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Jacobsson, Lars
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Publications (10 of 102) Show all publications
Edin-Liljegren, A., Daerga, L., Sahlén, K.-G. & Jacobsson, L. (2017). Psychosocial Perspectives on Working Conditions among Men and Women in Reindeer Breeding in Sweden. Journal of Northern Studies, 11(2), 31-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychosocial Perspectives on Working Conditions among Men and Women in Reindeer Breeding in Sweden
2017 (English)In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 31-47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this project was to describe the work organisation in the Sami communities and in reindeer-herding work and to explore the range of female duties and compare how men and women experience their psychosocial working conditions. Design: A kind of intervention study was performed by means of a questionnaire sent out to 200 individuals from seven Sami communities. Questions were asked about work organisation, communication, personal relations, solitary work, support, participation and appreciation from colleagues and women's tasks. Meetings and discussions were held about what was perceived as being important in the life of the Sami communities. Notes from 16 group discussions were written down and analysed according to themes of topics relating to how men and women in the Sami communities experience their lives. Results: Communication and relations were described as being inadequate and some respondents experienced a heavy workload. The women reported more troubled relations, less participation in decision-making and less appreciation from colleagues. Positive issues reported were the Sami identity and a strong connection to the reindeer and to nature. Conclusions: This study indicates a need for a more systematic study of the psychosocial work conditions in the Sami communities in Sweden. Measures should be taken to develop the organisation of work, e.g. through developing communication strategies and conflict management, which has been requested by several Sami communities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University & The Royal Skyttean Society, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health; Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146408 (URN)
Funder
Västerbotten County Council
Note

Projektet är också finansierat via EU Mål 1 Sápmi, Norra Norrland, dnr. SN 1.43-4/03

Available from: 2018-04-13 Created: 2018-04-13 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Bergkvist, P. H., Jacobsson, L., Kling, S., Silviken, A., Sköld, P. & Stoor, J. P. (2016). Breaking the silence: suicide prevention through storytelling among indigenous Sami. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 75, 56-56
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breaking the silence: suicide prevention through storytelling among indigenous Sami
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2016 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, p. 56-56Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2016
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134313 (URN)10.3402/ijch.v75.33200 (DOI)000396153800158 ()
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-04-28 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Mirnezami, H. F., Jacobsson, L. & Edin-Liljegren, A. (2016). Changes in attitudes towards mental disorders and psychiatric treatment 1976-2014 in a Swedish population. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 70(1), 38-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changes in attitudes towards mental disorders and psychiatric treatment 1976-2014 in a Swedish population
2016 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 70, no 1, p. 38-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Mental illness has always been subject to stigma and discrimination. There are a number of studies on public attitudes towards people with mental illness. Long-term studies, however, examining changes over time are scarce. Aims: The aim of this study was to examine potential changes concerning attitudes between 1976 and 2014 in Vilhelmina, a community in northern Sweden. Methods: A postal questionnaire was sent out to a random sample of 500 adults aged 18-70 years. The same questionnaire has previously been used in 1976 and 2003. Results: The attitudes towards people with mental illness have not generally become more positive over the years. In 2014 almost a quarter of the population still think that people with mental illness commit violentX acts more than others. Even more people in 2014 than in 1976 agree to the statement that mental illness harms the reputation more than a physical disease (77.2% versus 52.8%). People with low educational level have more negative views than people with higher education. Younger respondents, < 20 years, had a more positive view than the older age groups. Almost 70% of the respondents would advise someone with psychological problems to seek a psychiatrist but only 23% of the respondents would follow their own advice. Psychotherapy has been and is still highly appreciated. As regards medication the perception is more critical, but there has been a significant change, however, to a more positive attitude towards medication since 1976. Conclusion: Attitudes towards mental illness and mentally ill people have not changed substantially over time.

Keywords
Attitudes, Mental disorders, Psychiatric treatment, Stigma, Sweden
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-113834 (URN)10.3109/08039488.2015.1046916 (DOI)000365719100006 ()26051607 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, L., Fagerström, A., Daerga, L. & Edin-Liljegren, A. (2016). Experiences of Psychiatric Care among Young Sami in Northern Sweden. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 75(33200)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of Psychiatric Care among Young Sami in Northern Sweden
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, no 33200Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134307 (URN)10.3402/ijch.v75.33200 (DOI)000396153800040 ()
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-04-28 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved
Edin-Liljegren, A., Sahlen, K.-G., Jacobsson, L. & Daerga, L. (2016). Reindeer-herding Sami experiences of seeking care in the mainstream society. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 75(33200)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reindeer-herding Sami experiences of seeking care in the mainstream society
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, no 33200Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134315 (URN)10.3402/ijch.v75.33200 (DOI)000396153800234 ()
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-04-28 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Shibre, T., Medhin, G., Alem, A., Kebede, D., Teferra, S., Jacobsson, L., . . . Fekadu, A. (2015). Long-term clinical course and outcome of schizophrenia in rural Ethiopia: 10-year follow-up of a population-based cohort. Schizophrenia Research, 161(2-3), 414-420
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Long-term clinical course and outcome of schizophrenia in rural Ethiopia: 10-year follow-up of a population-based cohort
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2015 (English)In: Schizophrenia Research, ISSN 0920-9964, E-ISSN 1573-2509, Vol. 161, no 2-3, p. 414-420Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Although the few available studies from LMICs report favorable outcome, the course of schizophrenia is more complex than has been indicated so far.

METHODS: A sample of 361 people with a standardized clinical diagnosis of schizophrenia were recruited from a predominantly rural community in Ethiopia and followed up regularly for an average of 10years. Psychiatrists used the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation chart to carry out assessment of illness course. Duration of time in clinical remission was the primary outcome.

RESULT: About 61.0% of the patients remained under active follow-up, while 18.1% (n=65) were deceased. The mean percentage of follow-up time in complete remission was 28.4% (SD=33.0). Female patients were significantly more likely to have episodic illness course with no inter-episode residual or negative symptoms (χ(2)=6.28, P=0.012). Nearly 14.0% had continuous psychotic symptoms for over 75% of their follow-up time. Only 18.1% achieved complete remission for over 75% of their follow-up time. Later onset of illness was the only significant predictor of achieving full remission for over 50% of follow-up time in a fully adjusted model. Conventional antipsychotic medications were fairly well tolerated in 80% of the patients and 4.2% (n=15) experienced tardive dyskinesia.

CONCLUSION: This population-based study is one of the very few long-term outcome studies of schizophrenia in LMICs. The study demonstrated clearly a differential and more favorable course and outcome for female patients but overall course and outcome of schizophrenia appeared less favorable in this setting than has been reported from other LMICs.

Keywords
Schizophrenia, Course, Outcome, Gender, Follow-up study, Ethiopia
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101498 (URN)10.1016/j.schres.2014.10.053 (DOI)000348452100040 ()25468171 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-03-31 Created: 2015-03-31 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Allard, C., Axelsson, P., Brännlund, I., Cocq, C., Hjortfors, L.-M., Jacobsson, L., . . . Össbo, Å. (2015). Rasbiologiskt språkbruk i statens rättsprocess mot sameby. Dagens Nyheter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rasbiologiskt språkbruk i statens rättsprocess mot sameby
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2015 (Swedish)In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Statens hantering av forskningsresultat i rättsprocessen med Girjas sameby utgör ett hot mot Sverige som rättsstat och kunskapsnation. Åratal av svensk och internationell forskning underkänns och man använder ett språkbruk som skulle kunna vara hämtat från rasbiologins tid. Nu måste staten ta sitt ansvar och börja agera som en demokratisk rättsstat, skriver 59 forskare.

Keywords
girjas, samer, rasbiologi, urfolk, diskriminering
National Category
History Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111276 (URN)
Note

Publicerad: 2015-06-11

Available from: 2015-11-11 Created: 2015-11-11 Last updated: 2018-09-07Bibliographically approved
Stoor, J. P., Kaiser, N., Jacobsson, L., Salander Renberg, E. & Silviken, A. (2015). "We are like lemmings'': making sense of the cultural meaning(s) of suicide among the indigenous Sami in Sweden. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 74, Article ID 27669.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"We are like lemmings'': making sense of the cultural meaning(s) of suicide among the indigenous Sami in Sweden
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2015 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 74, article id 27669Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Suicide is a widespread problem among indigenous people residing in the circumpolar Arctic. Though the situation among the indigenous Sami in northern Scandinavia is better than among some other indigenous people, suicide is still regarded as a major public health issue. To adapt prevention strategies that are culturally attuned one must understand how suicide is understood within context. That is, the cultural meaning(s) of suicide.

Objective. To explore and make sense of the cultural meaning(s) of suicide among Sami in Sweden.

Design. Open-ended focus group discussions (FGDs) on the topic "suicide among Sami'' were carried out in 5 Sami communities in Sweden, with in total 22 strategically selected Sami participants. FGDs were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed through employing content analysis.

Results. From the FGDs 4 themes emerged including "The Sami are fighting for their culture and the herders are in the middle of the fight,'' "Suicide as a consequence of Sami losing (or having lost) their identity,'' "A wildfire in the Sami world'' and "Difficult to get help as a Sami.''

Conclusions. Findings indicate that Sami in Sweden make sense of suicide in relation to power and identity within a threatened Sami cultural context. Suicide is then understood as an act that takes place and makes sense to others when a Sami no longer has the power to maintain a Sami identity, resulting in being disconnected from the Sami world and placed in an existential void where suicide is a solution. The findings are useful in development of culturally attuned suicide prevention among Sami in Sweden.

Keywords
Sami, suicide, indigenous, identity, Sweden, qualitative study
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychiatry Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117422 (URN)10.3402/ijch.v74.27669 (DOI)000369582100004 ()26333721 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-03-02 Created: 2016-02-29 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, L. (2014). "Bra karl reder sig själv - om inte så...!?": om det manliga självmordet. Psykisk hälsa, 55(3), 28-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Bra karl reder sig själv - om inte så...!?": om det manliga självmordet
2014 (Swedish)In: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 28-33Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101533 (URN)
Available from: 2015-04-01 Created: 2015-04-01 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, L. (2014). Existentiella samtal lika viktiga som suicidpreventiva riskbedömningar. Psykisk hälsa, 55(1), 62-66
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Existentiella samtal lika viktiga som suicidpreventiva riskbedömningar
2014 (Swedish)In: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 62-66Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101532 (URN)
Available from: 2015-04-01 Created: 2015-04-01 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
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