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Buckland, Philip I., Dr.
Alternative names
Biography [eng]

I am Director of The Environmental Archaeology Lab, a research, development and consultancy infrastructure actively involved in archaeological consultancy throughout Scandinavia. I also run the Strategic Environmental Archaeology Database (SEAD), a research infrastructure for studies on past environmental change, climate change and human activity. My research interests parallel the scope of the database and includes the use of biological proxies, particularly fossil insects, to reconstruct Quaternary environmental and climate change, especially when related to past human activities. I am also interested in the use of palaeoentomology, the study of fossil insects, for the study of past biodiversity, and in relation to modern conservation policy and activities. I co-authored the BugsCEP database and software, and am interested in the development and study of research data infrastructures, in particular the use of big data in archaeology and palaeoecology.

Biography [swe]

Jag är föreståndare för Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet, en infrastruktur för forskning, utveckling och uppdrag som är aktivt involverad i arkeologiska uppdrag genom hela Skandinavien. Jag driver den strategiska miljöarkeologiska databasen (SEAD), en forskningsinfrastruktur för studier av tidigare miljöförändringar, klimatförändringar och mänsklig aktivitet. Mina forskningsintressen är relaterat till databasens omfång och inkluderar användningen av biologiska proxys, särskilt fossila insekter, för rekonstruktion av kvartära miljö- och klimatförändringar, särskilt när det gäller tidigare mänskliga aktiviteter. Jag är också intresserad av användningen av paleoentomologi, analys av fossila insekter, för att studera tidigare biologisk mångfald och i förhållande till modern naturvård. Jag är medförfattare till BugsCEP-databasen och programvaran och är intresserad av utveckling av och forskning kring forskningsdatainfrastrukturer, särskilt användningen av 'big data' inom arkeologi och paleoekologi.

Publications (10 of 60) Show all publications
Buckland, P. C., Buckland, P. I. & Panagiotakopulu, E. (2018). Caught in a trap: landscape and climate implications of the insect fauna from a Roman well in Sherwood Forest. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 10(1), 125-140
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Caught in a trap: landscape and climate implications of the insect fauna from a Roman well in Sherwood Forest
2018 (English)In: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, ISSN 1866-9557, E-ISSN 1866-9565, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 125-140Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sherwood Forest in Nottinghamshire is often considered a well preserved ancient landscape, subsequently having survived by way of centuries of management as a hunting preserve. Archaeological evidence suggests otherwise, with an enclosed landscape beginning in the pre-Roman Iron Age and continuing through the Romanperiod. Due to the nature of the region's soils, however, there is little empirical, palaeoecological evidence on its environmental history prior to the medieval period. This paper presents an insect fauna from a Roman well in a small enclosure in north Nottinghamshire, on the edge of Sherwood Forest, and its interpretation in terms of contemporary land use. Wells and small pools act as large pitfall traps and mayeffectively sample aspects of the local and regional insect fauna. The Wild Goose Cottage fauna and its environmental implications are also compared with a number of archaeologically and geographically similar contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Roman, Insects, Well, Wood pasture, Sherwood Forest, Landscape Change
National Category
History and Archaeology Archaeology Ecology Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Research subject
biology, Environmental Science; Archaeology; Classical Archaeology and Ancient History; Entomology; Quarternary Geology; Historical Geology and Paleontology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119507 (URN)10.1007/s12520-016-0338-8 (DOI)000422995900010 ()2-s2.0-85040746881 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-04-21 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Buckland, P. I., Buckland, P. C. & Olsson, F. (2018). Paleoentomology: Insects and Other Arthropods in Environmental Archaeology. In: Smith C. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology: (pp. 1-22). Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Paleoentomology: Insects and Other Arthropods in Environmental Archaeology
2018 (English)In: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology / [ed] Smith C., Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2018, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Insects are the most diverse group of animals on the planet and as such are present in a wider variety of habitats than most other complex organisms. This diversity, in addition to a long evolutionary history (Grimaldi and Engel 2005), and together with a propensity to be preserved in both desiccating and anaerobic environments, has provided an excellent tool for the reconstruction of both Quaternary and more immediate archaeological environments. Insect remains often provide proxy environmental information on the immediate context from which the fossils are derived, and as such may be either complementary to the more regional picture provided by palynology or indicate site conditions, such as levels of hygiene and evidence of trading connections, which are rarely available from any other palaeoecological source. They therefore provide information on a broad range of habitats and conditions, on- and off-site, and in addition, in appropriate contexts, also climate. Processing of samples is essentially simple, requiring readily available materials, yet is time consuming, and identification of the usually disarticulated fragments (sclerites) requires diligence and patience and access to well-curated reference collections. Fortunately, abundant literature, computer software, and database tools now exist to aid in their interpretation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2018
Keywords
Insects, fossil, palaeoentomology, archaeology, climate change, environmental change, palaeoecology
National Category
History and Archaeology Archaeology Ecology Zoology Climate Research Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Research subject
Archaeology; environmental archaeology; Entomology; Quarternary Geology; Earth Sciences with Specialization Environmental Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152132 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_2333-2 (DOI)978-3-319-51726-1 (ISBN)
Projects
Bugs
Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2018-09-27
Williams, J. W., Grimm, E. C., Blois, J. L., Charles, D. F., Davis, E. B., Goring, S. J., . . . Takahara, H. (2018). The neotoma paleoecology database, a multiproxy, international, community-curated data resource. Quaternary Research, 89(1), 156-177
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The neotoma paleoecology database, a multiproxy, international, community-curated data resource
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2018 (English)In: Quaternary Research, ISSN 0033-5894, E-ISSN 1096-0287, Vol. 89, no 1, p. 156-177Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Neotoma Paleoecology Database is a community-curated data resource that supports interdisciplinary global change research by enabling broad-scale studies of taxon and community diversity, distributions, and dynamics during the large environmental changes of the past. By consolidating many kinds of data into a common repository, Neotoma lowers costs of paleodata management, makes paleoecological data openly available, and offers a high-quality, curated resource. Neotoma’s distributed scientific governance model is flexible and scalable, with many open pathways for participation by new members, data contributors, stewards, and research communities. The Neotoma data model supports, or can be extended to support, any kind of paleoecological or paleoenvironmental data from sedimentary archives. Data additions to Neotoma are growing and now include >3.8 million observations, >17,000 datasets, and >9200 sites. Dataset types currently include fossil pollen, vertebrates, diatoms, ostracodes, macroinvertebrates, plant macrofossils, insects, testate amoebae, geochronological data, and the recently added organic biomarkers, stable isotopes, and specimen-level data. Multiple avenues exist to obtain Neotoma data, including the Explorer map-based interface, an application programming interface, the neotoma R package, and digital object identifiers. As the volume and variety of scientific data grow, community-curated data resources such as Neotoma have become foundational infrastructure for big data science.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2018
Keywords
Biogeography, Geoinformatics, Global, Micropaleontology, Paleoclimatology, Paleodatabases, Paleoecology, Paleoecoinformatics, Paleolimnology, Paleontology
National Category
Archaeology Ecology Physical Geography Geology Botany Zoology Other Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Ecological Botany; biology, Environmental Science; environmental archaeology; Quarternary Geology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144160 (URN)10.1017/qua.2017.105 (DOI)
Projects
SEADVISEAD
Available from: 2018-01-23 Created: 2018-01-23 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Buckland, P. I., Nyqvist, R., Alexander, B., Palsson, G. & Eriksson, S. (2018). The Swedish Transport Administration’s Toolbox and its Potential in Archaeological and Cultural Heritage Survey: Including a brief review of remote sensing, prospection and geodata analysis methods for archaeology and cultural heritage. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish Transport Administration’s Toolbox and its Potential in Archaeological and Cultural Heritage Survey: Including a brief review of remote sensing, prospection and geodata analysis methods for archaeology and cultural heritage
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2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report provides an overview of the main remote sensing methods and geodata types used in archaeological prospection and cultural heritage survey. Based on a literature review, it provides an initial survey of the state of the art nationally and internationally, followed by details on the potential usage of different methods in a Swedish context. The details include pros and cons of methods as well as information on considerations that should be taken into account when applying the methods in different situations. Examples are provided where relevant to explain specific details or illustrate important points. Particular attention has been paid to laser scanning (LiDAR) data due to its increasing prevalence and prominence in landscape and archaeological surveys.

The report continues with a preliminary evaluation of the possibilities for using data provided by Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket), obtained for other stages of the planning process, in archaeological and cultural heritage work. Specifically, the report looks at a number of geodata types obtained from The Geological Survey of Sweden (Sveriges geologiska undersökning/SGU), a nature conservation survey in report form, a ground penetrating radar technical report, terrain laser scanning (LiDAR) and orthophotos (geometrically corrected aerial photographs). The SGU geodata consist of a number of Geographical Information System (GIS) layers describing bedrock and soil types, and the nature conservation survey included accompanying, but incomplete, GIS data. This section consists of concise descriptions of the potential of each group of GIS layers or data, and is complemented by brief, bullet point summaries along with additional technical information in Appendix 1. Comments have been made where additional, related, data sources would be useful. Swedish terms are included in parenthesis where the term differs significantly from the English equivalent.

A final summary provides a compact overview of the main points of the report before providing some conclusions and ideas for further work. This is in turn followed by a list of ideas for enhancing the efficiency with which the types of data discussed can be used in infrastructure projects which have a potential to impact on archaeology/cultural heritage.

References are provided to support important or potentially contentious points or where further reading or research would be advised for a more comprehensive understanding of relevant issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2018. p. 65
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports
Keywords
Remote sensing, cultural heritage, Swedish Transport Administration, archaeology, contract archaeology, consultancy, GIS, geodata
National Category
History and Archaeology Archaeology Remote Sensing Physical Geography Geophysics Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
environmental archaeology; Archaeology; Historical Geology and Paleontology; History; Quarternary Geology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145563 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-09-27Bibliographically approved
Buckland, P. I. & Sjölander, M. (2017). Blombocken avslöjar forntiden: Databaser.. Populär arkeologi (5), 28-31
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Blombocken avslöjar forntiden: Databaser.
2017 (Swedish)In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014, no 5, p. 28-31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Databaser. Fossila insekter och förkolnade fröer kan ge mycket information om de miljöer som människor har levt i och kan liksom annan biologisk information tjäna arkeologi

National Category
Archaeology Ecology Environmental Sciences Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Other Computer and Information Science
Research subject
environmental archaeology; Archaeology; Entomology; Quarternary Geology; datorlingvistik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142525 (URN)
Projects
VISEADSEAD
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, IN15-0231:1
Available from: 2017-12-01 Created: 2017-12-01 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Buckland, P. I., Linderholm, J., Östman, S., Samuel, E., Wallin, J.-E. & Engelmark, R. (2017). Environmental archaeological analysis from the archaeological excavations at Ørland kampflybase, Vik 70/1, Ørland, Sør-Trøndelag, Norway. 2015-2016. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental archaeological analysis from the archaeological excavations at Ørland kampflybase, Vik 70/1, Ørland, Sør-Trøndelag, Norway. 2015-2016
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2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A total of 322 bulk samples, 267 bulk subsamples and 1632 survey samples from the excavation of Iron Age settlements at Ørland, Vik, Sør-Trondelag, were analysed at the Environmental Archaeology Laboratory (MAL) at Umeå University. The overall aim of these analyses was to look for evidence which could help identify possible prehistoric activity areas, understand building functions and divisions, and shed light on land management around the farmsteads.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017. p. 119
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2017-12
Keywords
geoarchaeology, geochemistry, geophysics, plant macrofossils, Iron Age, longhouses, Norway, environmental archaeology
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Archaeology Other Biological Topics
Research subject
Archaeology; biology, Environmental Science; Quarternary Geology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139740 (URN)
Projects
Örlandet
Note

Series title (english): Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports

Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Buckland, P. (2017). Lessons from extinctions. Wood Wise, 22-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lessons from extinctions
2017 (English)In: Wood Wise, p. 22-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [en]

Many beetles are very good at colonising new areas when changes in the landscape open up new possibilities. Equally, they are highly susceptible to local extinction in the face of landscape scale changes in their environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Woodland Trust, 2017
Keywords
extinctions, extirpation, Coleoptera, forst, woodland, conservation, climate change, environmental change
National Category
Archaeology Ecology Other Natural Sciences Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Research subject
Entomology; biology, Environmental Science; Archaeology; Quarternary Geology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139892 (URN)
Projects
SEAD
Note

Issue: Woodland Conservation News - Summer 2017

Available from: 2017-09-26 Created: 2017-09-26 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Buckland, P. I. & Wallin, J.-E. (2017). Pollen analysis of samples from the defensive ditch (vollgrav) at Site FO4 Klypen-Øst, Follobanen, Oslo. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pollen analysis of samples from the defensive ditch (vollgrav) at Site FO4 Klypen-Øst, Follobanen, Oslo
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Nine samples were submitted for pollen analyses from three profiles from the "Vollgrav"defensive ditch feature, at the Follobanen FO4 Klypen-Øst excavation in Oslo. These samples were investigated with respect to their pollen contents and, in a separate investigation, soil micromorphology. The micromorphological methods and results are described in detail in a separate report from Richard Macphail (2016). Where relevant, these findings are commented on with respect to the other analysis results below.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017. p. 12
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2017-001
Keywords
palynology, ditch, midden, medieval, soil micromorphology
National Category
Archaeology Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Research subject
Archaeology; biology, Environmental Science; Quarternary Geology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139737 (URN)
Projects
The Follo Line Project
Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2018-08-10Bibliographically approved
Buckland, P. I., Östman, S., Wallin, J.-E., Samuel, E. & Linderholm, J. (2017). Pollen, plant macrofossil and geoarchaeological analyses of profile 11632, Follobanen FO3, Oslo. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pollen, plant macrofossil and geoarchaeological analyses of profile 11632, Follobanen FO3, Oslo
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2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017. p. 19
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2017-018
Keywords
palynology, excavation, macrofossils, soil chemistry, midden, waste deposits, medieval
National Category
Archaeology Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139698 (URN)
Projects
The Follo Line Project
Note

Series title (eng): Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports

Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Buckland, P. & Wallin, J.-E. (2017). Pollenanalys från Rörbäcksnäs, Sälen, Dalarna. Umeå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pollenanalys från Rörbäcksnäs, Sälen, Dalarna
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Miljöarkeologiska Laboratoriet anlitades för att undersöka ett flertal torvmossar innanför föreslagna alternativa vägkorridorer i området nordöst om byn Rörbäcksnäs i Malung-Sälens kommun, Dalarna. Målen var att 1) undersöka den arkeologiska potentialen av våtmarkssediment som skulle förstöras av det föreslagna vägbygget och 2) utföra analyser på ett urval av materialet om det bedömdes vara tillräckligt välbevarat och av vetenskapligt intresse för området.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2017. p. 23
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2017-06
Keywords
Palynology, pollen, wetlands, peat bogs
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology; Quarternary Geology; biology, Environmental Science; bantuistik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139738 (URN)
Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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