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Wester, Per
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Bråndal, A., Eriksson, M., Glader, E.-L. & Wester, P. (2019). Effect of early supported discharge after stroke on patient reported outcome based on the Swedish Riksstroke registry. BMC Neurology, 19, Article ID 40.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of early supported discharge after stroke on patient reported outcome based on the Swedish Riksstroke registry
2019 (English)In: BMC Neurology, ISSN 1471-2377, E-ISSN 1471-2377, Vol. 19, article id 40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The efficacy of early supported discharge (ESD) has not been tested in current stroke care setting, which provide relatively short hospital stays, access to hyper-acute therapies and early carotid stenosis interventions. This study aimed to compare patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) among patients with stroke that received modern stroke unit care with or without ESD.

Methods: Observational study of 30,232 patients with first-ever stroke registered in the Riksstroke registry in Sweden, between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2013. Patient characteristics were collected from the Riksstroke and Statistics Sweden databases. The primary outcome was satisfaction with the rehabilitation at 3 months after discharge. Secondary outcome were information about stroke provided, tiredness/fatigue, pain, dysthymia/ depression, general health status and dependence in activities of daily living (mobility, toileting and dressing) at 3 months after the stroke. We used separate multivariable logistic regression models for each PROM variable to analyze associations between PROMs and ESD/no ESD.

Results: The ESD group comprised 1495 participants: the control group comprised 28,737 participants. Multivariable logistic regression models of PROMs showed that, compared to controls, the ESD group was more satisfied with rehabilitation after discharge (OR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.17–2.49), experienced less dysthymia/depression (OR: 0.68, 95% 0.55–0.84) and showed more independence in mobility (OR: 1.50, 95% CI: 1.17–1.92), toileting (OR: 1.30, 95%CI: 1.05–1.61), and dressing (OR: 1.23, 95%CI: 1.02–1.48).

Conclusion: In the setting of modern stroke unit care, ESD appeared to have positive effects on stroke rehabilitation, in the subacute phase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2019
Keywords
Stroke, Early supported discharge, Rehabilitation, Patient reported outcome measurement
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Neurology Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120124 (URN)10.1186/s12883-019-1268-8 (DOI)000461384100001 ()30866844 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062847136 (Scopus ID)
Note

Originally included in thesis  in manuscript form with title: "Effect of early supported discharge after stroke on patient reported outcome: observational study from the Swedish Riksstroke registry".

Available from: 2016-05-09 Created: 2016-05-09 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Hägglund, P., Fält, A., Hägg, M., Wester, P. & Levring Jäghagen, E. (2019). Swallowing dysfunction as risk factor for undernutrition in older people admitted to Swedish short-term care: a cross-sectional study. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 31(1), 85-94
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swallowing dysfunction as risk factor for undernutrition in older people admitted to Swedish short-term care: a cross-sectional study
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2019 (English)In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 85-94Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Swallowing dysfunction and risk of undernutrition increase the risk of pneumonia, morbidity, and mortality. Short-term care is an unexplored care context, where many older people stay yearly.

AIM: This cross-sectional study aimed to describe and analyze the relationship between swallowing dysfunction and risk of undernutrition among older people in short-term care, including potential gender-related differences.

METHODS: In total, 391 people (209 women), aged ≥ 65 years (median age 84 years) and admitted to short-term care in five Swedish counties participated. They went through a timed water swallow test to assess swallowing dysfunction, including abnormal swallowing capacity and signs of aspiration (i.e., cough and voice change). Risk for undernutrition was assessed using the Minimal Eating Observation and Nutrition Form-version II.

RESULTS: Swallowing dysfunction was observed in 248 of 385 (63%) participants, including abnormal swallowing capacity in 213 of 385 (55%) and aspiration signs in 127 of 377 (34%). Abnormal swallowing capacity was more frequent among women (p = 0.030), whereas men with normal swallowing capacity exhibited signs of aspiration more frequently (cough p = 0.038, voice change p = 0.004). Risk of undernutrition was found in 91 of 390 (23%) participants, more frequently among women (p = 0.007). A logistic regression model revealed an increased risk of undernutrition among older people with abnormal swallowing capacity (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.04-2.92, p = 0.034).

CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of swallowing dysfunction and risk of undernutrition highlight the need for a systematic screening program and feasible treatment to improve swallowing function for adequate and safe food intake among older people in short-term care.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov on July 4, 2016, under NCT02825927.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Aspiration, Dysphagia, Elderly care, Gender, Malnutrition, Swallowing disorders
National Category
Geriatrics Dentistry Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Geriatrics; Odontology; Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146928 (URN)10.1007/s40520-018-0944-7 (DOI)000457534400011 ()29663160 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85045421560 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-2127The Kamprad Family Foundation, 20132115
Available from: 2018-12-01 Created: 2018-12-01 Last updated: 2019-03-14Bibliographically approved
Näslund, U., Ng, N., Lundgren, A., Fhärm, E., Grönlund, C., Johansson, H., . . . Norberg, M. (2019). Visualization of asymptomatic atherosclerotic disease for optimum cardiovascular prevention (VIPVIZA): a pragmatic, open-label, randomised controlled trial. The Lancet, 393(10167), 133-142
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visualization of asymptomatic atherosclerotic disease for optimum cardiovascular prevention (VIPVIZA): a pragmatic, open-label, randomised controlled trial
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2019 (English)In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 393, no 10167, p. 133-142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease often fails because of poor adherence among practitioners and individuals to prevention guidelines. We aimed to investigate whether ultrasound-based pictorial information about subclinical carotid atherosclerosis, targeting both primary care physicians and individuals, improves prevention.

METHODS: Visualization of asymptomatic atherosclerotic disease for optimum cardiovascular prevention (VIPVIZA) is a pragmatic, open-label, randomised controlled trial that was integrated within the Västerbotten Intervention Programme, an ongoing population-based cardiovascular disease prevention programme in northern Sweden. Individuals aged 40, 50, or 60 years with one or more conventional risk factors were eligible to participate. Participants underwent clinical examination, blood sampling, and ultrasound assessment of carotid intima media wall thickness and plaque formation. Participants were randomly assigned 1:1 with a computer-generated randomisation list to an intervention group (pictorial representation of carotid ultrasound plus a nurse phone call to confirm understanding) or a control group (not informed). The primary outcomes, Framingham risk score (FRS) and European systematic coronary risk evaluation (SCORE), were assessed after 1 year among participants who were followed up. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01849575.

FINDINGS: 3532 individuals were enrolled between April 29, 2013, and June 7, 2016, of which 1783 were randomly assigned to the control group and 1749 were assigned to the intervention group. 3175 participants completed the 1-year follow-up. At the 1-year follow-up, FRS and SCORE differed significantly between groups (FRS 1·07 [95% CI 0·11 to 2·03, p=0·0017] and SCORE 0·16 [0·02 to 0·30, p=0·0010]). FRS decreased from baseline to the 1-year follow-up in the intervention group and increased in the control group (-0·58 [95% CI -0·86 to -0·30] vs 0·35 [0·08 to 0·63]). SCORE increased in both groups (0·13 [95% CI 0·09 to 0·18] vs 0·27 [0·23 to 0·30]).

INTERPRETATION: This study provides evidence of the contributory role of pictorial presentation of silent atherosclerosis for prevention of cardiovascular disease. It supports further development of methods to reduce the major problem of low adherence to medication and lifestyle modification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154318 (URN)10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32818-6 (DOI)000455437100026 ()30522919 (PubMedID)
Funder
Västerbotten County Council, Dnr ALFVLL-298001Swedish Research Council, Dnr 521-2013-2708Swedish Research Council, 2016-01891Swedish Heart Lung Foundation, Dnr 20150369Swedish Heart Lung Foundation, 20170481
Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2019-02-22Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, N., Ahlqvist, J. B., Näslund, U., Wester, P., Buhlin, K., Gustafsson, A. & Levring Jäghagen, E. (2018). Calcified carotid artery atheromas in panoramic radiographs are associated with a first myocardial infarction: a case-control study. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology, 125(2), 199-205
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Calcified carotid artery atheromas in panoramic radiographs are associated with a first myocardial infarction: a case-control study
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2018 (English)In: Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology, ISSN 2212-4403, E-ISSN 2212-4411, Vol. 125, no 2, p. 199-205Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. The aim of this case-control study was to investigate whether patients with a first myocardial infarction (MI) had a higher prevalence of calcified carotid artery atheromas (CCAAs) on panoramic radiographs (PRs) than age-, gender-, and residential area-matched controls without MI. Study Design. Six hundred ninety-six cases with a first MI and 696 controls were included in this substudy of the Swedish multicentre PAROKRANK study. All participants underwent panoramic radiography, and the PRs were evaluated for CCAAs. Results. The prevalence of CCAAs detected by PR was 33.8% (235 of 696) in cases and 27.6% (192 of 696) in controls (odds ratio [OR] 1.24; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.44; P = .012). Among males, 32.7% of cases (184 of 562) and 26.5% of controls (149 of 562) displayed CCAAs on PRs (OR 1.24; 95% CI 1.03-1.48; P = .022). Among both genders, bilateral CCAAs were significantly more common among cases than among controls (P = .002). Conclusions. Cases with recent MIs had a significantly higher prevalence of CCAAs on PRs compared with controls without MIs. This difference between groups was more pronounced for bilateral CCAAs. These findings supported the hypothesis that CCAA detection could serve as a risk indicator for future MIs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2018
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144341 (URN)10.1016/j.oooo.2017.10.009 (DOI)000422751700018 ()29242130 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-02-08 Created: 2018-02-08 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved
Jashari, F., Ibrahimi, P., Johansson, E., Grönlund, C., Wester, P. & Henein, M. Y. (2018). Carotid IM-GSM is better than IMT for identifying patients with multiple arterial disease. Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, 52(2), 93-99
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Carotid IM-GSM is better than IMT for identifying patients with multiple arterial disease
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, ISSN 1401-7431, E-ISSN 1651-2006, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 93-99Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. Atherosclerosis is a systemic inflammatory disease that can affect more than one arterial bed simultaneously. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between ultrasound markers of atherosclerosis and multiple arterial disease. Design. We have included 87 currently asymptomatic carotid disease patients (mean age 69 +/- 6 year, 34% females) in this study. Intima media thickness (IMT) and intima media-grey scale median (IM-GSM) were measured in the common carotid artery (CCA), and correlated with previous and/or current atherosclerotic vascular disease in the coronary, carotid and lower extremities. Patients were divided into three groups: (1) asymptomatic, (2) previous symptoms in one arterial territory and (3) previous symptoms in multiple arterial territories. Results. Patients with previous disease in the coronary arteries had higher IMT (p=.034) and lower IM-GSM (p<.001), and those with prior stroke had lower IM-GSM (p=.007). Neither IMT nor IM-GSM was different between patients with and without previous lower extremity vascular disease. IM-GSM was significantly different between groups, it decreased significantly with increasing number of arterial territories affected (37.7 +/- 15.4 vs. 29.3 +/- 16.4 vs. 20.7 +/- 12.9) p<.001, for asymptomatic, symptoms in one and in multiple arterial systems, respectively. Conventional IMT was not significantly different between groups p=.49. Conclusion. Carotid IMT was higher and IM-GSM lower in patients with symptomatic nearby arterial territories but not in those with peripheral disease. In contrast to conventional IMT, IM-GSM can differentiate between numbers of arterial territories affected by atherosclerosis, suggesting that it is a better surrogate for monitoring multiple arterial territory disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Keywords
Atherosclerosis, carotid artery, intimal-media complex, IMT, IM-GSM
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146595 (URN)10.1080/14017431.2018.1435903 (DOI)000428305000006 ()29402147 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-05-08 Created: 2018-05-08 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Khangure, S. R., Benhabib, H., Machnowska, M., Fox, A. J., Grönlund, C., Herod, W., . . . Johansson, E. (2018). Carotid near-occlusion frequently has high peak systolic velocity on Doppler ultrasound. Neuroradiology, 60(1), 17-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Carotid near-occlusion frequently has high peak systolic velocity on Doppler ultrasound
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2018 (English)In: Neuroradiology, ISSN 0028-3940, E-ISSN 1432-1920, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 17-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Carotid near-occlusion is a tight atherosclerotic stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) resulting in decrease in diameter of the vessel lumen distal to the stenosis. Near-occlusions can be classified as with or without full collapse, and may have high peak systolic velocity (PSV) across the stenosis, mimicking conventional > 50% carotid artery stenosis. We aimed to determine how frequently near-occlusions have high PSV in the stenosis and determine how accurately carotid Doppler ultrasound can distinguish high-velocity near-occlusion from conventional stenosis.

Methods: Included patients had near-occlusion or conventional stenosis with carotid ultrasound and CT angiogram (CTA) performed within 30 days of each other. CTA examinations were analyzed by two blinded expert readers. Velocities in the internal and common carotid arteries were recorded. Mean velocity, pulsatility index, and ratios were calculated, giving 12 Doppler parameters for analysis.

Results: Of 136 patients, 82 had conventional stenosis and 54 had near-occlusion on CTA. Of near-occlusions, 40 (74%) had high PSV (≥ 125 cm/s) across the stenosis. Ten Doppler parameters significantly differed between conventional stenosis and high-velocity near-occlusion groups. However, no parameter was highly sensitive and specific to separate the groups.

Conclusion: Near-occlusions frequently have high PSV across the stenosis, particularly those without full collapse. Carotid Doppler ultrasound does not seem able to distinguish conventional stenosis from high-velocity near-occlusion. These findings question the use of ultrasound alone for preoperative imaging evaluation.

Keywords
Carotid stenosis, Ultrasonography, X-ray computed tomography, Angiography, Internal carotid artery, LONG ER, 1988, BIOMETRICS, V44, P837 ftus IM, 1998, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND ENDOVASCULAR SURGERY, V16, P489 rst J., 2015, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY, V36, P1978 n Reutern Gerhard-Michael, 2012, STROKE, V43, P916 clerc X, 1999, RADIOLOGY, V210, P673 naboldo C, 1991, European journal of vascular surgery, V5, P415
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144100 (URN)10.1007/s00234-017-1938-4 (DOI)000419127000004 ()29177789 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-02-02 Created: 2018-02-02 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
Lundström, E., Isaksson, E., Wester, P., Laska, A.-C. & Näsman, P. (2018). Enhancing Recruitment Using Teleconference and Commitment Contract (ERUTECC): study protocol for a randomised, stepped-wedge cluster trial within the EFFECTS trial. Trials, 19, Article ID 14.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enhancing Recruitment Using Teleconference and Commitment Contract (ERUTECC): study protocol for a randomised, stepped-wedge cluster trial within the EFFECTS trial
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2018 (English)In: Trials, ISSN 1745-6215, E-ISSN 1745-6215, Vol. 19, article id 14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Many randomised controlled trials (RCTs) fail to meet their recruitment goals in time. Trialists are advised to include study recruitment strategies within their trials. EFFECTS is a Swedish, academic-led RCT of fluoxetine for stroke recovery. The trial's primary objective is to investigate whether 20 mg fluoxetine daily compared with placebo for 6 months after an acute stroke improves the patient's functional outcome. The first patient was included on 20 October 2014 and, as of 31 August 2017, EFFECTS has included 810 of planned 1500 individuals. EFFECTS currently has 32 active centres. The primary objective of the ERUTECC (Enhancing Recruitment Using Teleconference and Commitment Contract) study is to investigate whether a structured teleconference re-visit with the study personnel at the centres, accompanied by a commitment contract, can enhance recruitment by 20% at 60 days post intervention, compared with 60 days pre-intervention, in an ongoing RCT.

Methods: ERUTECC is a randomised, stepped-wedge cluster trial embedded in EFFECTS. The plan is to start ERUTECC with a running-in period of September 2017. The first intervention is due in October 2017, and the study will continue for 12 months. We are planning to intervene at all active centres in EFFECTS, except the five top recruiting centres (n=27). The rationale for not intervening at the top recruiting centres is that we believe they have reached their full potential and the intervention would be too weak for them. The hypothesis of this study is that a structured teleconference re-visit with the study personnel at the centres, accompanied by a commitment contract, can enhance recruitment by 20% 60 days post intervention, compared to 60 days pre-intervention, in an ongoing RCT.

Discussion: EFFECTS is a large, pragmatic RCT of stroke in Sweden. Results from the embedded ERUTECC study could probably be generalised to high-income Western countries, and is relevant to trial management and could improve trial management in the future. It might also be useful in clinical settings outside the field of stroke.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2018
Keywords
Stroke, Randomised controlled trial, RCT, Recruitment, Randomised stepped-wedge cluster trial
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144399 (URN)10.1186/s13063-017-2367-8 (DOI)000419608100004 ()29310679 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-02-13 Created: 2018-02-13 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
Magaard, G., Wester, P., Levi, R., Lindvall, P., Gustafsson, E., Nazemroaya Sedeh, A., . . . Hu, X.-L. (2018). Identifying unmet rehabilitation needs in patients after stroke with a graphic rehab-compassTM. Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases, 27(11), 3224-3235
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identifying unmet rehabilitation needs in patients after stroke with a graphic rehab-compassTM
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases, ISSN 1052-3057, E-ISSN 1532-8511, Vol. 27, no 11, p. 3224-3235Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Unmet rehabilitation needs are common among stroke survivors. We aimed to evaluate whether a comprehensive graphic "Rehab-Compass," a novel combination of structured patient-reported outcome measures, was feasible and useful in facilitating a capture of patients' rehabilitation needs in clinical practice.

METHODS: A new graphic overview of broad unmet rehabilitation needs covers deficits in functioning, daily activity, participation, and quality of life. It was constructed by using 5 patient-oriented, well-validated, and reliable existing instruments with converted data into a 0 (worst outcome) to 100 (best outcome) scale but unchanged in terms of variable properties. Satisfaction of the Rehab-CompassTM was studied by a qualitative interview of 9 patients with stroke and 3 clinicians. Practical feasibility and capacity of the instrument were evaluated in a cross-sectionalstudy with 48 patients at 5-month follow-ups after subarachnoid hemorrhage.

RESULTS: The Rehab-CompassTM identified and graphically visualized a panoramic view of the multidimensional needs over time which was completed before clinical consultation. The Rehab-CompassTM appeared to be feasible and time-efficientin clinical use. The interviews of both patients and clinicians showed high satisfaction when using the Rehab-CompassTM graph. In the studied stroke patients, the Rehab-CompassTM identified memory and processing information, fatigue, mood, and pain after subarachnoid hemorrhage as the most common problems.

CONCLUSIONS: The graphic Rehab-CompassTM seems to be a feasible, useful, and time-saving tool for identification of unmet rehabilitation needs among stroke survivors in clinical practice. Further research is needed to make the Rehab-CompassTM more concise and evaluate the instrument among different stroke subgroups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
stroke, needs assessment, outcome and process assessment, quality improvement, referral and consultation, rehabilitation
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153269 (URN)10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2018.07.013 (DOI)000450569700044 ()30097401 (PubMedID)
Funder
Västerbotten County CouncilSwedish Heart Lung Foundation
Available from: 2018-11-13 Created: 2018-11-13 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
Rejnö, Å., Andersson, P. & Wester, P. (2018). "StrokeSverige" lär i webbaserad kompetensutbildning. In: VILÄR Abstraktbok: . Paper presented at VILÄR, 6-7 december 2018, Mölndal, Sverige. Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"StrokeSverige" lär i webbaserad kompetensutbildning
2018 (Swedish)In: VILÄR Abstraktbok, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Verksamhetsintegrerat lärande omfattar lärande som sker integrerat mellan akademi och arbetsliv. Ofta är integrationen sådan att arbetslivet integreras i akademin. Det omvända är inte lika vanligt. Strokeenhetsvård är sedan 1980-talet ett internationellt evidensbaserat vårdkoncept som minskar mortalitet, institutionsboende och beroende i ADL efter stroke. För att en verksamhet ska få kalla sig strokeenhet ingår att vården ska bedrivas av ett multidisciplinärt team med expertkunnande inom stroke och rehabilitering. Strokekompetensutbildning med både teoretiska och praktiska moment som ger detta expertkunnande ges sedan av STROKE Riksförbundet och drivs lokalt. Antalet som genomgår utbildningen minskar på grund av vårdens pressadef örhållanden vilket gett svårigheter att organisera och driva utbildningen lokalt. Från centralt håll har oro uttryckts då strokekompetensen genom detta minskar vilket potentiellt leder till sämre vård. Syftet med presentationen är att visa hur lokalt drivna utbildningar i arbetslivet kan webbaseras i samarbete med akademin för att möjliggöra personalgruppers möjlighet till kompetenshöjning

Metod: Utbildningen har digitaliserats för att ge förutsättningar för jämlik vård. Alla teoretiska moment har gjorts som filmade föreläsningar av personer med spetskompetens inom sitt område och en tredelad examination har tagits fram som säkerställer att utbildningen ger jämn och hög kvalitet.

Resultat: Utbildningen som använder det flippade klassrummet som teoretisk modell är nu en poänggivande högskoleutbildning som ges av Umeå universitet där teambased learning och constructive alignment varit ledord för uppbyggnaden. Utbildningen omfattar filmade föreläsningar, quiz och webbaserad examination som genomförs via lärplattformen, samt material för träffar där praktiska moment ingår som ordnas lokalt av respektive verksamhet, liksom material för såväl individuell examination som gruppexamination. Utöver detta finns länkar till referensmaterial samt fördjupningsmaterial.

Diskussion: Med noggrann planering, förankring och tydliga pedagogiska utgångspunkter kan utbildning utvecklas i samarbete mellan offentlig sektor och universitet/högskolor. Utbildningen är exempel på ett initiativ från arbetslivet där akademin är tydligt integrerad för att möjliggöra lärande för personer i arbetslivet. Genom digitaliseringen ges möjlighet för verksamheter att erbjuda personal utbildning inommer flexibla ramar och på tider som passar dem jämfört med traditionella kurser inom högre utbildning. Konceptet kan potentiellt användas för många verksamheter och visar på möjligheterna med digitalisering av högre utbildning för att nå ut till arbetslivet

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2018
Keywords
Arbetsintegrerat lärande, E-lärande, Verksamhetsintegrerat lärande, Teambased learning, utbildning i arbetslivet
National Category
Pedagogy Learning Nursing
Research subject
education; educational work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157140 (URN)978-91-87531-46-0 (ISBN)978-91-87531-47-7 (ISBN)
Conference
VILÄR, 6-7 december 2018, Mölndal, Sverige
Available from: 2019-03-12 Created: 2019-03-12 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved
Hållmarker, U., Lindbäck, J., Michaëlsson, K., Ärnlöv, J., Åsberg, S., Wester, P., . . . James, S. (2018). Survival and incidence of cardiovascular diseases in participants in a long-distance ski race (Vasaloppet, Sweden) compared with the background population. European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes, 4(2), 91-97
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Survival and incidence of cardiovascular diseases in participants in a long-distance ski race (Vasaloppet, Sweden) compared with the background population
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2018 (English)In: European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes, ISSN 2058-5225, E-ISSN 2058-1742, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 91-97Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We studied the relationship between taking part in a long-distance ski race and incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) to address the hypothesis that lifestyle lowers the incidence. A cohort of 399 630 subjects in Sweden, half were skiers in the world's largest ski race, and half were non-skiers. Non-skiers were frequency matched for sex, age, and year of race. Individuals with severe diseases were excluded. The endpoints were death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. The subjects were followed up for a maximum of 21.8 years and median of 9.8 years. We identified 9399 death, myocardial infarction, or stroke events among non-skiers and 4784 among the Vasaloppet skiers. The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) comparing skiers and non-skiers were 0.52 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.49-0.54] for all-cause mortality, 0.56 (95% CI 0.52-0.60) for myocardial infarction and 0.63 (95% CI 0.58-0.67) for stroke and for all three outcomes 0.56 (95% CI 0.54-0.58). The results were consistent across subgroups: age, sex, family status, education, and race year. For skiers, a doubling of race time was associated with a higher age-adjusted risk of 19%, and male skiers had a doubled risk than female skiers, with a HR 2.06 (95% CI 1.89-2.41). The outcome analyses revealed no differences in risk of atrial fibrillation between skiers and non-skiers. This large cohort study provides additional support for the hypothesis that individuals with high level of physical activity representing a healthy lifestyle, as evident by their participation in a long-distance ski race, have a lower risk of CVD or death.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2018
Keywords
Incidence of cardiovascular disease, Physical activity, Lifestyle, Prevention, Cross-country skiing, Epidemiology, Vasaloppet
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147324 (URN)10.1093/ehjqcco/qcy005 (DOI)000429458200006 ()29390055 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-05-18 Created: 2018-05-18 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
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