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Nordlund, Madelene
Publikasjoner (10 av 19) Visa alla publikasjoner
Nordlund, M. (2018). Tertiary graduates in low-wage jobs in Sweden 2003–2012. Journal of Education and Work, 31(5-6), 461-477
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Tertiary graduates in low-wage jobs in Sweden 2003–2012
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Education and Work, ISSN 1363-9080, E-ISSN 1469-9435, Vol. 31, nr 5-6, s. 461-477Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on Swedish register data from 2003 to 2012, this study attempts to explain over-education and upward mobility among tertiary graduates. Rarely used explanatory factors are central in the analyses, such as ‘still in study’ and ‘field of education’. Tertiary graduates in low-wage jobs are regarded as over-educated. The results of this work suggest that the general increase in graduates correlates well with the increase in over-educated graduates. Many of those who were categorised as over-educated were students, and graduates from some specific fields were particularly vulnerable to working in low-wage jobs. Sixty per cent of the graduates found more suitable jobs, while up to 40 per cent stayed in jobs related to lower wages. Graduates from fields associated with higher risks of over-education were also less likely to experience upward mobility. The increasing occurrence of over-education among graduates may not only result in a substandard utilisation of human capital (and absence of social mobility), it also seems that the presence of large numbers of over-educated graduates in low-paid work may have implications for unskilled workers, through displacement effects.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Emneord
Over-education, tertiary graduates, mobility, low-wage jobs
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153208 (URN)10.1080/13639080.2018.1528576 (DOI)000456934300002 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-11-09 Laget: 2018-11-09 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Wickman, K., Nordlund, M. & Holm, C. (2018). The relationship between physical activity and self-efficacy in children with disabilities. Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, 21(1), 50-63
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The relationship between physical activity and self-efficacy in children with disabilities
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 50-63Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The main purpose of this study is to investigate whether self-efficacy in children with disabilities could be strengthened through targeted and adapted physical activities led by specially educated leaders. Children and Youth Physical Self-Perception Profile (CY-PSPP) scale were used. The study includes 45 children of 8–14 years of age with different types of impairments. The children participated in training sessions twice a week and tried out 13 different physical activities during eight months. The median in this study of total self-efficacy was 104 points, which can be compared to median points varying between 100 and 107 in previous studies based on children without disabilities. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant increase of the means in four out of six different domains of self-efficacy before and after the study was carried out. Key findings indicated that this model is successful in strengthening the children’s self-efficacy and that their perceived self-efficacy was equal to that of children without disabilities.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2018
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125983 (URN)10.1080/17430437.2016.1225925 (DOI)000423880900005 ()
Prosjekter
DISLIFE
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-09-23 Laget: 2016-09-23 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Strandh, M., Nilsson, K., Nordlund, M. & Hammarström, A. (2015). Do open youth unemployment and youth programs leave the same mental health scars?: Evidence from a Swedish 27-year cohort study. BMC Public Health, 15, Article ID 1151.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Do open youth unemployment and youth programs leave the same mental health scars?: Evidence from a Swedish 27-year cohort study
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, artikkel-id 1151Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Recent findings suggest that the mental health costs of unemployment are related to both short- and long-term mental health scars. The main policy tools for dealing with young people at risk of labor market exclusion are Active Labor Market Policy programs for youths (youth programs). There has been little research on the potential effects of participation in youth programs on mental health and even less on whether participation in such programs alleviates the long-term mental health scarring caused by unemployment. This study compares exposure to open youth unemployment and exposure to youth program participation between ages 18 and 21 in relation to adult internalized mental health immediately after the end of the exposure period at age 21 and two decades later at age 43.

Methods: The study uses a five wave Swedish 27-year prospective cohort study consisting of all graduates from compulsory school in an industrial town in Sweden initiated in 1981. Of the original 1083 participants 94.3 % of those alive were still participating at the 27-year follow up. Exposure to open unemployment and youth programs were measured between ages 18–21. Mental health, indicated through an ordinal level three item composite index of internalized mental health symptoms (IMHS), was measured pre-exposure at age 16 and post exposure at ages 21 and 42.

Ordinal regressions of internalized mental health at ages 21 and 43 were performed using the Polytomous Universal Model (PLUM). Models were controlled for pre-exposure internalized mental health as well as other available confounders.

Results: Results show strong and significant relationships between exposure to open youth unemployment and IMHS at age 21 (OR = 2.48, CI = 1.57–3.60) as well as at age 43 (OR = 1.71, CI = 1.20–2.43). No such significant relationship is observed for exposure to youth programs at age 21 (OR = 0.95, CI = 0.72–1.26) or at age 43 (OR = 1.23, CI = 0.93–1.63).

Conclusions: A considered and consistent active labor market policy directed at youths could potentially reduce the short- and long-term mental health costs of youth unemployment.

Emneord
Youth unemployment, Youth programs, Mental health, Life course, Unemployment scarring
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-113434 (URN)10.1186/s12889-015-2496-5 (DOI)000365310100003 ()26589399 (PubMedID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-18 Laget: 2015-12-18 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Nordlund, M., Bonfanti, S. & Strandh, M. (2015). Second Chance Education Matters!: Income trajectories of poorly educated non-Nordics in Sweden. Journal of Education and Work, 28(5), 528-550
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Second Chance Education Matters!: Income trajectories of poorly educated non-Nordics in Sweden
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Education and Work, ISSN 1363-9080, E-ISSN 1469-9435, Vol. 28, nr 5, s. 528-550Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study we examine the long-term impact of second chance education (SCE) on incomes of poorly educated individuals who live in Sweden but were not born in a Nordic country, using data on income changes from 1992 to 2003 compiled by Statistics Sweden. Ordinary Least Squares regression analyses show that participation in SCE increased the work income of non-Nordics by a higher percentage than that of Nordics. The results also indicate that much of the effects of SCE on non-Nordics are related to increases in “Sweden-specific” human capital, rather than increases in their educational level per se, which seems to provide a form of ‘endowment insurance’ that improves their labour market position in Sweden. Relying on the theoretical framework of the Capability Approach, we conclude that such effects are related to the instrumental economic value of individuals’ capability to be educated, as well as the value of material well-being.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis, 2015
Emneord
second chance education, immigrants, unemployment
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79199 (URN)10.1080/13639080.2013.820262 (DOI)000212994400005 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-08-13 Laget: 2013-08-13 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Nordlund, M. & Strandh, M. (2014). Selektivitet och jobbchanser bland arbetslösa. Uppsala: Institutet för arbetsmarknads- och utbildningspolitisk utvärdering
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Selektivitet och jobbchanser bland arbetslösa
2014 (svensk)Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [sv]

Den lägsta lönen som en arbetslös kan tänka sig acceptera ett jobb för, reservationslönen, antas delvis kunna förklara både hur många jobb arbetslösa söker men också deras chanser att få jobb. Det är ovanligt med studier där den arbetslöse fått uppge sin reservationslön men i den här studien har vi tillgång till den självskattade reservationslönen. Med den informationen studeras här betydelsen av såväl nivån på a-kassan som psykosociala faktorer för hur arbetslösa sätter sina reservationslöner. Vidare studeras också a-kassans, reservationslönens och psykosociala faktorers roll för hur intensivt arbetslösa söker jobb men också för deras verkliga jobbchanser. Resultaten visar att nivån på a-kassan är förknippad med hur arbetslösa sätter sina reservationslöner, medan psykosociala faktorer inte är det. Vidare indikerar resultaten att både nivån på a-kassan och psykosociala faktorer är kopplade till hur många jobb en arbetslös söker, medan reservationslönen inte är det. Slutligen, i vilken utsträckning arbetslösa verkligen får jobb är varken förknippat med jobbsökintensitet eller nivån på a-kassan. Det visar sig istället reservationslönen vara, tillsammans med arbetslösas humankapital och hur många som är arbetslösa på den lokala arbetsmarknaden. Med det drar vi slutsatsen att a-kassan och reservationslönen är mått som mäter relativt olika ting och därför kan det vara problematiskt att använda ersättningsnivå på a-kassa som ett substitut för självskattade reservationslöner.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Institutet för arbetsmarknads- och utbildningspolitisk utvärdering, 2014. s. 27
Serie
Rapport / Institutet för arbetsmarknads- och utbildningspolitisk utvärdering, ISSN 1651-1158 ; 2014:21
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-95743 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-11-05 Laget: 2014-11-05 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Nordlund, M. & Strandh, M. (2014). The relation between economic and non-economic incentives to work and employment chances among the unemployed. Uppsala: Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The relation between economic and non-economic incentives to work and employment chances among the unemployed
2014 (engelsk)Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

In this study we address the relationship of self-reported reservation wages(RW)(the lowest offered income at which an unemployed persona will accept a job offer), the income replacement rate of unemployment benefit (IRUB) and psychosocial need for employment with job search intensity and reemployment probabilities among unemployed in Sweden in 1996-1997. The results indicate that the RWs reported by the group that we observe over timewere relatively stable, but strongly related to IRUB and both the gender and age of the unemployed individuals. Interestingly, IRUB was related to search intensity, but not reemployment probabilities, while the RW was related to reemployment probabilities but not search intensity. These findings suggest that IRUB might be a poor proxy for RWs, in some situations at least. In sharp contrast, psychosocial incentives appeared to be related to both search intensity and reemployment probabilities, indicating a need for a richerunderstanding of search behaviour and unemployment durations. The data also indicate that the rolesof search behaviour and incentives for reemployment probabilitiesmay be exaggeratedwhich, at least under the relatively depressed labour market conditions our data represented, appeared to be much more strongly related to human capital and demand for labourfor our study population

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy, 2014. s. 47
Serie
IFAU WORKING PAPER, ISSN 1651-1166 ; 2014:23
Emneord
Reservation wage, income replacement rate, psychosocial need of work, job search intensity, human capital, job- chances
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-95696 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-11-05 Laget: 2014-11-04 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Nordlund, M. (2013). Active labour market policies (1ed.). In: Bent Greve (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of the Welfare State: (pp. 115-124). Oxon and New York: Routledge
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Active labour market policies
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Routledge Handbook of the Welfare State / [ed] Bent Greve, Oxon and New York: Routledge, 2013, 1, s. 115-124Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This chapter deals primarily with Active Labour Market Policies (ALMPs) which mainly consist of educational and employment incentives offered to the unemployed. ALMPs aim at relieving or preventing the negative effects that spells of unemployment often bring about for the individual as well as for the labour market as a whole. The subject that researchers continually investigate is whether or not participation in ALMPs is fruitful. This chapter shows that it is difficult to make universal statements about this because the success of ALMPs seems to vary as a consequence of how they are designed, individual heterogeneity among participants, and methodological issues. Nevertheless, despite the difficulty in drawing conclusions, some general tendencies as regards the supply of ALMPs and subsequent micro level effects of ALMPs will be highlighted in this chapter.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Oxon and New York: Routledge, 2013 Opplag: 1
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81065 (URN)978-0-415-68292-3 (ISBN)978-0-203-08422-9 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-10-01 Laget: 2013-10-01 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Nordlund, M., Stehlik, T. & Strandh, M. (2012). Investment in second-chance education for adults and income development in Sweden. Journal of Education and Work, 1-25
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Investment in second-chance education for adults and income development in Sweden
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Education and Work, ISSN 1363-9080, E-ISSN 1469-9435, ISSN 1363-9080, s. 1-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the relation between Second Chance increase in formal education among low educated adults in Sweden and long term wage development. Despite the awareness of the role of education for employability and individuals’ overall life chances surprisingly few studies have investigated the wage effects of Second Chance Education for adults. Research contributions referring to long term effects of such educational investment are particularly limited. In this study we use a longitudinal register database compiled by Statistics Sweden where we follow all low educated adults in Sweden from 1992 over a time span of twelve years. The results show both impressive direct and long term positive effects on wages after the adult attainment of a completed secondary education.  In further analysis a large proportion of the long term effects are shown to relate to further educational attainment after the completion of Second Chance secondary education. The conclusion that is drawn is that Second Chance Education in Sweden is an effective tool for improving long-term labour market prospects and economic opportunities for low educated adults, this not least through its ability to start educational trajectories.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2012
Emneord
Second Chance Education; adult education; income development; Sweden; Panel study
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-55773 (URN)10.1080/13639080.2012.664633 (DOI)
Merknad
Posten ska kompletteras med annan pdf-fil. / ME 1/6-12Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-06-05 Laget: 2012-05-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Strandh, M., Nordlund, M. & Hammarström, A. (2012). Youth unemployment, youth programs and mental health scarring in Sweden - long term mental health effects of two different forms of unemployment experiences. In: A comparison of effects on capabilities in transitions to the labour market: EU Collaborative Project "WorkAble": Making Capabilities Work (2009-2012) Work Package 5: Effects on transitional trajectories of young people Deliverable 5.2: Final report (pp. 137-164). Bielefeld: Workable Research Consortium
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Youth unemployment, youth programs and mental health scarring in Sweden - long term mental health effects of two different forms of unemployment experiences
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: A comparison of effects on capabilities in transitions to the labour market: EU Collaborative Project "WorkAble": Making Capabilities Work (2009-2012) Work Package 5: Effects on transitional trajectories of young people Deliverable 5.2: Final report, Bielefeld: Workable Research Consortium , 2012, s. 137-164Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Bielefeld: Workable Research Consortium, 2012
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-60696 (URN)
Prosjekter
"Making Capabilities Work" (WorkAble)
Merknad

This final report presents the findings of Work Package 5 (WP5) of the EU collaborative research project "Making Capabilities Work" (WorkAble).

Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-10-23 Laget: 2012-10-23 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Nordlund, M. (2011). What works best when?: The role of active labour market policy programmes in different business cycles. International Journal of Social Welfare, 20(1), 43-54
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>What works best when?: The role of active labour market policy programmes in different business cycles
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 43-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Abstract [en]

At what point in a business cycle do the long-term unemployed gain most from participation in active labour market policy programmes (ALMP), as compared to openly unemployed? In this article, this question is studied from the perspective of individual human capital with the hazard of labour market exit and chances of future labour market stability and equal post-unemployment income as output variables. All the long-term unemployed in Sweden were followed on a four-year basis, with 1993 (recession) and 1999 (boom) as starting years. The study shows mainly positive effects among participants regardless of the state of the market. However, ALMP-training has a “bridging” effect over different labour market conditions and a quick return to the regular labour market is therefore not as important for the success of participation as it is among ALMP-employment participants.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Blackwell Publishing, 2011
Emneord
business cycle, human capital, unemployment scarring, active labour market policy programmes
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33139 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-2397.2009.00683.x (DOI)000284894500006 ()
Merknad

Article first published online 7 Aug 2009

Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-04-13 Laget: 2010-04-13 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert
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