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Sörensson, E. & Kalman, H. (2018). Care and concern in the research process: meeting ethical and epistemological challenges through multiple engagements and dialogue with research subjects. Qualitative Research, 18(6), 706-721
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Care and concern in the research process: meeting ethical and epistemological challenges through multiple engagements and dialogue with research subjects
2018 (English)In: Qualitative Research, ISSN 1468-7941, E-ISSN 1741-3109, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 706-721Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By addressing a case of data collection strategies applied in research on Thai migration to the Swedish wild-berry industry, this article argues for how a feminist approach based on care and concern for research subjects both safeguards ethical concerns and promotes good knowing. The data collection procedures were designed in a step-by-step manner, including the research subjects as much as possible at different times and in different ways in an attempt to create preconditions for a more inclusive production of knowledge. In-depth interviews, participant observation, photo documentation and group interviews were used, which facilitated the possibility to understand the content and meanings of wild-berry picking from the workers’ points of view. Through prolonged contact, including repeated encounters and dialogue with research subjects, in-depth knowledge was produced concerning Thai migrations to Sweden, as migration was set in relation to the migrants’ life courses and living conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Cross-cultural cross-language research, epistemic and ethical responsibility, feminist epistemology, participatory methods, researcher position, research process, standpoint theory
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142398 (URN)10.1177/1468794117743466 (DOI)000453099600008 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2011-0244Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 14-1180:1
Available from: 2017-11-29 Created: 2017-11-29 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved
Rehn, M. & Kalman, H. (2018). Social work students’ reflections on challenges during field education. Journal of Social Work, 18(4), 451-467
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social work students’ reflections on challenges during field education
2018 (English)In: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 451-467Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Summary: Field education is a key curriculum component in social work programmes. Students as well as researchers have identified this learning experience as central to the students’ transition to practice. This article reports on a qualitative study with the aim of analysing social work students’ narratives of their experiences during field education in order to elucidate their reasoning with regard to the challenges presented by unique clients and their contexts, along with their objectives set in the service user situation. The narratives of 23 social work students in Sweden describing a sum total of 46 problematic and unproblematic situations during field education were analysed, revealing circumstances that according to the students had either aggravated or facilitated professional action.

Findings: The experiences of being overwhelmed by emotions and of having too much latitude in the interpretation of principles and guidelines were experienced as aggravating circumstances, whereas having knowledge of legislation and clear guidelines to follow was experienced as facilitating client interaction and as providing a sense of security with the professional role. The analysis also revealed differing levels and scope of ambition with regard to the objectives set in the service user situation.

Applications: Our results demonstrate the importance of furthering students’ articulation of and active reflection on their interpretation of guidelines and legislation, and on their own setting of objectives specific to the individual cases and on how these objectives relate to the value base of social work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand oaks: Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
social work, social work education, practice learning, narrative approaches, critical reflection
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118637 (URN)10.1177/1468017316654362 (DOI)000438592900005 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-0251
Available from: 2016-03-27 Created: 2016-03-27 Last updated: 2018-10-29Bibliographically approved
Hort, E. & Kalman, H. (2018). The Compassionate Bureaucrat: Processing Cases, Facilitating Change, Being Human. Nordic Social Work Research, 8(2), 105-117
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Compassionate Bureaucrat: Processing Cases, Facilitating Change, Being Human
2018 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 105-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article reports on a study the aim of which was to sketch a tentative model for illuminating variations in the professional role of a social worker, based on Swedish social work students’ own experiences of knowledge use and its premises in client meetings during field practice. Social work students voluntarily submitted narratives depicting problematic and unproblematic situations experienced during field practice in one of three broad occupational positions of social work: casework; counselling; and social assistance. Three different formative aspects were identified as constituting premises for knowledge use in social work. Knowledge use from differing epistemological domains are set in relation to the identified formative aspects, all together comprising a role that we label ‘the Compassionate Bureaucrat’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
professional role, knowledge use, field practice, occupational position, client meeting
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143516 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2018.1426623 (DOI)
Projects
How do SWs and GPs use knowledge in practice?
Available from: 2018-01-03 Created: 2018-01-03 Last updated: 2018-11-23Bibliographically approved
Andersson, K. & Kalman, H. (2017). Strategies to handle the challenges of intimacy in nighttime home care services. European Journal of Social Work, 20(2), 219-230
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategies to handle the challenges of intimacy in nighttime home care services
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 219-230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The provision of intimate and personal care constitutes a challenge for both careworkers and care recipients and is still a neglected area of research. An observational study of the interaction between the careworkers and care recipients in night-time home care services was conducted in a large municipality in Sweden. The results were analysed in light of previous research and theorising on strategies for handling intimacy in intimate care. The study highlights what appears to be a tension between the ways in which the recipient of care is conceptualised as an active consumer of care in present-day guidelines and the strategies chosen on the part of both caregivers and care recipients, when intimacy and integrity is most at stake, and framed as it is by the care recipients' situation of dependency and vulnerability. Home care services night-time was shown to be a case that markedly differs from many other settings of intimate care, but in the interactional routines intimate care came forth as a smooth and minimally obtrusive activity. The careworkers and care recipients engaged in strategies such as disattention, eye-discipline, middle-distance orientation, and objectification, thereby serving the purpose of balancing the transgressions of thresholds of intimacy.

Abstract [sv]

Intim hjälp och omsorg i hemtjänsten innebär en utmaning för både omsorgstagare och omsorgsgivare och utgör ett eftersatt forskningsområde. Artikeln presenterar resultat från en observationsstudie av interaktionen mellan omsorgsgivare och omsorgstagare i en nattlig hemtjänstverksamhet i en större kommun i Sverige. Resultaten har analyserats i förhållande till tidigare forskning och teoretiska studier vad gäller hur intimitet hanteras i omsorg och vård. Den intima hjälp och omsorg som utförs på natten inom hemtjänsten skiljer sig markant från den omsorg som utförs dagtid, liksom inom ramen för andra institutioner. Så väl objektifierande som distanserande strategier påvisades i samspelet mellan omsorgsgivare och omsorgstagare. Strategierna bidrog till att i viss mån balansera de nödvändiga överträdelser av intimitetsgränser som gavs av omsorgstagarnas situation av utsatthet, beroende och sårbarhet. Resultaten står i bjärt kontrast till framställningen av omsorgstagaren som en 'aktiv konsument' i dagens riktlinjer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Intimate care, framing, home care services, participant observation, night-time, Intim omsorg, framing, hemtjänst, deltagande observation, nattetid
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111965 (URN)10.1080/13691457.2016.1188779 (DOI)000395162500007 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2007-7231
Note

Strategier för att hantera intimitetens utmaningar nattetid i hemtjänsten

Published online 28 Jun 2016

Available from: 2015-11-27 Created: 2015-11-27 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Thornquist, E. & Kalman, H. (2017). The formation of a profession: the case of physiotherapy in Norway. In: Björn Blom, Lars Evertsson and Marek Perlinski (Ed.), Social and Caring professions in European welfare states: policies, services and professional practices (pp. 131-145). Bristol: Policy Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The formation of a profession: the case of physiotherapy in Norway
2017 (English)In: Social and Caring professions in European welfare states: policies, services and professional practices / [ed] Björn Blom, Lars Evertsson and Marek Perlinski, Bristol: Policy Press, 2017, p. 131-145Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol: Policy Press, 2017
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125902 (URN)9781447327196 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-19 Created: 2016-09-21 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Kalman, H. (2016). Dependency and vulnerability in the 21st century. In: : . Paper presented at Building Hospitable Communities for Aging: Challenges and Opportunities.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dependency and vulnerability in the 21st century
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A common trend in Scandinavian countries today is that policies on the formation of elderly care is framed by concepts such as freedom of choice and marketization, where ‘clients’ are implicitly conceptualized as active and alert customers, whereas the levels of dependency amongst those living in the community is increasing. E.g. the 1992 reform of elder care in Sweden prioritized enabling older people to continue living in their homes in spite of conditions such as disability, frailty, illness or dementia. One result of this reform is a 25% reduction in the number of beds for the care of older people in residential homes over the past years despite an increase in the number of citizens aged 65 and over. This to the effect that those now receiving home care services are on average in worse condition than before, and that only those in need of a great deal of help receive such services.

Disability and the frailty of old age put many people in need of help with intimate care in their homes: e.g. undressing, using the toilet, changing adult diapers or incontinence pads, showering, washing intimate parts of the body, brushing teeth, shaving, etc. — still little attention is being paid to this hidden ‘off the radar world’. Set betwixt and between home and institution, private and professional, the situation and relation of intimate care in home care services is a particularly precarious one.

Whilst legislation and guidelines emphasise participation and influence, our recent observational studies of intimate care in home care services show strategies of objectification, distancing and routinization to be used in an interaction between care workers and care recipients, as ways to balance the intimate, and safeguard the integrity of the person. These results challenge professed ideals, and show how dependency in others may neutralise users’ power.

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131851 (URN)
Conference
Building Hospitable Communities for Aging: Challenges and Opportunities
Available from: 2017-02-23 Created: 2017-02-23 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Kalman, H., Lövgren, V. & Sauer, L. (2016). Epistemic injustice and conditioned experience: the case of intellectual disability. Wagadu: a Journal of Transnational Women's & Gender Studies, 15, 63-81
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Epistemic injustice and conditioned experience: the case of intellectual disability
2016 (English)In: Wagadu: a Journal of Transnational Women's & Gender Studies, ISSN 2150-2226, E-ISSN 1545-6196, Vol. 15, p. 63-81Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

People with intellectual disabilities are commonly seen as "nonadult others" and as persons of limited credibility, and this view has implications in a number of areas. In this paper, the empirical findings from an interview study focused on lived experience are analyzed in relation to the intersections of intellectual disability and gender. In light of Fricker's (2007) work on epistemic injustice, and in recognition of Anderson's (2012) emphasis on the importance of transactional and structural injustice, a novel aspect of epistemic injustice is provided: as a consequence of conditioned lived space. The social identity of intellectual disability position persons thus identified to belong to a segregated and marginalized group. Although guided by the ambition to care for and protect this vulnerable group, structural transactions provided by the welfare system run the risk of simultaneously depriving individuals of both the experiences and the hermeneutical resources necessary to interpretatively frame and make sense of their limited situation and lack of possibilities – and thus from interacting epistemically in fruitful ways. A key structural feature of the epistemic injustice towards the group is shown to be a lived experience that to a large extent is conditioned by the constructions of disability and gender. 

Abstract [de]

Epistemische Ungerechtigkeit und bedingte Erfahrung: Der Fall von geistiger Behinderung

Anhand einer Analyse der gelebten Erfahrungen von Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung erschließt dieser Artikel einen neuen Aspekt der epistemischen Ungerechtigkeit: Strukturell in das wohlfahrtsstaatliche System eingebettete Abläufe laufen Gefahr, die betroffenen Individuen sowohl ihrer Erfahrungen als auch der hermeneutischen Ressourcen zu berauben, die sie benötigen würden, um ihre bedingte Situation angemessen interpretieren zu können und um an einem epistemisch fruchtbaren Austausch teilzuhaben. 

Abstract [fr]

Injustice épistémique et expérience conditionnée : Le cas du handicap mental 

A partir d'une analyse de l'expérience d'un handicap mental, cet article met à jour un nouvel aspect d'injustice épistémique. La gestion structurelle assurée par la sécurité sociale risque de priver les individus des expériences et des ressources herméneutiques nécessaires pour interpréter et donner du sens à leur situation limitée, et de les empêcher de participer à des interactions épistémiques fructueuses. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
State University of New York College at Cortland, 2016
Keywords
epistemic injustice, conditioned experience, intellectual disability, welfare system, constructions of disability and gender
National Category
Social Work Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125811 (URN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2014-0687
Available from: 2016-09-19 Created: 2016-09-19 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Kalman, H., Lövgren, V. & Sauer, L. (2016). Epistemic injustice and conditioned experience: the case of intellectual disability. In: Franziska Dübgen (Ed.), WAGADU volume15: Epistemic Injustice in Practice (pp. 137-174). Bloomington, Indiana, US: Xlibris LLC
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Epistemic injustice and conditioned experience: the case of intellectual disability
2016 (English)In: WAGADU volume15: Epistemic Injustice in Practice / [ed] Franziska Dübgen, Bloomington, Indiana, US: Xlibris LLC , 2016, p. 137-174Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

People with intellectual disabilities are commonly seen as "nonadult others" and as persons of limited credibility, and this view has implications in a number of areas. In this paper, the empirical findings from an interview study focused on lived experience are analyzed in relation to the intersections of intellectual disability and gender. In light of Fricker's (2007) work on epistemic injustice, and in recognition of Anderson's (2012) emphasis on the importance of transactional and structural injustice, a novel aspect of epistemic injustice is provided: as a consequence of conditioned lived space. The social identity of intellectual disability position persons thus identified to belong to a segregated and marginalized group. Although guided by the ambition to care for and protect this vulnerable group, structural transactions provided by the welfare system run the risk of simultaneously depriving individuals of both the experiences and the hermeneutical resources necessary to interpretatively frame and make sense of their limited situation and lack of possibilities – and thus from interacting epistemically in fruitful ways. A key structural feature of the epistemic injustice towards the group is shown to be a lived experience that to a large extent is conditioned by the constructions of disability and gender. 

Abstract [de]

Epistemische Ungerechtigkeit und bedingte Erfahrung: Der Fall von geistiger Behinderung

Anhand einer Analyse der gelebten Erfahrungen von Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung erschließt dieser Artikel einen neuen Aspekt der epistemischen Ungerechtigkeit: Strukturell in das wohlfahrtsstaatliche System eingebettete Abläufe laufen Gefahr, die betroffenen Individuen sowohl ihrer Erfahrungen als auch der hermeneutischen Ressourcen zu berauben, die sie benötigen würden, um ihre bedingte Situation angemessen interpretieren zu können und um an einem epistemisch fruchtbaren Austausch teilzuhaben. 

Abstract [fr]

Injustice épistémique et expérience conditionnée : Le cas du handicap mental 

A partir d'une analyse de l'expérience d'un handicap mental, cet article met à jour un nouvel aspect d'injustice épistémique. La gestion structurelle assurée par la sécurité sociale risque de priver les individus des expériences et des ressources herméneutiques nécessaires pour interpréter et donner du sens à leur situation limitée, et de les empêcher de participer à des interactions épistémiques fructueuses. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bloomington, Indiana, US: Xlibris LLC, 2016
Keywords
epistemic injustice, conditioned experience, intellectual disability, welfare system, constructions of disability and gender
National Category
Social Work Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128138 (URN)978-1-5245-5182-7 (ISBN)978-1-5245-5183-4 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2014-0687
Available from: 2016-11-24 Created: 2016-11-24 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Kalman, H. (2016). Some notes on faking. In: Sarah LaChance Adams, Christopher M. Davidson and Caroline R. Lundquist (Ed.), New philosophies of sex and love: thinking through desire (pp. 257-277). London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Some notes on faking
2016 (English)In: New philosophies of sex and love: thinking through desire / [ed] Sarah LaChance Adams, Christopher M. Davidson and Caroline R. Lundquist, London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2016, p. 257-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2016
National Category
Philosophy Gender Studies Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125900 (URN)9781786602213 (ISBN)9781786602220 (ISBN)9781786602237 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-09-21 Created: 2016-09-21 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Kalman, H. & Andersson, K. (2015). Framing of intimate care in home care services. In: Siniša Zrinščak and Susan Lawrence (Ed.), Active Ageing and Demographic Change: Challenges for social work and social policy (pp. 90-102). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Framing of intimate care in home care services
2015 (English)In: Active Ageing and Demographic Change: Challenges for social work and social policy / [ed] Siniša Zrinščak and Susan Lawrence, New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 90-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2015
Keywords
intimate care, framing, home care services, participant observation, non-professional groups
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-107653 (URN)9781138937383 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-08-25 Created: 2015-08-25 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1666-0639

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