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Publications (10 of 13) Show all publications
Karlsson, R. (2020). Gallery Walk Seminar: Visualizing the Future of Political Ideologies. Journal of Political Science Education, 16(1), 91-100
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gallery Walk Seminar: Visualizing the Future of Political Ideologies
2020 (English)In: Journal of Political Science Education, ISSN 1551-2169, E-ISSN 1551-2177, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 91-100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article shows how a gallery walk exercise can be used to encourage broad participation and higher-level thinking among undergraduate students of political science. Asked to visualize the future of different political ideologies, the students work together in groups to create posters that they then present for each other during a vernissage-like event that includes a Q&A session. This seminar format enables an iterative, adaptive, and reflective approach to learning that stimulates higher-level skills such as synthesis and evaluation. As such, the gallery walk exercise can be seen as a useful complement to more traditional didactic learning activities aimed at the lower levels of Bloom’s taxonomy (e.g., knowledge and comprehension). Based on written course evaluations, the students seem to appreciate not only the novelty of the gallery walk seminar format but also how it prompted them to see the different ideologies in a new light and that it significantly deepened their understanding of the subject matter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020
Keywords
peer learning, participation, classroom climate
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156502 (URN)10.1080/15512169.2018.1549495 (DOI)000514594300008 ()
Available from: 2019-02-18 Created: 2019-02-18 Last updated: 2020-03-13Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, R. (2018). Book review – Climate Leviathan: A Political Theory of Our Planetary Future [Review]. Global Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book review – Climate Leviathan: A Political Theory of Our Planetary Future
2018 (English)In: Global Policy, ISSN 1758-5880, E-ISSN 1758-5899Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151591 (URN)
Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2018-09-07Bibliographically approved
Symons, J. & Karlsson, R. (2018). Ecomodernist citizenship: rethinking political obligations in a climate-changed world. Citizenship Studies, 22(7), 685-704
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ecomodernist citizenship: rethinking political obligations in a climate-changed world
2018 (English)In: Citizenship Studies, ISSN 1362-1025, E-ISSN 1469-3593, Vol. 22, no 7, p. 685-704Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Green accounts of environmental citizenship typically seek to promote environmental sustainability and justice. However, some green theorists have argued that liberal freedoms are incompatible with preserving a planetary environment capable of meeting basic human needs and must be wound back. More recently, ‘ecomodernists’ have proposed that liberalism might be reconciled with environmental challenges through state-directed innovation focused on the provision of global public goods. Yet, they have not articulated an account of ecomodernist citizenship. This article seeks to advance the normative theory of ecomodernism by specifying an account of ecomodernist citizenship and subjecting the theory’s core claims to sympathetic critique. We argue that state-directed innovation has the potential to reconcile ambitious mitigation with liberal freedoms. However, full implementation of ecomodernist ideals would require widespread embrace of ecophilic values, high-trust societies and acceptance of thick political obligations within both national and global communities. Ecomodernism’s wider commitments to cosmopolitan egalitarianism and separation from nature thus amount to a non-liberal comprehensive public conception of the good. Furthermore, ecomodernism currently lacks an adequate account of how a society that successfully ‘separates’ from nature can nurture green values, or how vulnerable people’s substantive freedoms will be protected during an era of worsening climate harms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
citizenship, innovation, social democracy, ecomodernism, anthropocene, climate policy
National Category
Ethics Globalisation Studies
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150582 (URN)10.1080/13621025.2018.1508414 (DOI)000443851300003 ()2-s2.0-85051979943 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-08-13 Last updated: 2018-11-01Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, R. (2018). The high-energy planet. Global Change, Peace & Security, 30(1), 77-84
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The high-energy planet
2018 (English)In: Global Change, Peace & Security, ISSN 1478-1158, E-ISSN 1478-1166, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 77-84Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A key part of the ecomodern discourse of a 'Good Anthropocene' is the vision of a 'high-energy planet' characterized by universal access to modern energy. Recognizing the crucial historical role that rising energy consumption has played in driving social transformations, ecomodernists imagine a future with substantial global equality of opportunity powered by clean and abundant energy. Whereas traditional environmental thinking has advocated land-intensive distributed forms of renewable energy, ecomodernists have argued that such technologies are fundamentally incompatible with a world in which 7-10 billion people can live modern lives. Instead, ecomodernists believe that only breakthrough innovation can overcome the current political and cultural polarization surrounding climate change and provide a unifying pathway towards climate stability. Yet, resurging populism and nationalism, but also the statist frame of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change process, make such a future unlikely as rich countries remain focused on meeting their own domestic emissions targets rather than decarbonizing the global economy as a whole. As a consequence, overall political polarization is bound to increase as radical environmental voices will call for ever harsher demand-side reductions while technocratic elites may come to see solar radiation management as the only feasible way of preventing an irreversible destabilization of the climate system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Keywords
renewable energy, nuclear energy, climate policy, sustainable development, global ethics
National Category
Political Science Climate Research
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144525 (URN)10.1080/14781158.2018.1428946 (DOI)000427555100005 ()
Available from: 2018-02-05 Created: 2018-02-05 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, R. (2017). Expanding Opportunity in the Anthropocene. Ethics, Policy & Environment, 20(3), 240-242
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expanding Opportunity in the Anthropocene
2017 (English)In: Ethics, Policy & Environment, ISSN 2155-0085, E-ISSN 2155-0093, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 240-242Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ecomodernists have argued that rather than imposing an “ethic of sustainability”, publicly funded breakthrough innovation can make possible both liberal freedom and expanding opportunity in the Anthropocene. Yet, just like the perfectionist social vision formulated by Randall Curren and Ellen Metzger, an ecomodern future would require far-reaching political commitment and coordination to an extent that may be at odds with real world political experiences. This commentary suggests that important insights into sustainability debates can be obtained by taking a longer look at human history.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140762 (URN)10.1080/21550085.2017.1374017 (DOI)000419221300002 ()
Available from: 2017-10-18 Created: 2017-10-18 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, R. (2017). The environmental risks of incomplete globalization. Globalizations, 14(4), 550-562
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The environmental risks of incomplete globalization
2017 (English)In: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 550-562Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As the liberal optimism of the long 1990s has faded into a world of growing inequality and resurging nationalism, there is less certainty about the prospects of economic convergence and global integration. Beyond the formidable human cost of maintaining a divided world, the possibility of incomplete globalisation also gives rise to a number of environmental risks. While environmental political theory generally sees strength in localism, history rather shows that a robust world trade system is crucial to offset local resource scarcities and that cosmopolitan norms of solidarity are essential for helping communities to rebuild after environmental catastrophe. In relation to climate change, statist thinking has led to a focus on non-scalable technologies and a silent acceptance of chronic poverty abroad as a way of avoiding a climate emergency. Contrary to such views, this paper argues that accelerating the transition to a fully integrated high-energy planet may more effectively mitigate Anthropocene risks.

Keywords
global convergence, intentional localisation, nuclear energy, renewable energy, climate policy, degrowth
National Category
Globalisation Studies Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124449 (URN)10.1080/14747731.2016.1216820 (DOI)000396950000005 ()
Available from: 2016-08-12 Created: 2016-08-12 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, R. (2016). Après Paris: Breakthrough innovation as the primary moral obligation of rich countries. Environmental Science and Policy, 63, 170-176
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Après Paris: Breakthrough innovation as the primary moral obligation of rich countries
2016 (English)In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 63, p. 170-176Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While the notion of differentiated responsibility has always included an element of technological transfer, the growing disparity between the deployment of non-scalable renewable energy sources in the rich countries and the massive expansion of fossil infrastructure elsewhere has brought new urgency to issues of climate leadership. Breakthrough innovation into technologies capable of providing an abundance of clean energy now appears necessary not only to broaden energy access but also to ensure that fossil fuels are quickly displaced globally (including in those countries that have failed to take climate change seriously). Moreover, it is reasonable to expect that a climatechanged world in itself will demand abundant energy to facilitate everything from carbon dioxide removal to mass desalination for agriculture and other adaptation measures. Considering the moral and political impossibility of treating sustained poverty as the “solution” to the climate crisis, this paper suggests that rich countries have a moral obligation to invest in breakthrough innovation into technologies that are compatible with a future global economic convergence around OECD-levels.

Keywords
climate policy, Renewable energy; Nuclear energy; Innovation
National Category
Globalisation Studies
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122213 (URN)10.1016/j.envsci.2016.05.023 (DOI)000379635300018 ()
External cooperation:
Available from: 2016-06-15 Created: 2016-06-15 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Brook, B., Edney, K., Hillerbrand, R., Karlsson, R. & Symons, J. (2016). Energy research within the UNFCCC: a proposal to guard against ongoing climate-deadlock. Climate Policy, 16(6), 803-813
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy research within the UNFCCC: a proposal to guard against ongoing climate-deadlock
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2016 (English)In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 803-813Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We propose that an international ‘Low-Emissions Technology Commitment’ should be incorporated into the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiation process in order to promote innovation that will enable deepdecarbonization. The goal is to accelerate research, development, and demonstration of safe, scalable, and affordable lowemissions energy technologies. Such a commitment should be based on three elements. First, it should operate within existing UNFCCC negotiations so as to encourage developed states to offer directed funding for energy research as part of their national contributions. Second, pledges should be binding, verifiable, and coordinated within an international energy-research plan.Third, expert scientific networks and participating governments should collaborate to design a coordinated global research and technology-demonstration strategy and oversee national research efforts. To this end an Intergovernmental Panel on Low-Emissions Technology Research might be established. This proposal offers some insurance against the risk that the political impasse in international negotiations cannot be overcome. The higher costs associated with low-emissions alternatives to fossil fuels currently creates significant economic and political resistance to their widespread adoption. To breach this impasse, amechanism supporting accelerated energy research is needed that seeks to reduce future abatement costs, share experienceand ‘learning-by-doing’ in first-of-a-kind demonstrations, and thus facilitate future widespread deployments. These actions will also assist in addressing inequalities in energy access.

Keywords
induced technological change, innovation policy, multilateral climate policy frameworks, research policy
National Category
Social Sciences Climate Research
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-102982 (URN)10.1080/14693062.2015.1037820 (DOI)000381519200010 ()
Available from: 2015-05-13 Created: 2015-05-13 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, R. (2016). Three metaphors for sustainability in the Anthropocene. The Anthropocene Review, 3(1), 23-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Three metaphors for sustainability in the Anthropocene
2016 (English)In: The Anthropocene Review, ISSN 2053-0196, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 23-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents three different metaphors for sustainability in the Anthropocene. The first metaphor is the widely used notion of an ‘ecological footprint’, which offers a snapshot of what sustainability would require today using existing technologies. The second metaphor is one of a rocket taking off. Unlike the static footprint metaphor, this metaphor allows for the possibility that achieving a long-term sustainable trajectory might require entering a temporary state of even higher levels of unsustainability. Finally a third metaphor is presented, in which human civilisation is likened to an airplane and modernity to a runway. This metaphor suggests that sustainability can be achieved either by (1) a take-off into a post-scarcity space-faring civilisation or (2) a deceleration into a small-scale economy based on norms of frugality and simplicity. The third metaphor highlights the risk that insufficient political commitment to either trajectory might lead to (3) a catastrophic ecological overshoot.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2016
Keywords
global change, sustainable development, future studies
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106736 (URN)10.1177/2053019615599415 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-08-06 Created: 2015-08-06 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Symons, J. & Karlsson, R. (2015). Green political theory in a climate-changed world: between innovation and restraint. Environmental Politics, 24(2), 173-192, Article ID 230.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Green political theory in a climate-changed world: between innovation and restraint
2015 (English)In: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 173-192, article id 230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The implications for Green political theory of the international community’s failure to avert dangerous warming are evaluated. An emerging conflict is identified between the Green-romantic value of restraint and the Green-rationalistvalue of protection, between a desire to preserve biotic systemsand a distrust of scientific solutions to problems that are intrinsically social. In response, approaches are outlined that can help to navigate the current period of overshoot beyond safe planetary boundaries by informing choices among bundles of environmental harms. An ethic of restraint, encompassing non-domination and post-materialist values, can validly be justified without reference to ecological catastrophe. Meanwhile, in respect of preservationfrom climate-linked harms, the need for cooperation in support of scalable abatement measures suggests the necessity of accelerated research into ‘breakthrough’, low-emissions energy technologies. However, since technophilic preservationism is incompatible with existing environmental ‘logics ofpractice’, this strategy must mobilise political support outside the traditional environmental movement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2015
Keywords
Anthropocene, geoengineering, Enlightenment, climate policy, breakthrough
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101241 (URN)10.1080/09644016.2015.1008252 (DOI)000352846900001 ()
Available from: 2015-03-25 Created: 2015-03-25 Last updated: 2019-03-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1291-5254

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