledning samt stöd från kollegor var viktiga komponenter gällande hanteringen av dessa påfrestningar. Ytterligare ett resultat som framkom var intervjupersonernas inställning till arbetsrollen där respondenterna delade med sig av olika föreställningar om vad arbetsrollen innebär. Av resultatet framgår således att det finns tendenser av mentala påfrestningar som i vissa fall kan förklaras med hjälp av sekundär traumatisering. Olika copingstrategier används för att hantera de påfrestningar som arbetet medför. Arbetsrollen är komplex då den bygger på en historia av en stark ideologisk övertygelse som har sin inverkan på förhållningssättet mellan empati och distans i mötet med den våldsutsatta kvinnan.

  • Byström, Matilda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Skillryd, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Mötet med depression: En studie om hur socionomer i Umeå tänker kring bemötande av klienter med depression.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är ett examensarbete som omfattar en studie om hur socionomer i Umeå med omnejd tänker kring bemötande av klienter som har en depression eller visar tecken på depression. Vi ville undersöka detta utifrån vikten av bemötande inom socialt arbete med personer med psykisk ohälsa då det finns vetenskapligt belägg för att bemötandet kan påverka resultatet av insatser. Umeå kommun har en värdegrund som ska ligga till grund för arbetet och bemötandet, MÖTS. Socialstyrelsen betonar också vikten av ett gott bemötande och god vård. Vi genomförde fyra intervjuer med socionomer inom olika verksamheter och jämförde innehållet i intervjuerna med rådande forskning inom psykisk ohälsa och bemötande. Vi använde oss av ett professionsteoretiskt perspektiv för att få en djupare förståelse för hur socionomernas tankar om bemötande samt jämförelsen med rådande forskning kan kopplas till deras profession som socialarbetare. Resultatet som framkom genom intervjuerna var att bygga en relation, lyssna, känna av, se personen, utgå från individen och främja delaktighet uppgavs vara viktigt oavsett klientens mående. Då klienten är eller kan vara deprimerade uppgavs det vara särskilt viktigt att motivera, våga ställa svåra frågor, ge en extra chans, ta reda på mer om deras sociala nätverk och ha förståelse för särskilda svårigheter. Slutsatsen vi drar i studien är att socionomerna beskrev tankesätt som stämmer överens med rådande forskning kring gott bemötande, och att de tycks ha ett professionellt tankesätt i sitt arbete med deprimerade personer.

  • Wallin, Emelie
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Åström, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    "Trade wars are good, and easy to win": A study of Trump’s steel tariffs and international trade2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time, free trade has been considered the optimal trade pattern for a country to increase its welfare. This idea has however been put to the test by the ongoing steel tariff implementations by the United States. President Donald Trump has argued that foreign production and export is hurting the American steel industry. This paper will examine the effects and consequences of these tariffs from a trade theory point of view and analyze the potential risk of a trade war. Further, it will discuss whether this trade policy is an optimal way for the United States to improve its economy which will be related to data on the United States’history of trade and its membership in the World Trade Organization, WTO.

    The main findings of this paper are that if the country that imposes the tariffs are considered as being a large country and the tariffs are optimal, it can increase the country’s welfare. Another finding is that the negotiating of quotas instead of tariffs might have a similar effect for the implementing country depending on if they receive the quota rents, and a combination of tariffs and quotas might not diminish US role as a large country which means that the US can gain a positive welfare effect of the trade barriers. Actions like these might however be considered as violations of the WTO agreements and retaliation from other countries are likely. Furthermore, the historical data on the United States indicates that tariffs in general can have a positive effect on its GDP.

  • Sevä, Moa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lindström, Ylva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Prostitutionen i Norrland: Socialtjänstens ansvar?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

     

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur socialtjänsten hanterar och bemöter prostitutionens omfattning bland kvinnor samt identifiera eventuella utvecklingsmöjligheter hos myndigheten. För att besvara vårt syfte har tre frågeställningar formulerats:

     

    1. Hur har prostitutionens förekomst förändrats över tid?
    2. Vilka insatser/vilket stöd erbjuder socialtjänsten kvinnor som lever i prostitution?
    3. Hur skulle arbetet kring prostitution inom socialtjänsten kunna utvecklas och förstärkas?

     

    Denna uppsats fokuserar på hur socialtjänsten möter kvinnor som befinner sig i prostitution. Studien har baserats på kvalitativa intervjuer med socialsekreterare, samordnare och en enhetschef i medelstora kommuner i Norrland. Intervjupersonerna i studien har kunnat förmedla en representativ och tydlig bild över hur det sociala arbetet med prostitution i norra Sverige ser ut. Resultatet visar att prostitutionen har bytt arena och förflyttats från gatan till internetannonser, vilket har lett till en dold men också en tydlig ökning av fenomenet. Något som framkommer av intervjuerna är att i de fall socialtjänsten kommer i kontakt med personer i prostitution, har personerna ofta även ett missbruk där prostitutionen finansierar droger/alkohol/spel. Det identifierades två olika synsätt på hur denna dubbel-problematik skulle bemötas: det ena synsättet betraktade prostitutionen som något sekundärt och som en effekt av missbruket medan det andra synsättet betraktade missbruket och prostitutionen som två lika stora delar av ett omfattande problem där behandling bör ske för båda problematikerna. Resultatet tydliggjorde även de insatser kommuner i Norrland kan erbjuda kvinnor i prostitution, där ett exempel på hjälpinsats visade sig vara socialtjänstens kvinnofridsmottagningar. Ytterligare ett resultat som framkom av studien är att intervjupersonerna identifierar ett behov av tydliga och utarbetade riktlinjer för att kommunerna ska kunna möta den ökade prostitutionen med givna arbetsmetoder och målsättningar.

  • Nguyen, Huy Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Lu, Yao
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Adoption and Diffusion of in-store Mobile Payment: Lessons from China2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With the evolution of technology and the Internet, the world is heading to a "cashless society". China has moved towards one solution -  mobile payment in the recent decade. In every corner of urban life, mobile payment has become a favorite way of conducting transactions for merchants and customers. This thesis aims to get a deep understanding of why mobile payment platform has become so widely used in China, and in particular to explore why merchants choose to adopt it. To investigate the issue, this study has formed a theoretical framework including the topics of mobile payment, platform and multi-sided market, network effects, lock-in effect, technology acceptance model, and other influential factors. Based on the framework, a qualitative study was conducted to examine merchants and mobile payment service providers in terms of adoption and diffusion. The findings show that several factors such as customer demands, cost, initial trust and benefits have significant influence on merchant’s adoption of mobile payment. The study implies the provider’s strategies of diffusion largely depend on the cooperation with merchants and having a massive customer base.

  • Sköld, Ida
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Nilsson, Jessica
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    “Otydlig eller inte, vi behövs i alla fall”: - En kvalitativ studie om hur kuratorer inom hälso- och sjukvård upplever sin yrkesroll2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Då det finns begränsat med forskning kring yrkesrollen och yrkesidentiteten hos kuratorer inom hälso- och sjukvård är det särskilt intressant att undersöka hur kuratorer upplever sin yrkesroll på arbetsplatsen. Detta med tanke på att kuratorerna arbetar inom ett verksamhetsområde som är dominerat av medicinska professioner. Professionsteorin och Social Identity Theory är de teorier som ligger till grund för studiens frågeställningar och analys. Studiens intervjupersoner består av sex kuratorer som arbetar i olika verksamheter inom hälso- och sjukvård. Studiens insamlade material kommer från sex semistrukturerade intervjuer som genomfördes på kuratorernas respektive arbetsplats. Resultatet som framkommer i denna studie visar att majoriteten av kuratorerna ser sin yrkesroll som tydlig och upplever sin yrkesroll som viktig, det vill säga att den fyller en funktion. Det interprofessionella arbetet uppfattar kuratorerna fungerar bra och som viktigt då det är en stor del i deras arbete. Deras helhetsperspektiv och kunskaper inom det psykosociala området kan anses som mycket betydelsefullt i arbetet med klienterna. Resultatet visar också på det finns några faktorer som lyfts fram som särskilt viktiga i utvecklingen av yrkesidentiteten, vilka är egna erfarenheter, vidareutbildningar samt arbetssituationen, det vill säga om kuratorn är den enda socionomen eller om det finns flera socionomer på arbetsplatsen.

  • Hannes, Olsson
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    KOLLEKTIVT RESANDEUTANFÖR LÄNET: Regioners och länsgränsers inverkan påplanerandet av kollektivtrafiken.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Our regional borders and its administration play an important role forpublic transport in Sweden. Every region (län) is required by law to havea regional public transport authority that's in charge of planning thepublic transport. To get an understanding of the regional administrationfor public transport we also need to understand regions. Informationabout the regions was gathered by conducting interviews with representsfrom every region. The policy documents for every regions publictransport was also an integral part to understand the plans and visions ofthe region. Based on the interviews it became apparent that regionalrestructuring is an interesting concept and could be beneficial to thepublic transport but the main interest they were concerned by wascooperation. The social relations and the historical development of regional and local administration is also an important part of this study.

  • Kalén, Stina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Globaliseringens effekt på Phillipskurvan: - Det utländska produktionsgapets betydelse för den svenska inflationsprocessen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Globalisering definieras som den ökade integrationen mellan ekonomier runt om i världen, främst genom handel med varor, tjänster och kapital över landsgränser. Intresset för hur globaliseringen påverkar inflationsprocessen och om globaliseringen utmanar det samband mellan inflation och arbetslöshet som Phillipskurvan beskriver har intresserat forskare. Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka det utländska produktionsgapets roll i förhållandet mellan arbetslöshet och inflation i Sverige. Detta analyseras med tidsseriedata över det svenska produktionsgapet, det importviktade utländska produktionsgapet samt inhemsk inflation för åren 1970–2017. Studiens resultat tyder på att det utländska produktionsgapet har en förväntad positivt ‒ men icke-signifikant ‒ effekt på den inhemska inflationen.