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Ahnlund, Petra
Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Wikström, E. & Ahnlund, P. (2018). Making Refugees Work?: Individualized Work Strategies in the Swedish Refugee Settlement Program. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 8(S4), 47-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making Refugees Work?: Individualized Work Strategies in the Swedish Refugee Settlement Program
2018 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 8, no S4, p. 47-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden and elsewhere, work strategies have gained greater significance in social policy, and now also in settlement programs for refugees. This article addresses the level of practice of the refugee settlement program in Sweden, which previously emphasized ‘support’ and ‘social responsibility’, but now emphasizes ‘activation’ and ‘individual responsibility’. Through an analysis of interviews and individual action plans, we investigate how activation is put into practice in the work activities of refugee settlement and how employment officials and refugees articulate and experience the role that activation plays in refugees’ integration processes. The conclusion drawn is that activation is a central feature, but it involves conditionalizing elements that are used as the means to emphasize ‘work’ as the route to integration and to keep the ‘less employable’ refugees activated. The activation techniques applied require refugees to demonstrate that they are taking responsibility for their integration process and for increasing their employability

Keywords
Employment, Wages, Unemployment & Rehabilitation, Gender, Ethnicity, Age and Diversity, Labor Market Institutions & Social Partners
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153729 (URN)10.18291/njwls.v8iS4.111157 (DOI)000455265800004 ()
Projects
Forte Villkorad etablering dnr 2013-0299
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-0299
Available from: 2018-11-27 Created: 2018-11-27 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved
Ahnlund, P., Andersson, T., Snellman, F., Sundström, M. & Heimer, G. (2017). Prevalence and correlates of sexual, physical, and psychological violence against women and men of 60 to 74 years in Sweden. Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prevalence and correlates of sexual, physical, and psychological violence against women and men of 60 to 74 years in Sweden
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Past-year sexual, physical, and psychological violence against women and men aged 60 to 74 years was studied. The data derived from a nationally representative survey on violence in which approximately 2,800 women and men aged 60 to 74 years in Sweden participated. Women were significantly more likely to have been subjected to at least one form of violence in the past year. The prevalence of sexual violence as well as systematic and repeated psychological violence was found to be significantly higher for women than for men. Sexual violence was the most common form of violence against women. Systematic and repeated psychological violence was the most common form of violence against men. Additional gender differences were found in relation to victim characteristics. While associations among women were found between violence victimization and sociodemographic characteristics, health as well as social capital, only health-related characteristics were found to be associated with past-year violence victimization among men. Among women, economic problems, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, lack of trust in other people, and not having anyone to talk to were associated with violence victimization. Poor psychological health and an at-risk consumption of alcohol were found to be associated with violence victimization among men. The results highlight the importance of research on violence victimization to assess gender differences also when inquiring into the situation among persons in older generations. The results also indicate practical implications for caring professions; the need to inquire into the experiences of violence among older persons and to pay particular attention to these characteristics when encountering women and men in this age interval.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
violence exposure, elder abuse, mental health and violence
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-132716 (URN)10.1177/0886260517696874 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-03-21 Created: 2017-03-21 Last updated: 2019-04-04
Ahnlund, P. (2016). Influence in elderly and disability care. In: : . Paper presented at 6th European Conference for Social Work Research Lisbon.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influence in elderly and disability care
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Influence in elderly and disability care

Care for elderly and care for persons with disabilities are two sectors in the welfare state, aiming to give support, care and service when needed. There are both similarities and differences between the two sectors, our interest is how the concept influence has been discussed and understood in this both sectors. Influence is regulated in the Swedish Social Service Act and in the act concerning Support and Service for Persons with Certain Functional Impairments but is operationalized in different ways in care for elderly and care for persons with disabilities. It is for example much more concrete described for the care of persons with disabilities. In the care for elderly, influence is described in a more general way whit diffuse terminology.

The aim with the presentation is to discus differences and similarities in relation to influence and its consequences for the every day life. Laws, policies and previous research are discussed as is interviews with personnel working in respectively sector focusing on their descriptions of what they do at work. Our results show that personnel in the care for persons with disabilities include their clients in their work, influence is more visible for that group, and it is something obvious to consider at work in relation to participation and influence in ones own life. For the personnel in the care for elderly, influence is not as visible as a concept and when they talk about their work, they talk about routines and organisational needs. Our conclusions are that organisational guidelines as well as laws and policy decisions creates different opportunities to make influence for clients possible. 

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122424 (URN)978-91-40-66828-8 (ISBN)
Conference
6th European Conference for Social Work Research Lisbon
Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Ahnlund, P. & Sauer, L. (2016). Inflytande (1ed.). In: Stina Johansson & Annika Taghizadeh Larsson (Ed.), Förändringsperspektiv på äldreomsorg: att leva som andra (pp. 119-128). Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inflytande
2016 (Swedish)In: Förändringsperspektiv på äldreomsorg: att leva som andra / [ed] Stina Johansson & Annika Taghizadeh Larsson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 1, p. 119-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016 Edition: 1
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118173 (URN)978-91-40-69176-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-03-14 Created: 2016-03-14 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Ahnlund, P. & Wikström, E. (2015). Arbetslinjen i fokus. En analys av flykting- och etableringspolitiken.. In: Book of Abstracts FALF 2015 Conference, 10-12 June 2015: . Paper presented at FALF conference 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arbetslinjen i fokus. En analys av flykting- och etableringspolitiken.
2015 (Swedish)In: Book of Abstracts FALF 2015 Conference, 10-12 June 2015, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

I december 2010 sjösattes en ny reform för flyktingmottagandet i Sverige: Lagen om etableringsinsatser förvissa nyanlända (2009/10:197). Ett övergripande syfte med flyktingpolitiken är att ingen ska hamna i utanförskap,och därför fokuseras i reformen snabb arbetsmarknadsetablering genom betoningen på aktivering. Denna aktiveringspolitik återfinns i stora dela av Europa och inbegriper ’Welfare to work’, ett skifte från enpassiv välfärdslogik till en aktiv sådan för att förhindra beroende och passivitet främst för grupper som anses stå långt ifrån arbetsmarknaden. Den svenska versionen av en aktiv arbetsmarknadspolitik brukar benämnassom ”arbetslinje” och har ett tydligt fokus på att genom olika strategier stimulera alla med arbetsförmåga till sysselsättning. Dessa strategier kan handla om att öka anställbarhet men kan också innefatta villkorade ersättningar eller olika slags prestationsbelönande system.Syftet med presentationen är att beskriva hur etableringsinsatser för nyanlända legitimerar en arbetslinje i integrationen av flyktingar och deras anhöriga och hur flyktingen som subjekt konstrueras som en aktiv arbetare. Två centrala dokument, SOU 2008:58 och Regeringens proposition 2009/10:60, i vilken den nya lagen ingår, har analyserats med inspiration av kritisk diskursanalys och Bacchis problemdefinition (1999). Genom att ställa frågor om vad som utgör problemet, vilka dess orsaker är och hur lösningar konstrueras, med fokus på flyktingen, framkommer argumenten för flyktingpolitiken och dess inramning. Resultat från diskursanalysen visar bl.a. att lagen vilar på en princip om att snabbt komma till någon form av sysselsättning ses som en överordnat mål för att förebygga ett möjligt utanförskap och bidragsberoende. Det finns idag en tydlig markering i dokumenten att individen måste anpassa sig till arbetsmarknadens krav ochefterfrågan, ta ansvar för sitt deltagande och sin försörjning. Våra analyser visar en tydlig förskjutning från att betrakta ”flyktingen” som kategori grundat i ett humanrättsligt erkännande med ett visst behov av särskildastödinsatser, till att ses som en arbetssökande där arbete är en rättighet såväl som en skyldighet.

National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122008 (URN)
Conference
FALF conference 2015
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2016-06-13 Created: 2016-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Johansson, S. & Ahnlund, P. (2014). The significance of education for establishment in the care sector: women and men as care workers with a migrant background. Educational gerontology, 40(6), 442-457
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The significance of education for establishment in the care sector: women and men as care workers with a migrant background
2014 (English)In: Educational gerontology, ISSN 0360-1277, E-ISSN 1521-0472, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 442-457Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we have followed women and men with a Swedish or an immigrant background that have completed the Upper Secondary Health Care Program. In which occupations do they work? Who employs them? Which target groups do they serve? Official statistics and survey data were used. The interaction between occupational structure and educational experiments was in focus. Gendered and cultural segregation and concentration within and between occupational groups were analysed in relation to defined target groups and employer. We found that official statistics were not sensitive enough to capture the latent structure, while the survey uncovered signs of concentration and segregation of the care workers to certain occupations or target groups. Traditional career patterns were strengthened. Elderly care attracted women while mental care attracted men. We also found some unexpected paths among immigrant workers who chose more autonomous niches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2014
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82729 (URN)10.1080/03601277.2013.848752 (DOI)000331691200005 ()
Projects
IFAU research grant 141/08
Available from: 2013-11-07 Created: 2013-11-07 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Ahnlund, P. & Johansson, S. (2011). Omvårdnadsprogrammet: genomströmning, etableringsgrad och utbildningens relevans. Uppsala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Omvårdnadsprogrammet: genomströmning, etableringsgrad och utbildningens relevans
2011 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

I den offentliga omsorgen om äldre och personer med funktionshinder arbetar i dag personal som tillsammans utgör det största yrkesområdet i Sverige. I rapporten studeras hur intentionerna med att höja utbildningsnivån för äldreomsorgens personal genom att formalisera all kompetens kring en utbildning lyckats. Till grund för analysen ligger enkätdata samt statistik från SCB.

Undersökningen visar att gymnasieskolans omvårdnadsprogram inte som enda aktör kan utbilda personal i en omfattning som motsvarar de framtida rekryteringsbehoven. Detta trots att omvårdnadsprogrammet har en god genomströmning och trots att en stor andel av eleverna arbetar inom avsedda målgruppsområden efter avslutade studier. Av de som avgick från omvårdnadsprogrammet 2000 och som finns i arbete 2008, arbetade 78 procent i ett målgruppsområde, de flesta som vård- och omsorgspersonal (SSYK 513) följt av sjukstöterskor (SSYK 223 och 323).

Rapporten visar att utbildningen på omvårdnadsprogrammet har förberett eleverna för kommande arbetsliv på ett bra sätt, ett påstående som både de som arbetade och de som inte arbetade inom vård- och omsorg instämde i. Däremot råder det en stor variation bland de som arbetade inom vård- och omsorgsfältet vad gäller om kunskapen tas tillvara på den nuvarande arbetsplatsen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2011. p. 36
Series
IFAU-rapport, ISSN 1651-1158 ; 2011:19
Keywords
omvårdnadsprogrammet, gymnasieskolan, utbildningsval, arbetsmarknad
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-49168 (URN)
Projects
Omvårdnadsutbildningens legitimitet. Om rekrytering, kompetensförsörjning och kärnan i yrkeskunskapen.
Available from: 2011-11-04 Created: 2011-11-01 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Kalman, H., Ahnlund, P. & Dufåker, M. (2010). På träningsläger inför C-uppsatsen. In: Erik Lindenius (Ed.), Undervisning på tvären: Student- och lärarerfarenheter.. Paper presented at Undervisning på tvären. Den nionde universitetspedagogiska konferensen 25-26 februari 2009 (pp. 29-46). Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>På träningsläger inför C-uppsatsen
2010 (Swedish)In: Undervisning på tvären: Student- och lärarerfarenheter. / [ed] Erik Lindenius, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum, Umeå universitet , 2010, p. 29-46Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum, Umeå universitet, 2010
Series
Skriftserie från universitetspedagogiskt centrum, ISSN 1651-5692 ; 2010:1
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-35645 (URN)978-91-7459-064-7 (ISBN)
Conference
Undervisning på tvären. Den nionde universitetspedagogiska konferensen 25-26 februari 2009
Available from: 2010-08-27 Created: 2010-08-27 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Ahnlund, P. (2010). Utbildning och mångfald. In: Stina Johansson (Ed.), Omsorg och mångfald: (pp. 179-192). Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utbildning och mångfald
2010 (Swedish)In: Omsorg och mångfald / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2010, p. 179-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2010
Keywords
äldreomsorg, handikappomsorg, omvårdnadsutbildning
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-34238 (URN)978-91-40-66828-8 (ISBN)
Projects
Nationella nätverket för samhällsvetenskaplig äldreforskningOmvårdnadsutbildningens legitimitet. Om rekrytering, komptetensförsörjning och kärnan i yrkeskunskapen
Available from: 2010-05-24 Created: 2010-05-23 Last updated: 2019-06-05Bibliographically approved
Andersson, K. & Ahnlund, P. (2009). Urvalets betydelse för kvalitativa studier i teori och praktik (1ed.). In: Lena Dahlgren, Lennart Sauer (Ed.), Att forska i socialt arbete: utmaningar, förhållningssätt och metoder.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urvalets betydelse för kvalitativa studier i teori och praktik
2009 (Swedish)In: Att forska i socialt arbete: utmaningar, förhållningssätt och metoder / [ed] Lena Dahlgren, Lennart Sauer, 2009, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-11190 (URN)978-91-44-00462-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2008-11-25 Created: 2008-11-25 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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