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Eger, Maureen A., Dr.ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9023-7316
Publications (10 of 22) Show all publications
Hjerm, M., Eger, M. A., Bohman, A. & Fors Connolly, F. (2019). A New Approach to the Study of Tolerance: Conceptualizing and Measuring Acceptance, Respect, and Appreciation of Difference. Social Indicators Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A New Approach to the Study of Tolerance: Conceptualizing and Measuring Acceptance, Respect, and Appreciation of Difference
2019 (English)In: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Previous empirical research on tolerance suffers from a number of shortcomings, the most serious being the conceptual and operational conflation of (in)tolerance and prejudice. We design research to remedy this. First, we contribute to the literature by advancing research that distinguishes analytically between the two phenomena. We conceptualize tolerance as a value orientation towards difference. This definition—which is abstract and does not capture attitudes towards specific out-groups, ideas, or behaviors—allows for the analysis of tolerance within and between societies. Second, we improve the measurement of tolerance by developing survey items that are consistent with this conceptualization. We administer two surveys, one national (Sweden) and one cross-national (Australia, Denmark, Great Britain, Sweden, and the United States). Results from structural equation models show that tolerance is best understood as a three-dimensional concept, which includes acceptance of, respect for, and appreciation of difference. Analyses show that measures of tolerance have metric invariance across countries, and additional tests demonstrate convergent and discriminant validity. We also assess tolerance’s relationship to prejudice and find that only an appreciation of difference has the potential to reduce prejudice. We conclude that it is not only possible to measure tolerance in a way that is distinct from prejudice but also necessary if we are to understand the causes and consequences of tolerance.

Keywords
tolerance, prejudice, SEM, survey
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162606 (URN)10.1007/s11205-019-02176-y (DOI)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177
Available from: 2019-08-23 Created: 2019-08-23 Last updated: 2019-10-09
Eger, M. A. & Valdez, S. (2019). From radical right to neo-nationalist. European Political Science, 18(3), 379-399
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From radical right to neo-nationalist
2019 (English)In: European Political Science, ISSN 1680-4333, E-ISSN 1682-0983, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 379-399Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we investigate the ideology of the populist radical right (PRR) and the extent to which its political message has changed over time. In doing so, we also judge the usefulness of the PRR-tag. Like seminal scholarship on these parties, we contend that both economic and social positions are relevant for contemporary radical right parties. Further, we argue that contemporary parties’ stances are indicative of a nationalist ideology. Using the Manifesto Project Dataset, we investigate radical right policy preferences between 1970 and 2015. Results indicate that right-wing economic stances are more prevalent prior to the twenty-first century and that radical right parties increasingly make economically leftist claims. Results also demonstrate that radical right parties are not always the farthest to right in national political spaces. Further, we show that contemporary parties make nationalist claims. Indeed, nationalism not only increasingly characterizes these parties but also increasingly distinguishes them from other major party families, whose average positions over time are globalist. We argue that contemporary radical right parties are better conceptualized and described as neo-nationalist, a label consistent with both their social and economic positions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Euroscepticism, Extreme right, Extreme right-wing populist, Immigration, Radical right, Nationalism, Populist radical right
National Category
Sociology Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
political science; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143789 (URN)10.1057/s41304-018-0160-0 (DOI)000482388300002 ()2-s2.0-85046133097 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177
Available from: 2018-01-09 Created: 2018-01-09 Last updated: 2019-10-09Bibliographically approved
Bohman, A., Hjerm, M. & Eger, M. A. (2019). Politics and prejudice: How political discussion with peers is related to attitudes about immigrants during adolescence. Frontiers in Sociology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Politics and prejudice: How political discussion with peers is related to attitudes about immigrants during adolescence
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Sociology, E-ISSN 2297-7775Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Research on prejudice has shown that with whom we surround ourselves matters for intergroup attitudes, but these studies have paid little attention to the content of those interactions. Studies on political socialization and deliberation have focused on the content of interaction by examining the transmission of norms as well as the direct consequences of political discussion on attitudes and behavior. However, this literature has not focused on prejudice as a potential consequence. In this study, we combine these approaches to examine if political discussions with peers during adolescence matter for prejudice. We rely on five waves of a Swedish panel of adolescents, ages 13-22. Results show an association between political discussion and prejudice over time, and that this relationship increases as adolescents grow older. Results also demonstrate that the effect of political discussions depends on the level of prejudice in one’s peer network. Discussion with low prejudice friends is associated with lower levels of prejudice over time, while political discussion with high prejudice peers is not significantly related to attitudes.

Keywords
prejudice, longitudinal, anti-immigrant, adolescent, discussion, political
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163463 (URN)10.3389/fsoc.2019.00070 (DOI)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P16-0446:1Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-24
Eger, M. A. (2019). The return of nationalism and the rise of the radical right. In: William Allchorn (Ed.), Tracking the rise of the radical right globally: CARR yearbook 2018/2019 (pp. 41-44). Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The return of nationalism and the rise of the radical right
2019 (English)In: Tracking the rise of the radical right globally: CARR yearbook 2018/2019 / [ed] William Allchorn, Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag, 2019, p. 41-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag, 2019
National Category
Sociology Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159200 (URN)978-3-8382-1326-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1
Available from: 2019-05-21 Created: 2019-05-21 Last updated: 2019-10-03Bibliographically approved
Eger, M. A. & Valdez, S. (2019). The rise of neo-nationalism. In: Pieter Bevelander & Ruth Wodak (Ed.), Europe at the crossroads: confronting populist, nationalist, and global challenges (pp. 113-134). Nordic Academic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The rise of neo-nationalism
2019 (English)In: Europe at the crossroads: confronting populist, nationalist, and global challenges / [ed] Pieter Bevelander & Ruth Wodak, Nordic Academic Press, 2019, p. 113-134Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Support for Western European radical right parties has increased in recent years, prompting the need for new research on these parties. Especially important are studies that investigate their ideology and how it has changed over time. After describing their recent electoral gains at the national and European levels, we make the case that neo-nationalism—a form of nationalism occurring when nation-state boundaries are settled, but perceived to be under threat—is the underlying ideology of contemporary radical right parties. Analyses of Manifesto Project data show that contemporary parties increasingly make nationalist claims; indeed, the issues most important to these parties are consistent with the notion that the sovereignty and autonomy of modern nation-states are under threat from external forces (Eger & Valdez 2015; 2018). When framing their opposition to globalization, supranational organizations, and multiculturalism, they cite negative economic, sociocultural, and political consequences for the nation-state. Our analyses also show that nationalism not only increasingly characterizes radical right parties, but also distinguishes them from other major party families.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordic Academic Press, 2019
Keywords
radical right, nationalism
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159278 (URN)978-91-88909-18-3 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177Swedish Research Council, 2018-05170
Available from: 2019-05-23 Created: 2019-05-23 Last updated: 2019-10-04Bibliographically approved
Eger, M. A. & Hjerm, M. (2019). The Sweden Democrats remain deeply unpopular despite making gains. In: William Allchorn (Ed.), Tracking the rise of the radical right globally: CARR Yearbook 2018/2019 (pp. 135-138). Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Sweden Democrats remain deeply unpopular despite making gains
2019 (English)In: Tracking the rise of the radical right globally: CARR Yearbook 2018/2019 / [ed] William Allchorn, Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag, 2019, p. 135-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag, 2019
National Category
Sociology Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159202 (URN)978-3-8382-1326-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1
Available from: 2019-05-21 Created: 2019-05-21 Last updated: 2019-10-04Bibliographically approved
Eger, M. A., Larsen, C. A. & Mewes, J. (2019). Welfare nationalism before and after the “migration crisis". In: Tijs Laenen, Bart Meuleman, and Wim van Oorschot (Ed.), Welfare State Legitimacy in Times of Crisis and Austerity: Between Change and Continuity: . Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Welfare nationalism before and after the “migration crisis"
2019 (English)In: Welfare State Legitimacy in Times of Crisis and Austerity: Between Change and Continuity / [ed] Tijs Laenen, Bart Meuleman, and Wim van Oorschot, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019
Keywords
immigration, welfare, nationalism, welfare chauvinism
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163458 (URN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-20
Eger, M. A. (2018). Book review: The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare Machine: Immigration and Social Democracy in Twentieth-Century Sweden [Review]. Perspectives on Politics, 16(3), 881-883
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book review: The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare Machine: Immigration and Social Democracy in Twentieth-Century Sweden
2018 (English)In: Perspectives on Politics, ISSN 1537-5927, E-ISSN 1541-0986, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 881-883Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2018
Keywords
welfare state, social democracy, immigration, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151733 (URN)10.1017/S1537592718001883 (DOI)000442358900066 ()
Available from: 2018-09-11 Created: 2018-09-11 Last updated: 2018-09-21Bibliographically approved
Valdez, S. & Eger, M. A. (2018). From radical right to neo-nationalist: Danish party politics, 1973-2011. The Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right (CARR)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From radical right to neo-nationalist: Danish party politics, 1973-2011
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This research note provides a case study illustrating cross-national trends reported in recent research on the radical right. Using party manifesto data, we examine Denmark from 1973- 2011 and find that the radical right has moved toward economic leftism and social conservatism, creating a cleavage within the party family over time. Furthermore, nationalist claims increasingly distinguish the Danish radical right from other party families, including their radical right predecessors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right (CARR), 2018
Keywords
radical right, nationalism
National Category
Sociology Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165195 (URN)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00383
Available from: 2019-11-14 Created: 2019-11-14 Last updated: 2019-11-14Bibliographically approved
Hjerm, M., Eger, M. A. & Danell, R. (2018). Peer Attitudes and the Development of Prejudice in Adolescence. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, 4, 1-11
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peer Attitudes and the Development of Prejudice in Adolescence
2018 (English)In: Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, ISSN 2378-0231, Vol. 4, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

According to a number of psychological and sociological theories, individuals are susceptible to social influence from their immediate social environment, especially during adolescence. An important social context is the network of one’s peers. However, data limitations, specifically a lack of longitudinal data with information about respondents’ social networks, have limited previous analyses of the relationship between peers and prejudice over time. In this article, we rely on a five-wave panel of adolescents, aged either 13 or 16 in wave 1 (N = 1,009). We examine the effects of this social context on prejudice by focusing on nominated friends’ attitudes, attitudes of prestigious peers, and respondents’ own positions in their networks. Results indicate that the level of prejudice among peers affects individual prejudice over time. Results also show that both prestigious and nonprestigious peers affect prejudice. Finally, adolescents’ own positions in their networks matter: Network centrality is inversely related to prejudice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
prejudice, adolescence, longitudinal, anti-immigrant sentiment, peers
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144665 (URN)10.1177/2378023118763187 (DOI)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177
Available from: 2018-02-09 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2019-10-04Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9023-7316

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