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Olivius, E. (2019). Claiming rights in exile: women's insurgent citizenship practices in the Thai-Myanmar borderlands. Citizenship Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Claiming rights in exile: women's insurgent citizenship practices in the Thai-Myanmar borderlands
2019 (English)In: Citizenship Studies, ISSN 1362-1025, E-ISSN 1469-3593Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper examines insurgent citizenship practices employed by activists in the exiled Burmese women's movement from the 1990s and onwards. Consisting of political exiles, refugees and ethnic insurgents, this movement has successfully used the transnational, transitory space of the borderlands to constitute its participants as political subjects with legitimate claims to rights, citizenship and leadership. Drawing on interviews, this analysis interrogates women's activism through the lens of insurgent citizenship practices. Thus, how have Burmese women's activists claimed rights and lived citizenship in exile? Three main strategies are examined: firstly, women activists have positioned themselves as political actors and authorities through involvement in governance and humanitarian aid delivery in refugee camps. Secondly, they have claimed rights and political subjectivity through engagement with international norms, networks and arenas. Thirdly, they have claimed citizenship and political influence in oppositional nation-making projects through engaging with and negotiating ethno-nationalist armed struggles. The analysis highlights the multifaceted nature of women's insurgent citizenship practices, showing how they navigate multiple marginalized subject positions, direct their rights claims towards multiple governing authorities, and enact multiple political communities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Women's activism, refugee activism, insurgent citizenship, acts of citizenship, transnational political space, Myanmar
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164402 (URN)10.1080/13621025.2019.1664408 (DOI)000486215200001 ()
Available from: 2019-11-05 Created: 2019-11-05 Last updated: 2019-11-05Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E. & Rönnblom, M. (2019). In the business of feminism: consultants as Sweden’s new gender-equality workers. European Journal of Politics and Gender, 2(1), 75-92
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In the business of feminism: consultants as Sweden’s new gender-equality workers
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Politics and Gender, ISSN 2515-1088, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 75-92Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Gender-equality work in Sweden is increasingly carried out by private consultancy firms. In this article, we explore the rationalities that govern Swedish market-based gender-equality policy through an analysis of the subject positions that are made available to gender-equality consultants. The article is an adapted version of our published work in Swedish. We analyse what types of agency these positions enable and preclude, as well as how they shape the meaning of gender equality and the content of gender-equality work. While market logics constrain the space for critical analysis and cause gender equality to be subordinated to other goals, consultants nevertheless find ways to resist these tendencies in pursuit of transformative change.

Keywords
Consultants, Gender equality, Governmentality, Market governance, Public policy, Sweden
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Gender Studies
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162781 (URN)10.1332/251510819X15471289106103 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2019-10-08Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E. & Hedström, J. (2019). Militarized Nationalism as a Platform for Feminist Mobilization?: The Case of the Exiled Burmese Women’s Movement. Women's Studies: International Forum, 76, Article ID 102263.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Militarized Nationalism as a Platform for Feminist Mobilization?: The Case of the Exiled Burmese Women’s Movement
2019 (English)In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 76, article id 102263Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Feminist scholars have convincingly demonstrated how militarism and nationalism rely on the (re)production of gendered hierarchies. As a result, feminism is often assumed to be at odds with these political projects. In this article, we demonstrate that this is not always and not necessarily the case: in contrast, militarized nationalism may even constitute fertile ground for the mobilization of feminist organization and activism. We make this argument drawing on an in-depth case study of the emergence and evolution of an exiled Burmese women's movement from within armed ethno-nationalist struggles in the borderlands of Myanmar. Drawing on interviews with women activists, we examine when and how militarized nationalism can provide a space from which feminist agendas can be articulated and successfully pursued. This case demonstrates that militarized nationalism does not only have the potential to mobilize women's participation, but can provide a platform for feminist organization and activism that transcends, challenges, and eventually reshapes militarized nationalist projects in ways that advance women's rights and equality. These findings call into question generalized assumptions about the conflictual relationship between feminism, militarism and nationalism, and contributes to advance feminist debates about women's mobilization in contexts of armed conflicts and nationalist struggles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Feminism, Militarism, Nationalism, Women's activism, Myanmar, Armed conflict
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Gender Studies
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162639 (URN)10.1016/j.wsif.2019.102263 (DOI)000488141700003 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01756
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A., Eklund, N., Johansson, P., Olivius, E., Saati, A., Sahovic, D., . . . Åkebo, M. (2019). Three approaches to peace: a framework for describing and exploring varieties of peace. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Three approaches to peace: a framework for describing and exploring varieties of peace
Show others...
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

For decades, peace and conflict studies have devoted more attention to conflict than to peace, and despiteits centrality, peace itself has been under-conceptualized. In this paper, we propose a theoretical frameworkand methodologies to make peace beyond the absence of war researchable. The framework is designed to capture varieties of peace between and beyond dichotomous conceptions of positive versus negative peace, or successful versus failed peace processes. To capture the complexity of peace in its empirical diversity, our framework approaches peace in three different ways: as a situation or condition in a particular locality; as a web of relationships; and as ideas or discourses about what peace is or should be. These approaches provide different avenues for researching peace, and taken together they provide a fuller picture of what peace is, how it is manifested, experienced, and understood. We argue that this framework provides a way forward in advancing conceptual understandings and empirical analyses of peace that can facilitate systematic, comparative, qualitative analyses while at the same time accounting for the complex, multifaceted nature of peace.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2019. p. 22
Series
Umeå Working Papers in Peace and Conflict Studies, ISSN 1654-2398 ; 12
Keywords
peace, post-war, qualitative research, case studies
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165979 (URN)978-91-7855-171-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297:1
Available from: 2019-12-06 Created: 2019-12-06 Last updated: 2019-12-10Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E. (2019). Time to go home? The conflictual politics of diaspora return in the Burmese women's movement. Asian Ethnicity, 20(2), 148-167
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Time to go home? The conflictual politics of diaspora return in the Burmese women's movement
2019 (English)In: Asian Ethnicity, ISSN 1463-1369, E-ISSN 1469-2953, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 148-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The initiation of political reforms and a peace process in Myanmar has fundamentally altered the conditions for Burmese diasporic politics, and diaspora groups that have mobilized in Myanmar’s neighbouring countries are beginning to return. This article explores how return to Myanmar is debated within the Burmese women’s movement, a significant and internationally renowned segment of the Burmese diaspora. Does return represent the fulfilment of diasporic dreams; a pragmatic choice in response to less than ideal circumstances; or a threat to the very identity and the feminist politics of the women’s movement? Contrasting these competing perspectives, the analysis offers insights into the ongoing negotiations and difficult choices involved in return, and reveals the process of return as highly conflictual and contentious. In particular, the analysis sheds light on the gendered dimensions of diaspora activism and return, demonstrating how opportunities for women's activism are challenged, debated and reshaped in relation to return.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Diaspora return, post-conflict, transition, women’s movements, women’s activism, Myanmar
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Gender Studies
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153341 (URN)10.1080/14631369.2018.1519387 (DOI)000470014900002 ()2-s2.0-85053471953 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01756
Available from: 2018-11-16 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E. (2018). Beyond awareness:: learning from local experiences to move forward in fighting human trafficking : a regional study of local perceptions of human trafficking in South and Southeast Asia. Chiang Mai: Interact Asia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond awareness:: learning from local experiences to move forward in fighting human trafficking : a regional study of local perceptions of human trafficking in South and Southeast Asia
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chiang Mai: Interact Asia, 2018. p. 68
Keywords
Human trafficking, local perceptions, awareness, South Asia, Southeast Asia
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149238 (URN)
Available from: 2018-06-18 Created: 2018-06-18 Last updated: 2018-06-18Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E. (2018). Political space in refugee camps: enabling and constraining conditions for refugee agency. In: Eva Hansson and Meredith L. Weiss (Ed.), Political participation in Asia: defining and deploying political space (pp. 169-187). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political space in refugee camps: enabling and constraining conditions for refugee agency
2018 (English)In: Political participation in Asia: defining and deploying political space / [ed] Eva Hansson and Meredith L. Weiss, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 169-187Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Millions of people in Asia live in refugee camps. Given this, what are the opportunities for political participation for refugees living in camps? This chapter addresses this question through an analysis of two refugee camp situations in Asia, in Thailand and Bangladesh. It examines how government policies, humanitarian aid practices, and forms of refugee mobilization and organization shape refugees' opportunities for political participation in these two contexts. The analysis of the cases demonstrates that while refugee camps are sites for repression and control, they can also become sites of resistance and political mobilization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2018
Series
Routledge contemporary Asia series ; 62
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141063 (URN)9781138082298 (ISBN)9781315112589 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-24 Created: 2017-10-24 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E. & Rönnblom, M. (2017). Feminism i företagsform? Konsultbranschen som en arena för jämställdhetsarbete.. Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning, 41(1), 73-94
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feminism i företagsform? Konsultbranschen som en arena för jämställdhetsarbete.
2017 (Swedish)In: Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning, ISSN 0809-6341, E-ISSN 1891-1781, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 73-94Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Sverige betraktas ofta, av andra liksom av sig själv, som ett av världens mest jämställda länder och hamnar också alltid i toppen av FN:s och OECD:s jämställdhetsrankingar. Sedan mitten av nittiotalet har jämställdhetsintegrering varit den officiella strategin för det svenska jämställdhetsarbetet, men trots detta startas det fortfarande projekt för att komma igång med detta arbete. I denna artikel problematiseras det svenska jämställdhetsarbetet mot bakgrund av politikens förändrade styrformer där marknadsstyrning i hög utsträckning kommit att dominera det offentliga och där «den rätta kunskapen» allt mer har kommit att ersätta politiska intressemotsättningar. Syftet är att utforska vad som händer med jämställdhetspolitikens innehåll när den inordnas i marknadsbaserade former för styrning och detta görs genom att studera jämställdhetskonsulters arbete. Det empiriska materialet består av elva telefonintervjuer med jämställdhetskonsulter, samt en genomgång av ett tjugotal konsultföretags hemsidor. Intervjuerna fokuserar hur intervjupersonerna upplevde arbetet som konsult; deras drivkrafter, motiv och argument; samt hur de såg på arbetets effekter, möjligheter och begränsningar. Materialet har analyserats med inspiration av governmentalityanalys och med ett särskilt fokus på hur jämställdhetskonsultens position samt jämställdhetsbegreppets betydelse konstrueras.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2017
Keywords
jämställdhet, konsulter, marknadsstyrning, styrningsmentalitet, offentligt entreprenörskap
National Category
Gender Studies Political Science
Research subject
gender studies; political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-136586 (URN)10.18261/issn.1891-1781-2017-01-06 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E. (2017). Migration: Refugee camps: Bangladesh. In: Suad Joseph (Ed.), Encyclopedia of women & Islamic cultures: supplement XVI. Brill Academic Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migration: Refugee camps: Bangladesh
2017 (English)In: Encyclopedia of women & Islamic cultures: supplement XVI / [ed] Suad Joseph, Brill Academic Publishers, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This entry focuses on women's situation in refugee camps for Rohingya refugees located in Eastern Bangladesh. It describes the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, and their situation as refugees in Bangladesh. In particular, the entry interrogates how humanitarian aid agencies work to address gender inequality and gender violence in the refugee camps. In humanitarian aid practice, violence against Rohingya women is primarily represented and approached as a symptom of religious and cultural backwardness that needs to be addressed through the modernization of refugee subjectivities, attitudes and beliefs. As this entry demonstrates, such approaches have generated conflicts and resistance from refugees, and sometimes obstructed rather than advanced struggles for refugee women's rights.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brill Academic Publishers, 2017
Keywords
Refugees, Refugee camps, Humanitarian aid, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Rohingya, Violence against women, Gender equality programs, Development, Culture
National Category
Gender Studies International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142638 (URN)10.1163/1872-5309_ewic_COM_002132 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-07 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E. (2017). Refugees, global governance and the local politics of violence against women. In: Susanne Buckley-Zistel and Ulrike Krause (Ed.), Gender, violence, refugees: (pp. 58-77). Oxford: Berghahn Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Refugees, global governance and the local politics of violence against women
2017 (English)In: Gender, violence, refugees / [ed] Susanne Buckley-Zistel and Ulrike Krause, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2017, p. 58-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores how violence against women is represented and approached in humanitarian aid to refugees. Drawing on an analysis of key humanitarian policy texts and case studies of efforts to address violence in refugee camps in Thailand and Bangladesh, the analysis demonstrates that a representation of violence against women as an expression of the 'underdevelopment' of refugee communities has gained prominence in humanitarian policy and practice. Consequently, changing the cultural norms and practices of refugees as to 'develop' them is seen as the main solution. However, this chapter shows that this approach has generated conflicts and resistance, and sometimes obstructed rather than advanced struggles for refugee women's rights.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2017
Series
Studies in forced migration ; 37
Keywords
Refugees, humanitarian aid, violence against women, global governance, development
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Gender Studies
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139573 (URN)978-1-78533-616-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-09-19 Created: 2017-09-19 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2400-9144

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