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Jarlbrink, J. (2019). Informations- och avfallshantering: mediearkeologiska perspektiv på det långa 1800-talets tidningar (1ed.). Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Informations- och avfallshantering: mediearkeologiska perspektiv på det långa 1800-talets tidningar
2019 (Swedish)Book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv, 2019. p. 304 Edition: 1
Series
Mediehistoriskt arkiv, ISSN 1654-6601 ; 40
National Category
Media and Communications History
Research subject
media and communication studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156125 (URN)978-91-985045-0-7 (ISBN)978-91-985045-1-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-05 Created: 2019-02-05 Last updated: 2019-02-12Bibliographically approved
Jarlbrink, J., Lundell, P. & Snickars, P. (2019). Mediernas historia: från big bang till big data. Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mediernas historia: från big bang till big data
2019 (Swedish)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Idag upplever många att medier genomsyrar allt fler delar av vardag och samhälle. Men vår samtid delar denna erfarenhet med människor som levt under tidigare perioder. För att hitta en tid då medier inte satte sin prägel på liv och samhälle måste vi gå mycket långt tillbaka i historien. Mediehistoriska perspektiv kan anläggas på de flesta historiska fenomen. Det förflutna är nämligen endast tillgängligt i medierad form – om det så gäller antikt klotter, runstenar, dammiga arkiv­ dokument, sönderfallande tidningslägg, muntliga berättelser eller förra årets Youtubeklipp. I Mediernas historia. Från big bang till big data skildras en mycket lång mediehistoria. Att mäta medievanor genom big data är idag vanligt – men även urknallen big bang är ett medialt fenomen vars kosmiska bakgrundsstrålning inte kan studeras utan att först registreras. Med en disposition i 44 avsnitt betonar boken olika mediekulturers särprägel, samtidigt som den lyfter fram hur ett myller av medier har interagerat – från beständiga lertavlor över predikstolar och tidigmodern visuell kommunikation till strömmande medier. Istället för att framhäva mediehistoriska brott och revolutioner synlig­ gör boken kontinuiteter ifråga om hur medier har etablerats, använts och förändrats fram till vår egen tid. Relationen mellan vår samtids sociala medier och traditionella mass­ medier utgör här endast ett exempel på den komplexa väv av sinsemellan hopflätade kommunikationsformer som historien består av.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv, 2019. p. 287
Series
Mediehistoriskt arkiv, ISSN 1654-6601 ; 45
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165801 (URN)9789198580112 (ISBN)9789198580105 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-12-04 Created: 2019-12-04 Last updated: 2019-12-06Bibliographically approved
Jarlbrink, J. (2018). Telegrafen på distans: ett digitalt metodexperiment. Scandia, 84(1), 9-35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Telegrafen på distans: ett digitalt metodexperiment
2018 (Swedish)In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 84, no 1, p. 9-35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The digitization of historical records not only creates new research opportunities but also challenges. Documents may be searched online and digital tools may be used for finding patterns in large datasets. Yet, the quality of digitized material is often low and it may be difficult for researchers to evaluate this material when hidden behind interfaces. My aim in this article is to explore a digitized newspaper and the associated problems and opportunities. My exploration is guided by the following question: What was written about the electrical telegraph in Aftonbladet in the 1830s, 1840s and 1850s? The files of the digitized Aftonbladet for the years 1830-1862 contain massive amounts of corrupted words generated by the OCR engine. Another problem is that the tool used for auto-segmentation has merged separate text items into single text blocks and split long texts into smaller parts. The digitization process is not a neutral text transfer from one medium to another, it is a process generating new texts never printed in the original newspaper. In order to find as many (corrupted) versions of the words "electrical" and "telegraph" as possible, the text files were searched with a Levhinstein distance of two (allowing for two letters to be added, replaced or missing). The words that were found were used as search words to identify texts blocks reporting on the electrical telegraph. To find themes in the texts, a co-occurrence search was carried out, identifying clusters of words frequently co-occurring. Previous research has focused on utopian ideas associated with this technology and the telegraph as an immaterial form of communication obliterating physical space. The clusters identified in the digital analysis suggest that more mundane topics dominated the newspaper: the electrical telegraph was described as a material form of communication controlled by bureaucracy, depending on and emphasizing geographical conditions. Digital databases make new research possible, but the low quality of digitized texts results in uncertainties concerning the results. Researchers using these databases need to be aware of the digital forms and interfaces regulating research practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stiftelsen Scandia, 2018
Keywords
digital methods, databases, digitized newspapers, media history, telegraph, digitala metoder, databaser, digitaliserade tidningar, mediehistoria, telegrafi
National Category
Media and Communications History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148603 (URN)000435168700002 ()
Projects
Digitala lägg
Funder
Torsten Söderbergs stiftelse
Note

The telegraph from a distance: an experiment with digital method

Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-11 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved
Jarlbrink, J. & Snickars, P. (2017). Cultural heritage as digital noise: nineteenth century newspapers in the digital archive. Journal of Documentation, 73(6), 1228-1243
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural heritage as digital noise: nineteenth century newspapers in the digital archive
2017 (English)In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 73, no 6, p. 1228-1243Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore and analyze the digitized newspaper collection at the National Library of Sweden, focusing on cultural heritage as digital noise. In what specific ways are newspapers transformed in the digitization process? If the digitized document is not the same as the source document – is it still a historical record, or is it transformed into something else?

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have analyzed the XML files from Aftonbladet 1830 to 1862. The most frequent newspaper words not matching a high-quality references corpus were selected to zoom in on the noisiest part of the paper. The variety of the interpretations generated by optical character recognition (OCR) was examined, as well as texts generated by auto-segmentation. The authors have made a limited ethnographic study of the digitization process.

Findings

The research shows that the digital collection of Aftonbladet contains extreme amounts of noise: millions of misinterpreted words generated by OCR, and millions of texts re-edited by the auto-segmentation tool. How the tools work is mostly unknown to the staff involved in the digitization process? Sticking to any idea of a provenance chain is hence impossible, since many steps have been outsourced to unknown factors affecting the source document.

Originality/value

The detail examination of digitally transformed newspapers is valuable to scholars depending on newspaper databases in their research. The paper also highlights the fact that libraries outsourcing digitization processes run the risk of losing control over the quality of their collections.

Keywords
Sweden, Archives, Documents, Accuracy, Print media, Auto-segmentation, Character recognition equipment, Large-scale digitization
National Category
Cultural Studies Language Technology (Computational Linguistics)
Research subject
media and communication studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140302 (URN)10.1108/JD-09-2016-0106 (DOI)000412873700008 ()
Available from: 2017-10-04 Created: 2017-10-04 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Jarlbrink, J. (2016). Inledning: Digitala metoder. Nordicom Information, 38(3), 1-3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inledning: Digitala metoder
2016 (Swedish)In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 1-3Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: , 2016
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
media and communication studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139829 (URN)
Available from: 2017-09-22 Created: 2017-09-22 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Jarlbrink, J., Snickars, P. & Colliander, C. (2016). Maskinläsning: om massdigitalisering, digitala metoder och svensk dagspress. Nordicom Information, 38(3), 27-40
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Maskinläsning: om massdigitalisering, digitala metoder och svensk dagspress
2016 (Swedish)In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 27-40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article highlights the media historical possibilities to analyse linguistic patterns in massive amounts of texts using digital methods. Our starting point is the fact that The National Library of Sweden has made over 12 million newspaper pages available in digital format. An important question is how to research them. The article presents a media history of the Swedish newspaper digitisation, as well as new ways of conducting historical newspaper research using digital methods. A case study is presented where the conceptualisation of a new media technology (the internet) in newspapers from the 1990s is tracked with a digital tool searching for word co-occurrences. The possibilities of digital methods are often incredible, but we should not underestimate the problematic aspects of using digital tools to explore digitised newspapers. The poor quality of the OCR (Optical Character Recognition) is described as one of the major challenges facing historical newspaper research in a digital environment

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Nordicom, 2016
Keywords
media history, digitized newspapers, OCR, digital humanities, text analysis
National Category
Media Studies Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
media and communication studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129854 (URN)
Available from: 2017-01-09 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Jarlbrink, J. (2016). Mobile/sedentary: news work behind and beyond the desk. In: John Steel and Marcel Broersma (Ed.), Redefining journalism in the era of the mass press, 1880-1920: (pp. 59-72). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobile/sedentary: news work behind and beyond the desk
2016 (English)In: Redefining journalism in the era of the mass press, 1880-1920 / [ed] John Steel and Marcel Broersma, Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, p. 59-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2016
Keywords
news, Sweden, journalistic roles, journalistic work, technology, objectivity
National Category
History and Archaeology Media and Communications
Research subject
media and communication studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126088 (URN)9781138658806 (ISBN)9780367026349 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-28 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Jarlbrink, J. (2015). Historievetenskapens mediehantering (1ed.). In: Mats Hyvönen, Pelle Snickars & Per Vesterlund (Ed.), Massmedieproblem: mediestudiets formering (pp. 225-247). Lund: Lunds universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Historievetenskapens mediehantering
2015 (Swedish)In: Massmedieproblem: mediestudiets formering / [ed] Mats Hyvönen, Pelle Snickars & Per Vesterlund, Lund: Lunds universitet , 2015, 1, p. 225-247Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lunds universitet, 2015 Edition: 1
Series
Mediehistoriskt arkiv, ISSN 1654-6601 ; 30
National Category
History
Research subject
media and communication studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118047 (URN)978-91-981961-4-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Jarlbrink, J. (2015). Magnefon-mysteriet: med trådbandspelaren på reportageresa 1951. In: Ney, Birgitta (Ed.), Presshistorisk årsbok: 2015 (pp. 109-122). Stockholm: Svensk presshistorisk förening
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Magnefon-mysteriet: med trådbandspelaren på reportageresa 1951
2015 (Swedish)In: Presshistorisk årsbok: 2015 / [ed] Ney, Birgitta, Stockholm: Svensk presshistorisk förening , 2015, p. 109-122Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Svensk presshistorisk förening, 2015
Series
Presshistorisk årsbok, ISSN 0282-020X ; 2015
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-103900 (URN)
Available from: 2015-06-02 Created: 2015-06-02 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Jarlbrink, J. (2015). Mobile/sedentary: News work behind and beyond the desk. Media History, 21(3), 280-293
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobile/sedentary: News work behind and beyond the desk
2015 (English)In: Media History, ISSN 1368-8804, E-ISSN 1469-9729, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 280-293Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines the changing journalistic norms and roles in terms of mobile and sedentary news work at the end of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The analysis draws on the research into the small everyday tools of bureaucracy and science. The focus is on the quill, the scissors and paste pot, the body of the reporter and the computer. Journalistic neutrality and truth seem at any given time to be defined in line with the practices made possible by the available tools. A change in tools makes new practices possible, meaning that the norms have to be redefined. Journalism was once synonymous with mobile reporters reporting on events they themselves witnessed. Journalism today, however, is often sedentary copy-and-paste work, much resembling the scissors-and-paste journalism of the nineteenth century. Comparison reveals that such transmission of texts and images produced by someone else always runs the risk of reproducing the voices of the elites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2015
Keywords
news, Sweden, journalistic roles, journalistic work, technology, objectivity
National Category
Other Humanities Media and Communications
Research subject
media and communication studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118046 (URN)10.1080/13688804.2015.1007858 (DOI)000212278600005 ()
Note

Special Issue: Redefining Journalism During the Period of the Mass Press 1880-1920

Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1167-046x

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