umu.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 65) Show all publications
Michanek, G., Bostedt, G., Ekvall, H., Forsberg, M., Hof, A., de Jong, J., . . . Zabel, A. (2018). Landscape planning: paving the way for effective conservation of forest biodiversity and a civerse forestry?. Forestry (London), 9(9), Article ID 523.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Landscape planning: paving the way for effective conservation of forest biodiversity and a civerse forestry?
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Forestry (London), ISSN 0015-752X, E-ISSN 1464-3626, Vol. 9, no 9, article id 523Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Globally, intensive forestry has led to habitat degradation and fragmentation of the forest landscape. Taking Sweden as an example, this development is contradictory to international commitments, EU obligations, and to the fulfillment of the Parliament’s environmental quality objective “Living Forests”, which according to Naturvårdsverket (The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency) will not be achieved in 2020 as stipulated. One important reason for the implementation deficit is the fragmented forestry management. In a forest landscape, felling and other measures are conducted at different times on separate forest stands (often relatively small units) by different operators. Consequently, the authorities take case by case decisions on felling restrictions for conservation purposes. In contrast, conservation biology research indicates a need for a broad geographical and strategical approach in order to, in good time, select the most appropriate habitats for conservation and to provide for a functioning connectivity between different habitats. In line with the EU Commission, we argue that landscape forestry planning could be a useful instrument to achieve ecological functionality in a large area. Landscape planning may also contribute to the fulfilment of Sweden’s climate and energy policy, by indicating forest areas with insignificant conservation values, where intensive forestry may be performed for biomass production etc. Forest owners should be involved in the planning and would, under certain circumstances, be entitled to compensation. As state resources for providing compensation are scarce, an alternative could be to introduce a tax-fund system within the forestry sector. Such a system may open for voluntary agreements between forest owners for the protection of habitats within a large area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
Keywords
biodiversity, boreal forest, landscape planning, fragmentation, habitat protection, habitats directive, birds directive, Aichi targets, compensation, tax-fund
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152755 (URN)10.3390/f9090523 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, DNR 15/243
Available from: 2018-10-22 Created: 2018-10-22 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Zabel, A., Bostedt, G. & Ekvall, H. (2017). Policies for forest landscape management: a conceptual approach with an empirical application for Swedish conditions. Umeå: Department of Economics, Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policies for forest landscape management: a conceptual approach with an empirical application for Swedish conditions
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Habitat loss and habitat fragmentation are major factors leading to forest biodiversity decline. This paper discusses landscape planning as strategy to improve connectivity in a landscape with a heterogeneous distribution of ecologically valuable areas across land owners. A tax-fund system is proposed, that following the principle of common but differentiated responsibility, tries to spread the burden of conservation equally across land owners while optimizing the environmental outcome. Design options of such a tax-fund system are discussed along the lines of a simple theoretical model. Financial effects of a tax-fund system are computed for a small model landscape set in Sweden. Two design questions stand out as particularly important. The first is whether the policy is intended to be self-sustained among the land owners or if the budget can be supplemented by general tax money. The second is whether the land owners or the relevant authority select the stands for conservation set-aside.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Department of Economics, Umeå University, 2017. p. 23
Series
CERE Working Paper ; 2017:5
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141290 (URN)
Available from: 2017-10-27 Created: 2017-10-27 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Bostedt, G., Hörnell, A. & Nyberg, G. (2016). Agroforestry Extension and Dietary Diversity: An Analysis of the Importance of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in West Pokot, Kenya. Food Security, 8(1), 271-284
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agroforestry Extension and Dietary Diversity: An Analysis of the Importance of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in West Pokot, Kenya
2016 (English)In: Food Security, ISSN 1876-4517, E-ISSN 1876-4525, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 271-284Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Worldwide, the challenges of nomadic, pastoralist systems are causing their slow but steady disappearance in favour of sedentary agropastoralism. This paper draws upon an existing household data set from a survey collected and organized by the Swedish non-governmental organization (NGO) Vi Agroforestry, directed at a livestock-based, agro-pastoralist area in West Pokot County, western Kenya. The study focuses on the question of food diversity and malnutrition and the role of agroforestry extension services, i.e. knowledge spread, transfer and development. Our basic hypothesis is that certain fruit and vegetable related food groups are under-consumed in West Pokot, especially in the dryland areas. The results of the study shows that agroforestry, combined with advice through extension efforts can imply a transition path for pastoralists which involves improved dietary diversity, especially concerning food groups that include roots, tubers, fruits and leafy vegetables. From the results certain restrictions that hinder this transition become clear. An important but often overlooked factor is lack of information and knowledge as a determinant of household behavior in developing countries. NGOs such as Vi Agroforestry can play an important role in overcoming this restriction by providing extension services. Developing countries in general are not information-rich environments, a fact that is especially the case for poor citizens living in rural areas. The paper illustrates that careful attention to the information and knowledge available to households is necessary when designing development cooperation.

Keywords
agroforestry, dietary diversity, pastoralism, Vi Agroforestry, West Pokot
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Economics; Food and Nutrition
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112572 (URN)10.1007/s12571-015-0542-x (DOI)000373637200025 ()
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Håkansson, C., Östberg, K. & Bostedt, G. (2016). Estimating Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy in Swedish Coastal Environments: A Walk along different Socio-economic Dimensions. Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy, 5(1), 49-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Estimating Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy in Swedish Coastal Environments: A Walk along different Socio-economic Dimensions
2016 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy, ISSN 2160-6544, E-ISSN 2160-6552, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 49-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper studies distributional effects of environmental policies in Swedish coastal environments, in monetary and environmental quality terms, for different dimensions: income, gender, age, non-users vs. users, distance, familiarity, and origin (if people have a Swedish background or not). The study area is widely used for different recreational activities and has a mix of different visitors. The data come from a choice experiment study. The results indicate that latent class modelling can be used to identify how monetary preferences vary between different groups of respondents, and largely confirm the limited existing knowledge from the previous research on distributional effects of environmental policies. However, the previous literature on distributional effects related to background is very limited, making it hard to draw comparisons. The results in our paper also show that the distributional effects differ depending on the environmental amenity. These results are of policy relevance since coastal environments are important for people's well-being and associated with positive health effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Keywords
distributional effects, non-market valuation, marine policy, environmental quality, choice experiment, noise
National Category
Economics Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106873 (URN)10.1080/21606544.2015.1025856 (DOI)000368172700003 ()
Available from: 2015-08-11 Created: 2015-08-11 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Bostedt, G., Brännlund, R., Carlén, O., Gisselman, F. & Persson, L. (2016). Fiskefria områden ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv: En empirisk studie..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fiskefria områden ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv: En empirisk studie.
Show others...
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Series
CERE Working Paper ; 2016:17
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129166 (URN)
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Bostedt, G., Brännlund, R., Carlén, O. & Persson, L. (2016). Fiskefria områden ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv: en konceptuell analys. Umeå: Department of Economics, Umeå University; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fiskefria områden ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv: en konceptuell analys
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Huvudsyftet med föreliggande rapport är att på ett övergripande och konceptuellt plan beskriva innebörden av en samhällsekonomisk nytto- och kostnadsanalys, eller samhällsekonomisk bedömning, och hur en sådan kan och bör genomföras för att analysera samhällsnyttan av fiskefria områden. Vidare syftar rapporten till att exemplifiera vilken typ av empiriska data och metoder som finns tillgängliga för en sådan analys med hjälp av den fritidsfiskeundersökning som årligen görs i regi av Hav och Vattenmyndigheten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Department of Economics, Umeå University; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2016. p. 57
Series
CERE working paper ; 2016:7
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119760 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-26 Created: 2016-04-26 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Bostedt, G., Mustonen, M. & Gong, P. (2016). Increasing Forest Biomass Supply in Northern Europe – Countrywide Estimates and Economic Perspectives. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 31(3), 314-322
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increasing Forest Biomass Supply in Northern Europe – Countrywide Estimates and Economic Perspectives
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 314-322Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Woody biomass is the largest source of renewable energy in Europe, and the expected increase in demand for wood for energy purposes was the stimulus for writing this paper. Opportunities to increase the supply of forest biomass in the short and long term are discussed, as well as environmental side effects of intensive forest management. Focusing on northern Europe, national estimates of potential annual fellings and the corresponding potential amounts, simulated by the European Forest Information Scenario model, are then presented, as well as reported fellings. For the region as a whole, there seems to be substantial unused biophysical potential, although recent data from some countries indicate underestimated annual felling rates. We argue that an economic perspective is lacking in the debate about wood production for energy purposes in Europe and harvest potentials, and we discuss the effects of biophysical capacity limits in forest yield from a partial equilibrium perspective. Using a larger proportion of the biophysical potential in northern Europe than at present will entail trade-offs with environmental and social values, which means that strategies are needed to protect and account for the benefits and costs of all forms of ecosystem services.

Keywords
Forest biomass, biophysical capacity, intensive forest management, European Forest Institute
National Category
Economics Forest Science
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-110958 (URN)10.1080/02827581.2015.1089930 (DOI)000370536300010 ()
External cooperation:
Available from: 2015-10-29 Created: 2015-10-29 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Carlén, O., Bostedt, G., Persson, L. & Brännlund, R. (2016). Rekreationsfiske i Sverige 2013: omfattning och värde. Umeå: Department of Economics, Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rekreationsfiske i Sverige 2013: omfattning och värde
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Department of Economics, Umeå University, 2016. p. 38
Series
CERE Working Paper ; 2016:20
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129167 (URN)
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Bostedt, G., Mustonen, M. & Gong, P. (2015). Increasing Forest Yield in Northern Europe: Countrywide Estimates and Economic Perspectives. Umeå University; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increasing Forest Yield in Northern Europe: Countrywide Estimates and Economic Perspectives
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Woody biomass is the largest source of renewable energy in Europe and the expected increase in demand for wood was the stimulus for writing this paper. We discuss the economic effects of biophysical capacity limits in forest yield from a partial equilibrium perspective. Opportunities to increase the supply of forest biomass in the short- and long-term are discussed, as well as environmental side effects of intensive forest management. Focusing on northern Europe, national estimates of potential annual fellings and the corresponding potential amounts, simulated by the European Forest Information Scenario model (the EFISCEN model) are then presented, as well as reported fellings. For the region as a whole, there seems to be substantial unused biophysical potential, although recent data from some countries indicate underestimated annual felling rates. There is a need to discuss strategies to ensure that demand for wood resources in northern Europe can be accommodated without large price increases. However, using a larger proportion of the biophysical potential in northern Europe than at present will entail trade-offs with environmental and social values, which means that strategies are needed to protect and account for all the benefits of all forms of ecosystem services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå University; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2015. p. 30
Series
CERE Working Paper ; 2015:5
Keywords
Forest biomass, biophysical capacity, intensive forest management, European Forest Institute
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106874 (URN)
Available from: 2015-08-11 Created: 2015-08-11 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Bostedt, G., Widmark, C., Andersson, M. & Sandström, C. (2015). Measuring Transaction Costs for Pastoralists in Multiple Land Use Situations: Reindeer Husbandry in Northern Sweden. Land Economics, 91(4), 704-722
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring Transaction Costs for Pastoralists in Multiple Land Use Situations: Reindeer Husbandry in Northern Sweden
2015 (English)In: Land Economics, ISSN 0023-7639, E-ISSN 1543-8325, Vol. 91, no 4, p. 704-722Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Analysis of transaction costs in multiple land use situations is helpful in policymaking and land use management, especially in natural resource management situations where interdependence prevails. By using reindeer herding forestry land use management as an example, the aim of this study is to analyze transaction costs among stakeholders in a comanagement situation. The results demonstrate that a key variable driving transaction costs is the presence of a "land use plan for reindeer husbandry," which is an interesting paradox as reindeer herders pursue the development of these land use plans even though this drives their transaction costs.

National Category
Economics and Business Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120314 (URN)10.3368/le.91.4.704 (DOI)000363074700006 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2016-05-16 Created: 2016-05-16 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6540-743x

Search in DiVA

Show all publications