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Wisselgren, Maria J.
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Axelsson, P. & Wisselgren, M. J. (2018). Sweden in 1930 and the 1930 census. In: Gunnar Thorvaldsen (Ed.), Three centuries of northern population censuses: (pp. 61-86). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden in 1930 and the 1930 census
2018 (English)In: Three centuries of northern population censuses / [ed] Gunnar Thorvaldsen, Abingdon: Routledge, 2018, p. 61-86Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The primary goal of censuses has always been to collect reliable information on the state's population and provide a basis for governmental decision-making. This study examines the categories used in the 1930 census and links them to the context in which they were generated. We treat the census as a tool of state power, which can be discerned from the definitions of its categories and the way in which statistics are collected and used. The guiding question of the study was "how does the 1930 census differ from previous censuses and how can these differences and changes be explained?" We find that as in earlier censuses, Statistics Sweden used extracts from the parish books on the individual level to collect information for the 1930 census, but also used diverse supplementary sources including tax registers, income tax returns and language surveys. Thus, unlike in most countries, Sweden did not send out census takers or questionnaires to the population. Many of the new or updated variables we see in the 1930 census such as income, wealth, and number of children born, can be related to the political and social debate concerning the poor working class and the establishment of the welfare state. The inclusion of categories such as ethnicity, religion, and foreign nationality can be seen as part of a normative approach wanting to control, monitor and correct deviant elements of the Swedish population. Sweden has several extraordinary longitudinal population databases built on the country’s excellent parish registers dating back to the 18th century. While the Swedish censuses have rarely been used as sources of data for historical analysis, this work demonstrates that the 1930 census has great potential to support new research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2018
Keywords
history, historical demography, censuses, population studies, historia, historisk demografi, befolkningsstudier, folkräkningar
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148946 (URN)978-1-138-71828-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-13 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, P., Engberg, E., Lantto, P. & Wisselgren, M. J. (2016). Inledning. In: Per Axelsson, Elisabeth Engberg, Patrik Lantto & Maria J. Wisselgren (Ed.), Samiska Rötter: släktforska i svenska Sápmi (pp. 5-7). Solna: Sveriges släktforskarförbund
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inledning
2016 (Swedish)In: Samiska Rötter: släktforska i svenska Sápmi / [ed] Per Axelsson, Elisabeth Engberg, Patrik Lantto & Maria J. Wisselgren, Solna: Sveriges släktforskarförbund , 2016, p. 5-7Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Solna: Sveriges släktforskarförbund, 2016
Series
Sveriges Släktforskarförbund Handbok ; 12
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124869 (URN)9789188341037 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-08-29 Created: 2016-08-29 Last updated: 2018-09-07Bibliographically approved
Wisselgren, M. J. & Silversparf, A. (2016). Samer i kyrkböckerna. In: Per Axelsson, Elisabeth Engberg, Patrik Lantto, Maria J. Wisselgren (Ed.), Samiska rötter: släktforska i svenska Sápmi (pp. 29-42). Stockholm: Sveriges Släktforskarförbund
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samer i kyrkböckerna
2016 (Swedish)In: Samiska rötter: släktforska i svenska Sápmi / [ed] Per Axelsson, Elisabeth Engberg, Patrik Lantto, Maria J. Wisselgren, Stockholm: Sveriges Släktforskarförbund , 2016, p. 29-42Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Sveriges Släktforskarförbund, 2016
Series
Sveriges Släktforskarförbund. Handbok ; 12
Keywords
släktforskning, Sápmi, kyrkböcker, Sverige
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131352 (URN)978-91-88341-03-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-02-13 Created: 2017-02-13 Last updated: 2018-09-07Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, P., Engberg, E., Lantto, P. & Wisselgren, M. J. (Eds.). (2016). Samiska rötter: släktforska i svenska Sápmi. Stockholm: Sveriges släktforskarförbund
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samiska rötter: släktforska i svenska Sápmi
2016 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Sveriges släktforskarförbund, 2016. p. 136
Series
Sveriges släktforskarförbunds handböcker ; 12
Keywords
Släktforskning, samer, Sápmi, statlig politik, namnskick
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124870 (URN)978-91-88341-03-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-08-29 Created: 2016-08-29 Last updated: 2018-09-07Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, P. & Wisselgren, M. J. (2016). Sweden in 1930 and the 1930 census. The History of the Family, 21(1), 61-86
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden in 1930 and the 1930 census
2016 (English)In: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 61-86Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The primary goal of censuses has always been to collect reliable information on the state’s population and provide a basis for governmental decision-making. This study examines the categories used in the 1930 census and links them to the context in which they were generated. We treat the census as a tool of state power, which can be discerned from the definitions of its categories and the way in which statistics are collected and used. The guiding question of the study was “how does the 1930 census differ from previous censuses and how can these differences and changes be explained?” We find that as in earlier censuses, Statistics Sweden used extracts from the parish books on the individual level to collect information for the 1930 census, but also used diverse supplementary sources including tax registers, income tax returns and language surveys. Thus, unlike in most countries, Sweden did not send out census takers or questionnaires to the population. Many of the new or updated variables we see in the 1930 census such as income, wealth, and number of children born, can be related to the political and social debate concerning the poor working class and the establishment of the welfare state. The inclusion of categories such as ethnicity, religion, and foreign nationality can be seen as part of a normative approach wanting to control, monitor and correct deviant elements of the Swedish population. Sweden has several extraordinary longitudinal population databases built on the country’s excellent parish registers dating back to the 18th century. While the Swedish censuses have rarely been used as sources of data for historical analysis, this work demonstrates that the 1930 census has great potential to support new research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2016
Keywords
Sweden, history, population statistics, censuses, 1930 census, demography, Sverige, historia, folkräkningar, befolkningsstatistik, 1930 års folkräkning, historisk demografi
National Category
History Ethnology Cultural Studies
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105074 (URN)10.1080/1081602X.2015.1040048 (DOI)000373393200005 ()
Projects
Swecens IIWallenberg Academy Fellows
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Research Council, Dnr 2012-5170
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-17 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Wisselgren, M. J., Edvinsson, S., Berggren, M. & Larsson, M. (2014). Testing Methods of Record Linkage on Swedish Censuses. Historical Methods, 47(3), 138-151
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Testing Methods of Record Linkage on Swedish Censuses
2014 (English)In: Historical Methods, ISSN 0161-5440, E-ISSN 1940-1906, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 138-151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research benefits a great deal when different kinds of registers can be combined. Record linkage is an important tool for connecting sources to create longitudinal databases of individual data. In this article, researchers test and evaluate different methods of record linkage used when linking two censuses. By comparing the results of the census linkage with other continuous Swedish parish registers, they find that applying constructed name variables and household links considerably increases the success rate without the risk of introducing bias. Missing links are mainly related to name problems, and appear most frequently among children and when the family structure has changed between the censuses. Faulty links are very few and must be regarded as only a marginal problem for analysis. The study underlines the importance of adapting the linkage process to the special characteristics of the sources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2014
Keywords
censuses, historical demography, historical population databases, name standardization, record linkage, folkräkningar, historisk demografi, historiska befolkningsdatabaser, namnstandardisering, länka historiska data
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92819 (URN)10.1080/01615440.2014.913967 (DOI)000340192000003 ()
Available from: 2014-09-04 Created: 2014-09-04 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Wisselgren, M. J. (2005). Att föda barn -- från privat till offentlig angelägenhet: Förlossningsvårdens institutionalisering i Sundsvall 1900-1930. (Doctoral dissertation). Umeå: Historiska studier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att föda barn -- från privat till offentlig angelägenhet: Förlossningsvårdens institutionalisering i Sundsvall 1900-1930
2005 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Childbirth -- from private matter to public concern. : The institutionalisation of Maternity Care in Sundsvall, Sweden from 1900-1930.
Abstract [en]

By the late nineteenth century childbirth was firmly established in the domestic sphere. However, in the early years of the twentieth century different forms of maternity clinics were established where normal, as well as complicated, deliveries could take place. The aim of this dissertation is to analyse the institutionalisation of maternity care in a local urban context, the role of women in confinement in this process, and its impact on infant mortality. The geographical setting of the thesis is Sundsvall, a town in northern Sweden. The study concentrates on the period spanning from 1900 to 1930, when local communities, rather than federal agencies, were charged with creating and implementing community standards for maternity care.

In order to lower the mortality rate of illegitimate infants, and to improve delivery conditions for unmarried women, a maternity home was opened in Sundsvall in 1913. Moreover, a maternity ward was established at the local hospital in 1920. In this study it is clear, that when institutional maternity care became available, the transition was rapid and unhesitating. When analysing the local practices it is possible to highlight the central role women played as part of this process. Initially indigent women and women bearing children out of wedlock accepted the institutional alternative, but shortly thereafter married women of means turned to the newly created wards. As a result of this early acceptance, these institutions were soon filled to capacity.

During the period in question a significant reduction in infant mortality rates can be noticed in the Swedish towns. A reasonable assumption is that the institutionalisation of maternity care improved infants chances of survival. In the study it is suggested that the institutionalised maternity care made an impact on neonatal mortality, as well as on post-neonatal mortality. The study shows that local practices of care played a key role in infant survival.

This dissertation reveals the value of examining local practices in order to understand the rapid changes of maternity care. Childbirth changed from being a private matter, taking place in one’s home, to be a public concern, taking place in the institutional setting. At the 1937 Parliament (Riksdag) the responsibility for institutionalised maternity care became a public and a State concern, and maternity care became a part of the Swedish welfare system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Historiska studier, 2005. p. 194
Series
Report from the Demographic Data Base, ISSN 0349-5132 ; 26
Keywords
History, institutionalisation of maternity care, women in confinement, infant care, infant mortality, twentieth century, Sundsvall, Sweden, private, public., Historia
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-594 (URN)91-7305-941-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-10-21, Hörsal E, Humanisthuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-09-22 Created: 2005-09-22 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Wisselgren, M. J. (2004). Offer eller banbrytare?: Mödrarnas roll i förlossningsvårdens institutionalisering i Sundsvall, 1900-1930. In: Ann-Katrin Hatje (Ed.), Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid institutionen för historiska studier Umeå universitet (pp. 154-166). Umeå: Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Offer eller banbrytare?: Mödrarnas roll i förlossningsvårdens institutionalisering i Sundsvall, 1900-1930
2004 (Swedish)In: Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid institutionen för historiska studier Umeå universitet / [ed] Ann-Katrin Hatje, Umeå: Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet , 2004, p. 154-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet, 2004
Series
Historiska perspektiv, ISSN 1651-0054 ; 1
National Category
History Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-11726 (URN)91-7305-760-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-01-28 Created: 2009-01-28 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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