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Sciuto, C., Allios, D., Bendoula, R., Cocoual, A., Gardel, M.-E., Geladi, P., . . . Thyrel, M. (2019). Characterization of building materials by means of spectral remote sensing: the example of Carcassonne's defensive wall (Aude, France). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 396-405
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characterization of building materials by means of spectral remote sensing: the example of Carcassonne's defensive wall (Aude, France)
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, p. 396-405Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Geological and archaeological analysis of stone masonries in standing structures helps reveal information aboutuse of natural resources. At the same time, the study of historical materials is useful for conservators and culturalheritage management. Geochemical and petrographic analysis of building material types is usually done throughdestructive analysis on a few selected samples and can be problematic due to the costs of operations and the sizeof buildings themselves. This paper demonstrates that the combination of hyperspectral imaging portable NearInfrared (NIR) spectroscopy and Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (ED-XRF) spectroscopy can be useful foranalysing types of raw materials used in distinct construction phases of the inner defensive wall in the citadel ofCarcassonne (Aude, France). Stratigraphic analysis of the architecture, short-range spectral remote sensing andportable ED-XRF measurements were combined in an interdisciplinary approach to classify sandstone elements.The experimental protocol for in situ non-destructive analysis and classification of the masonry types allows theinvestigation of the monument in a diachronic perspective, collecting information to delineate raw materialsvarieties and their use or re-use through time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Hyperspectral imaging, Portable NIR, ED-XRF, Multivariate statistics, Provenance of building materials, Buildings archaeology, Historical monuments
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154131 (URN)10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.10.030 (DOI)000462119900034 ()
Projects
Mobima; Bio4Energy
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, MAW 2012.0136
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Sciuto, C., Geladi, P., La Rosa, L., Linderholm, J. & Thyrel, M. (2019). Hyperspectral Imaging for Characterization of Lithic Raw Materials: the Case of aMesolithic Dwelling in Northern Sweden. Lithic Technology, 44(1), 22-35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hyperspectral Imaging for Characterization of Lithic Raw Materials: the Case of aMesolithic Dwelling in Northern Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Lithic Technology, ISSN 2051-6185, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 22-35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study proposes a method for the classification of lithic raw materials by means of hyperspectralimaging, a non-destructive fast analytical technique. The information potential of this approach wastested on a dwelling site dated to mid-late Mesolithic (7200–5800 BP) at Lillsjön, Ångermanland,Sweden. A dataset of lithic tools and flakes (2612 objects) made of quartz and quartzite, wasanalyzed using a shortwave infrared hyperspectral imaging system. The classification of the rawmaterials was performed applying multivariate statistical models. A random test set of 55artefacts was selected, classified according to spectral signature and divided into categoriescorresponding to different geological materials. The same test set was analyzed with EnergyDispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (ED XRF) to validate the classification. The entire dataset of lithicscollected on the site was then classified applying a SIMCA model. The distribution of items onthe site was visualized in a 3D GIS platform according to their geological characteristics tohighlight patterns that could indicate different use of the space and dynamics of raw materialssupply over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2019
Keywords
Lithic raw materials, hyperspectral imaging, EDXRF, chemometrics, intra-site analysis, Swedish Mesolithic semi-subterranean dwellings
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154130 (URN)10.1080/01977261.2018.1543105 (DOI)
Projects
Mobima; Bio4Energy
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, MAW 2012.0136
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Linderholm, J. & Eriksson, S. (2019). Markkemisk kartering från Sandbrauta, Melhus, Trøndelag, Norge. Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Markkemisk kartering från Sandbrauta, Melhus, Trøndelag, Norge
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Umeå universitet, 2019. p. 15
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2019-022
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158559 (URN)
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, S. & Linderholm, J. (2019). Markkemisk kartering och analyser av anläggningsprover från Skjerdingstad, Melhus, Trøndelag, Norge. Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Markkemisk kartering och analyser av anläggningsprover från Skjerdingstad, Melhus, Trøndelag, Norge
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Umeå universitet, 2019. p. 22
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2019-021
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158558 (URN)
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, S. & Linderholm, J. (2019). Markkemisk kartering och analyser avanläggningsprover från Øya, Melhus,Trøndelag, Norge. Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Markkemisk kartering och analyser avanläggningsprover från Øya, Melhus,Trøndelag, Norge
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Umeå universitet, 2019. p. 15
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2019-020
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158556 (URN)
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Linderholm, J., Geladi, P., Gorretta, N., Bendoula, R. & Gobrecht, A. (2019). Near infrared and hyperspectral studies of archaeological stratigraphy and statistical considerations. Geoarchaeology, 34(3), 311-321
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Near infrared and hyperspectral studies of archaeological stratigraphy and statistical considerations
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2019 (English)In: Geoarchaeology, ISSN 0883-6353, E-ISSN 1520-6548, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 311-321Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper proposes a methodology based on near‐infrared (NIR) spectrometry for studying stratigraphy and depth profiles in archaeological excavations. The NIR spectra can be used to describe and complement the wet chemical analysis. Soil samples were collected from a 0.8 m deep stratigraphy of a Neolithic site that were analyzed by three different NIR instrumentations. Phosphate‐ and magnetic susceptibility and inductively‐coupled plasma mass spectrometry measurements were also conducted as reference analysis.

Principal component analysis on the data from three different NIR instrumentations gave useful score plots that allowed grouping of the samples. The results from the lab spectrometer were most useful, although the hyperspectral NIR camera was the fastest method to obtain spectra of many samples from one image. The paper shows how the NIR spectral data can be used for multivariate analysis to get meaningful conclusions on archaeological soils and sediments, especially in terms of understanding site development/phases and soil formation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2019
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158018 (URN)10.1002/gea.21731 (DOI)000467402700005 ()
Funder
Wallenberg Foundations, MAW 2012.0136
Available from: 2019-04-10 Created: 2019-04-10 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved
Jerand, P. & Linderholm, J. (2019). Possible traces of reindeer corralling at a hearth-row site from 1000-1300 CE in Northern Norway. In: Petri Halinen & Bjørnar Olsen (Ed.), In search of hearths: a book in memory of Sven-Donald Hedman (pp. 31-39). Helsinki: The Finnish Antiquarian Society, 22
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Possible traces of reindeer corralling at a hearth-row site from 1000-1300 CE in Northern Norway
2019 (English)In: In search of hearths: a book in memory of Sven-Donald Hedman / [ed] Petri Halinen & Bjørnar Olsen, Helsinki: The Finnish Antiquarian Society , 2019, Vol. 22, p. 31-39Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: The Finnish Antiquarian Society, 2019
Series
Iskos, ISSN 0355-3108 ; 22
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163581 (URN)9789526655123 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-10-17Bibliographically approved
Linderholm, J., Macphail, R., Buckland, P. I., Östman, S., Eriksson, S., Wallin, J.-E. & Engelmark, R. (2019). Ørlandet Iron Age settlement pattern development: Geoarchaeology (geochemistry and soil micromorphology) and plant macrofossils. In: Ingrid Ystgaard (Ed.), Environment and Settlement: Ørland 600 BC–AD 1250: (pp. 107-134). Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing (NOASP)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ørlandet Iron Age settlement pattern development: Geoarchaeology (geochemistry and soil micromorphology) and plant macrofossils
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2019 (English)In: Environment and Settlement: Ørland 600 BC–AD 1250 / [ed] Ingrid Ystgaard, Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing (NOASP) , 2019, p. 107-134Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Macrofossil and geoarchaeological data from a variety of contexts and periods at Vik can provide either in situ or proxyinformation on the human – environment interactions at the site through time. The aim of this paper is to discuss settlementactivity patterns through time and space, with special emphasis on agriculture and animal husbandry strategies. The calcareousshell bank deposits at the site led to a reduction of the amount of analysed citric soluble phosphate and are apparentlyalso linked to very poor macrofossil preservation. The analysis shows that farming in the pre-Roman Iron Age involvedanimal management and manuring of fields where naked and hulled barley were cultivated. Stock was kept in the long houses.There are also indications that animals grazed along the shore. In the Roman Iron Age there is no clear evidence of keepinglivestock indoors; byre residues were instead found in house-associated waste heaps, where chemical data indicate thatdung was left to ferment. Near-house Roman Iron Age waste deposits were also characterised by latrine and fish processingwaste, as well as by high temperature artisan residues – fuel ash and iron working materials. Analysis of soil chemical samplesindicates an increase and intensification of occupation over time during the pre-Roman Iron Age and the Roman Iron Age.Viking-medieval features were also a remarkable source for monitoring latrine, byre and industrial waste, including the secondaryuse of water holes and wells that supplied water to both people and animals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing (NOASP), 2019
Keywords
Soils, phosphates, nutrients, agriculture, settlement, houses, waste management, archaeobotany, palaeobotany, geoarchaeology, prospection, farming, micromorphology
National Category
Archaeology Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use Geology Geochemistry Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Botany
Research subject
environmental archaeology; Quarternary Geology; Archaeology; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167805 (URN)10.23865/noasp.89 (DOI)978-82-02-66483-1 (ISBN)978-82-02-59531-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-02-04 Created: 2020-02-04 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved
Linderholm, J. & Eriksson, S. (2018). Markkemisk analys av ett jordprov från Stala sn., Bohuslän.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Markkemisk analys av ett jordprov från Stala sn., Bohuslän
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 2
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2018-003
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151004 (URN)
Available from: 2018-08-22 Created: 2018-08-22 Last updated: 2018-09-04Bibliographically approved
Macphail, R. I. & Linderholm, J. (2018). Microstratigraphy (soil micromorphology and microchemistry, soil chemistry, and magnetic susceptibility) (104ed.). In: Dagfinn Skre (Ed.), Avaldsnes: a sea-kings' manor in first-millennium Western Scandinavia (pp. 379-420). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microstratigraphy (soil micromorphology and microchemistry, soil chemistry, and magnetic susceptibility)
2018 (English)In: Avaldsnes: a sea-kings' manor in first-millennium Western Scandinavia / [ed] Dagfinn Skre, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2018, 104, p. 379-420Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2018 Edition: 104
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142957 (URN)978-3-11-042578-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7471-8195

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