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Carson, Doris A.
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Koster, R. L. & Carson, D. A. (2019). Considerations for differentiating among rural tourism geographies. In: Rhonda L. Koster and Doris A. Carson (Ed.), Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between (pp. 253-271). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Considerations for differentiating among rural tourism geographies
2019 (English)In: Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between / [ed] Rhonda L. Koster and Doris A. Carson, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 253-271Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The rural tourism literature has predominantly focused on understanding and theorising rural tourism either as a homogeneous whole, or at either end of the rurality spectrum. The premise of this volume is that a lack of consideration for the particularities of rural does little to aid in our understanding and development of tourism across all rural spaces. Through the use of a consistent framework that examined the spatial, socio-economic, institutional and tourism contexts of each case study, we have identified commonalities and importantly, differences among the examples from three different countries. The analysis illustrated the specific attributes of each type of rural geography (exotic remote, fringe and boring bits in between), and how these result in unique opportunities and challenges. These differentiated rural tourism geographies must be acknowledged and addressed to both advance our knowledge of the complexities of tourism in these locales, and to develop appropriate policies, programs and structures that will support tourism in contributing to a robust and diversified rural economy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Geographies of Tourism and Global Change, ISSN 2366-5610, E-ISSN 2366-5629
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157700 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-11950-8_14 (DOI)978-3-030-11949-2 (ISBN)978-3-030-11950-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved
Carson, D. B. & Carson, D. A. (2019). Disasters, market changes and 'The Big Smoke': understanding the decline of remote tourism in Katherine, Northern Territory Australia. In: Rhonda L. Koster and Doris A. Carson (Ed.), Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between (pp. 93-114). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disasters, market changes and 'The Big Smoke': understanding the decline of remote tourism in Katherine, Northern Territory Australia
2019 (English)In: Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between / [ed] Rhonda L. Koster and Doris A. Carson, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 93-114Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter examines the decline of tourism in Katherine, one of the Northern Territory's iconic remote destinations. While the decline coincided with severe floods damaging much of the town and its tourism infrastructure in 1998, other factors such as the overall decline of Outback tourism in Australia and changes in key markets such as backpackers and self-drive tourists contributed to the difficulty in reviving Katherine's tourism industry following the floods. Katherine tourism demonstrates characteristics consistent with the Beyond Peripherymodel of tourism development in remote or sparsely populated areas. The chapter argues that Katherine has become even more distant and disconnected from tourist markets, investors and policy makers since the floods. Key issues for future development include an increasingly uneven relationship between Katherine and the capital city of Darwin, and an inability to identify alternative markets and development paths independent of the dominant tourism structures in the Northern Territory. Katherine is an example of a remote destination which initially had substantial competitive advantages because of its location and levels of local investment in tourism, but has since lost those advantages due to a failure to respond to changing market forces. The chapter thus emphasises the fragile nature of tourism in remote locations, and its vulnerability to exogenous shocks and changing government priorities, reminding us of the broader challenges for economic development in remote resource peripheries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Geographies of Tourism and Global Change, ISSN 2366-5610, E-ISSN 2366-5629
Keywords
Beyond periphery, Natural disasters, Outback tourism, Road-based tourism
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157695 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-11950-8_6 (DOI)978-3-030-11949-2 (ISBN)978-3-030-11950-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved
Eimermann, M., Tillberg Mattsson, K. & Carson, D. A. (2019). International tourism entrepreneurs in Swedish peripheries: compliance and collision with public tourism strategies. Regional Science Policy & Practice, 11(3), 479-492
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International tourism entrepreneurs in Swedish peripheries: compliance and collision with public tourism strategies
2019 (English)In: Regional Science Policy & Practice, E-ISSN 1757-7802, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 479-492Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the entrepreneurial strategies and development aspirations of immigrant tourism entrepreneurs in rural Sweden, and how they support or conflict with local and regional public sector tourism strategies. Our conceptual framework contrasts the immigrant entrepreneurs' business and lifestyle priorities with public sector responsibilities and development interests. Findings from three case studies suggest that immigrants both collaborate and compete with public sector stakeholders in different tourism destination systems. We identify mismatches in terms of economic, lifestyle and public interest goals, as well as institutional and cultural differences between immigrant entrepreneurs and public sector stakeholders that hinder effective public‐private collaboration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
immigrant tourism entrepreneurs, lifestyle entrepreneurship, public-private interactions, rural Sweden, tourism development
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152607 (URN)10.1111/rsp3.12148 (DOI)000480586300004 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2011‐72Swedish Research Council Formas, 2015‐260Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016‐344
Note

First published: 05 October 2018

Available from: 2018-10-15 Created: 2018-10-15 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved
Koster, R. L. & Carson, D. A. (Eds.). (2019). Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between. Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019. p. 271
Series
Geographies of Tourism and Global Change, ISSN 2366-5610, E-ISSN 2366-5629
Keywords
rural tourism, peripheral tourism, tourism geography
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157693 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-11950-8 (DOI)9783030119492 (ISBN)9783030119508 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved
Carson, D. A., Prideaux, B., Porter, R. & Vuin, A. (2019). Transitioning from a local railway hub to a regional tourism system: the story of Peterborough, South Australia. In: Rhonda L. Koster and Doris A. Carson (Ed.), Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between (pp. 173-196). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transitioning from a local railway hub to a regional tourism system: the story of Peterborough, South Australia
2019 (English)In: Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between / [ed] Rhonda L. Koster and Doris A. Carson, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 173-196Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter examines the tourism development path of Peterborough, a former single-industry railway town in rural South Australia. Drawing on theoretical perspectives from evolutionary, institutional and relational economic geography, the aim of the chapter is to identify how issues around path dependence influence the abilities of peripheral single-industry towns to operate as part of interactive and collaborative regional tourism innovation systems. The case study documents the difficult transition of Peterborough from a relatively independent major railway hub to a minor tourist transit stopover requiring stronger partnerships within a broader regional tourism destination. The findings identify a range of challenges for local tourism that point to issues around single-industry path dependence and 'lock-in', including: an entrenched dependence on government leadership and investment; a lack of home-grown entrepreneurship willing to address gaps in the homogeneous product portfolio; limited local acceptance and understanding of tourism; resistance to outsiders as new knowledge brokers; and truncated network capabilities within the local system. The chapter also shows how the unique spatial and socio-economic contexts of peripheral 'low-amenity' areas may reinforce path dependence by limiting opportunities to diversify incoming (tourist and migrant) mobilities. Some of the weaknesses within the local tourism system may be bridged by proactive local government and public sector leadership, yet we question the long-term sustainability of such approaches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Geographies of Tourism and Global Change, ISSN 2366-5610, E-ISSN 2366-5629
Keywords
Single-industry town, Economic diversification, Heritage tourism, Tourism innovation system, Path dependence, 'Low-amenity' periphery
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157694 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-11950-8_10 (DOI)978-3-030-11949-2 (ISBN)978-3-030-11950-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved
Eimermann, M. & Carson, D. A. (2018). European lifestyle migrant entrepreneurs and their business networks in Swedish sparsely populated areas. In: Stefan Kordel, Tobias Weidinger and Igor Jelen (Ed.), Processes of immigration in rural Europe: the status quo, implications and development strategies (pp. 243-269). Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>European lifestyle migrant entrepreneurs and their business networks in Swedish sparsely populated areas
2018 (English)In: Processes of immigration in rural Europe: the status quo, implications and development strategies / [ed] Stefan Kordel, Tobias Weidinger and Igor Jelen, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018, p. 243-269Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

From the perspective of declining rural areas, active lifestyle migrants are expected to contribute to demographic rejuvenation and new economic development via their networks and access to novel knowledge, markets and capital. [...] this chapter studies local and transnational social networks as critical resources mainly for enabling or constraining migrant entrepreneurs' developing business practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018
Keywords
Lifestyle, Migration, International, Tourism, Entrepreneurs, Networks
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147055 (URN)881251 (Local ID)1-5275-0676-2 (ISBN)978-1-5275-0676-3 (ISBN)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2011-72
Available from: 2018-04-25 Created: 2018-04-25 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved
Carson, D. B., Govan, J. & Carson, D. A. (2018). Indigenous Experiences of the Mining Resource Cycle in Australia’s Northern Territory: Benefits, Burdens and Bridges?. Journal of Northern Studies, 12(2), 11-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Indigenous Experiences of the Mining Resource Cycle in Australia’s Northern Territory: Benefits, Burdens and Bridges?
2018 (English)In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 11-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper proposes a model of how Indigenous communities may engage with the mining sector to better manage local development impacts and influence governance processes. The model uses a resource lifecycle perspective to identify the various development opportunities and challenges that remote Indigenous communities and stakeholders may face at different stages of the mining project. The model is applied to two case studies located in the Northern Territory of Australia (Gove Peninsula and Ngukurr) which involved different types and scales of mining and provided different opportunities for development and governance engagement for surrounding Indigenous communities. Both cases emphasise how the benefits and burdens associated with mining, as well as the bridges between Indigenous and outsider approaches to development and governance, can change very quickly due to the volatile nature of remote mining operations. There is thus a need for more flexible agreements and more dynamic relationships between Indigenous, mining and other governance stakeholders that can be adjusted and renegotiated as the conditions for mining change. The final discussion reflects on how the model may be applied in the context mining governance and Indigenous stakeholder engagement in the Fennoscandian north.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University & The Royal Skyttean Society, 2018
Keywords
Indigenous communities, mining impacts, resource lifecycle, governance, remote
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162433 (URN)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved
Carson, D. A. & Carson, D. B. (2018). International lifestyle immigrants and their contributions to rural tourism innovation: Experiences from Sweden's far north. Journal of Rural Studies, 64, 230-240
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International lifestyle immigrants and their contributions to rural tourism innovation: Experiences from Sweden's far north
2018 (English)In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 64, p. 230-240Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses the contributions of international lifestyle immigrants to new tourism development and innovation in the sparsely populated north of Sweden. Based on a qualitative case study, the paper examines how lifestyle immigrants contributed as tourism entrepreneurs to the formation of local capital in tourism, and stimulated local learning and innovation spillover through networks of interaction and collaboration. The theoretical framework integrates concepts from rural lifestyle migration, local community development, and local tourism innovation systems. The results document how immigrants emerged as important drivers of new tourism products, processes and markets, and introduced a range of new ideas, skills and external networks to the region. Yet, an in-depth social network analysis reveals that immigrants made more limited contributions to networks, collaborations and knowledge exchange with local tourism stakeholders, thus limiting learning outcomes and innovation spillover at a broader local system level. Reasons for this lack of systemic interaction included socio-cultural distance between immigrants and locals, limited levels of trust and reciprocity, diverging development and lifestyle priorities, and issues around exclusive immigrant networking. Finally, the relevance of the theoretical framework is discussed in relation to its applicability to other immigrant mobilities in sparsely populated rural areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
International lifestyle migration, Lifestyle tourism entrepreneurs, Local tourism innovation system, Rural tourism, Social network analysis, Sparsely populated north
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153358 (URN)10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.08.004 (DOI)000452566100023 ()2-s2.0-85028320959 (Scopus ID)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2011-72Swedish Research Council Formas, 2015-260Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-344
Available from: 2018-11-16 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Carson, D. A., Carson, D. B. & Eimermann, M. (2018). International winter tourism entrepreneurs in northern Sweden: understanding migration, lifestyle, and business motivations. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 18(2), 183-198
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International winter tourism entrepreneurs in northern Sweden: understanding migration, lifestyle, and business motivations
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 183-198Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the migration, lifestyle and business motivations of international winter tourism entrepreneurs who have moved to a “low-amenity” rural area in northern Sweden. Low-amenity areas are characterised by economic decline, outmigration and limited tourism development. Based on qualitative interviews, the research applied a multi-dimensional framework to the study of migrant tourism entrepreneurship, considering personal migration drivers, the value of location-specific amenities, desired consumptive experiences, previous familiarity with the destination, business-related goals, as well as temporal and technological dimensions of mobility and self-employment. The findings suggest that the northern winter and the undeveloped low-amenity character of the place were key factors in migration choices. Consumptive lifestyle interests around counter-urban living and winter outdoor hobbies were prominent, yet there was diversity in terms of business aspirations and considerable seasonal lifestyle-business balancing. Despite noticeable contributions to winter tourism development in the low-amenity north, the study also identified a sense of temporariness and expected onward migration among migrants, raising questions about the longevity of this development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
international lifestyle migration, lifestyle tourism entrepreneur, winter tourism, low-amenity rural area, northern Sweden
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138129 (URN)10.1080/15022250.2017.1339503 (DOI)000428305200005 ()881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Projects
Mobilising the rural: Post-productivism and the new economy (FORMAS)Modelling demographic change in small villages of Sweden’s sparsely populated north (FORMAS)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2011-72Swedish Research Council Formas, 2015-260
Available from: 2017-08-11 Created: 2017-08-11 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Peters, P., Carson, D., Porter, R., Vuin, A., Carson, D. A. & Ensign, P. (2018). My Village Is Dying?: Integrating Methods from the Inside Out. The Canadian Review of Sociology / Revue canadienne de sociologie, 55(3), 451-475
Open this publication in new window or tab >>My Village Is Dying?: Integrating Methods from the Inside Out
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2018 (English)In: The Canadian Review of Sociology / Revue canadienne de sociologie, ISSN 1755-6171, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 451-475Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to confront the notion of decline at the village level by illustrating a more immersive approach to sociological and demographic research within rural and remote communities. The research uses case studies of three villages in Australia, Canada, and Sweden, all of which have been labeled as declining villages, typified by population loss, an aging population, high rates of youth outmigration, and loss of businesses and services. This paper argues that focusing solely on quantitative indicators of demographic change provides a narrow view of rural village trajectories and ignores subtle processes of local adaptation that are hidden from quantitative data sets. Our research integrates quantitative data from the outside with qualitative data from the inside, including visual ethnography, to develop a more balanced perspective on how villages have been changing and what change could mean locally. These objectives are accomplished by revisiting a Dirt Research methodology applicable to a broad range of research into rural and remote villages.

National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150829 (URN)10.1111/cars.12212 (DOI)000440906400008 ()29974626 (PubMedID)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2018-08-21 Created: 2018-08-21 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
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