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Neumann, W., Sandström, C., Holmgren, L. & Ericsson, G. (2019). Defining a mountain landscape characterized by grazing using actor perception, governmental strategy, and environmental monitoring data. Journal of Mountain Science, 16(7), 1691-1701
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Defining a mountain landscape characterized by grazing using actor perception, governmental strategy, and environmental monitoring data
2019 (English)In: Journal of Mountain Science, ISSN 1672-6316, E-ISSN 1993-0321, Vol. 16, no 7, p. 1691-1701Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In multi-functional mountainous landscapes worldwide, conservation of natural values is a major task. Here, pro-active policies can be a way forward. National Environmental Quality Objectives (EQO) to solve environmental problems for future generations, however, often wrestle with being too visionary and lacking specificity, which complicates their implementation. The EQO A Magnificent Mountain Landscape that has been adopted by the Swedish Parliament in 1999 to preserve the pristine mountain environment in Sweden, experiences all these flaws. To aid its implementation, we studied the conditions and processes needed to define, to evaluate, and to preserve its goals across the Swedish mountain chain, using one of its milestone targets (a landscape characterized by grazing) as a study system. Applying qualitative and quantitative methods, we analyzed three types of data: 1) referral responses to the governmental strategy document, 2) interviews with relevant actors, and 3) environmental monitoring data (reindeer position data). Nationally, our results suggest a need for geographical differentiation to match regional/local conditions. Regionally, difference in both perception and definition of the milestone target among the actors hinders the formulation, monitoring, and evaluation of a common goal. Next to a culture-nature divide, we found that a within as a user and from the outside as an observer perspective influenced suggested definitions. Moreover, we found a need for better defining whether the goal is maintaining current conditions or restoring previous ones. Our result supports the use of animal position data as a decision support tool to monitor and to aid evaluation of the target. Given the number of actors involved and conflicts of interests present, we suggest the application of a structured decision process to accomplish agreements on a common goal. Here, environmental monitoring data can aid a landscape assessment step as a natural part in the decision process to target landscape management actions resourcefully and effectively.

Keywords
Milestone target, Structured decision process, Reindeer herding, Herbivory, Environmental conservation strategy, Sweden
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161832 (URN)10.1007/s11629-018-5258-x (DOI)000474574600016 ()
Available from: 2019-08-08 Created: 2019-08-08 Last updated: 2019-08-08Bibliographically approved
Holmgren, L., Sandström, C. & Zachrisson, A. (2017). Protected area governance in Sweden: new modes of governance or business as usual?. Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 22(1), 22-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Protected area governance in Sweden: new modes of governance or business as usual?
2017 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 22-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores whether ambitions to open up the traditional Swedish model of top-down conservation methods to local influences are indicative of an actual transition in governance of Swedish national park policy (NPP), and examines whether such a shift entails an increase in local influence over local interests and needs. Methodologically, we analyse a combination of governance types and incorporate theoretical definitions of power and accountability. The establishment of new governance arrangements – where power is shared, interactions promoted and accountability is directed downwards – indicates that Sweden's NPP is undergoing a change in its mode of governance. This change also seems to include ceding some influence to local interests, and the possibility of combining conservation with the utilisation of certain natural resources. The results of our research also provide valuable insights into when the establishment of shared-governance arrangements are likely to succeed; in short, this seems more likely when there are established sectors sited in a robust legal framework and where strong international commitments potentially play a role. In conclusion, we contend that when seeking diversified governance arrangements it is not enough simply to take local practices and customs into consideration – they have to be strengthened.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
National parks, governance modes, power, accountability, environmental governance, rural governance
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126066 (URN)10.1080/13549839.2016.1154518 (DOI)000396617300002 ()
Available from: 2016-09-27 Created: 2016-09-27 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8002-5771

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