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Katarina, Haugen
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Publications (10 of 20) Show all publications
Holm, E., Westin, K. & Haugen, K. (2018). Place, kinship, and employment. Population, Space and Place, 24(3), Article ID e2118.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Place, kinship, and employment
2018 (English)In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 24, no 3, article id e2118Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores the magnitude and composition of kinship ties at Swedish workplaces. By analysing official register data and illustrating findings from interviews with HR personnel at different workplaces, the following questions are discussed: How much kinship concentration is there today on the labour market in a modern Western society such as Sweden? How is the kin‐based selection of workplace members structured by place? The study is based on an analysis of individually connected register information on all workplaces in Sweden in 2012. The number of individual links between relatives and couples at an average workplace amounts to 14% of the number of employees as derived from 310, 000 couples and pairs of relatives among 4.3 million workers. So, even today in Sweden, kinship is a common phenomenon observable for most workers at most workplaces. Of all such connected pairs of kin at workplaces, more than a third contain counterparts living in the same household. A non‐linear individual‐level regression reveals that population density in the vicinity of the workplace is substantially related to kin density. Large agglomerations seem to coexist with low kin density workplaces. Although some level of kin membership is unavoidable especially at workplaces in sparsely populated places, removing this part still reveals that kinship above an unavoidable level seems to exist. The study contributes to the discussion of kinship in workplaces by examining the magnitude and composition of kinship ties in the whole work force and complementing findings with interviews.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
kinship bias, kinship density, kinship ties, workplace
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143467 (URN)10.1002/psp.2118 (DOI)000429719900011 ()881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Westin, K., Eriksson, L., Gun, L., Karppinen, H., Haugen, K. & Nordlund, A. (2017). Individual forest owners in context. In: E. Carina H. Keskitalo (Ed.), Globalisation and change in forest ownership and forest use: natural resource management in transition (pp. 57-95). Ume: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individual forest owners in context
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2017 (English)In: Globalisation and change in forest ownership and forest use: natural resource management in transition / [ed] E. Carina H. Keskitalo, Ume: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 57-95Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter, changes that have taken place on an overarching level in society, such as globalisation, supranational agencies, privatisation and restitution, are discussed from the forest owners' perspective. The forces influencing forest owners and forest ownership as described in Chap. 2 in this volume are scrutinised and interpreted here on a micro level. Urbanisation, economic restructuring, demographic change and new ownership constellations are both drivers and consequences of changes in lifestyles, forest owner identity, place attachment and attitudes to the forest resource.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ume: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Social and Economic Geography Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143350 (URN)10.1057/978-1-137-57116-8_3 (DOI)881251 (Local ID)978-1-137-57115-1 (ISBN)978-1-137-57116-8 (ISBN)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Haugen, K. (2016). Contested Lands?: Dissonance and Common Ground in Stakeholder Views on Forest Values. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 107(4), 421-434
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contested Lands?: Dissonance and Common Ground in Stakeholder Views on Forest Values
2016 (English)In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 107, no 4, p. 421-434Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Forest lands are used in increasingly plural ways and serve society with numerous benefits. This paper analyses the views of private forest owners and the general public in Sweden on the values of the forest. Two main dimensions were identified: ‘preservation and recreation’ values, reflecting ecological and social aspects; and ‘production’ values, reflecting economic aspects. While the general public emphasised the importance of forest uses which cater to ecological and social forest values more strongly compared to the forest owners, no significant difference was found concerning economic forest values. This suggests that while there is scope for contestation over forest land use, there is also some potential for common ground across stakeholder groups. These findings add to the body of knowledge of the views on the use of forest lands, and can inform forest related planning, management and policy development.

Keywords
forest values, land use, survey data, principal component analysis, regression analysis, Sweden
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111100 (URN)10.1111/tesg.12165 (DOI)000383571200003 ()881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Projects
Planering för en dynamisk stads-landsbygdsrelation: att leva och verka på flera platser
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2015-11-05 Created: 2015-11-05 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Haugen, K., Karlsson, S. & Westin, K. (2016). New forest owners: Change and continuity in the characteristics of Swedish non-industrial private forest owners (NIPF owners) 1990-2010. Small-scale Forestry, 15(4), 533-550
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New forest owners: Change and continuity in the characteristics of Swedish non-industrial private forest owners (NIPF owners) 1990-2010
2016 (English)In: Small-scale Forestry, ISSN 1873-7617, E-ISSN 1873-7854, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 533-550Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a total survey of the characteristics and changes over time (1990–2010) within the entire population of Swedish non-industrial private forest owners (NIPF owners). By charting the changed demographic, socio-economic and geographic profile of the NIPF owners, it also provides a baseline for a discussion and analysis of potential implications for forest management, policy and values. NIPF owners differ in important ways from the general population of Sweden. However, the gap has narrowed over time with regard to, e.g., educational level and sex composition. The ongoing urbanization process is evident in the growing share of non-residential NIPF owners who live at a distance from their forest property and who differ from their residential (rural) peers through, e.g., higher education, higher income and a higher prevalence of co-ownership of their forest holdings. Although these changes might translate into updated views on forest values among NIPF owners, there could be a delay before this impacts on forest management practices and output.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016
Keywords
Non-industrial private forest owners, Urbanization, Socio-economic change, Register data, Total survey
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Forest Science
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-121101 (URN)10.1007/s11842-016-9338-x (DOI)000388951100008 ()881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Projects
Plural
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2016-05-26 Created: 2016-05-26 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Haugen, K. & Westin, K. (2016). 'Not a Problem Until it Becomes a Problem': A Qualitative Study of Values and Risks of In-house Family Ties in Swedish Workplaces. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 6(4), 67-86
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Not a Problem Until it Becomes a Problem': A Qualitative Study of Values and Risks of In-house Family Ties in Swedish Workplaces
2016 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 67-86Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In-house family ties at workplaces occur in most contexts, and are associated with both advantages and disadvantages. On the basis of 40 interviews with human resource managers at Swedish workplaces, the values and risks of in-house family ties and their importance within the workplace are analyzed jointly, thus allowing for a holistic perspective. The interviews reveal values and risks on a strategic level, for day-to-day operations, for the social work environment, and on the level of individuals. Crucially, even when in-house family ties are perceived as uncomplicated, there is a latent risk that problems might arise. The interpretation of the role of in-house family ties is also strongly related to whether they are paired with asymmetrical (vertical) power relations. It also depends heavily on the chosen perspective-that of the organization, the social work environment, the individual, or the broader society-and the perceived advantages tend to come with corresponding inverted disadvantages.

Keywords
Family networks, nepotism, qualitative interviews, social work environment, work-family relationships, working life
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131099 (URN)10.19154/njwls.v6i4.5613 (DOI)000391184100005 ()881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2017-02-13 Created: 2017-02-13 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Westin, K., Holm, E. & Katarina, H. (2016). Släktband på arbetsplatsen: omfattning, erfarenheter och strategier. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Släktband på arbetsplatsen: omfattning, erfarenheter och strategier
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2016. p. 30
Series
Kulturgeografisk Arbetsrapport ; 2016-05-25
Keywords
Familjeband, Släktband, Rekrytering
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-121102 (URN)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2016-05-26 Created: 2016-05-26 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Bern, S., Haugen, K., Jansson, J., Nordlund, A., Olsson, O. & Westin, K. (2015). ”Det är ju som vilken annan bil som helst”: röster om elbilar. Umeå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Det är ju som vilken annan bil som helst”: röster om elbilar
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2015 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2015. p. 49
Series
TRUM-Rapport, ISSN 1403-6924 ; 2015:01
Keywords
alternativdrivmedel, elbilar, hållbara transporter, privatbilism
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111938 (URN)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Projects
Upplevda möjligheter och hinder för acceptans av elbilar i Sverige
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, dnr 37031-1
Available from: 2015-11-26 Created: 2015-11-26 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Haugen, K. & Lindgren, U. (2013). On the importance of forest assets for micro-firm performance. Fennia, 191(2), 122-142
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the importance of forest assets for micro-firm performance
2013 (English)In: Fennia, E-ISSN 1798-5617, Vol. 191, no 2, p. 122-142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Business start-ups are on the increase, a development which is accompanied by hopes that these new firms will generate a potential for, e.g., local and regional development and a strengthening of local labour markets as well as the national economy. However, the long-term performance and viability of new firms are often rather poor. This research aims to analyse the importance of ownership of areal resources in the form of forest holdings for the performance of Swedish micro-firms. The analyses are based on official register data and fixed-effects panel regression modelling. A hypothesis is that a firm whose owner also possesses forest holdings is more viable thanks to the different resources (in the form of capital from logging or mortgaging, or non-pecuniary other values) the forest holdings may provide, and which possibly contribute to the firm’s economic stability and resilience to economic fluctuations. From a general point of view, we find support for the hypothesis that forest ownership positively and significantly influences firm performance in terms of earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), but not in terms of value added. Forest ownership is never detrimental to firm performance, although it does not have a significant effect in all sub-categories of entrepreneurs based on different combinations of age, gender and firm type. Particularly, the economic performance of private firms run by older men benefits from resources stemming from their forest holdings. No significant effects were found for female entrepreneurs or for limited companies. As regards regional variations, firms located outside the metropolitan regions – as compared to those at the top of the urban hierarchy – are likely to perform better, thus indicating that local development may benefit from resource transfers from the forest sector to micro-firms engaged in non-primary activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Suomen Maantieteellinen Seura, 2013
Keywords
micro-firms, firm performance, entrepreneurship, local development, forest ownership, panel regression, Sweden
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82773 (URN)10.11143/7965 (DOI)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2013-11-09 Created: 2013-11-09 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Haugen, K. & Vilhelmson, B. (2013). The divergent role of spatial access: the changing supply and location of service amenities and service travel distance in Sweden. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 49, 10-20
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The divergent role of spatial access: the changing supply and location of service amenities and service travel distance in Sweden
2013 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 49, p. 10-20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This research explores and adds to the literature concerning the relationship between spatial structure and travel behaviour; specifically, the relationship between local and regional accessibility to service amenities and the distance of service-related trips. The analysis is based on a unique combination of national travel survey data for Sweden and official register data with detailed, geo-referenced information about the Swedish population and the location of service amenities in 1995 and 2005/2006. The results show that spatial access to service amenities increased in general over the study period, both locally (i.e., within ranges of 1 km and 5 km, respectively, of residential areas) and regionally (within 50 km). Despite increased spatial accessibility, the observed average travel distance also increased. We find strong and differing associations between spatial access to service amenities and travel distance, depending on level of scale. While the association was negative on the local scale (i.e., a numerically large supply of amenities was related to shorter travel distance), it was the opposite and positive, on the regional scale. In terms of implications for policy, the results imply that land use planning measures to promote local access, and thereby reduce traffic volumes, may per se be insufficient for attaining more sustainable levels of mobility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keywords
daily mobility, accessibility, travel behaviour, trip length, destination choice, service amenities/activities
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50709 (URN)10.1016/j.tra.2013.01.001 (DOI)000317441400002 ()881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2011-12-19 Created: 2011-12-19 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Haugen, K. (2012). Miljöbilens förutsättningar i glesa bygder: Tillgänglighet samt sociala och ekonomiska aspekterför individer och hushåll. Kunskapsöversikt för BISEK. Umeå: Transportforskningsenheten vid Umeå universitet (TRUM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöbilens förutsättningar i glesa bygder: Tillgänglighet samt sociala och ekonomiska aspekterför individer och hushåll. Kunskapsöversikt för BISEK
2012 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report presents a review of research into the prerequisites for adoption of alternative fuel vehicles(AFVs) in sparsely populated areas. Focus is on issues related to accessibility as well as social andeconomic aspects on the individual and household levels. Geographically, the review focuses mainlyon the Swedish context. Methodology‐wise, the report is based on a literature review encompassingseveral issues: varying views and definitions of rural or sparsely populated areas and the heterogeneitypresent within such broad categories; problems related to accessibility in sparsely populated areas;geographical variations within the Swedish car fleet; access to renewable fuels; theoretical perspectiveson the diffusion of innovations (DOI) and adoption of new technologies, including geographicalperspectives on these issues; and research into the adoption of AFVs more specifically.Moreover, other social and economic aspects of potential relevance for the adoption of AFVs arediscussed. In addition to the literature review, a pilot‐style interview with a resident of a sparselypopulated area in Sweden was conducted.Poor local accessibility is frequently a problematic issue in sparsely populated areas, and a maincause for an extensive car dependency. However, the geographical categories “sparsely populated”or “rural” areas contain substantial differences in prerequisites for accessibility depending not onlyon intra‐local supply, but also on e.g., location with respect to urban centres and major cities, andthe residents’ travel patterns. So far, the adoption and diffusion of AVFs in sparsely populated areashas been limited. Many largely sparsely populated municipalities are among those with the lowestshares of AVFs in the vehicle fleet, and consequently the conventional fossil fuel vehicles dominate.While access to e.g., refueling infrastructure is obviously a key prerequisite for AFV adoption, a lackin this respect does not appear to be a main reason why AFVs are scarce in sparsely populated areas.Theoretical perspectives on DOI suggest that different groups, e.g., regarding socioeconomic attributes,tend to adopt innovations at different stages of the process of diffusion. Also, innovations tendto spread from the higher levels to the lower levels of the urban hierarchy. To date, research intoconsumer adoption of AVFs, despite having generated a substantial body of literature, has largelyneglected geographical factors in general, and an explicit focus on sparsely populated areas is lackingin particular. An explorative interview with a resident in a rural area in Sweden indicated that carchoice was guided by economic factors, whereas environmental concerns were more or less absent.The respondent also expressed a lack of knowledge about AFVs and, importantly, a view that AFVsare a non‐issue, something that lies outside of the realm of awareness.There are various potential impediments as well as opportunities for the adoption of AVFs insparsely populated areas, with regard to contextual factors as well as socioeconomic factors. However,AVF adoption in these geographical settings is an issue which requires more research. This issue ispertinent not least in recognition of the fact that the residents these areas constitute a substantialshare of the population, and cannot be overlooked in the ongoing process of transition of thetransport system towards reduced carbon dependence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Transportforskningsenheten vid Umeå universitet (TRUM), 2012. p. 39
Series
TRUM-Rapport, ISSN 1403-6924 ; 2012-01
Keywords
miljöbil, glesbygd, landsbygd, tillgänglighet, innovationsspridning
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-55156 (URN)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2012-05-09 Created: 2012-05-09 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
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