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Publications (10 of 172) Show all publications
Madison, G. (2019). Assessing filter bubbles in search: Critical survey of approaches and methods. In: : . Paper presented at Social Media, Polarization, and the Wisdom of Crowds. Department of Philosophy, Lund University, Sweden, May 22, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing filter bubbles in search: Critical survey of approaches and methods
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-166762 (URN)
Conference
Social Media, Polarization, and the Wisdom of Crowds. Department of Philosophy, Lund University, Sweden, May 22, 2019
Available from: 2019-12-27 Created: 2019-12-27 Last updated: 2020-01-03Bibliographically approved
Theorell, T., Madison, G. & Ullén, F. (2019). Associations betweenmusical aptitude, alexithymia, and working in a creative occupation.. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 13(1), 49-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations betweenmusical aptitude, alexithymia, and working in a creative occupation.
2019 (English)In: Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, ISSN 1931-3896, E-ISSN 1931-390X, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Musical aptitude and ability to handle emotions are hypothesized to be important predictors of creative work. The associations between musical aptitude, alexithymia, and having a creative occupation were assessed with linear multiple regression for men and women separately. Participants in the Swedish Twin Registry participated in an online survey, including musical tests for rhythm, pitch and melody discrimination, an IQ test and a test for alexithymia (inability to handle emotions). They also provided a job description, which was coded according to the O*NET system. The level of creativity for each occupation was defined by the O*NET mean rating of “thinking creatively.” Musicians (n = 43) were excluded. For men (n = 1,327), pitch predicted having creative work. This independent contribution was significant when controlling for age, education, and intelligence although the magnitude of the association decreased when the intelligence score was included. For women (n = 1,908), alexithymia and rhythm predicted having creative work, controlling for age and education. With intelligence score, the independent contribution of rhythm score became nonsignificant while the contribution of alexithymia remained significant. For men, a high pitch score is associated with having creative work, regardless of education and general intelligence. For women ability to handle emotions is associated with creative work. Since subjects working professionally as musicians were excluded from the analyses the associations are not confined to musical creativity but seem to have a more general nature, suggesting that musical aptitude taps into domain-general factors of importance for real life creative engagement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2019
Keywords
musical aptitude, creativity, alexithymia, cognitive ability, occupational matrix
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142887 (URN)10.1037/aca0000158 (DOI)000457253800006 ()
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2019-02-22Bibliographically approved
Sioros, G., Madison, G., Cocharro, D. & Gouyon, F. (2019). Does moderate syncopation increase groove? The answer depends on the syncopation pattern. In: : . Paper presented at Rhythm Production and Perception Workshop. Traverse City, MI, USA, June 17-20, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does moderate syncopation increase groove? The answer depends on the syncopation pattern
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-166759 (URN)
Conference
Rhythm Production and Perception Workshop. Traverse City, MI, USA, June 17-20, 2019
Available from: 2019-12-27 Created: 2019-12-27 Last updated: 2020-01-03Bibliographically approved
Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2019). Evolution of punishment. In: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford (Ed.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science: . Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evolution of punishment
2019 (English)In: Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science / [ed] Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford, Cham: Springer, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163579 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1229-1 (DOI)9783319196497 (ISBN)9783319169996 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved
Madison, G. (2019). Explicating politicians’ arguments for sex quotas in Sweden: Increasing power and influence rather than increasing quality and productivity. Frontiers in Communication, 4, Article ID 1.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Explicating politicians’ arguments for sex quotas in Sweden: Increasing power and influence rather than increasing quality and productivity
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Communication, E-ISSN 2297-900X, Vol. 4, article id 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Quotas are employed or proposed in several European countries as a means to decrease differences in outcomes across groups. Quotas belong to a family of biased selection and treatment measures based on group membership, rather than individual ability. The effects of such measures depend on the underlying model of the relevant variables and their relationships, but this model is not explicit in the political discourse. Here, thematic analysis is applied to statements that argue for legislated sex quotas in Sweden, issued by leading politicians and government officials. The most common, recurrent themes are that: (a) Women are at least as able as men; (b) less able men are currently selected over more able women; (c) the proportion of women should be increased to at least 40%, which (d) will increase organizations' quality and productivity; (e) this should be achieved by means of quotas but (f) not through improved meritocratic assessment. It is shown that these claims are inconsistent, as (1) improved meritocratic assessment was not proposed, although that would more effectively select the more able than would quotas, and (2) quotas will lead to lower rather than higher quality and productivity, as it demands that the less able be appointed if they are female. This suggests that the purpose of quotas is to increase the influence of the favored group even if it is currently less able.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2019
Keywords
academia, business world, gender politics, legislation, politics, quotas, sex equality, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163568 (URN)10.3389/fcomm.2019.00001 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Madison, G. (2019). Parental effort vs. mating effort. In: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford (Ed.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science: . Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental effort vs. mating effort
2019 (English)In: Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science / [ed] Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford, Cham: Springer, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141416 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2317-1 (DOI)9783319196497 (ISBN)9783319169996 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-02 Created: 2017-11-02 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved
Wallert, J., Held, C., Madison, G. & Olsson, E. J. (2019). Psycho-affective pathology in adults with congenital heart disease: Important progress is being made within a challenging field. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psycho-affective pathology in adults with congenital heart disease: Important progress is being made within a challenging field
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, ISSN 2047-4873, E-ISSN 2047-4881Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163572 (URN)10.1177/2047487319871629 (DOI)000483752300001 ()31433667 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-11-14
Madison, G. (2019). Sex differences in spatial abilities. In: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford (Ed.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science: . Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sex differences in spatial abilities
2019 (English)In: Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science / [ed] Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford, Cham: Springer, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163578 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_404-1 (DOI)9783319196497 (ISBN)9783319169996 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved
Madison, G. (2019). The five-factor model. In: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford (Ed.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science: . Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The five-factor model
2019 (English)In: Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science / [ed] Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford, Cham: Springer, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163577 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_681-1 (DOI)9783319169996 (ISBN)9783319196497 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved
Dutton, E., te Nijenhuis, J., Metzen, D., van der Linden, D. & Madison, G. (2019). The myth of the stupid believer: The negative religiousness-IQ nexus is not on general intelligence (g) and is likely a product of the relations between IQ and Autism Spectrum traits. Journal of religion and health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The myth of the stupid believer: The negative religiousness-IQ nexus is not on general intelligence (g) and is likely a product of the relations between IQ and Autism Spectrum traits
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2019 (English)In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Numerous studies have found a negative relationship between religiousness and IQ. It is in the region of - 0.2, according to meta-analyses. The reasons for this relationship are, however, unknown. It has been suggested that higher intelligence leads to greater attraction to science, or that it helps to override evolved cognitive dispositions such as for religiousness. Either way, such explanations assume that the religion-IQ nexus is on general intelligence (g), rather than some subset of specialized cognitive abilities. In other words, they assume it is a Jensen effect. Two large datasets comparing groups with different levels of religiousness show that their IQ differences are not on g and must, therefore, be attributed to specialized abilities. An analysis of the specialized abilities on which the religious and non-religious groups differ reveals no clear pattern. We cautiously suggest that this may be explicable in terms of autism spectrum disorder traits among people with high IQ scores, because such traits are negatively associated with religiousness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Intelligence, Jensen effect, Religion, IQ, Autism spectrum disorder
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163569 (URN)10.1007/s10943-019-00926-3 (DOI)000489427200001 ()31587150 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85074525894 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2020-01-14
Projects
Development and evaluation of methods for collecting and analysing interval sequences [2008-02411_VR]; Umeå UniversityMusical groove: functions, mechanisms and origin [P2008-0887:1-E_RJ]; Umeå UniversityHeritability of timing abilities and the cognition-timing correlation [2011-01971_VR]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5366-1169

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