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Publications (10 of 28) Show all publications
Johansson, P. (2019). Displaced persons as symbols of grievance: collective identity, individual rights, and durable solutions. In: Megan Bradley, James Milner, Blair Peruniak (Ed.), Refugees' roles in resolving displacement and building peace: beyond beneficiaries (pp. 132-149). Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Displaced persons as symbols of grievance: collective identity, individual rights, and durable solutions
2019 (English)In: Refugees' roles in resolving displacement and building peace: beyond beneficiaries / [ed] Megan Bradley, James Milner, Blair Peruniak, Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2019, p. 132-149Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2019
Keywords
refugees, IDPs, Nagorno-Karabakh, Palestine, durable solutions
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158878 (URN)9781626166752 (ISBN)9781626166745 (ISBN)9781626166769 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-13 Created: 2019-05-13 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P. (2018). Resilience Thinking for Peacebuilders. International Journal of Peace Studies, 23(2), 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Resilience Thinking for Peacebuilders
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Peace Studies, ISSN 1085-7494, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The concept of resilience is currently making its way into the field of peace and conflict studies, but it is a concept with different meanings and implications. The argument advanced in this paper is that in order to make the most of resilience thinking, the field should not conceive of resilience merely as the ability to bounce back to an original state after a disturbance, a conceptualization usually referred to as “engineering resilience.” Instead, it should engage with “ecological resilience,” which refers to the amount of disturbance that a system can absorb before being pushed across a threshold from one stable state to another. I also relate these different types of resilience to another distinction between specified resilience to anticipated disturbances and general resilience to unknown ones. Finally, I consider a few other implications of resilience thinking for research on peace and conflict.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IPRA - Global Network of Peace Researchers, 2018
Keywords
resilience, peacebuilding, stability, adaptability
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159829 (URN)
Available from: 2019-06-10 Created: 2019-06-10 Last updated: 2019-10-08Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P. (2017). Flyktingar och återvändande (2ed.). In: Karin Aggestam & Kristine Höglund (Ed.), Om krig och fred: en introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier (pp. 273-287). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flyktingar och återvändande
2017 (Swedish)In: Om krig och fred: en introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier / [ed] Karin Aggestam & Kristine Höglund, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 2, p. 273-287Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017 Edition: 2
Keywords
flyktingar, fredsbyggande
National Category
Globalisation Studies
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138315 (URN)978-91-44-11574-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-08-19 Created: 2017-08-19 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P. (2017). Magstarkt att misstänkliggöra hela fredsrörelsen. Karlskrona
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Magstarkt att misstänkliggöra hela fredsrörelsen
2017 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
Karlskrona: , 2017. p. 1
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138314 (URN)
Available from: 2017-08-19 Created: 2017-08-19 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Jarstad, A., Åkebo, M., Johansson, P., Barnes, P., Eklund, N., Eklund Wimelius, M., . . . Söderström, J. (2017). Varieties of peace: presentation of a research program. Umeå: Umeå Universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Varieties of peace: presentation of a research program
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2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Varieties of Peace research program aims to analyze long-term effects of peace processes in conflicts that ended in the 1990s. The central research questions are: What characterizes peace after the peace processes initiated in the 1990s and how does it vary? How can this variation be described and explained? Peace processes have been studied using short time perspectives, usually in ”lessons-learned” evaluations five years after conflict termination, and usually with theories of conflict as a starting point. The Varieties of Peace research program is an ambitious initiative, which starts from a theoretical understanding of peace, its quality and character, and views peace and peace processes as dynamic and transformative. It will investigate and evaluate different types of peace processes from a comparative perspective and 25–30 years after they started, with the ambition of producing generalizable knowledge about peace, what it is and how it can be achieved. As a starting point, the program studies explanatory factors in five areas: 1) the actions, capacity and resilience of civil society, 2) the interests and strategies of the elites, 3) the aims and character of the agreements, 4) the societies’ institutions and resilience, and 5) international involvement. These issues will be studies in at least ten projects, with the ambition to capture and explain variation, internal dynamics and ultimately the results and effects of peace processes, studied over a longer period of time. The Varieties of Peace program is funded by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond: the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences, 2017-2024. For more info, please visit our webpage at www.varietiesofpeace.net.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet, 2017. p. 23
Series
Umeå Working Papers in Peace and Conflict Studies, ISSN 1654-2398 ; 9
Keywords
peace; peace processes; peace agreements; peacebuilding
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137164 (URN)978-91-7601-744-9 (ISBN)
Projects
Varieties of Peace
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 2017-2024
Available from: 2017-06-27 Created: 2017-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P. (2016). Hit, men inte länge: Den internationella flyktingregimen och andra sätt att hantera ofrivillig migration. In: Jenny Björkman & Arne Jarrik (Ed.), Krig/fred: RJ:s årsbok 2016/2017 (pp. 39-53). Göteborg & Stockholm: Makadam Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hit, men inte länge: Den internationella flyktingregimen och andra sätt att hantera ofrivillig migration
2016 (Swedish)In: Krig/fred: RJ:s årsbok 2016/2017 / [ed] Jenny Björkman & Arne Jarrik, Göteborg & Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2016, p. 39-53Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg & Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2016
Series
RJ:s Årsböcker ; 9
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123150 (URN)978-91-7061-206-0 (ISBN)
External cooperation:
Available from: 2016-09-05 Created: 2016-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Wallensteen, P. & Johansson, P. (2016). The UN security council: decisions and actions. In: Sebastian von Einsiedel, David M. Malone & Bruno Stagno Ugarte (Ed.), The UN security council in the twenty-first century: (pp. 27-54). Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The UN security council: decisions and actions
2016 (English)In: The UN security council in the twenty-first century / [ed] Sebastian von Einsiedel, David M. Malone & Bruno Stagno Ugarte, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2016, p. 27-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2016
Keywords
United Nations, Security Council, Chapter VII, veto
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111985 (URN)9781626372597 (ISBN)9781626372580 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-11-29 Created: 2015-11-29 Last updated: 2018-09-28Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P. (2015). Building Resilient Peace in Liberia. In: Africa: Diversity and Development: 37th AFSAAP Conference Proceedings. Paper presented at 37th annual conference of the African Studies Association of Australasia and the Pacific - Dunedin - New Zealand - 25-26 November 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Building Resilient Peace in Liberia
2015 (English)In: Africa: Diversity and Development: 37th AFSAAP Conference Proceedings, 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Post-war peacebuilding is a delicate undertaking, and even the most promising process will face challenges and setbacks, purposeful as well as accidental. Examples include residual violence, coups d’états, terrorist attacks, delays of implementation, disagreement over what has been agreed, etc. Sometimes these challenges derail a peacebuilding process, but in other cases they are overcome allowing the process to continue more or less unaffected. The ability to withstand challenges should be an important indicator of the quality of peace and the success of post-war peacebuilding, and is now entering the conceptualization of peace and peacebuilding in the form of “resilience. This paper starts from the need for a conceptualization of peace between negative and positive peace, and argues that resilience would be a useful concept. It then traces the argument back again, from adaptive cycle theory, via resilience, to peacebuilding. The tentative conclusions are very general, but I have not yet had the time to actually conduct a case study of Liberia.

National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-103024 (URN)978-0-9924793-8-1 (ISBN)
Conference
37th annual conference of the African Studies Association of Australasia and the Pacific - Dunedin - New Zealand - 25-26 November 2014
Projects
Resilient Peace:A Systems-Approach to Peacebuilding
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 350-2012-6578
Available from: 2015-05-15 Created: 2015-05-15 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P. (2015). Kan ickevåldsmotstånd mot Ryssland fungera?. Mänsklig säkerhet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kan ickevåldsmotstånd mot Ryssland fungera?
2015 (Swedish)In: Mänsklig säkerhetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Keywords
ickevåld, Ryssland, motstånd
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119467 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-19 Created: 2016-04-19 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P. (2015). Nurturing adaptive peace: resilience thinking for peacebuilders. In: : . Paper presented at Commons Amidst Complexity and Change, the Fifteenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, 25-29 May 2015 (pp. 2-15). Indiana: University of Indiana
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nurturing adaptive peace: resilience thinking for peacebuilders
2015 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

During the past few years, the concept of resilience has entered the field of peace and conflict research, and is now being used by academics as well as practitioners of peacebuilding. However, as has been the case in other social sciences earlier, the use of the concept draws more upon engineering resilience than ecological resilience, thereby failing to appreciate the broader implications of resilience thinking, including such central notions as threshold effects and adaptive cycles. This limits the usefulness of resilience both as a tool of analysis and as a guide for policy making.

The current academic debate on peacebuilding is largely focused on critique of what has become known as “the liberal peacebuilding paradigm,” which, briefly, aims at turning war-torn states into liberal democracies. Critics argue that this has led to templet-style peace implementation, more concerned with stable institutions than with viable relations or processes, and they call for more inclusive and contextualized ambitions.

Resilience is now making its way into those ambitions. So far, however, the use of the concept in the context of peacebuilding has primarily concerned the everyday lives of people affected by conflict, the argument being that it is their capacity to bounce back from challenges and setbacks that needs strengthening. In other words, it is once again taking the form of engineering resilience. While the everyday lives of people is certainly important for long-term peace, the wider implications of resilience thinking are not yet appreciated within peace and conflict studies, where they could, I believe, be very relevant and useful.

In this paper, I therefore develop resilience thinking for a peacebuilding context by discussing the notions of expecting change rather than stability, of understanding social development in terms of adaptive cycles, and of relating resilience to thresholds between alternative regimes rather than to return to a global equilibrium. With the help of empirical examples, I illustrate how various analytical tools of resilience thinking can be understood and employed in the analysis and development of peace and peacebuilding, both in the short and the long term.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Indiana: University of Indiana, 2015
Keywords
peacebuilding, resilience, adaptive peace, peace triangle
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-107049 (URN)
Conference
Commons Amidst Complexity and Change, the Fifteenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, 25-29 May 2015
Projects
Resilient Peace:A Systems-Approach to Peacebuilding
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 350-2012-6578
Available from: 2015-08-18 Created: 2015-08-18 Last updated: 2019-02-28Bibliographically approved
Projects
Resilient peace: a systems approach to peacebuilding [2012-06578_VR]; Umeå University; Publications
Johansson, P. (2018). Resilience Thinking for Peacebuilders. International Journal of Peace Studies, 23(2), 1-14
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9133-7773

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