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Neumann, W., Sandström, C., Holmgren, L. & Ericsson, G. (2019). Defining a mountain landscape characterized by grazing using actor perception, governmental strategy, and environmental monitoring data. Journal of Mountain Science, 16(7), 1691-1701
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Defining a mountain landscape characterized by grazing using actor perception, governmental strategy, and environmental monitoring data
2019 (English)In: Journal of Mountain Science, ISSN 1672-6316, E-ISSN 1993-0321, Vol. 16, no 7, p. 1691-1701Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In multi-functional mountainous landscapes worldwide, conservation of natural values is a major task. Here, pro-active policies can be a way forward. National Environmental Quality Objectives (EQO) to solve environmental problems for future generations, however, often wrestle with being too visionary and lacking specificity, which complicates their implementation. The EQO A Magnificent Mountain Landscape that has been adopted by the Swedish Parliament in 1999 to preserve the pristine mountain environment in Sweden, experiences all these flaws. To aid its implementation, we studied the conditions and processes needed to define, to evaluate, and to preserve its goals across the Swedish mountain chain, using one of its milestone targets (a landscape characterized by grazing) as a study system. Applying qualitative and quantitative methods, we analyzed three types of data: 1) referral responses to the governmental strategy document, 2) interviews with relevant actors, and 3) environmental monitoring data (reindeer position data). Nationally, our results suggest a need for geographical differentiation to match regional/local conditions. Regionally, difference in both perception and definition of the milestone target among the actors hinders the formulation, monitoring, and evaluation of a common goal. Next to a culture-nature divide, we found that a within as a user and from the outside as an observer perspective influenced suggested definitions. Moreover, we found a need for better defining whether the goal is maintaining current conditions or restoring previous ones. Our result supports the use of animal position data as a decision support tool to monitor and to aid evaluation of the target. Given the number of actors involved and conflicts of interests present, we suggest the application of a structured decision process to accomplish agreements on a common goal. Here, environmental monitoring data can aid a landscape assessment step as a natural part in the decision process to target landscape management actions resourcefully and effectively.

Keywords
Milestone target, Structured decision process, Reindeer herding, Herbivory, Environmental conservation strategy, Sweden
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161832 (URN)10.1007/s11629-018-5258-x (DOI)000474574600016 ()
Available from: 2019-08-08 Created: 2019-08-08 Last updated: 2019-08-08Bibliographically approved
Sandström, C., Sjölander-Lindqvist, A., Pellikka, J., Hiedanpää, J., Krange, O. & Skogen, K. (2018). Between politics and management: governing large carnivores in Fennoscandia. In: Tasos Hovardas (Ed.), Large carnivore conservation and management: human dimensions (pp. 269-290). Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between politics and management: governing large carnivores in Fennoscandia
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2018 (English)In: Large carnivore conservation and management: human dimensions / [ed] Tasos Hovardas, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, p. 269-290Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Environmental collaborative governance or decentralization are increasingly promoted as useful means to manage conflicting goals and to balance different interests with regard to large carnivores. In Finland, Norway, and Sweden, new approaches to large carnivore governance and management have emerged since 2000, each including some elements of collaborative governance or decentralization of authority. In all three cases, the processes are assumed, or at least hoped to, result in the sharing of information and knowledge, joint agreements, dialogues, and conflict mitigation measures. When comparing the different modes of governance applied in the three countries, it becomes apparent that there is no panacea, quick fix, or blueprint for a single type of governance mode that has the capacity to accommodate multiple objectives and activities. While the countries have tried to successively adjust their governance systems to handle identified weaknesses, considerable efforts could still be undertaken to share experiences and best practices between the countries. This includes aspects such as the design of institutions and the setup of participatory processes for planning and management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxon: Routledge, 2018
Series
Earthscan studies in natural resource management
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
statskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151448 (URN)978-1-138-03999-5 (ISBN)978-1-315-17545-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-09-03 Created: 2018-09-03 Last updated: 2018-11-09Bibliographically approved
Bjärstig, T., Thellbro, C., Stjernström, O., Svensson, J., Sandström, C., Sandström, P. & Zachrisson, A. (2018). Between protocol and reality: Swedish municipal comprehensive planning. European Planning Studies, 26(1), 35-54
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between protocol and reality: Swedish municipal comprehensive planning
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2018 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 35-54Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Spatial planning using a landscape approach has been recognized as being essential for reconciling ecological, cultural and socioeconomic dimensions in sustainable development (SuD). Although embraced as a concept, there is a lack of planning tools capable of incorporating multi-level, multifunctional and multi-sectoral perspectives, especially in a rural context. The departure point in this paper is the legal requirements for municipal comprehensive planning (MCP) in Sweden and an e-mail survey about incentives, stakeholder involvement, policy integration and implementation in MCP in all 15 Swedish mountain municipalities. The purpose of this explorative study is to examine whether MCP could be a tool in planning for SuD. Results indicate a general lack of resources and a low status of MCP that affect, and even limit, stakeholder involvement, policy integration and implementation. However, legal requirements for MCP are targeted at SuD, and municipal personnel responsible for planning appreciate the potential of MCP. Therefore, there is potential to develop the MCP into an effective landscape planning tool. To accomplish this, the status of an active planning process has to be raised, the mandate of the local planning agency has to be secured, and residents and land users have to be involved throughout the planning process.

Keywords
landscape planning, municipal comprehensive planning, collaborative planning, innovative planning, rural context
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138059 (URN)10.1080/09654313.2017.1365819 (DOI)000417709200003 ()881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Projects
Grön översiktsplanering i fjällen
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Available from: 2017-08-03 Created: 2017-08-03 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Lidskog, R., Bishop, K., Eklöf, K., Ring, E., Åkerblom, S. & Sandström, C. (2018). From wicked problem to governable entity?: The effects of forestry on mercury in aquatic ecosystems. Forest Policy and Economics, 90, 90-96
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From wicked problem to governable entity?: The effects of forestry on mercury in aquatic ecosystems
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2018 (English)In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 90, p. 90-96Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In all Swedish lakes, the concentration of mercury (Hg) in fish exceeds the European Union threshold limit. While the ultimate source of Hg is primarily airborne emissions from fossil energy, forestry plays a small but important role because some forestry operations help mobilize and transform Hg, increasing Hg loads in downstream aquatic ecosystems. Simultaneously, climate change is placing additional demands on forests to provide biomass as a substitute for fossil fuel. Thus, decision-makers are facing a complex situation, a “wicked problem,” when it comes to how to handle the problem of forestry’s effects on Hg in aquatic ecosystems while at the same time securing other ecosystem services. In order to explore forestry’s degree of responsibility as well as possible solutions to this problem in Sweden, a transdisciplinary method has been used consisting of a structured dialogue with actors from relevant governmental agencies, forest companies, and forest associations. The analysis shows that while the issue can be addressed constructively, the complex character of the problem requires consideration of not only management practices for forestry but also current regulatory goals and environmental objectives. The Hg problem represents a class of difficult issues for forestry where stand- or property-based production has an impact on a greater spatial scale. This means that regulating the more direct impacts of forestry needs to be weighed against the implications this regulation may have on the overall issue of ecosystem services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
wicked problems, risk governance, forestry effects, methylmercury, Water framework directive, policy integration
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Forest Science Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144795 (URN)10.1016/j.forpol.2018.02.001 (DOI)000430766300011 ()
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-14 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Hansson-Forman, K., Reimerson, E., Sjölander-Lindqvist, A. & Sandström, C. (2018). Governing Large Carnivores: Comparative Insights from Three Different Countries. Society & Natural Resources, 31(7), 837-852
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governing Large Carnivores: Comparative Insights from Three Different Countries
2018 (English)In: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 31, no 7, p. 837-852Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The governance of large carnivores are often surrounded by conflicts. Along with the difficulties of governing large carnivores through centralized, top-down governing and a general shift toward participatory approaches in natural resource governance, this has led many countries to establish various collaborative measures in large carnivore governance - often presented as catch-all solutions to problems of legitimacy, democratic deficit and effectiveness. However, the field of large carnivore governance currently lacks a coherent understanding of strenghts and weaknesses of different kinds of collaborative arrangements. In this paper, we address this knowledge gap. Using the framework of modes of governance to categorize and compare the governance of large carnivores in Norway, Sweden and Finland, we discuss the potential and limitations of various governance modes and identify gaps in contemporary research literature. The main conclusion is that all three governance systems need to incorporate more interactive governance elements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
Collaboration, Comparative Research, Governance, Large Carnivores, Participation
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145952 (URN)10.1080/08941920.2018.1447179 (DOI)000430433900006 ()2-s2.0-85044288729 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasSwedish Research Council
Available from: 2018-03-23 Created: 2018-03-23 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Johansson, J., Sandström, C. & Lundmark, T. (2018). Inspired by structured decision making: a collaborative approach to the governance of multiple forest values. Ecology & society, 23(4), Article ID 16.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inspired by structured decision making: a collaborative approach to the governance of multiple forest values
2018 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 23, no 4, article id 16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since the 2000s, consensus-oriented decision making has become increasingly common in the management of natural resources because of the recognition that collaborative processes may enhance the legitimacy of decision making and facilitate effective implementation. Previous research has identified a number of problems with the design and practical facilitation of collaborative processes. Structured decision making (SDM) has been developed as an alternative suitable for decision making characterized by complexity, stakeholder controversy, and scientific uncertainty. Our aim was to investigate the feasibility and practical relevance of collaboration and dialogue inspired by SDM in the sphere of forest management. The methods used included analyses of meetings records and semistructured interviews with participating stakeholders and organizers of a collaborative process focused on improving the management of Swedish forests in the young forest phase. The results show that the SDM rationale of step-by-step teamwork, the involvement of experts, and guidance by an independent facilitator has a number of merits. These merits included the creation of genuine discussion with careful consideration of different interests and values, thus building trust among stakeholders and the Swedish Forest Agency. However, at the end of the process, some issues still remained unclear, including how the decision options would be made practically useful and accessible to forest owners. Furthermore, concerns were raised about the lack of novelty of the options. As a result, there was uncertainty about the extent to which the options would contribute to a more varied forest landscape given the multiple values involved. We conclude with some remarks on the potential future of engaging SDM in the forestry sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Resilience Alliance, 2018
Keywords
adaptive management, collaboration, forest management, structured decision making
National Category
Social Sciences Forest Science
Research subject
statskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152941 (URN)10.5751/ES-10347-230416 (DOI)000454653700006 ()
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2018-10-30 Created: 2018-10-30 Last updated: 2019-01-25Bibliographically approved
Dressel, S., Ericsson, G. & Sandström, C. (2018). Mapping social-ecological systems to understand the challenges underlying wildlife management. Environmental Science and Policy, 84, 105-112
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mapping social-ecological systems to understand the challenges underlying wildlife management
2018 (English)In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 84, p. 105-112Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A holistic understanding of the complex interactions between humans, wildlife, and habitats is essential for the design of sustainable wildlife policies. This challenging task requires innovative and interdisciplinary research approaches. Using the newly implemented ecosystem-based management of moose (Alces alces) in Sweden as a case, we applied Ostrom’s social-ecological system (SES) framework to analyse the challenges that wildlife management faces throughout the country. We combined data derived from natural and social science research to operationalize the framework in a quantitative way; an approach that enabled a spatially explicit analysis on the national and regional levels. This study aimed to discover patterns in the social-ecological context of Swedish moose management. Identifying these patterns can provide input for an in-depth evaluation of the institutional fit of the current system and subsequently for national policy development. Our SES maps suggest that there are spatial variations in factors challenging moose management. In some areas, ecological aspects such as the co-occurrence of carnivores and other ungulate species burdens future management, while in other regions challenges are shaped by governance aspects, e.g. diverse property rights. These findings demonstrate that the new management system must apply adaptive learning principles to respond to local context attributes in order to be successful. Our innovative approach provides a valuable tool for the assessment of other natural resource management issues and the avoidance of panacea traps, especially when repeated over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
environmental governance, panacea trap, social-ecological fit, adaptive learning
National Category
Fish and Wildlife Management Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
statskunskap; biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145893 (URN)10.1016/j.envsci.2018.03.007 (DOI)000431157100014 ()
Available from: 2018-03-20 Created: 2018-03-20 Last updated: 2018-08-17Bibliographically approved
Olschewski, R., Sandström, C., Kasymov, U., Johansson, J., Fürst, C. & Ring, I. (2018). Policy Forum: Challenges and opportunities in developing new forest governance systems: insights from the IPBES assessment for Europe and Central Asia. Forest Policy and Economics, 97, 175-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy Forum: Challenges and opportunities in developing new forest governance systems: insights from the IPBES assessment for Europe and Central Asia
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2018 (English)In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 97, p. 175-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
statskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152942 (URN)10.1016/j.forpol.2018.10.007 (DOI)000452955800018 ()2-s2.0-85055179892 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-10-30 Created: 2018-10-30 Last updated: 2019-01-23Bibliographically approved
Bergman, T., Hellström, J. & Sandström, C. (2018). Regeringsbildningen efter riksdagsvalet 2018. In: Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin & Kajsa Falasca (Ed.), Snabbtänkt: reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare (pp. 21-22). Sundsvall: DEMICOM, Mittuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regeringsbildningen efter riksdagsvalet 2018
2018 (Swedish)In: Snabbtänkt: reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin & Kajsa Falasca, Sundsvall: DEMICOM, Mittuniversitetet , 2018, p. 21-22Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: DEMICOM, Mittuniversitetet, 2018
Series
DEMICOM-rapport ; 38
Keywords
Regeringsbildning, riksdagsvalet 2018, partier, partipositioner, valmanifest, medieanalys
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
statskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153291 (URN)978-91-88025-99-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-16 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2018-11-20Bibliographically approved
Sjölander-Lindqvist, A., Bendz, A., Cinque, S. & Sandström, C. (2018). Research amidst the contentious issue of wolf presence: exploration of reference frames and social, cultural, and political dimensions. In: Tasos Hovardas (Ed.), Large carnivore conservation and management: human dimensions (pp. 19-36). Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Research amidst the contentious issue of wolf presence: exploration of reference frames and social, cultural, and political dimensions
2018 (English)In: Large carnivore conservation and management: human dimensions / [ed] Tasos Hovardas, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, p. 19-36Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the case of the Scandinavian wolf, the species is both considered an impediment to rural livelihoods and survival, and valued as an inextricable part of the fauna. Understanding the social, cultural and political roots of this polarization, which involve uncertainty regarding future prospects for species recovery and human – wildlife coexistence, conflicting environmental goals and values, and disputes over the burdens and benefits of conservation initiatives, requires a research approach that can contribute to a renewed and broadened understanding of the contemporary aspects of contested policy and management. We argue that any research into such contentious and politicized situations requires a comprehensive and exhaustive research design capable of addressing both individual and collective dimensions, including emotive human responses, issues of social and political trust, conflicting values and norms, clashing knowledge claims, and politicized arenas of interaction. At the same time, studying politicized phenomena may be challenging for the researcher who must create a trustful conversational space and balance the entanglements arising from the socio-cultural and political embeddedness of the connections between individuals, groups, organizations, and institutions. To illustrate this, we highlight the usefulness of different theoretical and methodological perspectives in the exploration of the different frames held by actors at different levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxon: Routledge, 2018
Series
Earthscan studies in natural resource management
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
statskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151445 (URN)978-1-138-03999-5 (ISBN)978-1-315-17545-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-09-03 Created: 2018-09-03 Last updated: 2018-11-09Bibliographically approved
Projects
Omstridda naturresurser - trender och utmaningar i nordisk naturvårds- och naturresursförvaltning, Camilla Sandström, Sissel Hovik, Eva Irene Falleth [2008-00223_VR]; Umeå UniversityForest land use and conflict management [2011-02343_VR]; Umeå UniversitySustainable rural development - for or by the people? [2011-117_Formas]; Umeå UniversityContested Spaces: Bridging Protection and Development in A Globalizing World [2016-06912_VR]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7674-6197

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