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DeMarinis, Valerie
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Lloyd, C. S., af Klinteberg, B. & DeMarinis, V. (2017). An Assessment of Existential Worldview Function among Young Women at Risk for Depression and Anxiety-A Multi-Method Study. Archive for the Psychology of Religion/ Archiv für Religionspsychologie, 39(2), 165-203
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Assessment of Existential Worldview Function among Young Women at Risk for Depression and Anxiety-A Multi-Method Study
2017 (English)In: Archive for the Psychology of Religion/ Archiv für Religionspsychologie, ISSN 0084-6724, E-ISSN 1573-6121, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 165-203Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increasing rates of psychiatric problems like depression and anxiety among Swedish youth, predominantly among females, are considered a serious public mental health concern. Multiple studies confirm that psychological as well as existential vulnerability manifest in different ways for youths in Sweden. This multi-method study aimed at assessing existential worldview function by three factors: 1) existential worldview, 2) ontological security, and 3) self-concept, attempting to identify possible protective and risk factors for mental ill-health among female youths at risk for depression and anxiety. The sample comprised ten females on the waiting list at an outpatient psychotherapy clinic for teens and young adults. Results indicated that both functional and dysfunctional factors related to mental health were present, where the quality and availability of significant interpersonal relations seemed to have an important influence. Examples of both an impaired worldview function and a lack of an operating existential worldview were found. Psychotherapeutic implications are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brill Academic Publishers, 2017
Keywords
existential worldview function, ontological security, self-concept, young women, meaning, belonging, depression, anxiety
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139171 (URN)10.1163/15736121-12341337 (DOI)000408056700004 ()
Available from: 2017-09-08 Created: 2017-09-08 Last updated: 2019-05-16Bibliographically approved
DeMarinis, V. & Cetrez, O. (2016). A psychosocial-, somatic- and existential health study among Assyrian-Syrian refugees in Istanbul- understanding resilience in the midst of hardship. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 85, 61-62
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A psychosocial-, somatic- and existential health study among Assyrian-Syrian refugees in Istanbul- understanding resilience in the midst of hardship
2016 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360, Vol. 85, p. 61-62Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123984 (URN)10.1016/j.jpsychores.2016.03.151 (DOI)000377627200034 ()
Note

Meeting Abstract: 25

Available from: 2016-08-19 Created: 2016-07-07 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Lilja, A., DeMarinis, V., Lehti, A. & Forssén, A. (2016). Experiences and explanations of mental ill health in a group of devout Christians from the ethnic majority population in secular Sweden: a qualitative study. BMJ Open, 6(10), Article ID e011647.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences and explanations of mental ill health in a group of devout Christians from the ethnic majority population in secular Sweden: a qualitative study
2016 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, no 10, article id e011647Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To explore existential meaning-making in an ethnic-majority subgroup with mental ill health and to increase knowledge about the importance of gaining access to such information in mental healthcare.

DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews and systematic text condensation analysis.

PARTICIPANTS: 17 devote Christians with an ethnic-Swedish background, 12 women and 5 men, 30-73 years old, from different congregations across Sweden, having sought medical care for mental ill health of any kind.

SETTING: The secular Swedish society.

RESULTS: A living, although asymmetric, relationship with God often was seen as the most important relationship, giving hope and support when ill, but creating feelings of abandonment and fear if perceived as threatened. Symptoms were interpreted through an existential framework influenced by their view of God. A perceived judging God increased feelings of guilt, sinfulness and shame. A perceived merciful God soothed symptoms and promoted recovery. Existential consequences, such as being unable to pray or participate in congregational rituals, caused feelings of 'spiritual homelessness'. Participants gave biopsychosocial explanations of their mental ill health, consonant with and sometimes painfully conflicting with existential explanations, such as being attacked by demons. Three different patterns of interaction among biopsychosocial and existential dimensions in their explanatory systems of illness causation were identified: (a) comprehensive thinking and consensus; (b) division and parallel functions and (c) division and competitive functions.

CONCLUSIONS: Prevailing medical models for understanding mental ill health do not include the individual's existential experiences, which are important for identifying risk and protective factors as well as possible resources for recovery. The various expressions of existential meaning-making identified in this devout religious subgroup illustrate that existential information cannot be generalised, even within a small, seemingly homogenous group. The three identified patterns of interactions formed a typology that may be of use in clinical settings.

National Category
General Practice
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129024 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011647 (DOI)000391303200091 ()27797991 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-12-20 Created: 2016-12-20 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Melder, C., Santamäki Fischer, R., Nygren, B. & DeMarinis, V. (2016). Validating WHOQOL-SRPB in Sweden: instrument adaption for measuring existential aspects of health-related quality of life [HRQL] in secular contexts. In: : . Paper presented at 23rd Annual Conference of the International Society for Quality of Life Research, 19-22 oct, 2016, Copenhagen, Denmark (pp. 100-100). SPRINGER, 25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validating WHOQOL-SRPB in Sweden: instrument adaption for measuring existential aspects of health-related quality of life [HRQL] in secular contexts
2016 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER, 2016
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134294 (URN)10.1007/s11136-016-1390-7 (DOI)000398451600241 ()
Conference
23rd Annual Conference of the International Society for Quality of Life Research, 19-22 oct, 2016, Copenhagen, Denmark
Note

Supplement 1, Meeting abstract 1056

Available from: 2017-05-09 Created: 2017-05-09 Last updated: 2018-06-09
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