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Rolandsson, Olov
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Zheng, J.-S., Imamura, F., Sharp, S. J., van der Schouw, Y. T., Sluijs, I., Gundersen, T. E., . . . Wareham, N. J. (2019). Association of Plasma Vitamin D Metabolites With Incident Type 2 Diabetes: EPIC-InterAct Case-Cohort Study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 104(4), 1293-1303
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Association of Plasma Vitamin D Metabolites With Incident Type 2 Diabetes: EPIC-InterAct Case-Cohort Study
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 0021-972X, E-ISSN 1945-7197, Vol. 104, no 4, p. 1293-1303Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Existing evidence for the prospective association of vitamin D status with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is focused almost exclusively on circulating total 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] without distinction between its subtypes: nonepimeric and epimeric 25(OH)D3 stereoisomers, and 25(OH)D2, the minor component of 25(OH)D. We aimed to investigate the prospective associations of circulating levels of the sum and each of these three metabolites with incident T2D.

Methods: This analysis in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)–InterAct case-cohort study for T2D included 9671 incident T2D cases and 13,562 subcohort members. Plasma vitamin D metabolites were quantified by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. We used a multivariable Prentice-weighted Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) of T2D for each metabolite. Analyses were performed separately within country, and estimates were combined across countries using random-effects meta-analysis.

Results: The mean concentrations (SD) of total 25(OH)D, nonepimeric 25(OH)D3, epimeric 25(OH)D3, and 25(OH)D2 were 41.1 (17.2), 40.7 (17.3), 2.13 (1.31), and 8.16 (6.52) nmol/L, respectively. Plasma total 25(OH)D and nonepimeric 25(OH)D3 were inversely associated with incident T2D [multivariable-adjusted HR per 1 SD = 0.81 (95% CI, 0.77, 0.86) for both variables], whereas epimeric 25(OH)D3 was positively associated [per 1 SD HR = 1.16 (1.09, 1.25)]. There was no statistically significant association with T2D for 25(OH)D2 [per 1 SD HR = 0.94 (0.76, 1.18)].

Conclusions: Plasma nonepimeric 25(OH)D3 was inversely associated with incident T2D, consistent with it being the major metabolite contributing to total 25(OH)D. The positive association of the epimeric form of 25(OH)D3 with incident T2D provides novel information to assess the biological relevance of vitamin D epimerization and vitamin D subtypes in diabetes etiology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160627 (URN)10.1210/jc.2018-01522 (DOI)000469813500036 ()30418614 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
Tornevi, A., Sommar, J., Rantakokko, P., Åkesson, A., Donat-Vargas, C., Kiviranta, H., . . . Bergdahl, I. A. (2019). Chlorinated persistent organic pollutants and type 2 diabetes - A population-based study with pre- and post- diagnostic plasma samples. Environmental Research, 174, 35-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chlorinated persistent organic pollutants and type 2 diabetes - A population-based study with pre- and post- diagnostic plasma samples
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2019 (English)In: Environmental Research, ISSN 0013-9351, E-ISSN 1096-0953, Vol. 174, p. 35-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D), but causality is uncertain.

OBJECTIVE: Within longitudinal population-based data from northern Sweden, we assessed how POPs associated with T2D prospectively and cross-sectionally, and further investigated factors related to individual changes in POP concentrations.

METHODS: For 129 case-controls pairs matched by age, sex and date of sampling, plasma concentrations of hexachlorobenzene (HCB), dichlorodiphenyl-dichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE), dioxin-like (DL) polychlorinated biphenyl congeners (PCB-118 and PCB-156), and non-dioxin like (NDL-PCB: PCB-74, -99, -138 -153, -170, -180, -183 and PCB-187) were analyzed twice (baseline and follow-up, 9-20 years apart). The cases received their T2D diagnose between baseline and follow-up. Prospective (using baseline data) and cross-sectional (using follow-up data) odds ratios (ORs) for T2D on lipid standardized POPs (HCB, p,p'-DDE, ∑DL-PCBs, ∑NDL-PCBs) were estimated using conditional logistic regression, adjusting for body mass index (BMI) and plasma lipids. The influence of BMI, weight-change, and plasma lipids on longitudinal changes in POP concentrations were evaluated among non-diabetic individuals (n = 306).

RESULTS: POPs were associated with T2D in both the prospective and cross-sectional assessments. Of a standard deviation increase in POPs, prospective ORs ranged 1.42 (95% CI: 0.99, 2.06) for ∑NDL-PCBs to 1.55 (95% CI: 1.01, 2.38) for HCB (p < 0.05 only for HCB), and cross-sectional ORs ranged 1.62 (95% CI: 1.13; 2.32) for p,p'-DDE to 2.06 (95% CI: 1.29, 3.28) for ∑DL-PCBs (p < 0.05 for all POPs). In analyses of non-diabetic individuals, higher baseline BMI, decreased weight and decreased plasma lipid concentrations were associated with a slower decrease of POPs. Cases had, besides a higher BMI, reduced cholesterol and weight gain at follow-up compared to controls, which can explain the higher ORs in the cross-sectional assessments.

DISCUSSION: The association between POPs and T2D was confirmed, but an indication that individuals body fat history might influence POP-T2D associations weakens the epidemiological support for a causal association. It also warrants studies based on other exposure metrics than biomonitoring. In addition, we note that a cross-sectional design overestimates the ORs if T2D cases have successfully intervened on weight and/or blood lipids, as changes in these factors cause changes in POPs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Biomonitoring, Longitudinal data, POPs, Polychlorinated biphenyl congeners, Type 2 diabetes
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158688 (URN)10.1016/j.envres.2019.04.017 (DOI)000470801100005 ()31029940 (PubMedID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-0758Swedish Research Council, VR 2017-00650
Available from: 2019-05-07 Created: 2019-05-07 Last updated: 2019-07-10Bibliographically approved
Vissers, L. E. T., Sluijs, I., van der Schouw, Y. T., Forouhi, N. G., Imamura, F., Burgess, S., . . . Wareham, N. J. (2019). Dairy Product Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in EPIC-InterAct: A Mendelian Randomization Study. Diabetes Care, 42(4), 568-575
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dairy Product Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in EPIC-InterAct: A Mendelian Randomization Study
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2019 (English)In: Diabetes Care, ISSN 0149-5992, E-ISSN 1935-5548, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 568-575Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE To estimate the causal association between intake of dairy products and incident type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The analysis included 21,820 European individuals (9,686 diabetes cases) of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct case-cohort study. Participants were genotyped, and rs4988235 (LCT-12910C>T), a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) for lactase persistence (LP) that enables digestion of dairy sugar, i.e., lactose, was imputed. Baseline dietary intakes were assessed with diet questionnaires. We investigated the associations between imputed SNP dosage for rs4988235 and intake of dairy products and other foods through linear regression. Mendelian randomization (MR) estimates for the milk-diabetes relationship were obtained through a two-stage least squares regression.

RESULTS Each additional LP allele was associated with a higher intake of milk (β 17.1 g/day, 95% CI 10.6–23.6) and milk beverages (β 2.8 g/day, 95% CI 1.0–4.5) but not with intake of other dairy products. Other dietary intakes associated with rs4988235 included fruits (β −7.0 g/day, 95% CI −12.4 to −1.7 per additional LP allele), nonalcoholic beverages (β −18.0 g/day, 95% CI −34.4 to −1.6), and wine (β −4.8 g/day, 95% CI −9.1 to −0.6). In instrumental variable analysis, LP-associated milk intake was not associated with diabetes (hazard ratioper 15 g/day 0.99, 95% CI 0.93–1.05).

CONCLUSIONS rs4988235 was associated with milk intake but not with intake of other dairy products. This MR study does not suggest that milk intake is associated with diabetes, which is consistent with previous observational and genetic associations. LP may be associated with intake of other foods as well, but owing to the modest associations, we consider it unlikely that this caused the observed null result.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER DIABETES ASSOC, 2019
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157742 (URN)10.2337/dc18-2034 (DOI)000461816500022 ()30728219 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85063627693 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-05-08Bibliographically approved
Jannasch, F., Kroeger, J., Agnoli, C., Barricarte, A., Boeing, H., Cayssials, V., . . . Wareham, N. J. (2019). Generalizability of a Diabetes-Associated Country-Specific Exploratory Dietary Pattern Is Feasible Across European Populations. Journal of Nutrition, 149(6), 1047-1055
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Generalizability of a Diabetes-Associated Country-Specific Exploratory Dietary Pattern Is Feasible Across European Populations
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 0022-3166, E-ISSN 1541-6100, Vol. 149, no 6, p. 1047-1055Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Population-specificity of exploratory dietary patterns limits their generalizability in investigations with type 2 diabetes incidence.

Objective: The aim of this study was to derive country-specific exploratory dietary patterns, investigate their association with type 2 diabetes incidence, and replicate diabetes-associated dietary patterns in other countries.

Methods: Dietary intake data were used, assessed by country-specific questionnaires at baseline of 11,183 incident diabetes cases and 14,694 subcohort members (mean age 52.9 y) from 8 countries, nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study (mean follow-up time 6.9 y). Exploratory dietary patterns were derived by principal component analysis. HRs for incident type 2 diabetes were calculated by Prentice-weighted Cox proportional hazard regression models. Diabetes-associated dietary patterns were simplified or replicated to be applicable in other countries. A meta-analysis across all countries evaluated the generalizability of the diabetes-association.

Results: Two dietary patterns per country/UK-center, of which overall 3 dietary patterns were diabetes-associated, were identified. A risk-lowering French dietary pattern was not confirmed across other countries: pooled HRFrance per 1 SD: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.90, 1.10. Risk-increasing dietary patterns, derived in Spain and UK-Norfolk, were confirmed, but only the latter statistically significantly: HRSpain: 1.09; 95% CI: 0.97, 1.22 and HRUK-Norfolk: 1.12; 95% CI: 1.04, 1.20. Respectively, this dietary pattern was characterized by relatively high intakes of potatoes, processed meat, vegetable oils, sugar, cake and cookies, and tea.

Conclusions: Only few country/center-specific dietary patterns (3 of 18) were statistically significantly associated with diabetes incidence in this multicountry European study population. One pattern, whose association with diabetes was confirmed across other countries, showed overlaps in the food groups potatoes and processed meat with identified diabetes-associated dietary patterns from other studies. The study demonstrates that replication of associations of exploratory patterns with health outcomes is feasible and a necessary step to overcome population-specificity in associations from such analyses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
Keywords
dietary patterns, principal component analysis, diet-disease association, type 2 diabetes mellitus, replication, meta-analysis
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160601 (URN)10.1093/jn/nxz031 (DOI)000469881600020 ()31149710 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilNovo NordiskSwedish Diabetes AssociationSwedish Heart Lung FoundationVästerbotten County Council
Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-24 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved
Shi, L., Brunius, C., Bergdahl, I., Johansson, I., Rolandsson, O., Donat Vargas, C., . . . Landberg, R. (2019). Joint Analysis of Metabolite Markers of Fish Intake and Persistent Organic Pollutants in Relation to Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Swedish Adults. Journal of Nutrition, 149(8), 1413-1423
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Joint Analysis of Metabolite Markers of Fish Intake and Persistent Organic Pollutants in Relation to Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Swedish Adults
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 0022-3166, E-ISSN 1541-6100, Vol. 149, no 8, p. 1413-1423Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence regarding the association between fish intake and type 2 diabetes (T2D) incidence, possibly owing to measurement errors in self-reported intake and coexposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) present in fish.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify plasma metabolites associated with fish intake and to assess their association with T2D risk, independently of POPs, in Swedish adults.

METHODS: In a case-control study nested in the Swedish Västerbotten Intervention Programme, fasting plasma samples from 421 matched T2D case-control pairs of men and women aged 30-60 y at baseline and 10-y follow-up samples from a subset of 149 pairs were analyzed using untargeted metabolomics. Moreover, 16 plasma POPs were analyzed for the 149 pairs who had repeated samples available. Fish-related plasma metabolites were identified using multivariate modelling and partial correlation analysis. Reproducibility of metabolites and metabolite patterns, derived via principal component analysis (PCA), was assessed by intraclass correlation. A unique component of metabolites unrelated to POPs was dissected by integrating metabolites and POPs using 2-way orthogonal partial least squares regression. ORs of T2D were estimated using conditional logistic regression.

RESULTS: We identified 31 metabolites associated with fish intake that had poor to good reproducibility. A PCA-derived metabolite pattern strongly correlated with fish intake (ρ = 0.37, P < 0.001) but showed no association with T2D risk. Integrating fish-related metabolites and POPs led to a unique metabolite component independent of POPs, which tended to be inversely associated with T2D risk (OR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.54, 1.02, P = 0.07). This component mainly consisted of metabolites reflecting fatty fish intake.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that fatty fish intake may be beneficial for T2D prevention, after removing the counteractive effects of coexposure to POPs in Swedish adults. Integrating metabolite markers and POP exposures appears a promising approach to advance the understanding of associations between fish intake and T2D incidence.

Keywords
O2PLS modeling, fish biomarkers, metabolomics, nested case-control study, persistent organic pollutants, type 2 diabetes
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162531 (URN)10.1093/jn/nxz068 (DOI)31209490 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2019-08-23Bibliographically approved
Erzurumluoglu, A. M., Liu, M., Jackson, V. E., Barnes, D. R., Datta, G., Melbourne, C. A., . . . Howson, J. M. (2019). Meta-analysis of up to 622,409 individuals identifies 40 novel smoking behaviour associated genetic loci. Molecular Psychiatry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meta-analysis of up to 622,409 individuals identifies 40 novel smoking behaviour associated genetic loci
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2019 (English)In: Molecular Psychiatry, ISSN 1359-4184, E-ISSN 1476-5578Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Smoking is a major heritable and modifiable risk factor for many diseases, including cancer, common respiratory disorders and cardiovascular diseases. Fourteen genetic loci have previously been associated with smoking behaviour-related traits. We tested up to 235,116 single nucleotide variants (SNVs) on the exome-array for association with smoking initiation, cigarettes per day, pack-years, and smoking cessation in a fixed effects meta-analysis of up to 61 studies (up to 346,813 participants). In a subset of 112,811 participants, a further one million SNVs were also genotyped and tested for association with the four smoking behaviour traits. SNV-trait associations with P < 5 × 10-8 in either analysis were taken forward for replication in up to 275,596 independent participants from UK Biobank. Lastly, a meta-analysis of the discovery and replication studies was performed. Sixteen SNVs were associated with at least one of the smoking behaviour traits (P < 5 × 10-8) in the discovery samples. Ten novel SNVs, including rs12616219 near TMEM182, were followed-up and five of them (rs462779 in REV3L, rs12780116 in CNNM2, rs1190736 in GPR101, rs11539157 in PJA1, and rs12616219 near TMEM182) replicated at a Bonferroni significance threshold (P < 4.5 × 10-3) with consistent direction of effect. A further 35 SNVs were associated with smoking behaviour traits in the discovery plus replication meta-analysis (up to 622,409 participants) including a rare SNV, rs150493199, in CCDC141 and two low-frequency SNVs in CEP350 and HDGFRP2. Functional follow-up implied that decreased expression of REV3L may lower the probability of smoking initiation. The novel loci will facilitate understanding the genetic aetiology of smoking behaviour and may lead to the identification of potential drug targets for smoking prevention and/or cessation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2019
National Category
Medical Genetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156372 (URN)10.1038/s41380-018-0313-0 (DOI)30617275 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-02-13 Created: 2019-02-13 Last updated: 2019-02-27
Donat-Vargas, C., Bergdahl, I., Tornevi, A., Wennberg, M., Sommar, J., Kiviranta, H., . . . Akesson, A. (2019). Perfluoroalkyl substances and risk of type II diabetes: A prospective nested case-control study. Environment International, 123, 390-398
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perfluoroalkyl substances and risk of type II diabetes: A prospective nested case-control study
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2019 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 123, p. 390-398Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have drawn much attention due to bioaccumulation potential and their current omnipresence in human blood. We assessed whether plasma PFAS, suspected to induce endocrine-disrupting effects, were prospectively associated with clinical type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk.

Methods: We established a nested case-control study within the Swedish prospective population-based Västerbotten Intervention Programme cohort. Several PFAS were measured in plasma from a subset of 124 case-control pairs at baseline (during 1990–2003) and at 10-year follow-up. T2D cases were matched (1:1) according to gender, age and sample date with participants without T2D (controls).

Conditional logistic regressions were used to prospectively assess risk of T2D by baseline PFAS plasma concentrations. Associations between long-term PFAS plasma levels (mean of baseline and follow-up) and insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR) and beta-cell function (HOMA2-B%) at follow-up were prospectively explored among 178 and 181 controls, respectively, by multivariable linear regressions.

Results: After adjusting for gender, age, sample year, diet and body mass index, the odds ratio of T2D for the sum of PFAS (Σ z-score PFAS) was 0.52 (95% confidence interval, CI: 0.20, 1.36), comparing third with first tertile; and 0.92 (95% CI: 0.84, 1.00) per one standard deviation increment of sum of log-transformed PFAS. Among the controls, the adjusted β of HOMA2-IR and HOMA-B% for the sum of PFAS were −0.26 (95% CI: −0.52, −0.01) and −9.61 (95% CI: −22.60, 3.39) respectively comparing third with first tertile.

Conclusions: This prospective nested case-control study yielded overall inverse associations between individual PFAS and risk of T2D, although mostly non-significant. Among participants without T2D, long-term PFAS exposure was prospectively associated with lower insulin resistance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Environmental contaminants, Plasma perfluoroalkyl substances, Environmental risk factors, Diabetes, Insulin resistance, Endocrine disruption, Environmental epidemiology, Nested case-control study, Prospective assessment
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155947 (URN)10.1016/j.envint.2018.12.026 (DOI)000455532500044 ()30622063 (PubMedID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-0758Västerbotten County Council, 2017-00822Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2019-02-08 Created: 2019-02-08 Last updated: 2019-02-08Bibliographically approved
Andersson, J., Wennberg, P., Hultin, M. & Rolandsson, O. (2018). Att skapa läkare i glesbygd. Allmänmedicin (3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att skapa läkare i glesbygd
2018 (Swedish)In: Allmänmedicin, ISSN 0281-3513, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2018
Keywords
Allmänmedicin, glesbygd
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153039 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-11-02 Last updated: 2018-11-02
Zimmerman, M., Pourhamidi, K., Rolandsson, O. & Dahlin, L. B. (2018). Autonomic Neuropathy: a Prospective Cohort Study of Symptoms and E/I Ratio in Normal Glucose Tolerance, Impaired Glucose Tolerance, and Type 2 Diabetes. Frontiers in Neurology, 9, Article ID 154.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Autonomic Neuropathy: a Prospective Cohort Study of Symptoms and E/I Ratio in Normal Glucose Tolerance, Impaired Glucose Tolerance, and Type 2 Diabetes
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Neurology, ISSN 1664-2295, E-ISSN 1664-2295, Vol. 9, article id 154Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Autonomic neuropathy in diabetes, in addition to causing a range of symptoms originating from the autonomic nervous system, may increase cardiovascular morbidity. Our aim was to study the progression of autonomic neuropathy, based on symptom score and evaluation of an autonomic test, in persons with normal and impaired glucose tolerance and in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Methods: Participants were recruited in 2003/2004 with a follow-up in 2014. The participants' glucose tolerance was categorized using oral glucose tolerance tests. Symptoms were evaluated using an autonomic symptom score (ASS), ECG was used to test cardiac autonomic function based on the expiration/inspiration ratio (E/I ratio), and blood samples were taken on both occasions.

Results: ASSs were higher at follow-up in the T2D patients than in the normal glucose tolerance group (mean 1.21 +/- 1.30 vs. 0.79 +/- 0.7; p < 0.05). E/I ratio did not deteriorate more than could be expected as an aging effect in well-controlled T2D. No relationship was found between E/I ratio and HbA1c or ASS.

Conclusion: The presence of autonomic symptoms increased over time in T2D patients, but the symptoms did not correlate with the Ell ratio in this metabolically well-controlled cohort. ASSs can be a useful clinical tool when assessing the progression of autonomic dysfunction in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2018
Keywords
diabetes mellitus type 2, glucose intolerance, autonomic nervous system diseases, autonomic nervous system, diabetic neuropathies, glycosylated hemoglobin A, glucose tolerance test, disease progression
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146440 (URN)10.3389/fneur.2018.00154 (DOI)000427408800001 ()29593644 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-05-08 Created: 2018-05-08 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Kroeger, J., Meidtner, K., Stefan, N., Guevara, M., Kerrison, N. D., Ardanaz, E., . . . Wareham, N. J. (2018). Circulating Fetuin-A and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Mendelian Randomization Analysis. Diabetes, 67(6), 1200-1205
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Circulating Fetuin-A and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Mendelian Randomization Analysis
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2018 (English)In: Diabetes, ISSN 0012-1797, E-ISSN 1939-327X, Vol. 67, no 6, p. 1200-1205Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fetuin-A, a hepatic-origin protein, is strongly positively associated with risk of type 2 diabetes in human observational studies, but it is unknown whether this association is causal. Weaimed to study the potential causal relation of circulating fetuin-A to risk of type 2 diabetes in a Mendelian randomization study with single nucleotide polymorphisms located in the fetuin-A-encoding AHSG gene. We used data from eight European countries of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct case-cohort study including 10,020 incident cases. Plasma fetuin-A concentration was measured in a subset of 965 subcohort participants and 654 case subjects. A genetic score of the AHSG single nucleotide polymorphisms was strongly associated with fetuin-A (28% explained variation). Using the genetic score as instrumental variable of fetuin-A, we observed no significant association of a 50 mu g/mL higher fetuin-A concentration with diabetes risk (hazard ratio 1.02 [95% CI 0.97, 1.07]). Combining our results with those from the DIAbetes Genetics Replication And Meta-analysis (DIAGRAM) consortium (12,171 case subjects) also did not suggest a clear significant relation of fetuin-A with diabetes risk. In conclusion, although there is mechanistic evidence for an effect of fetuin-A on insulin sensitivity and secretion, this study does not support a strong, relevant relationship between circulating fetuin-A and diabetes risk in the general population.

National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150390 (URN)10.2337/db17-1268 (DOI)000438781600018 ()29523632 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85047763125 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-06 Created: 2018-08-06 Last updated: 2018-08-06Bibliographically approved
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