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Rosen, P
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Publications (10 of 41) Show all publications
Bragee, P., Mazier, F., Nielsen, A. B., Rosén, P., Fredh, D., Brostrom, A., . . . Hammarlund, D. (2015). Historical TOC concentration minima during peak sulfur deposition in two Swedish lakes. Biogeosciences, 12(2), 307-322.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Historical TOC concentration minima during peak sulfur deposition in two Swedish lakes
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2015 (English)In: Biogeosciences, ISSN 1726-4170, E-ISSN 1726-4189, Vol. 12, no 2, 307-322 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Decadal-scale variations in total organic carbon (TOC) concentration in lake water since AD1200 in two small lakes in southern Sweden were reconstructed based on visible-near-infrared spectroscopy (VNIRS) of their recent sediment successions. In order to assess the impacts of local land-use changes, regional variations in sulfur, and nitrogen deposition and climate variations on the inferred changes in TOC concentration, the same sediment records were subjected to multi-proxy palaeolimnological analyses. Changes in lake-water pH were inferred from diatom analysis, whereas pollen-based land-use reconstructions (Landscape Reconstruction Algorithm) together with geochemical records provided information on catchment-scale environmental changes, and comparisons were made with available records of climate and population density. Our long-term reconstructions reveal that inferred lake-water TOC concentrations were generally high prior to AD1900, with additional variability coupled mainly to changes in forest cover and agricultural land-use intensity. The last century showed significant changes, and unusually low TOC concentrations were inferred at AD1930-1990, followed by a recent increase, largely consistent with monitoring data. Variations in sulfur emissions, with an increase in the early 1900s to a peak around AD1980 and a subsequent decrease, were identified as an important driver of these dynamics at both sites, while processes related to the introduction of modern forestry and recent increases in precipitation and temperature may have contributed, but the effects differed between the sites. The increase in lake-water TOC concentration from around AD1980 may therefore reflect a recovery process. Given that the effects of sulfur deposition now subside and that the recovery of lake-water TOC concentrations has reached pre-industrial levels, other forcing mechanisms related to land management and climate change may become the main drivers of TOC concentration changes in boreal lake waters in the future.

National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100781 (URN)10.5194/bg-12-307-2015 (DOI)000348982200003 ()
Available from: 2015-04-01 Created: 2015-03-09 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Valinia, S., Futter, M. N., Cosby, B. J., Rosen, P. & Folster, J. (2015). Simple Models to Estimate Historical and Recent Changes of Total Organic Carbon Concentrations in Lakes. Environmental Science and Technology, 49(1), 386-394.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simple Models to Estimate Historical and Recent Changes of Total Organic Carbon Concentrations in Lakes
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2015 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 49, no 1, 386-394 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Quantifying human impacts on the natural environment requires credible reconstructions of reference conditions. Anthropogenic acidification of surface waters is strongly influenced by total organic carbon (TOC) concentrations. Because both the degree of acidification and recovery are dependent on historical TOC concentrations, simple models to estimate changes in surface water TOC between reference conditions (1860) and the present day (2012) are needed. We used visible near infrared spectroscopy (VNIRS) of lake sediments to reconstruct reference condition TOC and long-term monitoring data to predict recent changes. Two empirical models were developed to predict: (i) historical TOC trends between reference conditions (1860) and peak acidification (1980) and (ii) trends in TOC between 1988 and 2012. The models were statistically robust with adj. R(2) of (i) 0.85 and (ii) 0.71, respectively. Models were driven by lake and catchment area, wetlands, historical sulfur deposition and water chemistry. Present day TOC concentrations are similar to VNIRS-reconstructed and modeled reference condition TOC in Swedish lakes. The results are valuable for understanding drivers of TOC changes in lakes and for more credible assessments of reference conditions needed for water management in Europe and elsewhere.

National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100133 (URN)10.1021/es503170r (DOI)000347589300044 ()25485992 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-03-03 Created: 2015-02-24 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Meyer-Jacob, C., Vogel, H., Boxberg, F., Rosén, P., Weber, M. E. & Bindler, R. (2014). Independent measurement of biogenic silica in sediments by FTIR spectroscopy and PLS regression. Journal of Paleolimnology, 52(3), 245-255.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Independent measurement of biogenic silica in sediments by FTIR spectroscopy and PLS regression
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2014 (English)In: Journal of Paleolimnology, ISSN 0921-2728, E-ISSN 1573-0417, Vol. 52, no 3, 245-255 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present an independent calibration model for the determination of biogenic silica (BSi) in sediments, developed from analysis of synthetic sediment mixtures and application of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIRS) and partial least squares regression (PLSR) modeling. In contrast to current FTIRS applications for quantifying BSi, this new calibration is independent from conventional wet-chemical techniques and their associated measurement uncertainties. This approach also removes the need for developing internal calibrations between the two methods for individual sediments records. For the independent calibration, we produced six series of different synthetic sediment mixtures using two purified diatom extracts, with one extract mixed with quartz sand, calcite, 60/40 quartz/calcite and two different natural sediments, and a second extract mixed with one of the natural sediments. A total of 306 samples-51 samples per series-yielded BSi contents ranging from 0 to 100 %. The resulting PLSR calibration model between the FTIR spectral information and the defined BSi concentration of the synthetic sediment mixtures exhibits a strong cross-validated correlation ( = 0.97) and a low root-mean square error of cross-validation (RMSECV = 4.7 %). Application of the independent calibration to natural lacustrine and marine sediments yields robust BSi reconstructions. At present, the synthetic mixtures do not include the variation in organic matter that occurs in natural samples, which may explain the somewhat lower prediction accuracy of the calibration model for organic-rich samples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2014
Keyword
biogenic silica, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIRS), bioproductivity, silicon cycle, paleoceanography, paleolimnology
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-95265 (URN)10.1007/s10933-014-9791-5 (DOI)000342338700009 ()
Available from: 2014-10-31 Created: 2014-10-27 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Frank, U., Nowaczyk, N., Minyuk, P., Vogel, H., Rosen, P. & Melles, M. (2013). A 350 ka record of climate change from Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic: refining the pattern of climate modes by means of cluster analysis. Climate of the Past, 9(4), 1559-1569.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A 350 ka record of climate change from Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic: refining the pattern of climate modes by means of cluster analysis
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2013 (English)In: Climate of the Past, ISSN 1814-9324, E-ISSN 1814-9332, Vol. 9, no 4, 1559-1569 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rock magnetic, biochemical and inorganic records of the sediment cores PG1351 and Lz1024 from Lake El'gygytgyn, Chukotka peninsula, Far East Russian Arctic, were subject to a hierarchical agglomerative cluster analysis in order to refine and extend the pattern of climate modes as defined by Melles et al. (2007). Cluster analysis of the data obtained from both cores yielded similar results, differentiating clearly between the four climate modes warm, peak warm, cold and dry, and cold and moist. In addition, two transitional phases were identified, representing the early stages of a cold phase and slightly colder conditions during a warm phase. The statistical approach can thus be used to resolve gradual changes in the sedimentary units as an indicator of available oxygen in the hypolimnion in greater detail. Based upon cluster analyses on core Lz1024, the published succession of climate modes in core PG1351, covering the last 250 ka, was modified and extended back to 350 ka. Comparison to the marine oxygen isotope (delta O-18) stack LR04 (Lisiecki and Raymo, 2005) and the summer insolation at 67.5 degrees N, with the extended Lake El'gygytgyn parameter records of magnetic susceptibility (kappa(LF)), total organic carbon content (TOC) and the chemical index of alteration (CIA; Minyuk et al., 2007), revealed that all stages back to marine isotope stage (MIS) 10 and most of the substages are clearly reflected in the pattern derived from the cluster analysis.

National Category
Geology Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81025 (URN)10.5194/cp-9-1559-2013 (DOI)000323412600013 ()
Available from: 2013-09-30 Created: 2013-09-30 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Cunningham, L., Vogel, H., Wennrich, V., Juschus, O., Nowaczyk, N. & Rosen, P. (2013). Amplified bioproductivity during Transition IV (332 000-342 000 yr ago): evidence from the geochemical record of Lake El'gygytgyn. Climate of the Past, 9(2), 679-686.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Amplified bioproductivity during Transition IV (332 000-342 000 yr ago): evidence from the geochemical record of Lake El'gygytgyn
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2013 (English)In: Climate of the Past, ISSN 1814-9324, E-ISSN 1814-9332, Vol. 9, no 2, 679-686 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To date, terrestrial archives of long-term climatic change within the Arctic have widely been restricted to ice cores from Greenland and, more recently, sediments from Lake El'gygytgyn in northeast Arctic Russia. Sediments from this lake contain a paleoclimate record of glacial-interglacial cycles during the last three million years. Low-resolution studies at this lake have suggested that changes observed during Transition IV (the transition from marine isotope stage (MIS) 10 to MIS 9) are of greater amplitude than any observed since. In this study, geochemical parameters are used to infer past climatic conditions thus providing the first high-resolution analyses of Transition IV from a terrestrial Arctic setting. These results demonstrate that a significant shift in climate was subsequently followed by a rapid increase in biogenic silica (BSi) production. Following this sharp increase, bioproductivity remained high, but variable, for over a thousand years. This study reveals differences in the timing and magnitude of change within the ratio of silica to titanium (Si/Ti) and BSi records that would not be apparent in lower resolution studies. This has significant implications for the increasingly common use of Si/Ti data as an alternative to traditional BSi measurements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gottingen, Germany: COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT, 2013
National Category
Ecology Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-70363 (URN)10.5194/cp-9-679-2013 (DOI)000317009700011 ()
Available from: 2013-05-14 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Hahn, A., Kliem, P., Ohlendorf, C., Zolitschka, B. & Rosen, P. (2013). Climate induced changes as registered in inorganic and organic sediment components from Laguna Potrok Aike (Argentina) during the past 51 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews, 71, 154-166.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Climate induced changes as registered in inorganic and organic sediment components from Laguna Potrok Aike (Argentina) during the past 51 ka
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2013 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 71, 154-166 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Total organic carbon, total inorganic carbon, biogenic silica content and total organic carbon/total nitrogen ratios of the Laguna Potrok Aike lacustrine sediment record are used to reconstruct the environmental history of south-east Patagonia during the past 51 ka in high resolution. High lake level conditions are assumed to have prevailed during the Last Glacial, as sediments are carbonate-free. Increased runoff linked to permafrost and reduced evaporation due to colder temperatures and reduced influence of Southern Hemispheric Westerlies (SHIN) may have caused these high lake levels with lake productivity being low and organic matter mainly of algal or cyanobacterial origin. Aquatic moss growth and diatom blooms occurred synchronously with southern hemispheric glacial warming events such as the Antarctic A-events, the postglacial warming following the LGM and the Younger Dryas chronozone. During these times, a combination of warmer climatic conditions with related thawing permafrost could have increased the allochthonous input of nutrients and in combination with warmer surface waters increased aquatic moss growth and diatom production. The SHW were not observed to affect southern Patagonia during the Last Glacial. The Holocene presents a completely different lacustrine system because (a) permafrost no longer inhibits infiltration nor emits meltwater pulses and (b) the positioning of the SHW over the investigated area gives rise to strong and dry winds. Under these conditions total organic carbon, total organic carbon/total nitrogen ratios and biogenic silica cease to be first order productivity indicators. On the one hand, the biogenic silica is influenced by dissolution of diatoms due to higher salinity and pH of the lake water under evaporative stress characterizing low lake levels. On the other hand, total organic carbon and total organic carbon/total nitrogen profiles are influenced by reworked macrophytes from freshly exposed lake level terraces during lowstands. Total inorganic carbon remains the most reliable proxy for climatic variations during the Holocene as high precipitation of carbonates can be linked to low lake levels and high autochthonous production. The onset of inorganic carbon precipitation has been associated with the southward shift of the SHW over the latitudes of Laguna Potrok Aike. The refined age-depth model of this record suggests that this shift occurred around 9.4 cal. ka BP. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keyword
Carbonates, Organic matter, Biogenic silica, Diffuse Reflectance Fourier Transform, Infrared Spectrometry (DRIFTS), Lake level, Primary productivity, Patagonia, Argentina, ICDP project PASADO
National Category
Geology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79266 (URN)10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.09.015 (DOI)000321178500013 ()
Available from: 2013-09-04 Created: 2013-08-13 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Cunningham, L., Vogel, H., Nowaczyk, N., Wennrich, V., Juschus, O., Persson, P. & Rosen, P. (2013). Climatic variability during the last interglacial inferred from geochemical proxies in the Lake El'gygytgyn sediment record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 386, 408-414.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Climatic variability during the last interglacial inferred from geochemical proxies in the Lake El'gygytgyn sediment record
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2013 (English)In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, ISSN 0031-0182, E-ISSN 1872-616X, Vol. 386, 408-414 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Last Interglacial Period (LIP) is often regarded as a good analogue for potential climatic conditions under predicted global warming scenarios. Despite this, there is still debate over the nature, duration and frequency of climatic changes during this period. One particularly contentious issue has been the apparent evidence of climatic instability identified in many marine cores but seemingly lacking from many terrestrial archives, especially within the Arctic, a key region for global climate change research. In this paper, geochemical records from Lake El'gygytgyn, north-eastern Russia, are used to infer past climatic changes during the LIP from within the high Arctic. With a sampling resolution of similar to 20-similar to 90 years, these records offer the potential for detailed, high-resolution palaeoclimate reconstruction. This study shows that the LIP commenced in central Chukotka similar to 129 thousand years ago (ka), with the warmest climatic conditions occurring between similar to 128 and 127 ka before being interrupted by a short-lived cold reversal. Mild climatic conditions then persisted until similar to 122 ka when a marked reduction in the sedimentation rate suggests a decrease in precipitation. A further climatic deterioration at similar to 118 ka marks the return to glacial conditions. This study highlights the value of incorporating several geochemical proxies when inferring past climatic conditions, thus providing the potential to identify signals related to environmental change within the catchment. We also demonstrate the importance of considering how changes in sedimentation rate influence proxy records, in order to develop robust palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keyword
Palaeolimnology, Climate change, Far-eastern Arctic Russia, Primary productivity, Glacial termination, Last interglacial period
National Category
Geophysics Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82824 (URN)10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.06.009 (DOI)000324848800031 ()
Funder
FormasSwedish Research Council
Available from: 2013-11-11 Created: 2013-11-11 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Vogel, H., Meyer-Jacob, C., Melles, M., Brigham-Grette, J., Andreev, A., Wennrich, V., . . . Rosen, P. (2013). Detailed insight into Arctic climatic variability during MIS 11c at Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia. Climate of the Past, 9(4), 1467-1479.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Detailed insight into Arctic climatic variability during MIS 11c at Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
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2013 (English)In: Climate of the Past, ISSN 1814-9324, E-ISSN 1814-9332, Vol. 9, no 4, 1467-1479 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Here we present a detailed multi-proxy record of the climate and environmental evolution at Lake El'gygytgyn, Far East Russian Arctic during the period 430-395 ka covering the marine isotope stage (MIS) 12/11 transition and the thermal maximum of super interglacial MIS 11c. The MIS 12/11 transition at Lake El'gygytgyn is characterized by initial warming followed by a cold reversal implying similarities to the last deglaciation. The thermal maximum of MIS 11c is characterized by full and remarkably stable interglacial conditions with mean temperatures of the warmest month (MTWM) ranging between ca. 10-15 degrees C; annual precipitation (PANN) ranging between ca. 300-600 mm; strong in-lake productivity coinciding with dark coniferous forests in the catchment; annual disintegration of the lake ice cover; and full mixis of the water column. Such conditions persisted, according to our age model, for ca. 27 +/- 8 kyr between ca. 425-398 ka. The Lake El'gygytgyn record closely resembles the climate pattern recorded in Lake Baikal (SE Siberia) sediments and Antarctic ice cores, implying interhemispheric climate connectivity during MIS 11c.

National Category
Geology Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81024 (URN)10.5194/cp-9-1467-2013 (DOI)000323412600007 ()
Available from: 2013-09-30 Created: 2013-09-30 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Vogel, H., Wagner, B. & Rosen, P. (2013). Lake Floor Morphology and Sediment Architecture of Lake Tornetrask, Northern Sweden. Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, 95(2), 159-170.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lake Floor Morphology and Sediment Architecture of Lake Tornetrask, Northern Sweden
2013 (English)In: Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, ISSN 0435-3676, E-ISSN 1468-0459, Vol. 95, no 2, 159-170 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Here we present datasets from a hydroacoustic survey in July 2011 at Lake Tornetrask, northern Sweden. Our hydroacoustic data exhibit lake floor morphologies formed by glacial erosion and accumulation processes, insights into lacustrine sediment accumulation since the beginning of deglaciation, and information on seismic activity along the Parvie Fault. Features of glacial scouring with a high-energy relief, steep slopes, and relative reliefs of more than 50m are observed in the large W-basin. The remainder of the lacustrine subsurface appears to host a broad variety of well preserved formations from glacial accumulation related to the last retreat of the Fennoscandian ice sheet. Deposition of glaciolacustrine and lacustrine sediments is focused in areas situated in proximity to major inlets. Sediment accumulation in distal areas of the lake seldom exceeds 2m or is not observable. We assume that lack of sediment deposition in the lake is a result of different factors, including low rates of erosion in the catchment, a previously high lake level leading to deposition of sediments in higher elevated paleodeltas, tributaries carrying low suspension loads as a result of sedimentation in upstream lakes, and an overall low productivity in the lake. A clear off-shore trace of the Parvie Fault could not be detected from our hydroacoustic data. However, an absence of sediment disturbance in close proximity to the presumed fault trace implies minimal seismic activity since deposition of the glaciolacustrine and lacustrine sediments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013
Keyword
Lake Torneträsk, Scandes Mountains, northernmost Sweden, lake floor morphology, lacustrine sedimentation, Weichselian glaciation
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-76279 (URN)10.1111/geoa.12006 (DOI)000319835100005 ()
Available from: 2013-07-08 Created: 2013-07-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Brigham-Grette, J., Melles, M., Minyuk, P., Andreev, A., Tarasov, P., DeConto, R., . . . Herzschuh, U. (2013). Pliocene warmth, polar amplification, and stepped pleistocene cooling recorded in NE arctic russia. Science, 340(6139), 1421-1427.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pliocene warmth, polar amplification, and stepped pleistocene cooling recorded in NE arctic russia
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2013 (English)In: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 340, no 6139, 1421-1427 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding the evolution of Arctic polar climate from the protracted warmth of the middle Pliocene into the earliest glacial cycles in the Northern Hemisphere has been hindered by the lack of continuous, highly resolved Arctic time series. Evidence from Lake El'gygytgyn, in northeast (NE) Arctic Russia, shows that 3.6 to 3.4 million years ago, summer temperatures were similar to 8 degrees C warmer than today, when the partial pressure of CO2 was similar to 400 parts per million. Multiproxy evidence suggests extreme warmth and polar amplification during the middle Pliocene, sudden stepped cooling events during the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition, and warmer than present Arctic summers until similar to 2.2 million years ago, after the onset of Northern Hemispheric glaciation. Our data are consistent with sea-level records and other proxies indicating that Arctic cooling was insufficient to support large-scale ice sheets until the early Pleistocene.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2013
National Category
Climate Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-78960 (URN)10.1126/science.1233137 (DOI)000320647000034 ()
Available from: 2013-07-29 Created: 2013-07-29 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
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