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Ouvrard, B., Abildtrup, J., Bostedt, G. & Stenger, A. (2019). Determinants of forest owners attitudes towards wood ash recycling in Sweden: Can the nutrient cycle be closed?. Ecological Economics, 164, Article ID 106293.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determinants of forest owners attitudes towards wood ash recycling in Sweden: Can the nutrient cycle be closed?
2019 (English)In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 164, article id 106293Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of biomass, in particular wood, has increased this last decade as a result of the European Union's objectives to reduce the use of fossil energies. This has amplified the use of whole-tree harvesting and the exploitation of forest residues from traditional timber harvest. However, these practices have some ecological consequences because they remove nutrients from the forest, thus potentially reducing soil fertility. To compensate for this nutrient loss, it has been proposed to recycle wood ash to reintroduce the exported nutrients. In this paper, we assess private forest owners' willingness to pay to spread ash in Vastmanland, Sweden, where ash recycling is not widely adopted, though an increasing supply of wood ash. In particular, we take into account behavioural motives that may explain forest owners' willingness to pay (Theory of Planned Behaviour and environmental sensitivity). We conclude that Swedish forest owners generally have a positive willingness-to-pay for wood ash application in their forests, but that this measure is highly dependent on their attitudes. We also show that a forest owner's decision to apply ash to all or a portion of his/her forest is explained by two different characteristics: the landowner's environmental sensitivity and his/her perceived control of wood ash recycling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Wood ash recycling, Choice experiment, Environmental sensitivity, Theory of Planned Behaviour
National Category
Ecology Environmental Sciences Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162829 (URN)10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.04.005 (DOI)000480374500007 ()
Available from: 2019-09-03 Created: 2019-09-03 Last updated: 2019-09-03Bibliographically approved
Carlén, O., Bostedt, G., Brännlund, R. & Persson, L. (2019). Gone fishing: The value of recreational fishing in Sweden. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gone fishing: The value of recreational fishing in Sweden
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Data from a unique nationwide recreational fishing survey in Sweden is used to estimate benefits of recreational fishing in Sweden, differences between regions and age groups, and how they relate to expected catch. The data targets the whole Swedish population, and as a consequence a large fraction of zero fishing days exists in the sample. To consider this, a zeroinflated Poisson model was used. Swedes fished around 16 million days in 2013, of which twothirds was spent on inland fishing, and one third was spent on marine and costal fishing. Expected consumer surplus per fishing day vary over the season, from about SEK 23 for winter fishing, to SEK 148 for summer fishing. The highest consumer surplus values are found among the youngest and the oldest age groups that were surveyed. Expected catch is an important determinant for number of fishing days, but catch increases mainly influence summer fishing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2019
Series
CERE Working Paper ; 2019:2
Keywords
Consumer surplus, Recreational fishing, TCM, ZIP-model
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157826 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-03 Created: 2019-04-03 Last updated: 2019-04-03Bibliographically approved
Bostedt, G., Zabel, A. & Ekvall, H. (2019). Planning on a Wider Scale – Swedish Forest Owners’ Preferences for Landscape Policy Attributes. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Planning on a Wider Scale – Swedish Forest Owners’ Preferences for Landscape Policy Attributes
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A tax-fund system has been proposed to advance Swedish forest conservation. We present a choice experiment with Swedish private forest owners on preferences for attributes of a taxfund system. Focusing on three aspects: (i) freedom to choose set-asides, (ii) equity issues, and (iii) frequency of nature inventories, we find two groups of forest owners. The first is opposed to interventions that could curtail liberty and oppose frequent nature inventories, while a smaller group would derive positive utility from joint decision-making. A tax-fund system would need to be designed in a participatory manner to reconcile forest owners, forest industry, and conservationists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2019
Series
CERE Working Paper ; 2019:1
Keywords
Choice experiments, biodiversity, boreal forest, landscape planning, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157825 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-03 Created: 2019-04-03 Last updated: 2019-04-03Bibliographically approved
Bostedt, G., Zabel, A. & Ekvall, H. (2019). Planning on a wider scale: Swedish forest owners' preferences for landscape policy attributes. Forest Policy and Economics, 104, 170-181
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Planning on a wider scale: Swedish forest owners' preferences for landscape policy attributes
2019 (English)In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 104, p. 170-181Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A tax-fund system has been proposed to advance Swedish forest conservation. We present a choice experiment with Swedish private forest owners on preferences for attributes of a tax-fund system. Focusing on three aspects: (i) freedom to choose set-asides, (ii) equity issues, and (iii) frequency of nature inventories, we find two groups of forest owners. The first is opposed to interventions that could curtail liberty and oppose frequent nature inventories, while a smaller group would derive positive utility from jointly deciding on the location of set-asides with society. Both groups have a preference for changing the current tax-base to soil productivity or timber volume. The tax-base chosen together with the modalities of re-distributing the funds will determine the program's efficiency. The paper concludes that a tax-fund system could indeed be a way forward but would need to be designed in a participatory manner to reconcile forest owners, forest industry representatives, and conservationists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Choice experiments, Biodiversity, Boreal forest, Landscape planning, Sweden
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159584 (URN)10.1016/j.forpol.2019.04.013 (DOI)000467538700016 ()
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Michanek, G., Bostedt, G., Ekvall, H., Forsberg, M., Hof, A., de Jong, J., . . . Zabel, A. (2018). Landscape planning: paving the way for effective conservation of forest biodiversity and a civerse forestry?. Forestry (London), 9(9), Article ID 523.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Landscape planning: paving the way for effective conservation of forest biodiversity and a civerse forestry?
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2018 (English)In: Forestry (London), ISSN 0015-752X, E-ISSN 1464-3626, Vol. 9, no 9, article id 523Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Globally, intensive forestry has led to habitat degradation and fragmentation of the forest landscape. Taking Sweden as an example, this development is contradictory to international commitments, EU obligations, and to the fulfillment of the Parliament’s environmental quality objective “Living Forests”, which according to Naturvårdsverket (The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency) will not be achieved in 2020 as stipulated. One important reason for the implementation deficit is the fragmented forestry management. In a forest landscape, felling and other measures are conducted at different times on separate forest stands (often relatively small units) by different operators. Consequently, the authorities take case by case decisions on felling restrictions for conservation purposes. In contrast, conservation biology research indicates a need for a broad geographical and strategical approach in order to, in good time, select the most appropriate habitats for conservation and to provide for a functioning connectivity between different habitats. In line with the EU Commission, we argue that landscape forestry planning could be a useful instrument to achieve ecological functionality in a large area. Landscape planning may also contribute to the fulfilment of Sweden’s climate and energy policy, by indicating forest areas with insignificant conservation values, where intensive forestry may be performed for biomass production etc. Forest owners should be involved in the planning and would, under certain circumstances, be entitled to compensation. As state resources for providing compensation are scarce, an alternative could be to introduce a tax-fund system within the forestry sector. Such a system may open for voluntary agreements between forest owners for the protection of habitats within a large area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
Keywords
biodiversity, boreal forest, landscape planning, fragmentation, habitat protection, habitats directive, birds directive, Aichi targets, compensation, tax-fund
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152755 (URN)10.3390/f9090523 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, DNR 15/243
Available from: 2018-10-22 Created: 2018-10-22 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Zabel, A., Bostedt, G. & Ekvall, H. (2017). Policies for forest landscape management: a conceptual approach with an empirical application for Swedish conditions. Umeå: Department of Economics, Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policies for forest landscape management: a conceptual approach with an empirical application for Swedish conditions
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Habitat loss and habitat fragmentation are major factors leading to forest biodiversity decline. This paper discusses landscape planning as strategy to improve connectivity in a landscape with a heterogeneous distribution of ecologically valuable areas across land owners. A tax-fund system is proposed, that following the principle of common but differentiated responsibility, tries to spread the burden of conservation equally across land owners while optimizing the environmental outcome. Design options of such a tax-fund system are discussed along the lines of a simple theoretical model. Financial effects of a tax-fund system are computed for a small model landscape set in Sweden. Two design questions stand out as particularly important. The first is whether the policy is intended to be self-sustained among the land owners or if the budget can be supplemented by general tax money. The second is whether the land owners or the relevant authority select the stands for conservation set-aside.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Department of Economics, Umeå University, 2017. p. 23
Series
CERE Working Paper ; 2017:5
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141290 (URN)
Available from: 2017-10-27 Created: 2017-10-27 Last updated: 2018-09-12Bibliographically approved
Bostedt, G., Hörnell, A. & Nyberg, G. (2016). Agroforestry Extension and Dietary Diversity: An Analysis of the Importance of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in West Pokot, Kenya. Food Security, 8(1), 271-284
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agroforestry Extension and Dietary Diversity: An Analysis of the Importance of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in West Pokot, Kenya
2016 (English)In: Food Security, ISSN 1876-4517, E-ISSN 1876-4525, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 271-284Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Worldwide, the challenges of nomadic, pastoralist systems are causing their slow but steady disappearance in favour of sedentary agropastoralism. This paper draws upon an existing household data set from a survey collected and organized by the Swedish non-governmental organization (NGO) Vi Agroforestry, directed at a livestock-based, agro-pastoralist area in West Pokot County, western Kenya. The study focuses on the question of food diversity and malnutrition and the role of agroforestry extension services, i.e. knowledge spread, transfer and development. Our basic hypothesis is that certain fruit and vegetable related food groups are under-consumed in West Pokot, especially in the dryland areas. The results of the study shows that agroforestry, combined with advice through extension efforts can imply a transition path for pastoralists which involves improved dietary diversity, especially concerning food groups that include roots, tubers, fruits and leafy vegetables. From the results certain restrictions that hinder this transition become clear. An important but often overlooked factor is lack of information and knowledge as a determinant of household behavior in developing countries. NGOs such as Vi Agroforestry can play an important role in overcoming this restriction by providing extension services. Developing countries in general are not information-rich environments, a fact that is especially the case for poor citizens living in rural areas. The paper illustrates that careful attention to the information and knowledge available to households is necessary when designing development cooperation.

Keywords
agroforestry, dietary diversity, pastoralism, Vi Agroforestry, West Pokot
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Economics; Food and Nutrition
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112572 (URN)10.1007/s12571-015-0542-x (DOI)000373637200025 ()
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Håkansson, C., Östberg, K. & Bostedt, G. (2016). Estimating Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy in Swedish Coastal Environments: A Walk along different Socio-economic Dimensions. Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy, 5(1), 49-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Estimating Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy in Swedish Coastal Environments: A Walk along different Socio-economic Dimensions
2016 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy, ISSN 2160-6544, E-ISSN 2160-6552, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 49-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper studies distributional effects of environmental policies in Swedish coastal environments, in monetary and environmental quality terms, for different dimensions: income, gender, age, non-users vs. users, distance, familiarity, and origin (if people have a Swedish background or not). The study area is widely used for different recreational activities and has a mix of different visitors. The data come from a choice experiment study. The results indicate that latent class modelling can be used to identify how monetary preferences vary between different groups of respondents, and largely confirm the limited existing knowledge from the previous research on distributional effects of environmental policies. However, the previous literature on distributional effects related to background is very limited, making it hard to draw comparisons. The results in our paper also show that the distributional effects differ depending on the environmental amenity. These results are of policy relevance since coastal environments are important for people's well-being and associated with positive health effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016
Keywords
distributional effects, non-market valuation, marine policy, environmental quality, choice experiment, noise
National Category
Economics Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106873 (URN)10.1080/21606544.2015.1025856 (DOI)000368172700003 ()
Available from: 2015-08-11 Created: 2015-08-11 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Bostedt, G., Brännlund, R., Carlén, O., Gisselman, F. & Persson, L. (2016). Fiskefria områden ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv: En empirisk studie..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fiskefria områden ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv: En empirisk studie.
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2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Series
CERE Working Paper ; 2016:17
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129166 (URN)
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Bostedt, G., Brännlund, R., Carlén, O. & Persson, L. (2016). Fiskefria områden ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv: en konceptuell analys. Umeå: Department of Economics, Umeå University; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fiskefria områden ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv: en konceptuell analys
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Huvudsyftet med föreliggande rapport är att på ett övergripande och konceptuellt plan beskriva innebörden av en samhällsekonomisk nytto- och kostnadsanalys, eller samhällsekonomisk bedömning, och hur en sådan kan och bör genomföras för att analysera samhällsnyttan av fiskefria områden. Vidare syftar rapporten till att exemplifiera vilken typ av empiriska data och metoder som finns tillgängliga för en sådan analys med hjälp av den fritidsfiskeundersökning som årligen görs i regi av Hav och Vattenmyndigheten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Department of Economics, Umeå University; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2016. p. 57
Series
CERE working paper ; 2016:7
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119760 (URN)
Available from: 2016-04-26 Created: 2016-04-26 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6540-743x

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