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Blomquist, Tomas, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8123-5730
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Publications (10 of 56) Show all publications
Dehghanpour Farashah, A., Thomas, J. & Blomquist, T. (2019). Exploring the value of project management certification in selection and recruiting. International Journal of Project Management, 37(1), 14-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the value of project management certification in selection and recruiting
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 14-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For many years project management has been moving toward professionalization through voluntary certification. Simultaneously, recruiters increasingly use voluntary professional certification as a signal of applicant competencies and likely future performance, to increase the efficiency of the selection process. This practice increases the value of certification to holders and leads to the growth of certification. However, despite significant research into the value of voluntary certification in numerous occupations, results linking certification with performance are tentative at best. We contribute to the growing body of research exploring the performance signaling ability of certification by empirically examining the case of project management professional certification using survey responses from 452 (certified (370), and uncertified (82)) international project managers. Our findings provide some support for this recruitment and selection practice, not through a direct relationship between certification and performance but by showing that self-efficacy mediates the relationship. Certification also relates to higher levels of professionalism. We conclude with a discussion of the implications of these findings for recruiters, project management professionals, and professional associations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Voluntary certification, Professionalism, Project management, Performance, Recruitment and selection, Self-efficacy, Signaling
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152653 (URN)10.1016/j.ijproman.2018.09.005 (DOI)000459844300002 ()
Available from: 2018-10-17 Created: 2018-10-17 Last updated: 2019-03-27Bibliographically approved
Nair, S. & Blomquist, T. (2019). Failure prevention and management in business incubation: practices towards a scalable business model. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 31(3), 266-278
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Failure prevention and management in business incubation: practices towards a scalable business model
2019 (English)In: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, ISSN 0953-7325, E-ISSN 1465-3990, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 266-278Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How support systems such as a business incubator deal with failure, a common phenomenon in new venture creation, is less understood. Employing a value creation perspective helps us to understand failure, the inability of an entrepreneurial team to build a scalable business model. Based on case studies at nine Swedish business incubators, we develop a dynamic process model towards understanding failure prevention and management in business incubation. We find business incubation practices towards failure prevention and management to be a mix of predictive and non-predictive strategies. These practices could help prevent and mitigate failure at personal, organisational and social levels towards value creation for the startups and their stakeholders and channel the effects of failure towards social benefit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Business incubation, business model, failure management, value creation
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150058 (URN)10.1080/09537325.2018.1495325 (DOI)000456180300002 ()
Available from: 2018-07-04 Created: 2018-07-04 Last updated: 2019-02-26Bibliographically approved
Blomquist, T., Dehghanpour Farashah, A. & Thomas, J. (2018). Feeling good, being good and looking good: motivations for, and benefits from, project management certification. International Journal of Project Management, 36(3), 498-511
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feeling good, being good and looking good: motivations for, and benefits from, project management certification
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 498-511Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Project management (PM) is one of many occupations following a path to professionalization that includes voluntary certification. It has been said that certification, and especially voluntary certification, can be seen as an approach to being good by improving our competence in the profession, or a means to looking good, essentially signaling the capabilities of the holder. Based on self-determination theory, we contribute to this discussion the notion of feeling good whereby certification provides a way to challenge one’s capabilities, provide self-actualization, and a sense of worth. Using two sets of survey responses, collected 10 years apart (2004 and 2014), we assess whether there are differences in the demographics of those seeking voluntary project management certification, and the motivations (expected benefits), and realized benefits associated with this certification, at these two points in time. Demographically, the people with certification and those not pursuing certification did not exhibit any significant differences in either time period. Analyses indicate that feeling good and being good are the main motivators but participants pursuing certification in 2014 reported lower levels of motivations and received more benefit than those in 2004. Comparing responses as to why professionals pursue voluntary PM certification across a decade span, gives us an indication of how these perceptions may be changing with the increased popularity of the certification. We compare these findings to similar studies examining other volunteer certifications and conclude by discussing the potential impact of these changes from the perspective of the individuals seeking certification, the occupation, and certifying organizations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Motivation and Benefits, Professionalization, Project Management Profession, Self-Determination Theory, Voluntary Certification
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142783 (URN)10.1016/j.ijproman.2017.11.006 (DOI)000429759300008 ()
Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Westergren, U. H., Saarikko, T. & Blomquist, T. (2018). Initiating the Internet of Things: early adopters' expectations for changing business practices and implications for working life. In: Claire A. Simmers and Murugan Anandarajan (Ed.), The internet of people, things and services: workplace transformations (pp. 111-131). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Initiating the Internet of Things: early adopters' expectations for changing business practices and implications for working life
2018 (English)In: The internet of people, things and services: workplace transformations / [ed] Claire A. Simmers and Murugan Anandarajan, New York: Routledge, 2018, p. 111-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Internet of Things (IoT) is estimated to grow at an exponential rate in the coming years. In this chapter, we investigate 21 Swedish firms, all early adopters of the IoT, but in different contexts: product firms, service providers, and technology developers. Through the lens of technological frames, we show how initial expectations are tied to the generation and analysis of data, with potential to influence new work practices, create enhanced business offerings, and nurture strategic collaborations. We also point out the importance of finding a balance between privacy and security and showing transparency in the use of data. Specifically, we conclude that in order for firms to successfully implement IoT into organizational processes they have to 1) change their work practices accordingly; 2) make sure that they have access to all needed competencies, be they internal or external; and 3) create an environment of trust that will leverage privacy concerns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018
Keywords
technological frames, Internet of Things, early adopters, work practices
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146308 (URN)9781138742321 (ISBN)9781315182407 (ISBN)
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2018-04-04 Created: 2018-04-04 Last updated: 2019-02-12Bibliographically approved
Farashah, A. & Blomquist, T. (2018). The Career of Skilled Migrants: A Literature Review and Future Research Agenda. In: : . Paper presented at Equality, Diversity And Inclusion Conference, Montreal, 2018, August 16–18.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Career of Skilled Migrants: A Literature Review and Future Research Agenda
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Skilled migrants and related concepts such as integration and career outcomes have been andcontinue to be researched extensively in a variety of human resource and industrial relationsjournals. Using structured literature review, 148 papers on the subject were identified (publisheduntil March 2018). Analysing these papers, eight approached to study work experience of skilledmigrants were identified, including (1) Human Capital Theory, (2) Career Capital Theory, (3)Bourdieu’s Theory of Practice and Forms of Capital, (4) Intersectionality and Gender Approach,(5) Social Identity approach and Similarity Effect, (6) Sensemaking Theory, (7) Cultural IdentityTransition, (8) Career-centred Approach. Contribution and limitation of each approach isdiscussed. Overall, research on skilled migrants has proceeded without a clear theoreticalorientation, adequate consideration of organizational, contextual and individual factors, andappropriate attention to quantitative methods.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154910 (URN)
Conference
Equality, Diversity And Inclusion Conference, Montreal, 2018, August 16–18
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-04-01Bibliographically approved
Nair, S. & Blomquist, T. (2018). The temporal dimensions of business incubation: a value-creation perspective. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The temporal dimensions of business incubation: a value-creation perspective
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, ISSN 1465-7503, E-ISSN 2043-6882Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this article is to develop an understanding of business incubation along its temporal dimensions from a value creation perspective. We explore the temporal dimensions of business incubation by conducting a case study of six Swedish incubators with 43 semi-structured interviews of entrepreneurs and incubator coaches and managers. We show that temporality could be understood along the content and process of value creation. Such a delineation brings out the temporal tensions associated with the value creation processes in incubation. Our study adds to the current incubator literature by providing a more comprehensive explanation of its processes from a value creation perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
business incubation, temporality, value creation
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154233 (URN)10.1177/1465750318817970 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-04-05
Blomquist, T., Wåhlin, N. & Lundin, R. A. (2017). Grass Root Involvement in a Mega Program: Managing and Working in Project Society. PM World Journal, 6(12)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Grass Root Involvement in a Mega Program: Managing and Working in Project Society
2017 (English)In: PM World Journal, ISSN 2330-4480, Vol. 6, no 12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142785 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Westergren, U. H., Saarikko, T. & Blomquist, T. (2017). IoTguiden. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>IoTguiden
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

IoTguiden kommer ur ett Vinnovaprojekt som har skapat kunskap kring övergången från produkt till tjänst med Sakernas Internet (eng. Internet of Things, IoT) genom att 1) studera befintliga framgångsrika IoT- satsningar hos ett antal svenska företag inom olika branscher och 2) göra en bredare omvärldsanalys och benchmarking. Därigenom har projektet synliggjort möjligheter med IoT och vilka strategier, värdeskapande och roller som återfinns hos företag inom IoT- ekosystemet.

Genom att studera IoT-satsningar vid ett 20-tal svenska företag inom olika branscher har projektet genererat resultat som är generellt applicerbara på alla företag som står inför en transformation baserat på de specifika möjligheter IoT skapar. Resultaten har sammanställts i en skrift, IoTguiden, som innehåller konkreta råd och praktiker. IoTguiden distribueras fritt, både digitalt och som trycksak. Projektet har letts av Umeå universitet med stor vana av liknande utredningsarbete och genom de andra projektaktörerna, Fältcom och Telia Company har god tillgång till fallföretag tryggats. Det här har gjorts för att visa på mångfald och potential för processförbättring, effektivisering och nytt värdeskapande, men också för att lyfta fram vad som är gemensamma nämnare för samtliga som satsar på IoT, oavsett branschtillhörighet. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017. p. 38
Keywords
Internet of things, värdeskapande, strategi, sakernas internet
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130623 (URN)978-91-7601-664-0 (ISBN)
Projects
IoT-Guiden: Från produkt till tjänst
Funder
VINNOVA, 2015-06149
Available from: 2017-01-26 Created: 2017-01-26 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Farashah, A. D. & Blomquist, T. (2017). Perception of qualifications of migrant workers: the effect of individual characteristics of managers. In: WORK2017 - Work and Labour in the Digital Future 2017: Conference Abstracts. Paper presented at WORK2017, Work and Labour in the Digital Future, 16-18 August 2017, Turku, Finland (pp. 142-143). Turku: University of Turku, Article ID 10.03.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perception of qualifications of migrant workers: the effect of individual characteristics of managers
2017 (English)In: WORK2017 - Work and Labour in the Digital Future 2017: Conference Abstracts, Turku: University of Turku , 2017, p. 142-143, article id 10.03Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction The issue of migrants within Europe has been under extensive discussion. It is increasingly recognized that migrants play an essential role in the economic and societal outcomes as workforce and citizens. Economists and different social scientists including psychologists, HR specialists and sociologists have studied the migrants and their career success mainly through two perspectives: (a) the characteristics of migrants including their human capital (education and professional background), social capital ethnicity and gender; and (b) immigration policy and institutional framework such as supportive policies, systematic and individual discriminations, recognition of credentials and training opportunities. Research taking an organizational perspective is at the initial stage. The lack of research on migrants from an organizational/managerial view leads to an inability to create a more inclusive and supportive system to allow migrants integrate into the job market successfully. Managers at the organizations and official at the government are influential on the decisions regarding employment and employment policies. Beside the human capital of the migrants, the managerial/official preferences and perceptions regarding migrants can affect the employment prospect of the migrants through processes of recruitment process, organizational or national policy making.

Objective This study attempts to find out the most important criteria for employment of migrants from managers and government officials perspective. Then we analyze the factors that influence manager perception of the qualifying criteria. The knowledge raised from such study will assist migrants to develop and improve desired qualification and lets policy makers to take into account organizational concerns in policymaking.

Method The study uses European Social Survey data incorporating responses from 2828 managers in 20 countries. Managers include 77 legislator/senior government officials, 275 managing directors/chief executives and 2828 middle/functional managers. Paired t-test and structural equation modeling (SEM) are used for quantitative analyses of data.

Results Mangers have evaluated the importance of qualifying criteria for migrants in six areas: ability to speak country’s language, having good educational qualifications, having needed work skills, commitment to the way of life in the country, being white and having Christian background.  The commitment to the way of life in the country is the most important criteria (Mean= 7.31 out of 10) followed by the work skills (Mean=6.62), educational background (Mean=6.32) and language capabilities (Mean=6.29) occupy respectively next places in the ranking. The racial discrimination is significantly lower than religious discrimination. Then, structural equation modeling (SEM) is used to evaluate the effects of characteristics of manager on the evaluation of the qualifying criteria, attitude towards migrants and perception of anti-discrimination law at work. Characteristics of the manager include: 1) individual values (self-transcendence and conservation); 2) exposure to migration (being foreign-born, having contact with migrants); 3) exposure to discrimination 4) attitude towards multiculturalism and 5) demographics (gender, age, education). Attitude towards migration plays a mediation role between values and importance of qualifying criteria. Managers with higher level of self-transcendence and lower level of conservation have more positive attitude towards migrants and demand lower levels of qualifications from migrants.

Conclusion From the managerial or legislator perspective, commitment to be integrated into the host society and adjust the lifestyle is even more important than skills and educational background of the workers. It might be concluded that social capital and acculturation is more important of human capital of migrants. Our analysis shows that attitude towards migration plays a mediation role between values and importance of qualifying criteria. Managers with higher level of self-transcendence and lower level of conservation have more positive attitude towards migrants and demand lower levels of qualifications from migrants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Turku: University of Turku, 2017
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154911 (URN)978-951-29-6882-4 (ISBN)
Conference
WORK2017, Work and Labour in the Digital Future, 16-18 August 2017, Turku, Finland
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Nair, S. & Blomquist, T. (2017). The Behaviour of Participants in Business Incubation: Exploring the role of Docility. In: Academy of Management Proceedings, 2017: . Paper presented at Academy of Management Conference. , 2017, Article ID 1.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Behaviour of Participants in Business Incubation: Exploring the role of Docility
2017 (English)In: Academy of Management Proceedings, 2017, 2017, Vol. 2017, article id 1Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Current discussions on business incubation tend to ignore the role of participant behavior. From a theoretical perspective we focus on how docility, a fundamental social asset in decision deliberation as applied in Herbert Simon’s theory of social learning, holds the key in terms of understanding the incubation of new ventures. We explore the manifestation of docility in the behavior of incubatees and business coaches, and consider how its presence promotes progress in incubation and value-creation activities. The findings enhance understanding of collaborative new-venture creation in the context of business incubation from a behavioral perspective.

Keywords
Business incubation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143086 (URN)
Conference
Academy of Management Conference
Available from: 2017-12-15 Created: 2017-12-15 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8123-5730

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