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Vikström, Lotta
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Publications (10 of 67) Show all publications
Vikström, L., Marklund, E. & Sandström, G. (2016). Demographic outcomes during colonisation: Migration and mortality among indigenous and non-indigenous populations in nineteenth-century Sweden. Journal of Migration History, 2(1), 148-176.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demographic outcomes during colonisation: Migration and mortality among indigenous and non-indigenous populations in nineteenth-century Sweden
2016 (English)In: Journal of Migration History, ISSN 2351-9916, Vol. 2, no 1, 148-176 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Due to insufficient historical population data, there is limited knowledge about the demographic outcomes of colonisation. This study provides demographic evidence of the difficulties faced by the Sami – an indigenous population in Sweden – during nineteenth-century colonisation, as indicated by (1) high risks of migration and (2) low survival rates compared to non-Sami. The digitised parish registers of the Demographic Data Base (Umeå University) provide longitudinal, individual-level data on migration, mortality, and ethnic origin. Event history analysis reveals that the Sami were vulnerable, with a higher mortality rate than non-Sami, and that they were more prone to migrate from areas overcrowded due to an increased competition for land. However, regardless of ethnic origin, it was primarily the settlers who migrated, and who ran the lowest mortality risks. This result suggests a ‘healthy settler effect’, and diverse consequences of colonisation that did not always follow ethnic lines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brill Academic Publishers, 2016
Keyword
colonisation, demography, ethnicity, indigenous, migration, mortality, nineteenth century, Sami
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118615 (URN)10.1163/23519924-00201006 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-03-24 Created: 2016-03-24 Last updated: 2017-02-10Bibliographically approved
Haage, H., Häggström Lundevaller, E. & Vikström, L. (2016). Gendered death risks among disabled individuals in sweden: A case study of the 19th-century Sundsvall region. Scandinavian Journal of History, 41(2), 160-184.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered death risks among disabled individuals in sweden: A case study of the 19th-century Sundsvall region
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 41, no 2, 160-184 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study follows around 500 disabled individuals over their lifespan to examine their risks of dying in 19th-century society, in comparison to a reference group of non-disabled people. The aim is to detect whether people, due to their disability, had a higher probability of meeting an untimely death. We use Sweden’s 19th-century parish registers to identify people the ministers defined as disabled, and to construct a reference group of individuals who were not affected by these disabilities. By combining the deviance theories from sociology studies with demographic sources and statistical methods, we achieve new insight into how life developed for disabled people in past societies. The results suggest that disability significantly jeopardized the survival of individuals, particularly men, but also that the type of disability had an impact. Altogether, we can demonstrate that the disabled constituted a disadvantaged but heterogeneous group of people whose demography and life courses must be further researched.

Keyword
disability, gender, life course, mortality, 19th century
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Historical Demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119213 (URN)10.1080/03468755.2016.1155859 (DOI)000373474600002 ()
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, 2012.0141
Available from: 2016-04-13 Created: 2016-04-13 Last updated: 2017-10-04Bibliographically approved
Vikström, L. & Haage, H. (2015). Ett kortare liv än andra? Dödsrisker, funktionsnedsättningar och attityder i 1800-talets samhälle.. Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, 24(1), 31-41.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ett kortare liv än andra? Dödsrisker, funktionsnedsättningar och attityder i 1800-talets samhälle.
2015 (Swedish)In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 24, no 1, 31-41 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This study follows disabled individuals over their lifespan to examine their mortality risks in 19th century society, in comparison to non-disabled people. The aim is to detect whether people, due to their disability, had a higher probability of meeting a premature death. We use Sweden’s 19th-century parish registers to identify people the ministers defined as disabled, and employ theories on deviance and gender to grasp the statistical mortality findings. Disability significantly jeopardized the survival of individuals and particularly of men, probably because impairment limited their chances to match the breadwinner ideals associated with the male gender.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper, Umeå universitet, 2015
Keyword
death, disability, gender, life course, nineteenth century, stigma, Sweden
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-110046 (URN)
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, 2012.0141
Available from: 2015-10-14 Created: 2015-10-14 Last updated: 2017-06-20Bibliographically approved
Nygren, T., Sandberg, K. & Vikström, L. (2014). Digitala primärkällor i historieundervisningen: en utmaning för elevers historiska tänkande och historiska empati. Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education (2), 208-245.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitala primärkällor i historieundervisningen: en utmaning för elevers historiska tänkande och historiska empati
2014 (Swedish)In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2, 208-245 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, 110 Swedish upper secondary students use a historical database designed for research. We analyze how they perceive the use of this digital tool in teaching and if they are able to use historical thinking and historical empathy in their historical writing and presentations. Using case-study methodology including questionnaires, observations, interviews and text analysis we find this to be a complex task for students. Our results highlight technological problems and problems in contextualizing historical evidence. However, students show interest in using primary sources and ability to use historical thinking and historical empathy, especially older students in more advanced courses when they have time to reflect upon the historical material.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: , 2014
Keyword
DIGITAL, HISTORIA, HISTORIEUNDERVISNING, ELEVUPPFATTNINGAR, DATABASER, PRIMÄRKÄLLOR, HISTORISKT TÄNKANDE, HISTORISK EMPATI, IKT.
National Category
History Didactics Media Engineering
Research subject
history of education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-96735 (URN)
Projects
Media Places
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, 1020
Available from: 2014-11-29 Created: 2014-11-29 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Vikström, L., Sandström, G. & Marklund, E. (2013). Demographic responses to colonization among indigenous populations: Migration and mortality in 19th-century northernmost Sweden. In: XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference: Book of abstracts. Paper presented at XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference, August 26-31, 2013, Korea (pp. 221-221). .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demographic responses to colonization among indigenous populations: Migration and mortality in 19th-century northernmost Sweden
2013 (English)In: XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference: Book of abstracts, 2013, 221-221 p.Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Although history shows how colonization has exposed indigenous populations to vulnerability, there is a narrow quantitative knowledge of how they demographically responded to colonization. Swedish parish registers are unique in providing longitudinal demographic data on the indigenous populations in northernmost Sweden: the Sami. The Demographic Data Base, Umeå University, has digitized these registers, which allows this study to conduct event history analyses of the Sami’s colonial experiences during the 19th century. If colonization added to the Sami’s difficulties to maintain their traditional use of land and lifestyle, it would be indicated by (1) untimely death among them; (2) a desire to leave their space as it was increasingly colonized. However, the propensity to depart was significantly higher among the Non-Sami people, primarily settlers, probably because it was a tough task to establish a farm in these remote cold areas. Additionally, ‘lock-in’ mechanisms might have reduced the Sami’s inclination to relocate, if this meant giving up a lifestyle and occupation difficult to perform in other settings. Their survival chances were higher than those of the Non-Sami, especially among women. In all, the findings propose that the Non-Sami individuals suffered from an ‘unhealthy migrant effect’.

Series
International Union for the Scientific Study of Populations (IUSSP), 27
National Category
Humanities Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
History; Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92050 (URN)
Conference
XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference, August 26-31, 2013, Korea
Available from: 2014-08-20 Created: 2014-08-20 Last updated: 2016-05-25
Vikström, L. & Haage, H. (2013). Estimating death differentials to measure the labeling impact of disability: a case study of past populations in Sweden. In: XXIVI IUSSP International Population Conference: Programme. Paper presented at XXIVI IUSSP International Population Conference, Busan, South Korea, August 26-31, 2013 (pp. 150). IUSSP.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Estimating death differentials to measure the labeling impact of disability: a case study of past populations in Sweden
2013 (English)In: XXIVI IUSSP International Population Conference: Programme, IUSSP , 2013, 150- p.Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study follows 555 disabled individuals over life to examine their survival chances in past society. The aim is to detect whether they were markedly stigmatized and thus faced difficulties in life, which we in accordance with the labeling theme of secondary deviance assume would be indicated by high levels of mortality. We make use of Sweden's 19th-century parish registers (digitized by the Demographic Data Base, Umeå University) to categorize the disability marks the ministers noted about their parishioners. Then we employ a six-fold disability categorization and run multivariate regression models. The statistical results suggest that the type of disability mattered but was not the only key to the individuals' mortality, because age, SES and gender determined the survival of disabled, too. Disability shaped women's life expectancy more evidently than the men's; women afflicted with multiple disabilities were least likely to survive. Our findings are rare in providing statistical evidence of disabled individuals' experiences beyond institutional life and because we seek to measure the level of labeling in their life. The death differentials demonstrate that the disabled constituted a heterogeneous collection of people whose demography and pathways must be further researched.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IUSSP, 2013
Series
International Union for the Scientific Study of Populations (IUSSP), 27
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology History
Research subject
History; Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92049 (URN)
Conference
XXIVI IUSSP International Population Conference, Busan, South Korea, August 26-31, 2013
Available from: 2014-08-20 Created: 2014-08-20 Last updated: 2016-03-03Bibliographically approved
Vikström, L. (2013). Transgressing gendered spheres through business: female entrepreneurs in a Swedish town around 1880 (1ed.). In: Åsa Gunnarsson (Ed.), Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden (pp. 255-275). Göteborg: Makadam Förlag.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transgressing gendered spheres through business: female entrepreneurs in a Swedish town around 1880
2013 (English)In: Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden / [ed] Åsa Gunnarsson, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, 1, 255-275 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013 Edition: 1
National Category
Gender Studies History Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87896 (URN)978-91-7061-137-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-04-14 Created: 2014-04-14 Last updated: 2014-04-14Bibliographically approved
Nygren, T. & Vikström, L. (2013). Treading old paths in new ways: upper secondary students using a digital tool of the professional historian. Education Sciences, 3, 50-73.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Treading old paths in new ways: upper secondary students using a digital tool of the professional historian
2013 (English)In: Education Sciences, ISSN 2227-7102, Vol. 3, 50-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents problems and possibilities associated with incorporating into history teaching a digital demographic database made for professional historians. We detect and discuss the outcome of how students in Swedish upper secondary schools respond to a teaching approach involving digitized registers comprising 19th century individuals and populations. Even though our results demonstrate that students experience the use of this digital database as messy, stressful, complicated, even meaningless and frustrating, they also perceive working with it as most interesting. We discuss this twofold outcome, its reasons and lessons to learn from it. When technology is functioning and the task is specialized and sufficiently guided by the teacher, which is not always the case, our results propose that digital databases can stimulate young people’s interest and historical thinking. Knowledge construction based upon historical thinking is evident in the students’ examination papers in which they present and debate their findings. These papers indicate that students can use a digital database and write history based upon empirical evidence, source criticism and historical empathy, just as professional historians do.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2013
Keyword
digital databases; history teaching; historical thinking; teachers; students; ICT
National Category
History Educational Sciences Pedagogical Work Didactics
Research subject
history of education; didactics of history; didactics of history; educational work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-67371 (URN)10.3390/educsci3010050 (DOI)
Projects
Media Places
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2013-03-18 Created: 2013-03-18 Last updated: 2013-03-21Bibliographically approved
Vikström, L. (2013). Unga på glid: brott och straff i 1800-talets Sundsvall (1ed.). In: Sofia Holmlund och Annika Sandén (Ed.), Usla, elända och arma: samhällets utsatta under sjuhundra år (pp. 185-208). Stockholm: Natur och kultur.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unga på glid: brott och straff i 1800-talets Sundsvall
2013 (Swedish)In: Usla, elända och arma: samhällets utsatta under sjuhundra år / [ed] Sofia Holmlund och Annika Sandén, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2013, 1, 185-208 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2013 Edition: 1
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92048 (URN)978-91-27-13456-0 (ISBN)978-91-27-14551-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-08-20 Created: 2014-08-20 Last updated: 2016-06-07Bibliographically approved
Vikström, L. & Sandström, G. (2013). Was there any gendered preferences for children during the fertility transition?: Results from Germany 1825-1900. In: XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference: Book of abstracts. Paper presented at XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference, August 26-31, 2013, Korea (pp. 364-364). .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Was there any gendered preferences for children during the fertility transition?: Results from Germany 1825-1900
2013 (English)In: XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference: Book of abstracts, 2013, 364-364 p.Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Demographers demonstrate an increasing interest for studying parental gender preferences in developing countries and more developed societies. They find an association between the sex-composition of living offspring and the probability of having an additional child. In history, parents’ gender preferences have proven difficult to verify. This study makes use of John Knodel’s German village genealogies to obtain knowledge on this issue during a period of fertility transition, 1825-1900. Couples at first marriage who gave birth to minimum four children are targeted. Event history analyses (Cox regression models) of couples’ duration and propensity to progress to fifth parity, helps us to test if the probability to have additional children was influenced by the sex-composition of surviving children at lower parities. It appears that sex preferences for son(s) did influence parents’ reproductive behavior, as those having only girls experienced the highest transition rates to fifth parity. However, couples who married from approximately 1870 onward started to exhibit a fertility behavior that consistent with the desire to have at least one surviving boy and girl. That the gendered preferences became more symmetrical already during the fertility decline we view as an surprisingly early move toward a modern European pattern.

Series
International Union for the Scientific Study of Populations (IUSSP), 27
National Category
Humanities Social Sciences
Research subject
History; Statistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92051 (URN)
Conference
XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference, August 26-31, 2013, Korea
Available from: 2014-08-20 Created: 2014-08-20 Last updated: 2014-08-20
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