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Ramqvist, Per H., professor emeritus
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Publikasjoner (10 av 55) Visa alla publikasjoner
Ramqvist, P. H. (2019). Old Uppsala: people and powers in the shadows of the right: Vendel period, Viking Age, Middle Ages [Review]. Historisk Tidskrift (S), 139(2), 376-379
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Old Uppsala: people and powers in the shadows of the right: Vendel period, Viking Age, Middle Ages
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 139, nr 2, s. 376-379Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Svenska Historiska Föreningen, 2019
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161612 (URN)000472591800017 ()
Merknad

[Kristina Ekero Eriksson, Gamla Uppsala, anm. av Per H. Ramqvist]

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-07-12 Laget: 2019-07-12 Sist oppdatert: 2019-07-12
Bergman, I. & Ramqvist, P. H. (2018). Hunters of forests and waters: Late Iron Age and Medieval subsistence and social processes in coastal northern Sweden. Acta Borealia, 35(1), 1-28
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Hunters of forests and waters: Late Iron Age and Medieval subsistence and social processes in coastal northern Sweden
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 1-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

During the course of the 14th century the Swedish Crown and the Catholic Church made robust attempts to include the areas beside the Bothnian bay within their central fiscal and clerical organization. Salmon fishing in the productive river rapids became major targets for external commercial interests. Written records inform us about the situation from the perspective of the exploiters. However, there is a story running in parallel – that of the local population already occupying the lands and the fishing grounds. The study aims to analyse the significance of hunting and fishing to the overall subsistence of coastal communities in northern Sweden during the period AD 500–1600. The social context is of particular interest, specifically in relation to the successive conformation by the local communities to the Swedish fiscal system. The study draws on archaeological records and on historical records from the 14th to the 17th century, in addition to ethnographic accounts for hunting and fishing. We conclude that the legal cultures embraced by the indigenous population and that of the Swedish central powers were in essence incompatible. The acquisition of land and fishing rights was never settled between two equal parties, but one-sidedly enforced by the party holding the pen.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2018
Emneord
Salmon fishing, seal hunting, Medieval, coastal farmers, Sámi, northern Sweden
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
arkeologi; historia
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146722 (URN)10.1080/08003831.2018.1456765 (DOI)000430497100001 ()2-s2.0-85045139131 (Scopus ID)
Prosjekter
Recalling the past
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-04-18 Laget: 2018-04-18 Sist oppdatert: 2018-08-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Ramqvist, P. H. (Ed.). (2017). Arkeologi i norr 16. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Arkeologi i norr 16
2017 (svensk)Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017. s. 159
Serie
Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x ; 16
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142440 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-30 Laget: 2017-11-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Bergman, I. & Ramqvist, P. H. (2017). Farmer-fishermen: interior lake fishing and inter-cultural and intra-cultural relations among coastal and interior Sámi communities in northern Sweden AD 1200–1600. Acta Borealia, 34(2), 134-158
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Farmer-fishermen: interior lake fishing and inter-cultural and intra-cultural relations among coastal and interior Sámi communities in northern Sweden AD 1200–1600
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 134-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the productive fishing grounds had long attracted the Crown and the Church to northern Sweden, it was not until the sixteenth century that the judicial and fiscal powers of the Swedish Crown were exercised in full. Records show that the regular fishing in interior lakes formed a prominent enterprise among coastal farmer communities. This paper examines the social and economic context of farmers engaged in interior fishing with respect to the internal organization of village communities, principles of private and collective ownership, land-use strategies and inter-community relations. There are no a-priori assumptions about the coastal population being “Swedish”. Instead of applying ethnonyms, the terms “farmer” and “coastal” are used throughout the paper. The main area of investigation includes the coastal area of northernmost Sweden and the western parts of Finnish Lapland. The study shows that interior lakes fitted into village resource areas, long sanctioned by usage, and that usufruct belonged to village members collectively. A large part of the fishing lakes are situated in interior Sámi territory. Fishermen were internalizing Sámi place names, implying close relations between the groups. Archeological investigations point to subsistence strategies including systemic interior lake fishing being established before AD 1200. The authors propose that coastal and interior communities should be perceived as two economic strategies representing indigenous and pre-colonial land-use schemes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Tromsö: Routledge, 2017
Emneord
Interior lake fishing, medieval, coastal farmers, Sámi; land-use, Northern Sweden
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
arkeologi; historia
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142436 (URN)10.1080/08003831.2017.1390662 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-30 Laget: 2017-11-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-08-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Liedgren, L. & Ramqvist, P. H. (2017). Medeltida gårdar i Böle by, Lövånger. Arkeologi i Norr, 16, 135-159
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Medeltida gårdar i Böle by, Lövånger
2017 (svensk)Inngår i: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 16, s. 135-159Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Abstract [en]

A tax register (Gustav Vasa's jordebok), from 1543, shows that there were 148 tax units or farms in Lövånger parish at the time. This paper records excavations conducted in 2014 in one of the villages named Böle. Two farmsteads were partly excavated. One (Lövånger parish no. Raä 508) consisted of two house foundations and an ancient field with clearance cairns, and another (Lövånger parish no Raä 621) consisted of three house foundations, a cellar and clearance cairns.

Radiocarbon datings show that the farmsteads were used during the 12th–15th centuries. A coin was found, a so called "klipping", which can be dated to the early reign of King Gustav Vasa, 1521–1523. Most of the artefacts found came from refuse deposits, containing large amounts of burned and unburned bone fragments. Nearly all of the identified bones (c. 97–98 %) came from domesticated animals, such as cattle, sheep and goat. Sources of the few identified bones from wild game included seal, hare, pike and perch.

Areas covered by house foundations on the two sites varied from c. 20 - 50 m2. All foundations had cairns in one corner, marking fireplaces. The houses on the foundations were probably timber-framed, like most houses in the area during historical times. In and outside the houses, pieces of bricks and burned clay were found, showing that the farmers used bricks, at least to some extent in the fireplaces, as early as the 14th century.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142435 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-30 Laget: 2017-11-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Ramqvist, P. H. (2017). Om äldre gravskick i det norrländska kustområdet. Arkeologi i Norr, 16, 87-110
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Om äldre gravskick i det norrländska kustområdet
2017 (svensk)Inngår i: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 16, s. 87-110Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Abstract [en]

The article presents some new radiocarbon dates of burnt bones found in cairns and stone-settings in Northern Sweden. The author also describes the earliest known graves in the north. The low and discreet Late Mesolithic stone-settings, with red ochre and inhumations, seem to be elements of a northern burial tradition that continued into the Neolithic Period. The latest hitherto known of these descreet stone-settings was excavated west of Umeå in Västerbotten, and was radiocarbon dated to 1750-1520 BC. However, this grave lacked the typical red ochre. During approximately the same time monumental cairns were erected along the coast of Norrland. The oldest of these were traditionally believed to have been introduced during the Early Bronze Age and contain inhumations in long stone cists, which were replaced by cremations during the Late Bronze Age. However, new radiocarbon dates from five cremations in cairns and stone-settings strongly challenge that belief, placing all in the Early Bronze Age. The cremations in cairns are not necessarily the oldest monumental stratum. The author suggests that the cairns were linked to the introduction of agricultural activities along the coast during the end of the 3rd Millennium BC.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142434 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-30 Laget: 2017-11-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Ramqvist, P. H. (2017). Saddle and bridle from Högom, Central Sweden. In: Charlotte Fabech & Ulf Näsman (Ed.), The Sösdala Horsemen: and the equestrian elite of fifth century Europe (pp. 221-235). Höjbjerg: Jutland archaeological society
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Saddle and bridle from Högom, Central Sweden
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Sösdala Horsemen: and the equestrian elite of fifth century Europe / [ed] Charlotte Fabech & Ulf Näsman, Höjbjerg: Jutland archaeological society , 2017, s. 221-235Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Höjbjerg: Jutland archaeological society, 2017
Serie
Jutland archaeological publications, ISSN 0107-2854 ; 99
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142437 (URN)978-87-93423-15-2 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-30 Laget: 2017-11-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Ramqvist, P. H. (Ed.). (2016). Arkeologi i Norr (15ed.). Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier vid Umeå universitet
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Arkeologi i Norr
2016 (svensk)Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier vid Umeå universitet, 2016. s. 168 Opplag: 15
Serie
Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x ; 15
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142438 (URN)
Merknad

Innehåll:

Per H. Ramqvist: Förord

Per H. Ramqvist & Ingela Bergman & Lars Liedgren: Hällmålningarna i Gaskávrre. Nordliga bilder med geometriska motiv

Anna-Karin Lindqvist & Nina Granholm: Stolpbyggda hus vid Umeälvens mynning. Den yngre bronsåldern i ny skepnad

Olof Holm: Hyveljärn eller samisk skinnskrapa? Ett gåtfullt eggverktyg från järnåldern

Per H. Ramqvist: Grisfest i Fröland? Nya resultat angående hög 3 i Högom, Medelpad - samt något om hög 4

Jari-Matti Kuusela: Closed and open. Access to coastal and inland interaction networks in Northern Finland in the Late Iron Age

Lars Liedgren: Ön i Degerbyn - en medeltida gårdsplats i Skellefteå

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-30 Laget: 2017-11-30 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-16bibliografisk kontrollert
Ramqvist, P. H. (2016). Grisfest i Fröland?: nya resultat angående hög 3 i Högom, Medelpad – samt något om hög 4. Arkeologi i Norr, 15, 91--118
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Grisfest i Fröland?: nya resultat angående hög 3 i Högom, Medelpad – samt något om hög 4
2016 (svensk)Inngår i: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 15, s. 91--118Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Abstract [sv]

Storhögskomplexet i Högom (raä nr 1 i Selånger sn, Medelpad), utgjorde en central plats under yngre romersk järnålder och folkvandringstid. Platsen har varit föremål för omfattande arkeologiska undersökningar under åren 1949-1984. Resultaten av grävningarna blev sensationella och den först undersökta storhögen, nr. 2 (fig. 1), innehöll en av Nordeuropas rikhaltigaste kammargravar från folkvandringstiden (Selling 1952; Janson & Selling 1955). Det skulle dock dröja nästan fyra decennier sedan grävningarna avslutades 1952, innan mer omfattande, såväl nationell och internationell, publicering kom till stånd (Ramqvist 1990, 1992; Nockert 1991). Fram till 1960 undersöktes ytterligare två av storhögarna nr. 4 och nr. 3, samt några av de mindre högarna på gravfältet. Mycket litet av detta blev publicerat.

År 1984 inleddes ett internationellt samarbete kring publiceringen av det rikhaltiga materialet. Publicerings- och dokumentationsprojektet initierades prof. Evert Baudou och författaren, båda vid Umeå universitet, som genom ett fruktbart samarbete med prof. Michael Müller-Wille vid Christian-Albrechts Universität i Kiel och dåvarande riksantikvarien Margareta Biörnstad vid Riksantikvarieämbetet lyckades vi dokumentera och publicera hela Högommaterialet. Två större volymer av Margareta Nockert (1991) respektive författaren (Ramqvist 1992) har publicerats. Därtill en rad övriga publiceringar (bl. a. Ramqvist 1987a; b; 1988a; b; 1990; 1992; 1995a; b; 2000; 2014; Ramqvist & Müller-Wille 1988). Högom intar idag en central roll vid diskussionen om folkvandringstidens samhällen i Skandinavien och Nordeuropa och utgör en självklar del i läroböcker och uppslagsverk (t. ex. Ramqvist 2000; 2014). Mest ljus har av naturliga skäl fallit på den mycket innehållsrika kammargraven i hög 2, med det finns även helt unika företeelser i samband med hög 3 och 4. Föremålet för denna uppsats är främst bebyggelsespåren under hög 3, men det ska kort nämnas att även hög 4 bidrar på ett intressant sätt med nya iakttagelser.

Abstract [en]

During the years 1949-1984 large-scale excavations were conducted at the large mound complex at Högom in Medelpad, Central Sweden. Apart from the extraordinary chamber grave in mound 2, parts of a large and unusual building were found beneath the cenotaph mound 3. This paper presents new analyses and interpretations of this buildning´s foundation, and both its political and religious significance during the late 4th century AD. It has been attacked, burnt down and several (probably three) women were trapped by the fire. At the western gable end of the feasting hall there was a podium extending between the northern and southern long walls, directly in front of a dividing wall. A high seat was placed on the podium. Many details of the Högom material were described in an extensive publication in 1992, but only preliminary osteological analysis had been completed at that time. The new analyses concern radiocarbon datings and osteological determinations of the bones found in the feasting hall, which provide very different indications of the quantities and distributions of species consumed. Among other things large numbers of pig bones were found in the feasting hall and gable room of the building, indicating that the species was exceptionally important in the feasting cult at the site. The new osteological analysis also showed that burned and unburned parts of horse skulls and teeth bones were present, but only at each side of the high seat at the end of the podium. The building is interpreted as a hall dedicated to the fertility god Frey, and the place-name Högom is thought to have been preceded by something like Fröland.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: , 2016
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142433 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-30 Laget: 2017-11-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert
Ramqvist, P. H., Bergman, I. & Liedgren, L. (2016). Hällmålningarna i Gaskávrre: nordliga bilder med geometriska motiv. Arkeologi i Norr, 15, 1-36
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Hällmålningarna i Gaskávrre: nordliga bilder med geometriska motiv
2016 (svensk)Inngår i: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 15, s. 1-36Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Abstract [sv]

År 2014 uppmärksammades hällmålningar vid norra stranden av sjön Gaskávrre (.askaure), de hittills nordligast kända (Àg. ). Vid en av de många brant sluttande klipporna av kvartsit upptäckte Solveig Andal -ohansen bilderna (Àg. 1). (n vårvinterdag när Solveig pimpelÀskade tillsammans med sin moster och morbror, Lennart och Margareth 5anberg, tröttnade hon på den magra Àskelyckan och beslöt sig för att istället utforska området i sluttningen ovanför pimpelstället. Snön hade smält bort närmast klippväggen och där lyste röda Àgurer som målats på de lodräta väggarna. Solveig bad de övriga i sällskapet att komma och titta och det stod snabbt klart för alla att det var fråga om hällmålningar och så småningom informerades Silvermuseets arkeologer om fyndet.

Det anmärkningsvärda är att hällmålningarna upptäckts ungefär på samma sätt några år tidigare då tre pojkar från Piteå tillsammans med sina föräldrar pimpelÀskade på samma ställe, blev lite rastlösa och bestämde sig för att utforska omgivningarna (Àg. 2). Dessvärre nådde inte upptäckten fram till Silvermuseets arkeologer och hällmålningarna Àck vänta ytterligare något år på att nå offentlighetens ljus.

Vid det första antikvariska besöket av hällmålningarna, som gjordes 2014 av Ingela Bergman och Lars Liedgren från Silvermuseet i Arjeplog, påträffade Bergman ytterligare en lokal ca 80 meter öster om den första. Vi har gett lokalerna namnen Gaskávrre 1 och 2. Den sistnämnda är mindre och består av två ytor med enstaka målade Àgurer (se nedan).

Hällmålningarna i Gaskávrre utgör inte bara de nordligaste hittills kända i Sverige, de är också unika genom sina omfattande och komplexa geometriska motiv. Belägenheten i fjällmiljö är ovanlig, men har motsvarigheter i Härjedalen, där samtliga fem kända lokaler ligger på samma höjd eller högre än målningarna i Gaskávrre. Högst belägna är målningarna i Rogen, ca 70 m ö.h. (nr på Àg. och tab. 1).

Abstract [en]

This article describes two recently discovered rock painting sites on the northern shore of lake Gaskávrre, in the mountain area of Arjeplog parish, western Lappland. The sites, called Gaskávrre 1 and 2, are the most northerly rock art sites in present day Sweden found so far and are situated at c. 550 m a.s.l. Gaskávrre 1 contains 17 distinguishable Àgures, and several unidentiÀed spots of fragmented and eroded red ochre, while at the smaller Gaskávrre 2 site (c. 80 m to the east) only two images have been found. 0ost of the images represent geometric Àgures, ranging from relatively simple rhombs and V-shapes, to very complex compositions. Only one certain and one possible human Àgure have been found, and no animal Àgures such as the elk or reindeer Àgures typically present at other Fennoscandian rock art sites.

Although the assemblage at Gaskávrre hitherto has uniTue features, it Àts well with northern rock art from the Stone Age. Several of the images are found elsewhere in northern Fennoscandia, suggesting that the people who made them were part of a large cultural environment.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: , 2016
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142432 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-30 Laget: 2017-11-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert
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