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Publications (10 of 36) Show all publications
Seyfferth, C., Wessels, B. A., Gorzsás, A., Love, J. W., Rüggeberg, M., Delhomme, N., . . . Felten, J. (2019). Ethylene Signaling Is Required for Fully Functional Tension Wood in Hybrid Aspen. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10, Article ID 1101.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethylene Signaling Is Required for Fully Functional Tension Wood in Hybrid Aspen
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2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Plant Science, ISSN 1664-462X, E-ISSN 1664-462X, Vol. 10, article id 1101Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tension wood (TW) in hybrid aspen trees forms on the upper side of displaced stems to generate a strain that leads to uplifting of the stem. TW is characterized by increased cambial growth, reduced vessel frequency and diameter, and the presence of gelatinous, cellulose-rich (G-)fibers with its microfibrils oriented parallel to the fiber cell axis. Knowledge remains limited about the molecular regulators required for the development of this special xylem tissue with its characteristic morphological, anatomical, and chemical features. In this study, we use transgenic, ethylene-insensitive (ETI) hybrid aspen trees together with time-lapse imaging to show that functional ethylene signaling is required for full uplifting of inclined stems. X-ray diffraction and Raman microspectroscopy of TW in ETI trees indicate that, although G-fibers form, the cellulose microfibril angle in the G-fiber S-layer is decreased, and the chemical composition of S- and G-layers is altered than in wild-type TW. The characteristic asymmetric growth and reduction of vessel density is suppressed during TW formation in ETI trees. A genome-wide transcriptome profiling reveals ethylene-dependent genes in TW, related to cell division, cell wall composition, vessel differentiation, microtubule orientation, and hormone crosstalk. Our results demonstrate that ethylene regulates transcriptional responses related to the amount of G-fiber formation and their properties (chemistry and cellulose microfibril angle) during TW formation. The quantitative and qualitative changes in G-fibers are likely to contribute to uplifting of stems that are displaced from their original position.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2019
Keywords
xylem, wood, ethylene, tension wood, lignin, microfibril angle, Raman microspectroscopy, transcriptomics
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164043 (URN)10.3389/fpls.2019.01101 (DOI)000487981600001 ()
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-15Bibliographically approved
Wojciechowska, A., Janczak, J., Rojek, T., Gorzsás, A., Malik-Gajewska, M. & Duczmal, M. (2019). Isothiocyanate controlled architecture, spectroscopic, and magnetic behavior of copper(II) l-arginine complexes. Journal of coordination chemistry (Print), 72(8), 1358-1377
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Isothiocyanate controlled architecture, spectroscopic, and magnetic behavior of copper(II) l-arginine complexes
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2019 (English)In: Journal of coordination chemistry (Print), ISSN 0095-8972, E-ISSN 1029-0389, Vol. 72, no 8, p. 1358-1377Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We synthesized an l-arginine complex with the formula [Cu(l-Arg)(2)(NCS)](NCS)H2O (1) (l-Arg = l-arginine). Two cis-chelated l-arginine zwitterions form the basal plane, while the weakly N-bonded isothiocyanate is located at the apex of the distorted square pyramidal structure (=0.143). The non-coordinated NCS- anions held layers together in a 3-D supramolecular network. The crystal structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, Raman, NIR-Vis-UV, EPR) and magnetic properties of 1 have been compared with [Cu(l-Arg)(NCS)(2)] (2). For 1, two absorptions are observed for (C=N) stretching vibrations, corresponding to NCS- ions N-bonded to the central Cu(II) (2077cm(-1)) and in the lattice (2057cm(-1)). In 2 a single band is observed at 2102cm(-1), indicating equivalent NCS- ions in the structure. The EPR spectra of complexes show anisotropic signal with g(perpendicular to) and g(||) 2.062, 2.235 (1), and 2.08, 2.225 (2) characteristic for cis-N2O2 and N3O donor sets in the xy plane, respectively. The unpaired electron mainly occupies the d(x2-y2) orbital, also confirmed by the single envelope of d-d bands at ca. 16,000cm(-1) for 1 and 16,500cm(-1) for 2. The magnetic properties ofcompounds are characteristic of a very weak antiferromagnetic interaction with J=-0.055cm(-1) and J=-0.096cm(-1) for 1 and 2, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Copper(II), L-arginine, isothiocyanate, crystal structure, FT-IR spectra, Raman spectra, NIR-Vis-UV electronic spectra, EPR spectra, magnetism
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158579 (URN)10.1080/00958972.2019.1597065 (DOI)000464620900001 ()2-s2.0-85063966558 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-27 Created: 2019-05-27 Last updated: 2019-10-11Bibliographically approved
Zhang, B., Sztojka, B., Escamez, S., Vanholme, R., Hedenström, M., Wang, Y., . . . Tuominen, H. (2019). PIRIN2 suppresses S-type lignin accumulation in a noncell-autonomous manner in Arabidopsis xylem elements. New Phytologist
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PIRIN2 suppresses S-type lignin accumulation in a noncell-autonomous manner in Arabidopsis xylem elements
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2019 (English)In: New Phytologist, ISSN 0028-646X, E-ISSN 1469-8137Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]
  • PIRIN (PRN) genes encode cupin domain‐containing proteins that function as transcriptional co‐regulators in humans but that are poorly described in plants. A previous study in xylogenic cell cultures of Zinnia elegans suggested a role for a PRN protein in lignification. This study aimed to identify the function of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) PRN proteins in lignification of xylem tissues.
  • Chemical composition of the secondary cell walls was analysed in Arabidopsis stems and/or hypocotyls by pyrolysis–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, 2D‐nuclear magnetic resonance and phenolic profiling. Secondary cell walls of individual xylem elements were chemotyped by Fourier transform infrared and Raman microspectroscopy.
  • Arabidopsis PRN2 suppressed accumulation of S‐type lignin in Arabidopsis stems and hypocotyls. PRN2 promoter activity and PRN2:GFP fusion protein were localised specifically in cells next to the vessel elements, suggesting a role for PRN2 in noncell‐autonomous lignification of xylem vessels. Accordingly, PRN2 modulated lignin chemistry in the secondary cell walls of the neighbouring vessel elements.
  • These results indicate that PRN2 suppresses S‐type lignin accumulation in the neighbourhood of xylem vessels to bestow G‐type enriched lignin composition on the secondary cell walls of the vessel elements. Gene expression analyses suggested that PRN2 function is mediated by regulation of the expression of the lignin‐biosynthetic genes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New Phytologist Trust, 2019
Keywords
Arabidopsis, lignification, noncell-autonomy, PIRIN, xylem vessel element
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165740 (URN)10.1111/nph.16271 (DOI)000495547800001 ()31625609 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 232-2011-1312Swedish Research Council Formas, 232-2011-1312Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , RBP14-0011Vinnova, 201600504Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, 20160341Bio4Energy
Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2019-12-10
Ferro, L., Gojkovic, Z., Gorzsás, A. & Funk, C. (2019). Statistical Methods for Rapid Quantification of Proteins, Lipids, and Carbohydrates in Nordic Microalgal Species Using ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy. Molecules, 24(18), Article ID 3237.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Statistical Methods for Rapid Quantification of Proteins, Lipids, and Carbohydrates in Nordic Microalgal Species Using ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy
2019 (English)In: Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 24, no 18, article id 3237Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy is a simple, cheap, and fast method to collect chemical compositional information from microalgae. However, (semi)quantitative evaluation of the collected data can be daunting. In this work, ATR-FTIR spectroscopy was used to monitor changes of protein, lipid, and carbohydrate content in seven green microalgae grown under nitrogen starvation. Three statistical methods-univariate linear regression analysis (ULRA), orthogonal partial least squares (OPLS), and multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS)-were compared in their ability to model and predict the concentration of these compounds in the biomass. OPLS was found superior, since it i) included all three compounds simultaneously; ii) explained variations in the data very well; iii) had excellent prediction accuracy for proteins and lipids, and acceptable for carbohydrates; and iv) was able to discriminate samples based on cultivation stage and type of storage compounds accumulated in the cells. ULRA models worked well for the determination of proteins and lipids, but carbohydrates could only be estimated if already determined protein contents were used for scaling. Results obtained by MCR-ALS were similar to ULRA, however, this method is considerably easier to perform and interpret than the more abstract statistical/chemometric methods. FTIR-spectroscopy-based models allow high-throughput, cost-effective, and rapid estimation of biomass composition of green microalgae.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
microalgae, FTIR spectroscopy, statistical methods, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nitrogen arvation
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164462 (URN)10.3390/molecules24183237 (DOI)000488830500029 ()31492012 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-10-22 Created: 2019-10-22 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved
Felten, J., Vahala, J., Love, J., Gorzsás, A., Ruggeberg, M., Delhomme, N., . . . Sundberg, B. (2018). Ethylene signaling induces gelatinous layers with typical features of tension wood in hybrid aspen. New Phytologist, 218(3), 999-1014
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethylene signaling induces gelatinous layers with typical features of tension wood in hybrid aspen
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2018 (English)In: New Phytologist, ISSN 0028-646X, E-ISSN 1469-8137, Vol. 218, no 3, p. 999-1014Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The phytohormone ethylene impacts secondary stem growth in plants by stimulating cambial activity, xylem development and fiber over vessel formation. We report the effect of ethylene on secondary cell wall formation and the molecular connection between ethylene signaling and wood formation. We applied exogenous ethylene or its precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) to wild-type and ethylene-insensitive hybrid aspen trees (Populus tremulaxtremuloides) and studied secondary cell wall anatomy, chemistry and ultrastructure. We furthermore analyzed the transcriptome (RNA Seq) after ACC application to wild-type and ethylene-insensitive trees. We demonstrate that ACC and ethylene induce gelatinous layers (G-layers) and alter the fiber cell wall cellulose microfibril angle. G-layers are tertiary wall layers rich in cellulose, typically found in tension wood of aspen trees. A vast majority of transcripts affected by ACC are downstream of ethylene perception and include a large number of transcription factors (TFs). Motif-analyses reveal potential connections between ethylene TFs (Ethylene Response Factors (ERFs), ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE 3/ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3-LIKE1 (EIN3/EIL1)) and wood formation. G-layer formation upon ethylene application suggests that the increase in ethylene biosynthesis observed during tension wood formation is important for its formation. Ethylene-regulated TFs of the ERF and EIN3/EIL1 type could transmit the ethylene signal.

Keywords
cell wall, ethylene signaling, gelatinous layer (G-layer), hybrid aspen, tension wood, transcriptome
National Category
Botany
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147450 (URN)10.1111/nph.15078 (DOI)000430127000016 ()29528503 (PubMedID)
Projects
Bio4Energy
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 213-2011-1148Swedish Research Council Formas, 239-2011-1915
Available from: 2018-07-19 Created: 2018-07-19 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, A., Krais, A. M., Gorzsás, A., Lundh, T. & Gerde, P. (2018). Isolation and characterization of a respirable particle fraction from residential house-dust. Environmental Research, 161, 284-290
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Isolation and characterization of a respirable particle fraction from residential house-dust
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2018 (English)In: Environmental Research, ISSN 0013-9351, E-ISSN 1096-0953, Vol. 161, p. 284-290Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Indoor air pollution has caused increasing concern in recent years. As we spend most of our lives indoors, it is crucial to understand the health effects caused by indoor air pollution. Household dust serve as good proxy for accessing indoor air pollution, especially smaller dust particles that can pass into the lungs are of interest. In this study we present an efficient method for the isolation of dust particles in the respirable size range. The respirable fraction was recovered from vacuum cleaner bags, separated by stepwise sieving, followed by characterization for size, morphology, surface area, organic content and elemental composition. The respirable fraction was obtained in a yield of 0.6% with a specific surface area of 2.5 m(2)/g and a Mass Median Aerodynamic Diameter of 3.73 +/- 0.15 mu m. Aluminum and zink were the dominating metals measured in the dust, whereas the major mineral components were found to be silicon dioxide and calcium carbonate. The fraction of organic matter in the dust was measured to be 69 +/- 1%. The organic matrix contained bacterial and fungi and a presence of skin fragments. We present here an efficient and fast method for the isolation of dust particles in the respirable size range. That is of considerable value due to the need for large quantities of respirable particle fractions to conduct toxicological studies and risk assessment work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, 2018
Keywords
Indoor air, House dust, Respirable, Inhalation, Health, Particle characterization
National Category
Other Chemistry Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145162 (URN)10.1016/j.envres.2017.10.049 (DOI)000423654100032 ()29172162 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Ferro, L., Gorzsás, A., Gentili, F. G. & Funk, C. (2018). Subarctic microalgal strains treat wastewater and produce biomass at low temperature and short photoperiod. Algal Research, 35, 160-167
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Subarctic microalgal strains treat wastewater and produce biomass at low temperature and short photoperiod
2018 (English)In: Algal Research, ISSN 2211-9264, Vol. 35, p. 160-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Northern countries, microalgal-based processes are challenging due to low light and temperature conditions during a significant part of the year. Three natural strains from Northern Sweden (Chlorella vulgaris, Scenedesmus sp., Desmodesmus sp.) and a collection strain (Scenedesmus obliquus UTEX 417) were cultured in municipal wastewater, comparing their performances, biomass composition and nutrients removal under continuous light at standard (25 °C) and low temperature (5 °C), short photoperiod (3 h light, 25 °C), or moderate winter conditions (6 h light, 15 °C). Only the natural strains grew at low temperature, highly consuming total nitrogen and phosphate (>80% and >70%, respectively) even during cold- and dark-stress. At reduced growth rates, C. vulgaris and Scenedesmus sp. produced similar amounts of biomass (>1 g/l) as in standard conditions. Scenedesmus sp. and Desmodesmus sp. showed phenotypic plasticity and increased carbohydrate content. Short photoperiod strongly reduced growth rates, biomass and storage compounds and induced flocculation in C. vulgaris.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Subarctic climate, Microalgae, Wastewater treatment, Temperature, Photoperiod
National Category
Microbiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153114 (URN)10.1016/j.algal.2018.08.031 (DOI)000447187700016 ()2-s2.0-85052483715 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Bio4Energy
Available from: 2018-11-12 Created: 2018-11-12 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Reyes, D. C., Gorzsas, A., Stridh, K., de Wit, P. & Sundman, O. (2017). Alkalization of dissolving cellulose pulp with highly concentrated caustic at low NaOH stoichiometric excess. Carbohydrate Polymers, 165, 213-220
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alkalization of dissolving cellulose pulp with highly concentrated caustic at low NaOH stoichiometric excess
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2017 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 165, p. 213-220Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present a quantitative study, using Raman spectroscopy combined with multivariate data analysis, to determine the degree of activation of softwood sulphite dissolving cellulose pulp by aqueous sodium hydroxide. We have chosen industrially relevant conditions, including low stoichiometric ratio of NaOH/Anhydroglucose Unit (AGU) <2 and highly concentrated caustic (>= 45% w/w [NaOH]). A design of experiments is used to investigate the effects of simultaneous variation of a set of key parameters on the degree of activation (i.e. transformation to alkali cellulose, denoted as DoA): (a) the NaOH/AGU stoichiometric ratio, denoted (r); (b) the concentration of NaOH, denoted [NaOH]; (c) temperature, denoted (T); and (d) reaction time, denoted (t). Solid-state C-13 CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy was applied to investigate the reproducibility of the experiments and to select the range for (t). According to the model, (r) is found to have a statistically significant effect on DoA (increasing from DoA= 6-30% at the lowest (r)=0.8, to DoA= 48-87% at the highest (r)=1.8), together with [NaOH]. The influence of [NaOH] depends strongly on (r). The other studied variables are found to be insignificant in the model and has a complicated influence on the activation. In particular, (T) is found to be unimportant in the studied range (30-60 degrees C), but increasing (t) from 5 to 25 min shows a positive influence on DoA, depending on both (r) and [NaOH]. A mercerisation mechanism that is controlled by diffusion is proposed to explain these phenomena. 

National Category
Other Chemistry Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134689 (URN)10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.02.045 (DOI)000399261900024 ()
Projects
Bio4Energy
Available from: 2017-06-22 Created: 2017-06-22 Last updated: 2019-08-30Bibliographically approved
Nord, C., Eriksson, M., Dicker, A., Eriksson, A., Grong, E., Ilegems, E., . . . Ahlgren, U. (2017). Biochemical profiling of diabetes disease progression by multivariate vibrational microspectroscopy of the pancreas. Scientific Reports, 7, Article ID 6646.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biochemical profiling of diabetes disease progression by multivariate vibrational microspectroscopy of the pancreas
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2017 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, article id 6646Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite the dramatic increase in the prevalence of diabetes, techniques for in situ studies of the underlying pancreatic biochemistry are lacking. Such methods would facilitate obtaining mechanistic understanding of diabetes pathophysiology and aid in prognostic and/or diagnostic assessments. In this report we demonstrate how a multivariate imaging approach (orthogonal projections to latent structures - discriminant analysis) can be applied to generate full vibrational microspectroscopic profiles of pancreatic tissues. These profiles enable extraction of known and previously unrecorded biochemical alterations in models of diabetes, and allow for classification of the investigated tissue with regards to tissue type, strain and stage of disease progression. Most significantly, the approach provided evidence for dramatic alterations of the pancreatic biochemistry at the initial onset of immune-infiltration in the Non Obese Diabetic model for type 1 diabetes. Further, it enabled detection of a previously undocumented accumulation of collagen fibrils in the leptin deficient ob/ob mouse islets. By generating high quality spectral profiles through the tissue capsule of hydrated human pancreata and by in vivo Raman imaging of pancreatic islets transplanted to the anterior chamber of the eye, we provide critical feasibility studies for the translation of this technique to diagnostic assessments of pancreatic biochemistry in vivo.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2017
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138420 (URN)10.1038/s41598-017-07015-z (DOI)000406366000004 ()
Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Gillgren, T. & Gorzsás, A. (2016). A one-pot set-up for real-time reaction monitoring by FTIR spectroscopy. Wood Science and Technology, 50(3), 567-580
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A one-pot set-up for real-time reaction monitoring by FTIR spectroscopy
2016 (English)In: Wood Science and Technology, ISSN 0043-7719, E-ISSN 1432-5225, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 567-580Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a method for monitoring solution reactions in real time using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Compared to batch measurements or flow-through systems, where the reaction and spectroscopic measurements are spatially and temporarily separated, this method enables continuous FTIR spectroscopic measurements of reactions without delay and directly in the reaction vessel. The strengths are demonstrated, and the limitations of the method are highlighted using the reaction of a lignin model compound and a sulphite salt. The method is capable of identifying both kinetic and thermodynamic properties (e.g. reaction speed, intermediate species), allowing rapid and cost-effective optimisation of reaction parameters. While specificity can be limited, the non-destructive nature of the method facilitates direct coupling to other techniques to help resolve potential ambiguities. The method is of general interest in wet chemistry applications and in several areas of the lignocellulosic biomass field in particular, as it can provide new insights into natural and industrial reactions and processes.

National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120621 (URN)10.1007/s00226-016-0801-9 (DOI)000373743300009 ()
Available from: 2016-08-16 Created: 2016-05-18 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2298-8844

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