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Wadbro, Eddie
Publications (10 of 63) Show all publications
Hosseini, A., Lindroos, O. & Wadbro, E. (2019). A holistic optimization framework for forest machine trail network design accounting for multiple objectives and machines. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 49(2), 111-120
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A holistic optimization framework for forest machine trail network design accounting for multiple objectives and machines
2019 (English)In: Canadian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0045-5067, E-ISSN 1208-6037, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 111-120Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ground-based mechanized forestry requires the traversal of terrain by heavy machines. The routes they take are often called machine trails, and are created by removing trees from the trail and placing the logs outside it. Designing an optimal machine trail network is a complex locational problem that requires understanding how forestry machines can operate on the terrain as well as the trade-offs between various economic and ecological aspects. Machine trail designs are currently created manually based on intuitive decisions about the importance, correlations, and effects of many potentially conflicting aspects. Badly designed machine trail networks could result in costly operations and adverse environmental impacts. Therefore, this study was conducted to develop a holistic optimization framework for machine trail network design. Key economic and ecological objectives involved in designing machine trail networks for mechanized cut-to-length operations are presented, along with strategies for simultaneously addressing multiple objectives while accounting for the physical capabilities of forestry machines, the impact of slope, and operating costs. Ways of quantitatively formulating and combining these different aspects are demonstrated, together with examples showing how the optimal network design changes in response to various inputs.

National Category
Other Mathematics Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154287 (URN)10.1139/cjfr-2018-0258 (DOI)000458033400001 ()
Available from: 2018-12-14 Created: 2018-12-14 Last updated: 2019-02-20Bibliographically approved
Wadbro, E. & Noreland, D. (2019). Continuous transportation as a material distribution topology optimization problem. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 59, 1471-1482
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Continuous transportation as a material distribution topology optimization problem
2019 (English)In: Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), ISSN 1615-147X, E-ISSN 1615-1488, Vol. 59, p. 1471-1482Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The problem of moving a commodity with a given initial mass distribution to a pre-specified target mass distribution so that the total work is minimized can be traced back at least to Monge’s work from 1781. Here, we consider a version of this problem aiming to minimize a combination of road construction and transportation cost by determining, at each point, the local direction of transportation. This paper covers the modeling of the problem, highlights how it can be formulated as a material distribution topology optimization problem, and shows some results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2019
Keywords
Topology optimization, Continuous transportation, Road design, Large-scale problems
National Category
Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154290 (URN)10.1007/s00158-018-2140-y (DOI)000464743400005000464743400005 ()2-s2.0-85058044832 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-14 Created: 2018-12-14 Last updated: 2019-05-28Bibliographically approved
Niu, B. & Wadbro, E. (2019). On equal-width length-scale control in topology optimization. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 59(4), 1321-1334
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On equal-width length-scale control in topology optimization
2019 (English)In: Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), ISSN 1615-147X, E-ISSN 1615-1488, Vol. 59, no 4, p. 1321-1334Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper deals with equal-width length-scale control in topology optimization. To realize this aim, we first review different notions of minimum and maximum length-scale control and highlight some perhaps counterintuitive consequences of the various definitions. Here, we implement equal-width control within the moving morphable components (MMC) framework by imposing the same upper and lower bounds on the width of the components. To avoid partially overlapping beams and nearly parallel beams, as well as beams crossing at small angles, we introduce penalty functions of the angle difference and the minimum distance between any two beams. A penalized optimization formulation of compliance minimization is established and studied in several numerical examples with different load cases and boundary conditions. The numerical results show that equal-width length-scale control can be obtained by using the proposed penalty function in combination with a continuation approach for the amount of penalization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Topology optimization, Size control, Moving morphable components, Mathematical morphology, Medial axis transform
National Category
Computational Mathematics Applied Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154289 (URN)10.1007/s00158-018-2131-z (DOI)000465527100016 ()2-s2.0-85056658726 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , AM13-0029The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT), IB2018-7470
Available from: 2018-12-14 Created: 2018-12-14 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved
Bernland, A., Wadbro, E. & Berggren, M. (2019). SHAPE OPTIMIZATION OF A COMPRESSION DRIVER PHASE PLUG. SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, 41(1), B181-B204
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SHAPE OPTIMIZATION OF A COMPRESSION DRIVER PHASE PLUG
2019 (English)In: SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, ISSN 1064-8275, E-ISSN 1095-7197, Vol. 41, no 1, p. B181-B204Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A compression driver is an electro-acoustic transducer with considerably higher efficiency than direct radiating loudspeakers, thanks to the increased radiation resistance caused by a large vibrating diaphragm placed in a compression chamber with small openings. The transition section between compression chamber and output waveguide, the phase plug, must be carefully designed to avoid irregularities in the output sound pressure level (SPL) as a function of frequency. Here we present a shape optimization method based on an implicit level-set description and adjoint sensitivity analysis, which enables a large number of design parameters and vast design freedom. The CutFEM approach, a fictitious domain finite element method, removes the need for mesh updates and makes the method robust and computationally inexpensive. Numerical experiments for a generic annular diaphragm compression driver are presented, with optimized designs showing only minor frequency irregularities. Two different objective functions are considered: one for maximum SPL and one where the SPL is fitted to that of a hypothetical ideal design; the latter approach is found to be more effective in reducing irregularities. Visco-thermal boundary-layer losses are included in a post-processing step, and, though the influence of losses is clearly noticeable, the overall performance is similar and the optimized designs still outperform the original design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SIAM PUBLICATIONS, 2019
Keywords
shape optimization; level set, CutFEM, Helmholtz equation, electro-acoustic transducer
National Category
Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157539 (URN)10.1137/18M1175768 (DOI)000460118500035 ()
Available from: 2019-03-26 Created: 2019-03-26 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Bernland, A., Wadbro, E. & Berggren, M. (2018). Acoustic shape optimization using cut finite elements. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 113(3), 432-449
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acoustic shape optimization using cut finite elements
2018 (English)In: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, ISSN 0029-5981, E-ISSN 1097-0207, Vol. 113, no 3, p. 432-449Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fictitious domain methods are attractive for shape optimization applications, since they do not require deformed or regenerated meshes. A recently developed such method is the CutFEM approach, which allows crisp boundary representations and for which uniformly well-conditioned system matrices can be guaranteed. Here, we investigate the use of the CutFEM approach for acoustic shape optimization, using as test problem the design of an acoustic horn for favorable impedance-matching properties. The CutFEM approach is used to solve the Helmholtz equation, and the geometry of the horn is implicitly described by a level-set function. To promote smooth algorithmic updates of the geometry, we propose to use the nodal values of the Laplacian of the level-set function as design variables. This strategy also improves the algorithm's convergence rate, counteracts mesh dependence, and, in combination with Tikhonov regularization, controls small details in the optimized designs. An advantage with the proposed method is that the exact derivatives of the discrete objective function can be expressed as boundary integrals, as opposed to when using a traditional method that uses mesh deformations. The resulting horns possess excellent impedance-matching properties and exhibit surprising subwavelength structures, not previously seen, which are possible to capture due to the fixed mesh approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
shape optimization, level set, CutFEM, sensitivity analysis, acoustic horn, Helmholtz equation
National Category
Computational Mathematics Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143623 (URN)10.1002/nme.5621 (DOI)000418346200004 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2013-3706Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , AM13-0029
Available from: 2018-01-30 Created: 2018-01-30 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Krzywda, J., Ali-Eldin, A., Wadbro, E., Östberg, P.-O. & Elmroth, E. (2018). ALPACA: Application Performance Aware Server Power Capping. In: ICAC 2018: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC), Trento, Italy, September 3-7, 2018. Paper presented at 15th IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC 2018) (pp. 41-50). IEEE Computer Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ALPACA: Application Performance Aware Server Power Capping
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2018 (English)In: ICAC 2018: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC), Trento, Italy, September 3-7, 2018, IEEE Computer Society, 2018, p. 41-50Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Server power capping limits the power consumption of a server to not exceed a specific power budget. This allows data center operators to reduce the peak power consumption at the cost of performance degradation of hosted applications. Previous work on server power capping rarely considers Quality-of-Service (QoS) requirements of consolidated services when enforcing the power budget. In this paper, we introduce ALPACA, a framework to reduce QoS violations and overall application performance degradation for consolidated services. ALPACA reduces unnecessary high power consumption when there is no performance gain, and divides the power among the running services in a way that reduces the overall QoS degradation when the power is scarce. We evaluate ALPACA using four applications: MediaWiki, SysBench, Sock Shop, and CloudSuite’s Web Search benchmark. Our experiments show that ALPACA reduces the operational costs of QoS penalties and electricity by up to 40% compared to a non optimized system. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Computer Society, 2018
Series
IEEE Conference Publication, ISSN 2474-0756
Keywords
power capping, performance degradation, power-performance tradeoffs
National Category
Computer Systems
Research subject
business data processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-132428 (URN)10.1109/ICAC.2018.00014 (DOI)978-1-5386-5139-1 (ISBN)
Conference
15th IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC 2018)
Available from: 2017-03-13 Created: 2017-03-13 Last updated: 2019-08-07Bibliographically approved
Badariah Asan, N., Hassan, E., Velander, J., Redzwan Mohd Shah, S., Noreland, D., Blokhuis, T. J., . . . Augustine, R. (2018). Characterization of the Fat Channel for Intra-Body Communication at R-Band Frequencies. Sensors, 18(9), Article ID 2752.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characterization of the Fat Channel for Intra-Body Communication at R-Band Frequencies
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2018 (English)In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 18, no 9, article id 2752Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we investigate the use of fat tissue as a communication channel between in-body, implanted devices at R-band frequencies (1.7–2.6 GHz). The proposed fat channel is based on an anatomical model of the human body. We propose a novel probe that is optimized to efficiently radiate the R-band frequencies into the fat tissue. We use our probe to evaluate the path loss of the fat channel by studying the channel transmission coefficient over the R-band frequencies. We conduct extensive simulation studies and validate our results by experimentation on phantom and ex-vivo porcine tissue, with good agreement between simulations and experiments. We demonstrate a performance comparison between the fat channel and similar waveguide structures. Our characterization of the fat channel reveals propagation path loss of ∼0.7 dB and ∼1.9 dB per cm for phantom and ex-vivo porcine tissue, respectively. These results demonstrate that fat tissue can be used as a communication channel for high data rate intra-body networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
Keywords
intra-body communication, path loss, microwave probes, channel characterization, fat tissue, ex-vivo, phantom, dielectric properties, topology optimization
National Category
Communication Systems Computer Sciences Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150977 (URN)10.3390/s18092752 (DOI)000446940600011 ()30134629 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85052218591 (Scopus ID)
Funder
eSSENCE - An eScience Collaboration, 5700-15103VINNOVA, 2015-04159Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , RIT17-0020
Available from: 2018-08-21 Created: 2018-08-21 Last updated: 2018-12-13Bibliographically approved
Hägg, L. & Wadbro, E. (2018). On minimum length scale control in density based topology optimization. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 58(3), 1015-1032
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On minimum length scale control in density based topology optimization
2018 (English)In: Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), ISSN 1615-147X, E-ISSN 1615-1488, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 1015-1032Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The archetypical topology optimization problem concerns designing the layout of material within a given region of space so that some performance measure is extremized. To improve manufacturability and reduce manufacturing costs, restrictions on the possible layouts may be imposed. Among such restrictions, constraining the minimum length scales of different regions of the design has a significant place. Within the density filter based topology optimization framework the most commonly used definition is that a region has a minimum length scale not less than D if any point within that region lies within a sphere with diameter D > 0 that is completely contained in the region. In this paper, we propose a variant of this minimum length scale definition for subsets of a convex (possibly bounded) domain We show that sets with positive minimum length scale are characterized as being morphologically open. As a corollary, we find that sets where both the interior and the exterior have positive minimum length scales are characterized as being simultaneously morphologically open and (essentially) morphologically closed. For binary designs in the discretized setting, the latter translates to that the opening of the design should equal the closing of the design. To demonstrate the capability of the developed theory, we devise a method that heuristically promotes designs that are binary and have positive minimum length scales (possibly measured in different norms) on both phases for minimum compliance problems. The obtained designs are almost binary and possess minimum length scales on both phases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
topology optimization, nonlinear filters, size control, mathematical morphology
National Category
Computer Sciences Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151378 (URN)10.1007/s00158-018-1944-0 (DOI)000441847800010 ()
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , AM13-0029Swedish Research Council, 621-3706
Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved
Tesfatsion, S. K., Wadbro, E. & Tordsson, J. (2018). PerfGreen: Performance and Energy Aware Resource Provisioning for Heterogeneous Clouds. In: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC): . Paper presented at 15TH IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTONOMIC COMPUTING (ICAC 2018), Trento, ITALY, SEP 03-07, 2018 (pp. 81-90).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PerfGreen: Performance and Energy Aware Resource Provisioning for Heterogeneous Clouds
2018 (English)In: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC), 2018, p. 81-90Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Improving energy efficiency in a cloud environment is challenging because of poor energy proportionality, low resource utilization, interference as well as workload, application, and hardware dynamism. In this paper we present PerfGreen, a dynamic auto-tuning resource management system for improving energy efficiency with minimal performance impact in heterogeneous clouds. PerfGreen achieves this through a combination of admission control, scheduling, and online resource allocation methods with performance isolation and application priority techniques. Scheduling in PerfGreen is energy aware and power management capabilities such as CPU frequency adaptation and hard CPU power limiting are exploited. CPU scaling is combined with performance isolation techniques, including CPU pinning and quota enforcement, for prioritized virtual machines to improve energy efficiency. An evaluation based on our prototype implementation shows that PerfGreen with its energy-aware scheduler and resource allocator on average reduces energy usage by 53%, improves performance per watt by 64%, and server density by 25% while keeping performance deviations to a minimum.

Series
Proceedings of the International Conference on Autonomic Computing, ISSN 2474-0756
National Category
Computer Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145925 (URN)10.1109/ICAC.2018.00018 (DOI)000450120900009 ()
Conference
15TH IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTONOMIC COMPUTING (ICAC 2018), Trento, ITALY, SEP 03-07, 2018
Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Hassan, E., Wadbro, E., Hägg, L. & Berggren, M. (2018). Topology optimization of compact wideband coaxial-to-waveguide transitions with minimum-size control. Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), 57(4), 1765-1777
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Topology optimization of compact wideband coaxial-to-waveguide transitions with minimum-size control
2018 (English)In: Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), ISSN 1615-147X, E-ISSN 1615-1488, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 1765-1777Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a density-based topology optimization approach to design compact wideband coaxial-to-waveguide transitions. The underlying optimization problem shows a strong self penalization towards binary solutions, which entails mesh-dependent designs that generally exhibit poor performance. To address the self penalization issue, we develop a filtering approach that consists of two phases. The first phase aims to relax the self penalization by using a sequence of linear filters. The second phase relies on nonlinear filters and aims to obtain binary solutions and to impose minimum-size control on the final design. We present results for optimizing compact transitions between a 50-Ohm coaxial cable and a standard WR90 waveguide operating in the X-band (8-12 GHz).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer, 2018
Keywords
Maxwell's equations, sensitivity analysis, optimization, waveguide
National Category
Communication Systems Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146663 (URN)10.1007/s00158-017-1844-8 (DOI)000430101600022 ()
Available from: 2018-04-16 Created: 2018-04-16 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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