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Byass, Peter
Publications (10 of 222) Show all publications
Byass, P., Jackson Cole, C., Davies, J. I., Geldsetzer, P., Witham, M. D. & Wu, Y. (2018). Collaboration for impact in global health [Letter to the editor]. The Lancet Global Health, 6(8), e836-e837
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaboration for impact in global health
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2018 (English)In: The Lancet Global Health, E-ISSN 2214-109X, Vol. 6, no 8, p. e836-e837Article in journal, Letter (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150560 (URN)10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30296-1 (DOI)000438821600014 ()30012262 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049729744 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-08-13 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved
Davies, J. I., Macnab, A. J., Byass, P., Norris, S. A., Nyirenda, M., Singhal, A., . . . Daar, A. S. (2018). Developmental origins of health and disease in Africa: influencing early life. The Lancet Global Health, 6(3), E244-E245
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developmental origins of health and disease in Africa: influencing early life
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2018 (English)In: The Lancet Global Health, E-ISSN 2214-109X, Vol. 6, no 3, p. E244-E245Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145363 (URN)10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30036-6 (DOI)000424738900009 ()29433658 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-03-13 Created: 2018-03-13 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Watts, N., Amann, M., Ayeb-Karlsson, S., Belesova, K., Bouley, T., Boykoff, M., . . . Costello, A. (2018). The Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: from 25 years of inaction to a global transformation for public health. The Lancet, 391(10120), 581-630
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: from 25 years of inaction to a global transformation for public health
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2018 (English)In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 391, no 10120, p. 581-630Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Lancet Countdown tracks progress on health and climate change and provides an independent assessment of the health effects of climate change, the implementation of the Paris Agreement, 1 and the health implications of these actions. It follows on from the work of the 2015 Lancet Commission on Health and Climate Change, 2 which concluded that anthropogenic climate change threatens to undermine the past 50 years of gains in public health, and conversely, that a comprehensive response to climate change could be "the greatest global health opportunity of the 21st century". The Lancet Countdown is a collaboration between 24 academic institutions and intergovernmental organisations based in every continent and with representation from a wide range of disciplines. The collaboration includes climate scientists, ecologists, economists, engineers, experts in energy, food, and transport systems, geographers, mathematicians, social and political scientists, public health professionals, and doctors. It reports annual indicators across five sections: climate change impacts, exposures, and vulnerability; adaptation planning and resilience for health; mitigation actions and health co-benefits; economics and finance; and public and political engagement. The key messages from the 40 indicators in the Lancet Countdown's 2017 report are summarised below.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143784 (URN)10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32464-9 (DOI)000424649400035 ()29096948 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-01-09 Created: 2018-01-09 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Nichols, E. K., Byass, P., Chandramohan, D., Clark, S. J., Flaxman, A. D., Jakob, R., . . . Setel, P. W. (2018). The WHO 2016 verbal autopsy instrument: An international standard suitable for automated analysis by InterVA, InSilicoVA, and Tariff 2.0. PLoS Medicine, 15(1), Article ID e1002486.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The WHO 2016 verbal autopsy instrument: An international standard suitable for automated analysis by InterVA, InSilicoVA, and Tariff 2.0
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2018 (English)In: PLoS Medicine, ISSN 1549-1277, E-ISSN 1549-1676, Vol. 15, no 1, article id e1002486Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Verbal autopsy (VA) is a practical method for determining probable causes of death at the population level in places where systems for medical certification of cause of death are weak. VA methods suitable for use in routine settings, such as civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems, have developed rapidly in the last decade. These developments have been part of a growing global momentum to strengthen CRVS systems in low-income countries. With this momentum have come pressure for continued research and development of VA methods and the need for a single standard VA instrument on which multiple automated diagnostic methods can be developed.

Methods and findings: In 2016, partners harmonized a WHO VA standard instrument that fully incorporates the indicators necessary to run currently available automated diagnostic algorithms. The WHO 2016 VA instrument, together with validated approaches to analyzing VA data, offers countries solutions to improving information about patterns of cause-specific mortality. This VA instrument offers the opportunity to harmonize the automated diagnostic algorithms in the future.

Conclusions: Despite all improvements in design and technology, VA is only recommended where medical certification of cause of death is not possible. The method can nevertheless provide sufficient information to guide public health priorities in communities in which physician certification of deaths is largely unavailable. The WHO 2016 VA instrument, together with validated approaches to analyzing VA data, offers countries solutions to improving information about patterns of cause-specific mortality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144955 (URN)10.1371/journal.pmed.1002486 (DOI)000423818400007 ()29320495 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-02-22 Created: 2018-02-22 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Swaminathan, S., Room, R. S., Ivers, L. C., Hillis, G., Grais, R. F., Bhutta, Z. A. & Byass, P. (2018). What's coming for health science and policy in 2018?: Global experts look ahead in their field. PLoS Medicine, 15(1), Article ID e1002498.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What's coming for health science and policy in 2018?: Global experts look ahead in their field
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2018 (English)In: PLoS Medicine, ISSN 1549-1277, E-ISSN 1549-1676, Vol. 15, no 1, article id e1002498Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144956 (URN)10.1371/journal.pmed.1002498 (DOI)000423818400019 ()29381695 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-02-22 Created: 2018-02-22 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Bocquier, P., Sankoh, O. & Byass, P. (2017). Are health and demographic surveillance system estimates sufficiently generalisable?. Global Health Action, 10(1), 1-3, Article ID 1356621.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are health and demographic surveillance system estimates sufficiently generalisable?
2017 (English)In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-3, article id 1356621Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sampling rules do not apply in a Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) that covers exhaustively a district-level population and is not meant to be representative of a national population. We highlight the advantages of HDSS data for causal analysis and identify in the literature the principles of conditional generalisation that best apply to HDSS. A probabilistic view on HDSS data is still justified by the need to model complex causal inference. Accounting for contextual knowledge, reducing omitted-variable bias, detailing order of events, and high statistical power brings credence to HDSS data. Generalisation of causal mechanisms identified in HDSS data is consolidated through systematic comparison and triangulation with national or international data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Generalisation, HDSS, longitudinal data, causal inference
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139148 (URN)10.1080/16549716.2017.1356621 (DOI)000407953400001 ()28820344 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-09-15 Created: 2017-09-15 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
AbouZahr, C., Boerma, T. & Byass, P. (2017). Bridging the data gaps: do we have the right balance between country data and global estimates?. Global Health Action, 10, Article ID 1299978.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridging the data gaps: do we have the right balance between country data and global estimates?
2017 (English)In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 10, article id 1299978Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137019 (URN)10.1080/16549716.2017.1299978 (DOI)000402551800001 ()
Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Beran, D., Byass, P., Gbakima, A., Kahn, K., Sankoh, O., Tollman, S., . . . Davies, J. (2017). Bringing all together for research capacity building in LMICs. The Lancet Global Health, 5(9), E870-E870
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bringing all together for research capacity building in LMICs
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2017 (English)In: The Lancet Global Health, E-ISSN 2214-109X, Vol. 5, no 9, p. E870-E870Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139619 (URN)000407504700020 ()
Available from: 2017-10-04 Created: 2017-10-04 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Byass, P. (2017). Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus is the best candidate for WHO DG [Letter to the editor]. The Lancet, 389(10084), E6-E7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus is the best candidate for WHO DG
2017 (English)In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 389, no 10084, p. E6-E7Article in journal, Letter (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-135966 (URN)10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31354-5 (DOI)000401973300001 ()28527706 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-06-27 Created: 2017-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Tissera, H., Gunasena, S., De Silva, D., Sessions, O., Palihawadana, P., Amarasinghe, A., . . . Gubler, D. (2017). Enhanced dengue sentinel surveillance in metropolitan Sri Lanka: 2012 to 2015. Paper presented at 65th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Tropical-Medicine-and-Hygiene (ASTMH), NOV 13-16, 2016, Atlanta, GA. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 95(5), 426-427
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enhanced dengue sentinel surveillance in metropolitan Sri Lanka: 2012 to 2015
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2017 (English)In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, ISSN 0002-9637, E-ISSN 1476-1645, Vol. 95, no 5, p. 426-427Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141469 (URN)000412851502880 ()
Conference
65th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Tropical-Medicine-and-Hygiene (ASTMH), NOV 13-16, 2016, Atlanta, GA
Note

Supplement: S, Meeting Abstract: 1357

Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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