umu.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Abrahamsson, Pernilla
Publications (10 of 20) Show all publications
Åkesson, O., Falkenback, D., Johansson, G. & Abrahamsson, P. (2019). Surface Microdialysis Detects Ischemia After Esophageal Resection: An Experimental Animal Study. Journal of Surgical Research, 245, 537-543
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Surface Microdialysis Detects Ischemia After Esophageal Resection: An Experimental Animal Study
2019 (English)In: Journal of Surgical Research, ISSN 0022-4804, E-ISSN 1095-8673, Vol. 245, p. 537-543Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: After an esophageal resection, continuity is commonly restored by a gastric tube reconstruction and an intrathoracic anastomosis to the remaining proximal esophagus. Ischemia of the anastomotic region is considered to play a pivotal role in anastomotic leakage. Microdialysis (μD) is an excellent method to measure local biochemical substances and parameters in a specific organ or compartment aiming at early detection of ischemia. This animal study evaluates ischemia of the gastric tube reconstruction using a novel method-μD on organ surfaces. This promising method may have the potential to detect an anastomotic leakage before clinical symptoms develop.

METHODS: Anesthetized normoventilated pigs were used. Surface microdialysis (S-μD) catheters and an intraparenchymal oxygen tension catheter were placed on the stomach. A gastric tube was made and the gastroepiploic artery was divided halfway along the greater curvature to produce severe ischemia at the top of the gastric tube. μD data from four locations (gastric tube, ileum and peritoneal cavity) were recorded every 20 min during the experiment. Tissue samples from all catheter sites underwent histopathological analysis. Intraparenchymal oxygen partial pressure, systemic blood tests, and hemodynamic parameters were recorded.

RESULTS: S-μD data showed values indicating severe ischemia at the top of the gastric tube and intermediate ischemia at the level of transection of the gastroepiploic artery. Ischemia was verified by histopathological analysis of tissue samples and intraparenchymal oxygen tension data.

CONCLUSIONS: S-μD can detect and grade severity of local ischemia in real time, in an animal model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Ischemia, Metabolism, Microdialysis
National Category
Surgery Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162922 (URN)10.1016/j.jss.2019.07.060 (DOI)31470334 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-09-02 Created: 2019-09-02 Last updated: 2019-09-03Bibliographically approved
Winsö, O., Kral, J., Wang, W., Kralova, I., Abrahamsson, P., Johansson, G. & Blind, P.-J. (2018). Thoracic epidural anaesthesia reduces insulin resistance and inflammatory response in experimental acute pancreatitis. Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, 123(4), 207-215
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Thoracic epidural anaesthesia reduces insulin resistance and inflammatory response in experimental acute pancreatitis
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 123, no 4, p. 207-215Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS: The activity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is crucial at an early stage in the development of an inflammatory reaction. A study of metabolic events globally and locally in the early phase of acute pancreatitis (AP), implying hampered SNS activity, is lacking. We hypothesized that thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA) modulates the inflammatory response and alleviates the severity of AP in pigs.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The taurocholate (TC) group (n = 8) had only TC AP. The TC + TEA group (n = 8) had AP and TEA. A control group (n = 8) underwent all the preparations, without having AP or TEA. Metabolic changes in the pancreas were evaluated by microdialysis and by histopathological examination.

RESULTS: The relative increase in serum lipase concentrations was more pronounced in the TC group than in TC + TEA and control groups. A decrease in relative tissue oxygen tension (PtiO2) levels occurred one hour later in the TC + TEA group than in the TC group. The maintenance of normoglycaemia in the TC group required a higher glucose infusion rate than in the TC + TEA group. The relative decrease in serum insulin concentrations was most pronounced in the TC + TEA group.

CONCLUSION: TEA attenuates the development of AP, as indicated by changes observed in haemodynamic parameters and by the easier maintenance of glucose homeostasis. Further, TEA was associated with attenuated insulin resistance and fewer local pathophysiological events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Acute pancreatitis, epidural anaesthesia, insulin, microdialysis, sodium-taurocholic acid, sympathetic nervous system
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Surgery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153672 (URN)10.1080/03009734.2018.1539054 (DOI)000455702800003 ()30468105 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-26 Last updated: 2019-02-25Bibliographically approved
Abrahamsson, P., Johansson, G., Åberg, A.-M., Winsö, O. & Blind, P. J. (2016). Outcome of microdialysis sampling on liver surface and parenchyma. Journal of Surgical Research, 200(2), 480-487
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outcome of microdialysis sampling on liver surface and parenchyma
Show others...
2016 (English)In: Journal of Surgical Research, ISSN 0022-4804, E-ISSN 1095-8673, Vol. 200, no 2, p. 480-487Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: To investigate whether surface microdialysis (μD) sampling in probes covered by a plastic film, as compared to noncovered and to intraparenchymatous probes, would increase the technique's sensitivity for pathophysiologic events occurring in a liver ischemia-reperfusion model. Placement of μD probes in the parenchyma of an organ, as is conventionally done, may cause adverse effects, e.g., bleeding, possibly influencing outcome.

Methods: A transient ischemia-reperfusion model of the liver was used in six anesthetized normoventilated pigs. μD probes were placed in the parenchyma and on the liver surface. Surface probes were either left uncovered or were covered by plastic film.

Results: Lactate and glucose levels were significantly higher in plastic film covered probes than in uncovered surface probes throughout the ischemic period. Glycerol levels were significantly higher in plastic film covered probes than in uncovered surface probes at 30 and 45 min into ischemia.

Conclusions: Covering the μD probe increases the sensibility of the μD–technique in monitoring an ischemic insult and reperfusion in the liver. These findings confirm that the principle of surface μD works, possibly replacing need of intraparenchymatous placement of μD probes. Surface μD seemingly allows, noninvasively from an organ's surface, via the extracellular compartment, assessment of intracellular metabolic events. The finding that covered surface μD probes allows detection of local metabolic changes earlier than do intraparenchymatous probes, merit further investigation focusing on μD probe design.

Keywords
Microdialysis, Liver, Ischemia, Reperfusion, Surface probe, Metabolism
National Category
Physiology Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology Surgery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112153 (URN)10.1016/j.jss.2015.09.009 (DOI)000366841500010 ()26505659 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-12-03 Created: 2015-12-03 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Åkesson, O., Abrahamsson, P., Johansson, G. & Blind, P.-J. (2016). Surface microdialysis on small bowel serosa in monitoring of ischemia. Journal of Surgical Research, 204(1), 39-46
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Surface microdialysis on small bowel serosa in monitoring of ischemia
2016 (English)In: Journal of Surgical Research, ISSN 0022-4804, E-ISSN 1095-8673, Vol. 204, no 1, p. 39-46Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Ischemic injury of an organ causes metabolic change from aerobic to anaerobic metabolism. It has been shown in experimental studies on the heart and liver that such conversion may be detected by conventional microdialysis probes placed intraparenchymatously, as well as on organ surfaces, by assaying lactate, pyruvate, glucose, and glycerol in dialysate. We developed a microdialysis probe (S-mu D) intended for use solely on organ surfaces. The aim of this study was to assess whether the newly developed S-mu D probe could be used for detection and monitoring of small bowel ischemia. Methods: In anesthetized normoventilated pigs, a control S-mu D probe was applied on the jejunal serosa 50 cm downstream from the duodenojejunal junction (DJJ). Starting 100 cm from DJJ, a 100-cm long ischemic segment was created by division of all mesenteric vessels. S-mu Ds were applied at 2.5, 5, 20, and 50 cm from the starting point of ischemia by serosal sutures. A standard mu D probe was placed in the abdominal cavity as a further control. Dialysate was harvested before inducing ischemia and subsequently every 20 min for 4 h. Central venous blood was drawn every hour to monitor systemic lactate, C-reactive protein, and white blood cell count. Results: Microdialysis lactate levels were significantly higher than baseline from 20 min on into protocol time in the ischemic segment and in the control S-mu D probe. The peritoneal cavity probe showed no significant elevation. Lactate levels from the ischemic segment reached a plateau at 60 min. Courses of pyruvate, glucose, and glycerol levels were in accordance with transition from an aerobic to anaerobic metabolism in the bowel wall. No statistically significant changes in hemoglobin, white blood cell count, or lactate values in central venous blood were recorded. Conclusions: Assaying the aforementioned compounds in dialysate, harvested by the newly developed S-mu D probe, allowed detection and monitoring of small bowel ischemia from 20 min on following its onset.

Keywords
Surface microdialysis, Bowel, Ischemia, Pig, Experimental surgery
National Category
Surgery Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125597 (URN)10.1016/j.jss.2016.04.001 (DOI)000380750000008 ()27451866 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-09-13 Created: 2016-09-13 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, B., Johansson, G., Abrahamsson, P., Gupta, A., Tydén, H., Wouters, P. & Haney, M. (2013). Milrinone and levosimendan during porcine myocardial ischemia: no effects on calcium overload and metabolism. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 57(6), 719-728
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Milrinone and levosimendan during porcine myocardial ischemia: no effects on calcium overload and metabolism
Show others...
2013 (English)In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 57, no 6, p. 719-728Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Although inotropic stimulation is considered harmful in the presence of myocardial ischaemia, both calcium sensitisers and phosphodiesterase inhibitors may offer cardioprotection. We hypothesise that these cardioprotective effects are related to an acute alteration of myocardial metabolism. We studied in vivo effects of milrinone and levosimendan on calcium overload and ischaemic markers using left ventricular microdialysis in pigs with acute myocardial ischaemia.

METHODS: Anaesthetised juvenile pigs, average weight 36 kg, were randomised to one of three intravenous treatment groups: milrinone 50 μg/kg bolus plus infusion 0.5 μg/kg/min (n = 7), levosimendan 24 μg/kg plus infusion 0.2 μg/kg/min (n = 7), or placebo (n = 6) for 60 min prior to and during a 45 min acute regional coronary occlusion. Systemic and myocardial haemodynamics were assessed, and microdialysis was performed with catheters positioned in the left ventricular wall. (45) Ca(2+) was included in the microperfusate in order to assess local calcium uptake into myocardial cells. The microdialysate was analysed for glucose, lactate, pyruvate, glycerol, and for (45) Ca(2+) recovery.

RESULTS: During ischaemia, there were no differences in microdialysate-measured parameters between control animals and milrinone- or levosimendan-treated groups. In the pre-ischaemic period, arterial blood pressure decreased in all groups while myocardial oxygen consumption remained stable.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings reject the hypothesis of an immediate energy-conserving effect of milrinone and levosimendan during acute myocardial ischaemia. On the other hand, the data show that inotropic support with milrinone and levosimendan does not worsen the metabolic parameters that were measured in the ischaemic myocardium.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68816 (URN)10.1111/aas.12095 (DOI)000320116800007 ()23517167 (PubMedID)
Note

Epub ahead of print 20 March 2013.

Available from: 2013-04-25 Created: 2013-04-25 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Waldenström, A., Ronquist, G., Åberg, A.-M., Ahlstrom, K., Hauck, P., Abrahamsson, P., . . . Haney, M. F. (2012). Ischaemic preconditioning reduces myocardial calcium overload in coronary-occluded pig hearts shown by continuous in vivo assessment using microdialysis. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 32(2), 133-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ischaemic preconditioning reduces myocardial calcium overload in coronary-occluded pig hearts shown by continuous in vivo assessment using microdialysis
Show others...
2012 (English)In: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, E-ISSN 1475-097X, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 133-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During ischaemia, ATP depletion leads to insufficient fuelling for Na+/K+ ATPase, decreased electrochemical potential and increased influx of calcium ions. This study demonstrated a means to assess the effects of ischaemic preconditioning (IP) on the free intracellular Ca2+ pool during prolonged ischaemia. In a porcine myocardial ischaemia model, microdialysis (MD) was used for sampling of metabolic and injury markers in IP and non-IP (control) groups. 45Ca2+ was delivered in microperfusate locally to ischaemic myocardium, with distribution and uptake assessed by 45Ca2+ recovery in microdialysate. Cardiomyocytes in vitro were exposed to a Ca2+ ionophore and tested for 45Ca2+ uptake. An accentuated myocardial calcium ion influx (observed as an increased microdialysate 45Ca2+ recovery in the extracellular milieu) was noted in control pigs compared with IP pigs during ischaemia. Suspended cardiomyocytes preincubated with a Ca2+ ionophore to increase the intracellular calcium ion pool and subsequently incubated with 45Ca2+, displayed lower 45Ca2+ uptake in cells compared with control cells not exposed to the ionophore, corroborating the idea of a strong relationship between degree of intracellular calcium overload and microdialysate 45Ca2+ recovery. The ischaemic insult was differentially verified by metabolic and injury markers. We introduce an in vivo method for serial assessment of myocardial calcium overload during ischaemia, using a MD technique and 45Ca2+ inclusion. IP leads to relatively less calcium overload as assessed by this new method, and we interpret this to mean that reduction in calcium overload is an important part of the IP protective effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
Keywords
calcium, calcium overload, microdialysis, myocardial ischaemia, porcine
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52838 (URN)10.1111/j.1475-097X.2011.01067.x (DOI)000299734400009 ()
Available from: 2012-03-05 Created: 2012-03-05 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Blind, P.-J. -., Kral, J., Wang, W., Kralova, I., Abrahamsson, P., Johansson, G. & Winsö, O. (2012). Microdialysis in early detection of temporary pancreatic ischemia in a porcine model. European Surgical Research, 49(3-4), 113-120
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microdialysis in early detection of temporary pancreatic ischemia in a porcine model
Show others...
2012 (English)In: European Surgical Research, ISSN 0014-312X, E-ISSN 1421-9921, Vol. 49, no 3-4, p. 113-120Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Ischemic injury to the pancreas occurs in various clinical conditions. A method for online monitoring of pathophysiological events in pancreatic parenchyma is missing. Aims: To assess the timing of microdialysis (MD) technique response on temporary changes in pancreatic perfusion, and to evaluate the relationship between MD data and systemic markers of anaerobic metabolism and inflammation. Methods: In anaesthetized normoventilated pigs, MD probes were placed in right (control) and left (ischemic) pancreatic lobes, respectively. Following the clamping of the vessels, ischemia was verified by tissue oxygen tension (PtiO2) measurements. Results: PtiO2 decreased within 20 min after the clamping of the vessels, already returning to baseline levels at the first sampling point after the removal of the clamp. MD lactate levels increased, whereas pyruvate and glucose levels decreased at 20 min after the induction of ischemia. These trends continued until the end of ischemia and returned to baseline following reperfusion. Serum lactate, amylase and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels decreased throughout the protocol time. Conclusion: MD data were in concordance with changes in PtiO2, which is indicative of local anaerobic metabolism. MD allowed the detection of pathophysiological processes within the ischemic pancreas at a stage when no elevations of systemic markers of ischemia or inflammation were observed.

Keywords
Experimental model, Ischemia, Microdialysis, Pancreas, Pig
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-63611 (URN)10.1159/000343806 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-01-08 Created: 2013-01-03 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Abrahamsson, P., Åberg, A.-M., Winsö, O., Johansson, G., Haney, M. & Blind, P.-J. (2012). Surface microdialysis sampling: a new approach described in a liver ischaemia model. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 32(2), 99-105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Surface microdialysis sampling: a new approach described in a liver ischaemia model
Show others...
2012 (English)In: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, E-ISSN 1475-097X, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 99-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We recently have shown that samples from microdialysis (MD) probes placed on the surface of the heart reflect metabolic events in the myocardium. This new interesting observation challenges us to consider whether surface application of MD applies to other parenchymatous organs and their surfaces. In 13 anesthetized pigs, transient liver ischaemia was achieved by occlusion of arterial and venous inflow to the liver. Two probes on liver surface and two in parenchyma were perfused with a flow rate of 1 mu l per min (n = 13). An identical set-up was used for probes with a flow rate of 2 mu l per min (n = 9). Samples were collected for every 15-min period during 60 min of baseline, 45 min of ischaemia and 60 min of reperfusion. Lactate, glucose, pyruvate and glycerol were analysed in MD samples. We focused on relative changes in the present study. There was a strong agreement in relative lactate and glucose levels between probes placed on liver surface and those on parenchyma. No significant differences in relative changes in lactate and glucose levels were seen between samples from surface probes and probes in liver parenchyma during equilibration, baseline, ischaemia or reperfusion with a flow rate of 1 mu l per min. MD sampling applied on the liver surface is a new application area for the MD technique and may be used to monitor liver metabolism during both physiological and pathophysiological conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
Keywords
ischaemia, liver, metabolism, microdialysis, surface probe
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52839 (URN)10.1111/j.1475-097X.2011.01061.x (DOI)000299734400004 ()
Available from: 2012-03-06 Created: 2012-03-05 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Abrahamsson, P., Åberg, A.-M., Johansson, G., Winsö, O., Waldenström, A. & Haney, M. (2011). Detection of myocardial ischaemia using surface microdialysis on the beating heart. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 31(3), 175-181
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Detection of myocardial ischaemia using surface microdialysis on the beating heart
Show others...
2011 (English)In: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, E-ISSN 1475-097X, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 175-181Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Microdialysis (MD) can be used to study metabolism of the beating heart. We investigated whether microdialysis results obtained from epicardial (surface) sampling reflect acute changes in the same way as myocardial sampling from within the substance of the ventricular wall. In anaesthetized open-thorax pigs a coronary snare was placed. One microdialysis probe was placed with the sampling membrane intramyocardially (myocardial), and a second probe was placed with the sampling membrane epicardially (surface), both in the area which was made ischaemic. Ten minutes collection intervals were used for microdialysis samples. Samples from 19 pigs were analysed for lactate, glucose, pyruvate and glycerol during equilibration, baseline, ischaemia and reperfusion periods. For both probes (surface and myocardial), a total of 475 paired simultaneous samples were analysed. Results from analyses showed no differences in relative changes for glucose, lactate and glycerol during baseline, ischaemia and reperfusion. Surface microdialysis sampling is a new application of the microdialysis technique that shows promise and should be further studied.

Keywords
epicardium; heart; ischaemia; metabolism; microdialysis; myocardium
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39564 (URN)10.1111/j.1475-097X.2010.00995.x (DOI)21091606 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2011-02-01 Created: 2011-02-01 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Ahlström, K., Biber, B., Åberg, A.-M., Abrahamsson, P., Johansson, G., Ronquist, G., . . . Haney, M. F. (2011). Exogenous carbon monoxide does not affect cell membrane energy availability assessed by sarcolemmal calcium fluxes during myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion in the pig. European Journal of Anaesthesiology, 28(5), 356-362
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exogenous carbon monoxide does not affect cell membrane energy availability assessed by sarcolemmal calcium fluxes during myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion in the pig
Show others...
2011 (English)In: European Journal of Anaesthesiology, ISSN 0265-0215, E-ISSN 1365-2346, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 356-362Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Carbon monoxide is thought to be cytoprotective and may hold therapeutic promise for mitigating ischaemic injury. The purpose of this study was to test low-dose carbon monoxide for protective effects in a porcine model of acute myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion.In acute open-thorax experiments in anaesthetised pigs, pretreatment with low-dose carbon monoxide (5% increase in carboxyhaemoglobin) was conducted for 120 min before localised ischaemia (45 min) and reperfusion (60 min) was performed using a coronary snare. Metabolic and injury markers were collected by microdialysis sampling in the ventricular wall. Recovery of radio-marked calcium delivered locally by microperfusate was measured to assess carbon monoxide treatment effects during ischaemia/reperfusion on the intracellular calcium pool.Coronary occlusion and ischaemia/reperfusion were analysed for 16 animals (eight in each group). Changes in glucose, lactate and pyruvate from the ischaemic area were observed during ischaemia and reperfusion interventions, though there was no difference between carbon monoxide-treated and control groups during ischaemia or reperfusion. Similar results were observed for glycerol and microdialysate Ca recovery.These findings show that a relatively low and clinically relevant dose of carbon monoxide did not seem to provide acute protection as indicated by metabolic, energy-related and injury markers in a porcine myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion experimental model. We conclude that protective effects of carbon monoxide related to ischaemia/reperfusion either require higher doses of carbon monoxide or occur later after reperfusion than the immediate time frame studied here. More study is needed to characterise the mechanism and time frame of carbon monoxide-related cytoprotection.

Keywords
calcium, carbon monoxide, myocardial ischaemia, preconditioning, reperfusion, swine
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37169 (URN)10.1097/EJA.0b013e32833eab96 (DOI)000289459200011 ()20811288 (PubMedID)1365-2346 (Electronic) 0265-0215 (Linking) (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-10-25 Created: 2010-10-21 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications