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Publications (10 of 24) Show all publications
Aslan, P., Wikström, E., Ahmadi, N. & Sjöberg, S. (2020). 'Kids' in between?: Views on work, gender, and family arrangements among men and women of migrant descent in Sweden. Community, Work and Family
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Kids' in between?: Views on work, gender, and family arrangements among men and women of migrant descent in Sweden
2020 (English)In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study used qualitative interviews to explore perceptions of labour market participation in relation to gender norms and parenting ideals among employed Swedish men and women of migrant descent. Using an abductive thematic approach, we demonstrate how the respondents viewed labour market participation from different perspectives. The females saw it as a source of emancipation, whereas the men primarily viewed it as a means of providing for a current/future family. While our respondents depicted themselves as dedicated to social norms of gender equality, they expressed gender-biased views on work and family. The respondents' immigrant heritage also influenced their views on labour market participation, gender and family. Gender inequalities in the parental generation motivated them to arrange their work and family lives differently, and the Swedish social and political context offered them incentives and opportunities to be more gender-equal than their parents. We view and analyse these findings from a life course-perspective, showing how cultural and contextual influences affect respondents' perspectives on work and family arrangements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2020
Keywords
Descendants of immigrants, labour market, gender, family, life course
National Category
Social Work Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-169367 (URN)10.1080/13668803.2020.1734537 (DOI)000518575500001 ()
Available from: 2020-04-07 Created: 2020-04-07 Last updated: 2020-04-07Bibliographically approved
Aslan, P., Sjöberg, S., Wikström, E. & Ahmadi, N. (2019). Door Openers?: Public officials as supportive actors in the labour market participation of descendants of immigrants in Sweden. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Door Openers?: Public officials as supportive actors in the labour market participation of descendants of immigrants in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine how employed descendants of immigrants in Sweden perceive that interactions with public officials have benefitted their occupational aspirations and attainments. We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with twelve female and nine male descendants of immigrants, followed by an abductive thematic analysis. Applying a theoretical framework of social capital, we found three main influences of public officials from respondents’ perspectives: 1) connectedness, 2) supporting personal goals and focusing on possibilities, and 3) mediation of knowledge and information. We discuss and analyse the symbolic resources deriving from these influences, e.g. increased motivation and self-belief, and conceptualize these resources as social capital contributing to the occupational aspirations and attainments of immigrants’ descendants.

Keywords
Descendants of immigrants, public officials, social work, social capital, labour market
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164573 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2019.1680418 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-23 Created: 2019-10-23 Last updated: 2020-01-29
Wikström, E. & Sténs, A. (2019). Problematising refugee migrants in the Swedish forestry sector. Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, 25(1), 63-80
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Problematising refugee migrants in the Swedish forestry sector
2019 (English)In: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 63-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, ideas behind current Swedish efforts to integrate refugees in ‘green’ industries are analysed. We ask why the employment of refugees in forestry, a sector historically and globally notorious for its abuse of migrant workers, has come to be regarded as a solution in official Swedish migration policy. A discourse analytical approach is applied, analysing what the arguments are for introducing refugees to forestry work and how the forest, as a space, is depicted and used discursively as a means for refugee integration. The sources for the analyses consist of articles appearing in the printed press from 2015 to 2017. Three main problem discourses are identified: the ‘labour shortage’ discourse, the ‘refugees in need of work’ discourse and the ‘forest as a health-promoting learning environment’ discourse. The hazardous aspects of forestry work or the fact that refugees might be overqualified for the jobs offered are generally left unproblematised.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Migrant workers, refugees, integration, forestry work, Sweden, ‘refugee crisis’, ‘What-is-the-problem-represented-to-be?’ (WPR) approach, media analysis
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156198 (URN)10.1177/1024258919827133 (DOI)000462046500007 ()
Note

Special Issue: SI

Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-04-12Bibliographically approved
Righard, E. & Wikström, E. (2019). Social work and ethno-cultural diversity: historical development in Sweden (1ed.). In: Sven Trygged, Erica Righard (Ed.), Inequalities and migration: challenges for the Swedish welfare state (pp. 53-69). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social work and ethno-cultural diversity: historical development in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Inequalities and migration: challenges for the Swedish welfare state / [ed] Sven Trygged, Erica Righard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 1, p. 53-69Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019 Edition: 1
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156135 (URN)9789144116945 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-06 Created: 2019-02-06 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved
Wikström, E. & Mešić, N. (2018). Bärplockarna, utsattheten och de frivilliga krafterna (1ed.). In: Magnus Dahlstedt, Philip Lalander (Ed.), Manifest för ett socialt arbete i tiden: (pp. 251-266). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bärplockarna, utsattheten och de frivilliga krafterna
2018 (Swedish)In: Manifest för ett socialt arbete i tiden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Philip Lalander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 1, p. 251-266Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Skandaler kring bärplockningen har avlöst varandra. "Dåliga bärår" har vid upprepade tillfällen fått katastrofala konsekvenser för migrantarbetare från olika länder. I följderna av de strandsatta plockarnas utsatthet har de nationalstatliga ramarna för välfärdsstatens och det sociala arbetets ansvarstagande blottlagts. I det vakuum som uppstått till följd av bärindustrins oansvar och myndigheters ovilja, har frivilliga krafter trätt in och tagit ansvar för utnyttjade arbetares livs- och arbetssituation och agerat som välfärdssamhällets visselblåsare. Trots de initiativ som tagits för att undvika att liknande situationer upprepas, så pekar mycket på att den globala arbetsmarknadens risker för exploatering och det nationella välfärdssystemets sprickor gör att detta är ett problem som kommer att återkomma. Ett förväntat prisfall på bär föranleder frågan: vilka träder in för plockarnas sak när nästa kris är ett faktum?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018 Edition: 1
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148395 (URN)978-91-44-12568-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-11-07Bibliographically approved
Wikström, E. & Ahnlund, P. (2018). Making Refugees Work?: Individualized Work Strategies in the Swedish Refugee Settlement Program. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 8(S4), 47-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making Refugees Work?: Individualized Work Strategies in the Swedish Refugee Settlement Program
2018 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 8, no S4, p. 47-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden and elsewhere, work strategies have gained greater significance in social policy, and now also in settlement programs for refugees. This article addresses the level of practice of the refugee settlement program in Sweden, which previously emphasized ‘support’ and ‘social responsibility’, but now emphasizes ‘activation’ and ‘individual responsibility’. Through an analysis of interviews and individual action plans, we investigate how activation is put into practice in the work activities of refugee settlement and how employment officials and refugees articulate and experience the role that activation plays in refugees’ integration processes. The conclusion drawn is that activation is a central feature, but it involves conditionalizing elements that are used as the means to emphasize ‘work’ as the route to integration and to keep the ‘less employable’ refugees activated. The activation techniques applied require refugees to demonstrate that they are taking responsibility for their integration process and for increasing their employability

Keywords
Employment, Wages, Unemployment & Rehabilitation, Gender, Ethnicity, Age and Diversity, Labor Market Institutions & Social Partners
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153729 (URN)10.18291/njwls.v8iS4.111157 (DOI)000455265800004 ()
Projects
Forte Villkorad etablering dnr 2013-0299
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-0299
Available from: 2018-11-27 Created: 2018-11-27 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved
Wikström, E. (2017). Ethnic and racial diversity in social work education: a study of curriculums in social work education in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at EASSW-UNAFORIS 2017 European Conference Social Work Education in Europe: Challenging Boundaries, Promoting a Sustainable Future.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethnic and racial diversity in social work education: a study of curriculums in social work education in Sweden
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study presented is to investigate how ethnic and racial diversity is integrated into the literature and curriculum of social work programme in Sweden. The study is based on text analysis of curriculum development from the year 1967 – 2014. Sweden has had inflows of changing forms of migration, whereas 1970’s were dominated by labour-market immigrants, and later from 1980’s-2015’s by high inflows of refugee-immigrants.  These migration-flows impact on professional social work and challenge universities to enable the students to achieve theoretical and critical knowledge and skills needed to work for a sustainable future in an ethnic diverse population and clientele. The study raises questions about how development of content in Swedish social work programme has developed through the years in relation to a context of migration and professional claims of increasing social workers’ knowledge about ethnic and racial diversity. The study also raises questions about how ethnic relations are problematised, meaning what perspectives, what concepts, theories and practical methods are used in various time-periods to enable learning about ethnic diversity? Results show that course-content in terms of literature and other teaching material is poorly developed throughout the years, and ethnic and racial perspectives on social issues tend to be ‘side-lined’, thus not integrated into the general course-content. 

Keywords
ethnic and racial diversity, social work education, curriculum
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138772 (URN)
Conference
EASSW-UNAFORIS 2017 European Conference Social Work Education in Europe: Challenging Boundaries, Promoting a Sustainable Future
Projects
Etniska relationer i socialt arbete
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2017-08-30 Created: 2017-08-30 Last updated: 2018-11-07
Wikström, E. & Ahnlund, P. (2017). Responsibilisation of refugees – discourses and practices in the Swedishsettlement programme for refugees. In: : . Paper presented at The National Conference on Social Work Research Umeå University June 12-13, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Responsibilisation of refugees – discourses and practices in the Swedishsettlement programme for refugees
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138777 (URN)
Conference
The National Conference on Social Work Research Umeå University June 12-13, 2017
Projects
Etablering på lika villkor?
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2017-08-30 Created: 2017-08-30 Last updated: 2018-11-07
Wikström, E. & Righard, E. (2016). Responses to ethnic and 'racial' diversity in social work practice: The swedish development in a historical perspective. In: : . Paper presented at 6th European Conference for Social Work Research Lisbon.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Responses to ethnic and 'racial' diversity in social work practice: The swedish development in a historical perspective
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Responses to ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity in social work practice – The Swedish development in historical perspective 

Social work responses to ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity varies over time and between places. In some countries it is mainstreamed; in others it tends instead to be side-lined to ‘cultural experts’ and ‘culturally matched’ social workers. The existing – but very limited – research drawing on the situation in Sweden, suggests that in Sweden ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity tend to be side-lined. This is typically understood as related to the universal and extended Scandinavian welfare state regime that frames social work practices; universalism seems to emphasize universal standards in front of particularism. The universal standards assume that the legislative and theoretical framework are so called (culturally) ‘neutral’. In practice this sometimes equals ‘colour or ethnic blindness’ with ‘whiteness’ as present but invisible. This presentation contributes to this research field, analysing how different meanings given to ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity in social work have developed over time in Sweden. 

The empirical material is drawn from the main Swedish professional journal of social work (Socionomen). The journal is considered an important platform for debating social work practice in Sweden and has existed for almost sixty years. We have systematically searched all issues from the first publication in 1958 up until 2014. Methodologically we rely on text and content analysis. This includes how issues on ethnic relations are presented, framed and what particular words that are used. This implies an analysis of choices of words and representations which carry underlying assumptions about the issues addressed. By way of analysing the content of the debates in this journal, we can show the varying meaning that has been given to ethnic and ‘racial’ relations in Sweden over time.

The analysis indicates that throughout the years, there is a paradoxical interest in the international dimension of social work. However, for many decades, international dimensions in social work was understood as something situated ‘there’, not ‘here’. While social work practice early on was understood as (culturally) neutral, from the 1970s cultural representations of the ‘other’ begin to appear. While the representations of the ‘other’ varies over time, the cultural representation of ‘whiteness’ remains invisible. Hence, this study supports earlier studies arguing that the ethnic and ‘racial’ relations are side-lined in social work in Sweden. Its particular contribution lies in that it highlights how this has shifted over time. 

 

National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122006 (URN)
Conference
6th European Conference for Social Work Research Lisbon
Available from: 2016-06-13 Created: 2016-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Wikström, E. (2016). Unga kvinnor berättar om etablering. In: Myndigheten för ungdoms och civilsamhällesfrågor (Ed.), Unga nyanländas etablering: verksamhetsexempel och ungas röster (pp. 73-89). Stockholm: MUCF
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unga kvinnor berättar om etablering
2016 (Swedish)In: Unga nyanländas etablering: verksamhetsexempel och ungas röster / [ed] Myndigheten för ungdoms och civilsamhällesfrågor, Stockholm: MUCF , 2016, p. 73-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: MUCF, 2016
Series
Fokus ; 16:2
Keywords
integration, ungdom
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130602 (URN)9789188455079 (ISBN)
Projects
Etablering på lika villkor?
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareSwedish Agency for Youth and Civil Society (MUCF)
Available from: 2017-01-25 Created: 2017-01-25 Last updated: 2018-11-07Bibliographically approved
Projects
Conditional establishment? Prerequisites and governance of young newcomers labour market integration [2013-00299_Forte]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0365-0362

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