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Ghazinour, Mehdi
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Publications (10 of 87) Show all publications
Karhina, K., Eriksson, M., Ghazinour, M. & Ng, N. (2019). What determines gender inequalities in social capital in Ukraine?. SSM - Population Health, 8, Article ID 100383.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What determines gender inequalities in social capital in Ukraine?
2019 (English)In: SSM - Population Health, ISSN 2352-8273, Vol. 8, article id 100383Article in journal (Other academic) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background

Social capital is a social determinant of health that has an impact on equity and well-being. It may be unequally distributed among any population. The aims of this study are to investigate the distribution of different forms of social capital between men and women in Ukraine and analyse how potential gender inequalities in social capital might be explained and understood in the Ukrainian context.

Method

The national representative cross-sectional data from the European Social Survey (wave 6) was used with a sample of 1377 women and 797 men. Seven outcomes that represent cognitive and structural social capital were constructed i.e. institutional trust, generalised trust, reciprocity, safety, as well as bonding, bridging and linking forms. Multivariate logistic regression and post-regression Fairlies decompositions were used for the analyses.

Results

There are several findings that resulted from the analyses i), access to institutional trust, linking and bridging social capital is very limited; ii), the odds for almost all forms of social capital (besides safety) are lower for men; iii), feeling about income and age explain most of the gender differences and act positively, as well as offsetting the differences.

Conclusion

Social capital is unequally distributed between different population groups. Some forms of social capital have a stronger buffering effect on women than on men in Ukraine. Reducing gender and income inequalities would probably influence the distribution of social capital within the society.

Keywords
social capital, Ukraine, gender, inequality
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Social Sciences
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159716 (URN)10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100383 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M., Ghazinour, M. & Hammarström, A. (2018). Different uses of Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory in public mental health research: what is their value for guiding public mental health policy and practice?. Social Theory & Health, 16(4), 414-433
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Different uses of Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory in public mental health research: what is their value for guiding public mental health policy and practice?
2018 (English)In: Social Theory & Health, ISSN 1477-8211, E-ISSN 1477-822X, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 414-433Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory is appealing as a conceptual tool for guiding public mental health interventions. However, his theory underwent significant changes since its first inception during the late 1970s until his death in 2005, due to which the implications that can be drawn might differ depending on what concepts (i.e. early or later) of the theory is utilized. The aim of this paper was to examine how different concepts of Bronfenbrenner’s theory have been utilized in (public) mental health research, and to analyse the value of these different uses for guiding public mental health policy and practice. A systematic search for articles that have utilized concepts of Bronfenbrenner’s theory within the field of mental health resulted in a review of 16 published papers. We found that one set of papers (N = 10) used the early concepts of ecological systems without investigating interactions between these systems, while another set of papers used the concepts of ecological systems by also investigating interactions within and between these systems (N = 4). Another limited set of papers (N = 2) utilized the later concepts of proximal processes and the PPCT model. Our results show that studies using Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system concepts by clearly considering interactions between and within these systems can result in recommendations that are most useful for guiding public mental health policy and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Social Work
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150965 (URN)10.1057/s41285-018-0065-6 (DOI)000455351600007 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-37
Available from: 2018-08-21 Created: 2018-08-21 Last updated: 2019-02-11Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M., Wimelius, M. E. & Ghazinour, M. (2018). 'I stand on my own two feet but need someone who really cares': Social networks and social capital among unaccompanied minors for becoming established in Swedish society. The Journal of Refugee Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'I stand on my own two feet but need someone who really cares': Social networks and social capital among unaccompanied minors for becoming established in Swedish society
2018 (English)In: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Settling in a new host country as an unaccompanied minor holds a lot of challenges such as adaptation of new social norms, learning a new language and understanding a new culture. Social networks may foster good conditions for settlement in the host community but little is known about the availability, quality and significance of social networks for unaccompanied minors (UM) in Sweden. The aim of this qualitative grounded-theory situational study was to explore experiences of social networks among UM and the significance of those networks for becoming established in Sweden, based on data from in-depth interviews with 11 young persons. Unaccompanied young persons were broadly found to be involved in three different kinds of networks: professional carers, like-ethnic friends and ‘Swedes’ in general. Networks with professionals (i.e. linking social capital) were perceived as both a secure base and a source of rejection, and could either facilitate or obstruct the establishment. Supporting networks with like-ethnic friends (bonding social capital) proved to be the most available and important resource for becoming established, while access to networks with Swedes (bridging social capital) was in general low but still perceived as important for becoming established, not least for reducing language and cultural barriers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2018
Keywords
Unaccompanied minors, social networks, social capital, establishment, Sweden, grounded theory, situational analysis
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150967 (URN)10.1093/jrs/fey030 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-08-21 Created: 2018-08-21 Last updated: 2019-04-05
Strandh, V., Eklund Wimelius, M., Ghazinour, M., Kinsman, J. & Sundqvist, J. (2018). Lokal resiliens mot våldsbejakande islamistisk extremism i norra Sverige (1ed.). In: Anna Andersson, Sofie Alexandra Engli Høgestøl, Anne Christine Lie (Ed.), Fremmedkrigere: forebygging, straffeforfølgning og rehabilitering i Skandinavia (pp. 235-264). Gyldendal Juridisk
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lokal resiliens mot våldsbejakande islamistisk extremism i norra Sverige
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2018 (Swedish)In: Fremmedkrigere: forebygging, straffeforfølgning og rehabilitering i Skandinavia / [ed] Anna Andersson, Sofie Alexandra Engli Høgestøl, Anne Christine Lie, Gyldendal Juridisk, 2018, 1, p. 235-264Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gyldendal Juridisk, 2018 Edition: 1
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141947 (URN)9788205502642 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Sundqvist, J., Padyab, M., Hurtig, A.-K. & Ghazinour, M. (2018). The association between social support and the mental health of social workers and police officers who work with unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children’s forced repatriation: a Swedish experience. International Journal of Mental Health, 47(1), 3-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The association between social support and the mental health of social workers and police officers who work with unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children’s forced repatriation: a Swedish experience
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0020-7411, E-ISSN 1557-9328, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 3-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to contribute to the knowledge of social support and its association with mental health amongst social workers and police officers in forced repatriation work of unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children. Nationally distributed surveys to social workers and police officers with and without experience of forced repatriation were used, measured by an abbreviated version of the Interview Schedule for Social Interaction (ISSI), and analyzed by univariate and multivariable regression models. Social workers in forced repatriation showed significantly poorer mental health than other social workers, but simultaneously relatively high access to social support. Irrespective of working with forced repatriation, police officers reported relatively high access to social support, but no difference in mental health. Furthermore, low levels of satisfaction with social interaction and close emotional support increased the odds of psychological disturbances for police officers in forced repatriation. Findings are discussed with special regard to the complexity of forced repatriation, particularly when children are the focus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
mental health, police officers, social support, social workers, unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140160 (URN)10.1080/00207411.2017.1400898 (DOI)000436347800002 ()2-s2.0-85037999676 (Scopus ID)
Note

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form

Available from: 2017-10-02 Created: 2017-10-02 Last updated: 2018-09-14Bibliographically approved
Eklund Wimelius, M., Eriksson, M., Kinsman, J., Strandh, V. & Ghazinour, M. (2018). What is local resilience against radicalization and how can it be promoted?: a multidisciplinary literature review. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What is local resilience against radicalization and how can it be promoted?: a multidisciplinary literature review
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2018 (English)In: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, ISSN 1057-610X, E-ISSN 1521-0731Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this research note, we present results from a review of research on local resilience in relation to radicalization in public health, social work, crisis management, and community policing using terrorism studies as a point of departure. In order to identify agreements between literatures, we focus on how local resilience is understood, how it is said to be promoted, and how this knowledge could be synthesized. We show that resilience by and large is understood as both a process and a capacity underpinned by cooperation, social networks, and community resources and that an initial mapping of existing strengths and resources is pivotal for local resilience-building.

Keywords
local, resilience, radicalization
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
statskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153451 (URN)10.1080/1057610X.2018.1531532 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 2016-488
Available from: 2018-11-21 Created: 2018-11-21 Last updated: 2018-12-13Bibliographically approved
Sundqvist, J., Ghazinour, M. & Padyab, M. (2017). Coping with Stress in the Forced Repatriation of Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Refugee Children among Swedish Police Officers and Social Workers. Psychology, 8(1), 97-118
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coping with Stress in the Forced Repatriation of Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Refugee Children among Swedish Police Officers and Social Workers
2017 (English)In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 97-118Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Police officers and social workers are key actors in the forced repatriation of unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children. Police officers are tasked with arranging the children's departure, whereas social workers are responsible for the children's well-being during their stay in Sweden. To gain a better understanding of how to handle stressors and cope effectively with forced repatriation work, the current study aimed to describe and compare police officers' and social workers' coping strategies for forced repatriation work, controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and social support. Nationally distributed surveys to social workers (n = 380) and police officers (n = 714) with and without experience of forced repatriation were used, analyzed by univariate and multivariable regression models. The police officers used more planful problem-solving and self-controlling strategies, whereas the social workers used more escape-avoidance, distancing and positive reappraisal coping. Additionally, social workers with experience in forced repatriation used more planful problem-solving than those without experience. Police officers involved in forced repatriation manage their work stress via adaptive coping strategies and control over the situation, whereas social workers use more maladaptive coping strategies. Concrete tools are needed at the individual level to strengthen key actors' ability to support the well-being of unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Research Publishing, 2017
Keywords
Coping, Police Officers, Social Workers, Sweden, Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Refugee Children
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131713 (URN)10.4236/psych.2017.81007 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-02-19 Created: 2017-02-19 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Eklund Wimelius, M., Eriksson, M., Ghazinour, M., Kinsman, J., Strandh, V. & Sundqvist, J. (2017). Den lokala nivåns betydelse i det förebyggande arbetet mot våldsbejakande islamistisk extremism. In: Christofer Edling och Amir Rostamni (Ed.), Våldsbejakande extremism: en forskarantologi (pp. 225--255). Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den lokala nivåns betydelse i det förebyggande arbetet mot våldsbejakande islamistisk extremism
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2017 (Swedish)In: Våldsbejakande extremism: en forskarantologi / [ed] Christofer Edling och Amir Rostamni, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2017, p. 225--255Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2017
Series
Statens offentliga utredningar, ISSN 0375-250X ; 2017:67
Keywords
lokal nivå, förebyggande arbete, våldsbejakande islamistisk extremism
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142035 (URN)978-91-38-24663-4 (ISBN)
Projects
Lokal resiliens mot radikalisering och våldsbejakande extremism – från ett krisberedskapsperspektiv
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2017-11-17 Created: 2017-11-17 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Löfgren, H. O., Petersen, S., Nilsson, K., Ghazinour, M. & Hägglöf, B. (2017). Effects of Parent Training Programmes on Parents' Sense of Competence in a General Population Sample. Global Journal of Health Science, 9(7), 24-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of Parent Training Programmes on Parents' Sense of Competence in a General Population Sample
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2017 (English)In: Global Journal of Health Science, ISSN 1916-9736, E-ISSN 1916-9744, Vol. 9, no 7, p. 24-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: This longitudinal case-controlled study examined the effects of universal parent-focused interventions on parents’ perceived competence in terms of parental efficacy and satisfaction.

METHOD: The study sample consisted of parents from northern Sweden in the general population who participated in parent training programmes from 2010 to 2013, and a matched-comparison group. All parents had children aged 0–17. Sense of competence was measured by the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale at pre- and post-intervention and six months after the intervention.

RESULTS: The intervention group showed a statistically significant improvement in parental competence compared to the comparison group over time. The intervention itself had a significant effect on parental satisfaction, but the efficacy effect was not sustained when taking into account potential confounders.

CONCLUSIONS: Earlier studies indicate that parent training programmes enhance perceived parental competence amongst referred parents. The present study shows that parent training programmes applied in the general population may also enhance perceived parental satisfaction, suggesting that parent training programmes can be an important preventive strategy to enhance parental feelings of satisfaction in the wider population. The results suggest that parents who participate in parent training programmes might have a need to increase parental competence, based on lower scores than the comparison group, both before and after the intervention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Canadian Center of Science and Education, 2017
Keywords
Parent training programme, parenting sense of competence, parental support, parenting, universal intervention
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130533 (URN)10.5539/gjhs.v9n7p24 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-01-23 Created: 2017-01-23 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Löfgren, H. O., Petersen, S., Nilsson, K., Padyab, M., Ghazinour, M. & Hägglöf, B. (2017). Effects of Parent Training Programs on Parental Stress in a General Swedish Population Sample. Psychology, 8(5), 700-716, Article ID 75044.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of Parent Training Programs on Parental Stress in a General Swedish Population Sample
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2017 (English)In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 700-716, article id 75044Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This is a confirmatory study that assessed the effects of parent training programs on parental stress in a general population. There is a need to repeat and confirm earlier findings to acquire solid knowledge for policy stakeholders. In a quasi-experimental design, self-reported data were gathered at three occasions from 83 parents of children between the ages from one to ten years. These parents had responded to advertisements of parent training programs, and were matched to a comparison group of 83 parents chosen from a governmental database. Parent training program based upon behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, Adlerian and family system-theories. Parental stress due to incompetence, role restriction, social isolation, spousal relationship problems, and health problems were measured by the Swedish Parenthood Stress Ques- tionnaire that is based on the Parent Stress Index Scale. The data indicated a reduction of stress in the sub-scale of health problems among parents in the intervention group with an effect size of 0.33, however, no other subscale showed the intervention as a significant variable when controlling for confounding variables. This study adds on the accumulated knowledge of supporting interventions for parents. We conclude that parent training programs have a significant effect on the stress components of parental health when implemented in real-life settings. 

Keywords
Parental Training Program, Parental Stress, Universal Prevention, SPSQ
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133099 (URN)10.4236/psych.2017.85045 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-03-31 Created: 2017-03-31 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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