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Publications (10 of 13) Show all publications
Marsja, E., Marsh Everett, J., Hansson, P. & Neely, G. (2019). Examining the Role of Spatial Changes in Bimodal and Uni-Modal To-Be-Ignored Stimuli and How They Affect Short-Term Memory Processes. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1-8, Article ID 299.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examining the Role of Spatial Changes in Bimodal and Uni-Modal To-Be-Ignored Stimuli and How They Affect Short-Term Memory Processes
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, p. 1-8, article id 299Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines the potential vulnerability of short-term memory processes to distraction by spatial changes within to-be-ignored bimodal, vibratory, and auditory stimuli. Participants were asked to recall sequences of serially presented dots or digits while being exposed to to-be-ignored stimuli. On unexpected occasions, the bimodal (Experiment 1), vibratory (Experiment 2), or auditory (Experiment 3) stimuli changed their spatial origin from one side of the body (e.g., ear and arm, arm only, ear only) to the other. It was expected that the bimodal stimuli would make the spatial change more salient compared to that of the uni-modal stimuli and that this, in turn, would yield an increase in distraction of serial short-term memory in both the verbal and spatial domains. Performance across three experiments support this assumption as a disruptive effect of the spatial deviant was only observed when presented within the bimodal to-be-ignored sequence (Experiment 1): Uni-modal to-be-ignored sequences, whether vibratory (Experiment 2) or auditory (Experiment 3), had no impact on either verbal or spatial short-term memory. Implications for models of attention capture, short-term memory, and the potential special role attention capturing role of bimodal stimuli is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2019
Keywords
bimodal, auditory, tactile, short-term memory, distraction, attention capture, deviant, spatial, verbal
National Category
Psychology Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141862 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00299 (DOI)000460833300001 ()30914983 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 421-2011-1782
Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2019-04-08Bibliographically approved
Marsja, E., Neely, G. & Ljungberg, J. K. (2018). Investigating deviance distraction and the impact of the modality of the to-be-ignored stimuli. Experimental psychology (Göttingen), 65(2), 61-70
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating deviance distraction and the impact of the modality of the to-be-ignored stimuli
2018 (English)In: Experimental psychology (Göttingen), ISSN 1618-3169, E-ISSN 2190-5142, Vol. 65, no 2, p. 61-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It has been suggested that deviance distraction is caused by unexpected sensory events in the to-be-ignored stimuli violating the cognitive system's predictions of incoming stimuli. The majority of research has used methods where the to-be-ignored expected (standards) and the unexpected (deviants) stimuli are presented within the same modality. Less is known about the behavioral impact of deviance distraction when the to-be-ignored stimuli are presented in different modalities (e.g., standard and deviants presented in different modalities). In three experiments using cross-modal oddball tasks with mixed-modality to-be-ignored stimuli, we examined the distractive role of unexpected auditory deviants presented in a continuous stream of expected standard vibrations. The results showed that deviance distraction seems to be dependent upon the to-be-ignored stimuli being presented within the same modality, and that the simplest omission of something expected; in this case, a standard vibration may be enough to capture attention and distract performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göttingen: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers, 2018
Keywords
Tactile, Auditory, Attention Capture, Visual task, Multisensory, Oddball, Crossmodal, Performance
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141857 (URN)10.1027/1618-3169/a000390 (DOI)000429715300001 ()29631521 (PubMedID)
Projects
An empirical investigation of distraction by unexpected auditory and vibratiory stimuli
Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Marsja, E. (2017). Attention capture by sudden and unexpected changes: a multisensory perspective. (Doctoral dissertation). Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attention capture by sudden and unexpected changes: a multisensory perspective
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The main focus for this thesis was cross-modal attention capture by sudden and unexpected sounds and vibrations, known as deviants, presented in a stream the same to-be-ignored stimulus. More specifically, the thesis takes a multisensory perspective and examines the possible similarities and differences in how deviant vibrations and sounds affect visual task performance (Study I), and whether the deviant and standard stimuli have to be presented within the same modality to capture attention away from visual tasks (Study II). Furthermore, by presenting spatial deviants (changing the source of the stimuli from one side of the body to the other) in audiotactile (bimodal), tactile, and auditory to-be-ignored, it explores whether bimodal stimuli are more salient compared to unimodal (Study III). In addition, Study III tested the claims that short-term memory is domain-specific.

In line with previous research, Study I found that both auditory and tactile deviants captured attention away from the visual task. However, the temporal dynamics between the two modalities seem to differ. That is, it seems like practice causes the effect of vibratory deviants to reduce, whereas this is not the case for auditory deviants. This suggests that there are central mechanisms (detection of the change) and sensory-specific mechanisms.

Study II found that the deviant and standard stimuli must be presented within the same modality. If attention capture by deviants is produced by a mismatch within a neural model predicting upcoming stimuli, the neural model is likely built on stimuli within each modality separately.

The results of Study III revealed that spatial and verbal short-term memory are negatively affected by a spatial change in to-be-ignored sequences, but only when the change is within a bimodal sequence. These results can be taken as evidence for a unitary account of short-term memory (verbal and spatial information stored in the same storage) and that bimodal stimuli may be integrated into a unitary percept that make any change in the stream more salient. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2017. p. 46
Keywords
Attention Capture, Tactile, Auditory, Visual, Crossmodal, Bimodal, Distraction, Short-term memory, Attention
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141852 (URN)978-91-7601-803-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-12-08, Hörsal B, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-11-17 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Marsja, E., Marsh Everett, J., Patrik, H., Ljungberg K., J. & Neely, G. (2017). Domain-generality or domain-specificity of the short-term memory: insights from a multisensory distraction paradigm. In: : . Paper presented at Re-thinking the Senses Spring School.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Domain-generality or domain-specificity of the short-term memory: insights from a multisensory distraction paradigm
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2017 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Keywords
Distraction, short-term memory, attention, spatial, verbal
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134790 (URN)
Conference
Re-thinking the Senses Spring School
Available from: 2017-05-11 Created: 2017-05-11 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Marsja, E., Marsh, J. E., Neely, G., Hansson, P. & Körning-Ljungberg, J. (2016). Spatial Change In Multisensory Distractors Impact On Spatial and Verbal Short-Term Memory Performance. In: : . Paper presented at International Multisensory Research Forums 17th annual meeting.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spatial Change In Multisensory Distractors Impact On Spatial and Verbal Short-Term Memory Performance
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2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Unexpected changes (known as deviant sounds) in a repetitive stream ofstandardsounds are known to prolong responses in visual categorization tasks (Parmentier, 2014) and disrupt short-term memory (Hughes, Vachon, & Jones, 2005; 2007). While this deviation effect,has been studied extensively, unexpected changes in multisensory irrelevant stimuli have yet to be explored. A further issue is whether a spatial change in either tactile, auditory, or in both modalities simultaneously, affects verbal and spatial short-term memorysimilarly. We explored how spatial and verbal memory performance were affected by a spatial change unexpectedly presented in a multisensory stream consisting of task-irrelevant vibrations and sounds.The sounds were presented from headphones and the vibrations from coin-like vibrating motors strapped to the upper arms of the participants. In the majority of trials (approximately 80%) the multisensory stream was presented on one side of the body whereas on deviant trials the irrelevant stimuli changed to the other side of the body. Preliminarily results suggest that a spatial change in a multisensory stream of irrelevant stimuli affects short-term memory performance both the spatial and verbal domains similarly. We conclude by discussing the results in the framework of multisensory views of short-term memory and attention (e.g., Cowan's, 1988; 1995) and the predictive coding framework (e.g., Talsma, 2015)

National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123312 (URN)
Conference
International Multisensory Research Forums 17th annual meeting
Available from: 2016-06-30 Created: 2016-06-30 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Marsja, E., Neely, G., Ma, L. & Körning-Ljungberg, J. (2015). Cross-modality matches of intensity and attention capture dimensions of auditory and vibrotactile stimuli. In: Fechner Day 2015. The 31st Annual Meeting of the International Society for Psychophysics, Québec, Canada, August 17-21, 2015: . Paper presented at Fechner day 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-modality matches of intensity and attention capture dimensions of auditory and vibrotactile stimuli
2015 (English)In: Fechner Day 2015. The 31st Annual Meeting of the International Society for Psychophysics, Québec, Canada, August 17-21, 2015, 2015Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Keywords
Tactile, Auditory, cross-modal matches, subjective distraction
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-109979 (URN)
Conference
Fechner day 2015
Available from: 2015-10-09 Created: 2015-10-09 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Ljungberg K., J., Parmentier, F., Marsja, E., Jones, D. M. & Neely, G. (2014). Any Tom, Dick, or Harry will do: Hearing one's own name distracts no more than any other in a cross-modal oddball task. In: : . Paper presented at 55th Annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, November 20th, Long Beach, California, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Any Tom, Dick, or Harry will do: Hearing one's own name distracts no more than any other in a cross-modal oddball task
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2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129491 (URN)
Conference
55th Annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, November 20th, Long Beach, California, USA
Available from: 2016-12-31 Created: 2016-12-31 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Marsja, E., Neely, G., Parmentier, F. & Körning-Ljungberg, J. (2014). Deviance Distraction Is Contingent on Stimuli Being Presented Within the Same Modality. In: Abstracts of the Psychomic Society: . Paper presented at Psychonomic Society's 55th Annual Meeting, Long Beach, November 20-23, 2014 (pp. 101). The Psychonomic Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deviance Distraction Is Contingent on Stimuli Being Presented Within the Same Modality
2014 (English)In: Abstracts of the Psychomic Society, The Psychonomic Society , 2014, p. 101-Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sudden and unexpected changes in the auditory and visual channel are known to capture attention. This attention capture has been shown to negatively impact performance in an ongoing task (i.e., deviance distraction). In three experiments we examined if deviant stimuli presented in a different modality than astandard stimuli caused distraction in a visual categorization task, using a multi-sensory oddball task. In two experiments a deviant sound was presented (20 % of trials) against 80 % vibrotactile standard trials. In one the standard was omitted on deviating sound trials, while in the other the standard and deviants were presented simultaneously. In the third experiment the standard vibration was omitted in 20 % of the trials without any presentation of a deviant sound. Results showed distraction by deviating sounds (p < .05), but not when standard vibrations were presented simultaneously (p >.05). Interestingly, the omission of a standard vibration showed distraction (p < .05). In conclusion, deviance distraction might be bound to within rather than between modalities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Psychonomic Society, 2014
Series
Abstracts of the Psychonomic Society ; 19
Keywords
Tactile, Auditory, Cross-modal oddball, attention capture
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-109981 (URN)
Conference
Psychonomic Society's 55th Annual Meeting, Long Beach, November 20-23, 2014
Available from: 2015-10-09 Created: 2015-10-09 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Marsja, E., Neely, G., Parmentier, F. & Ljungberg K., J. (2014). Deviant sounds does not capture attention when presented among, and simultaneously as standard vibrations. In: : . Paper presented at 13th Auditory, Perception, Cognition and Action Meeting (APCAM) November 20th, Long Beach, California, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deviant sounds does not capture attention when presented among, and simultaneously as standard vibrations
2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129492 (URN)
Conference
13th Auditory, Perception, Cognition and Action Meeting (APCAM) November 20th, Long Beach, California, USA
Available from: 2016-12-31 Created: 2016-12-31 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Ljungberg, J. K., Parmentier, F. B., Jones, D. M., Marsja, E. & Neely, G. (2014). ‘What’s in a name?’ ‘No more than when it's mine own’. Evidence from auditory oddball distraction.. Acta Psychologica, 150, 161-166
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘What’s in a name?’ ‘No more than when it's mine own’. Evidence from auditory oddball distraction.
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2014 (English)In: Acta Psychologica, ISSN 0001-6918, E-ISSN 1873-6297, Vol. 150, p. 161-166Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research of the distractor value of hearing the own name has shown that this self-referring stimulus captures attention in an involuntary fashion and create distraction. The behavioral studies are few and the outcomes are not always clear cut. In this study the distraction by own name compared to a control name was investigated by using a cross-modal oddball task in two experiments. In the first experiment, thirty-nine participants were conducting a computerized categorization task while exposed to, to-be ignored own and matched control names (controlling for familiarity, gender and number of syllables) as unexpected auditory deviant stimulus (12.5% trials for each name category) and a sine wave tone as a standard stimulus (75% of the trials). In the second experiment, another group of thirty-nine participants completed the same task but with the additional deviant stimulus of an irrelevant word added (10% trials for each deviant type and 70% trials with the standard stimulus). Results showed deviant distracton by exposure to both the irrelevant word, own and the control name compared to the standard tone but no differences were found showing that the own name captured attention and distracted the participants more than an irrelevant word or a control name. The results elucidate the role of the own name as a potent auditory distractor and possible limitations with its theoretical significance for general theories of attention are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014
Keywords
Oddball; Distraction; Own-name; Attention; Auditory
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-89535 (URN)10.1016/j.actpsy.2014.05.009 (DOI)000338811400021 ()
Available from: 2014-06-04 Created: 2014-06-04 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2379-9201

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