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BETA
Rakhimova, Olena
Alternative names
Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Bugaytsova, J. A., Björnham, O., Chernov, Y. A., Gideonsson, P., Henriksson, S., Mendez, M., . . . Boren, T. (2017). Helicobacter pylori Adapts to Chronic Infection and Gastric Disease via pH-Responsive BabA-Mediated Adherence. Cell Host and Microbe, 21(3), 376-389
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Helicobacter pylori Adapts to Chronic Infection and Gastric Disease via pH-Responsive BabA-Mediated Adherence
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2017 (English)In: Cell Host and Microbe, ISSN 1931-3128, E-ISSN 1934-6069, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 376-389Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The BabA adhesin mediates high-affinity binding of Helicobacter pylori to the ABO blood group antigen-glycosylated gastric mucosa. Here we show that BabA is acid responsive-binding is reduced at low pH and restored by acid neutralization. Acid responsiveness differs among strains; often correlates with different intragastric regions and evolves during chronic infection and disease progression; and depends on pH sensor sequences in BabA and on pH reversible formation of high-affinity binding BabA multimers. We propose that BabA's extraordinary reversible acid responsiveness enables tight mucosal bacterial adherence while also allowing an effective escape from epithelial cells and mucus that are shed into the acidic bactericidal lumen and that bio-selection and changes in BabA binding properties through mutation and recombination with babA-related genes are selected by differences among individuals and by changes in gastric acidity over time. These processes generate diverse H. pylori subpopulations, in which BabA's adaptive evolution contributes to H. pylori persistence and overt gastric disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CELL PRESS, 2017
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-132788 (URN)10.1016/j.chom.2017.02.013 (DOI)000396375600023 ()28279347 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-05-11 Created: 2017-05-11 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
Kable, M. E., Hansen, L. M., Styer, C. M., Deck, S. L., Rakhimova, O., Shevtsova, A., . . . Solnick, J. V. (2017). Host Determinants of Expression of the Helicobacter pylori BabA Adhesin. Scientific Reports, 7, Article ID 46499.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Host Determinants of Expression of the Helicobacter pylori BabA Adhesin
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2017 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, article id 46499Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Expression of the Helicobacter pylori blood group antigen binding adhesin A (BabA) is more common in strains isolated from patients with peptic ulcer disease or gastric cancer, rather than asymptomatic colonization. Here we used mouse models to examine host determinants that affect H. pylori BabA expression. BabA expression was lost by phase variation as frequently in WT mice as in RAG2-/- mice that do not have functional B or T cells, and in MyD88-/-, TLR2-/- and TLR4-/- mice that are defective in toll like receptor signaling. The presence of other bacteria had no effect on BabA expression as shown by infection of germ free mice. Moreover, loss of BabA expression was not dependent on Le(b) expression or the capacity of BabA to bind Leb. Surprisingly, gender was the host determinant most associated with loss of BabA expression, which was maintained to a greater extent in male mice and was associated with greater bacterial load. These results suggest the possibility that loss of BabA expression is not driven by adaptive immunity or toll-like receptor signaling, and that BabA may have other, unrecognized functions in addition to serving as an adhesin that binds Le(b).

National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134722 (URN)10.1038/srep46499 (DOI)000399367000001 ()28418004 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-05-19 Created: 2017-05-19 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Sulniute, R., Shen, Y., Guo, Y.-Z., Fallah, M., Ahlskog, N., Ny, L., . . . Ny, T. (2016). Plasminogen is a critical regulator of cutaneous wound healing. Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 115(5), 1001-1009
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Plasminogen is a critical regulator of cutaneous wound healing
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2016 (English)In: Thrombosis and Haemostasis, ISSN 0340-6245, Vol. 115, no 5, p. 1001-1009Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Wound healing is a complicated biological process that consist of partially overlapping inflammatory, proliferation and tissue remodelling phases. A successful wound healing depends on a proper activation and subsequent termination of the inflammatory phase. The failure to terminate the inflammation halts the completion of wound healing and is a known reason for formation of chronic wounds. Previous studies have shown that wound closure is delayed in plasminogen deficient mice, and a role for plasminogen in dissection of extracellular matrix was suggested. However, our finding that plasminogen is transported to the wound by inflammatory cells early during the healing process, where it potentiates inflammation, indicates that plasminogen may also have other roles in the wound healing process. Here we report that plasminogen-deficient mice have extensive fibrin and neutrophil depositions in the wounded area long after re-epithelialisation, indicating inefficient debridement and chronic inflammation. Delayed formation of granulation tissue suggests that fibroblast function is impaired in the absence of plasminogen. Therefore, in addition to its role in the activation of inflammation, plasminogen is also crucial for subsequent steps, including resolution of inflammation and activation of the proliferation phase. Importantly, supplementation of plasminogen-deficient mice with human plasminogen leads to a restored healing process that is comparable to that in wild-type mice. Besides of being an activator of the inflammatory phase during wound healing, plasminogen is also required for the subsequent termination of inflammation. Based on these results, we propose that plasminogen may be an important future therapeutic agent for wound treatment.

Keywords
Plasminogen, wound healing, inflammation
National Category
Hematology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-121571 (URN)10.1160/TH15-08-0653 (DOI)000375372400015 ()
Available from: 2016-06-30 Created: 2016-06-03 Last updated: 2018-10-31Bibliographically approved
Moonens, K., Gideonsson, P., Subedi, S., Bugaytsova, J., Romao, E., Mendez, M., . . . Remaut, H. (2016). Structural Insights into Polymorphic ABO Glycan Binding by Helicobacter pylori. Cell Host and Microbe, 19(1), 55-66
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural Insights into Polymorphic ABO Glycan Binding by Helicobacter pylori
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2016 (English)In: Cell Host and Microbe, ISSN 1931-3128, E-ISSN 1934-6069, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 55-66Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Helicobacter pylori adhesin BabA binds mucosal ABO/Le b blood group (bg) carbohydrates. BabA facilitates bacterial attachment to gastric surfaces, increasing strain virulence and forming a recognized risk factor for peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. High sequence variation causes BabA functional diversity, but the underlying structural-molecular determinants are unknown. We generated X-ray structures of representative BabA isoforms that reveal a polymorphic, three-pronged Le(b) binding site. Two diversity loops, DL1 and DL2, provide adaptive control to binding affinity, notably ABO versus O bg preference. H. pylori strains can switch bg preference with single DL1 amino acid substitutions, and can coexpress functionally divergent BabA isoforms. The anchor point for receptor binding is the embrace of an ABO fucose residue by a disulfide-clasped loop, which is inactivated by reduction. Treatment with the redox-active pharmaceutic N-acetylcysteine lowers gastric mucosal neutrophil infiltration in H. pylori-infected Le(b)-expressing mice, providing perspectives on possible H. pylori eradication therapies.

National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117839 (URN)10.1016/j.chom.2015.12.004 (DOI)000369839900010 ()26764597 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-04-04 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Åberg, A., Gideonsson, P., Vallström, A., Olofsson, A., Öhman, C., Rakhimova, L., . . . Arnqvist, A. (2014). A Repetitive DNA Element Regulates Expression of the Helicobacter pylori Sialic Acid Binding Adhesin by a Rheostat-like Mechanism. PLoS Pathogens, 10(7), Article ID e1004234.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Repetitive DNA Element Regulates Expression of the Helicobacter pylori Sialic Acid Binding Adhesin by a Rheostat-like Mechanism
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2014 (English)In: PLoS Pathogens, ISSN 1553-7366, E-ISSN 1553-7374, Vol. 10, no 7, article id e1004234Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During persistent infection, optimal expression of bacterial factors is required to match the ever-changing host environment. The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori has a large set of simple sequence repeats (SSR), which constitute contingency loci. Through a slipped strand mispairing mechanism, the SSRs generate heterogeneous populations that facilitate adaptation. Here, we present a model that explains, in molecular terms, how an intergenically located T-tract, via slipped strand mispairing, operates with a rheostat-like function, to fine-tune activity of the promoter that drives expression of the sialic acid binding adhesin, SabA. Using T-tract variants, in an isogenic strain background, we show that the length of the T-tract generates multiphasic output from the sabA promoter. Consequently, this alters the H. pylori binding to sialyl-Lewis x receptors on gastric mucosa. Fragment length analysis of post-infection isolated clones shows that the T-tract length is a highly variable feature in H. pylori. This mirrors the host-pathogen interplay, where the bacterium generates a set of clones from which the best-fit phenotypes are selected in the host. In silico and functional in vitro analyzes revealed that the length of the T-tract affects the local DNA structure and thereby binding of the RNA polymerase, through shifting of the axial alignment between the core promoter and UP-like elements. We identified additional genes in H. pylori, with T- or A-tracts positioned similar to that of sabA, and show that variations in the tract length likewise acted as rheostats to modulate cognate promoter output. Thus, we propose that this generally applicable mechanism, mediated by promoter-proximal SSRs, provides an alternative mechanism for transcriptional regulation in bacteria, such as H. pylori, which possesses a limited repertoire of classical trans-acting regulatory factors.

National Category
Physiology Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-91641 (URN)10.1371/journal.ppat.1004234 (DOI)000340551000026 ()24991812 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-08-13 Created: 2014-08-13 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Fagerberg, D., Angström, J., Halim, A., Hultberg, A., Rakhimova, L., Hammarström, L., . . . Teneberg, S. (2009). Novel Leb-like Helicobacter pylori-binding glycosphingolipid created by the expression of human alpha-1,3/4-fucosyltransferase in FVB/N mouse stomach.. Glycobiology, 19(2), 182-191
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Novel Leb-like Helicobacter pylori-binding glycosphingolipid created by the expression of human alpha-1,3/4-fucosyltransferase in FVB/N mouse stomach.
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2009 (English)In: Glycobiology, ISSN 0959-6658, E-ISSN 1460-2423, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 182-191Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The "Le(b) mouse" was established as a model for investigations of the molecular events following Le(b)-mediated adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to the gastric epithelium. By the expression of a human alpha-1,3/4-fucosyltransferase in the gastric pit cell lineage of FVB/N transgenic mice, a production of Le(b) glycoproteins in gastric pit and surface mucous cells was obtained in this "Le(b) mouse," as demonstrated by binding of monoclonal anti-Le(b) antibodies. To explore the effects of the human alpha-1,3/4-fucosyltransferase on glycosphingolipid structures, neutral glycosphingolipids were isolated from stomachs of transgenic alpha-1,3/4-fucosyltransferase-expressing mice. A glycosphingolipid recognized by BabA-expressing H. pylori was isolated and characterized by mass spectrometry and proton NMR as Fuc alpha 2Gal beta 3(Fuc alpha 4)GalNAc beta 4 Gal beta 4 Glc beta 1Cer, i.e., a novel Le(b)-like glycosphingolipid on a ganglio core. In addition, two other novel glycosphingolipids were isolated from the mouse stomach epithelium that were found to be nonbinding with regard to H. pylori. The first was a pentaglycosylceramide, GalNAc beta 3 Gal alpha 3(Fuc alpha 2)Gal beta 4 Glc beta 1Cer, in which the isoglobotetrasaccharide has been combined with Fuc alpha 2 to yield an isoglobotetraosylceramide with an internal blood group B determinant. The second one was an elongated fucosyl-gangliotetraosylceramide, GalNAc beta 3(Fuc alpha 2)Gal beta 3GalNAc beta 4Gal beta 4 Glc beta 1Cer.

National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-36424 (URN)10.1093/glycob/cwn125 (DOI)000261997000010 ()18997175 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-09-30 Created: 2010-09-30 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
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