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Söderberg, Anna
Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Fischer Grönlund, C., Söderberg, A., Dahlqvist, V., Andersson, L. & Isaksson, U. (2019). Development, validity and reliability testing the Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire. Nursing Ethics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development, validity and reliability testing the Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire
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2019 (English)In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: An ethical climate has been described as a working climate embracing shared perceptions about morally correct behaviour concerning ethical issues. Various ethical climate questionnaires have been developed and validated for different contexts, but no questionnaire has been found concerning the ethical climate from an inter-professional perspective in a healthcare context. The Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire, based on Habermas’ four requirements for a democratic dialogue, attempts to assess and measure the ethical climate at various inter-professional workplaces. This study aimed to present the construction of and to test the psychometric properties of the Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire.

Method: An expert group of six researchers, skilled in ethics, evaluated the content validity. The questionnaire was tested among 355 healthcare workers at three hospitals in Sweden. A parallel analysis (PA), an exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were performed.

Ethical considerations: The participants included in the psychometric analysis were informed about the study, asked to participate in person and informed that they could withdraw at any time without giving any reason. They were also assured of confidentiality in the reporting of the results.

Findings: The parallel analysis (PA) recommended one factor as a solution. The initial exploratory factor analysis with a four-factor solution showed low concordance with a four-factor model. Cronbach’s alpha varied from 0.75 to 0.82; however, since two factors only consisted of one item, alpha could not be reported. Cronbach’s alpha for the entire scale showed good homogeneity (α = 0.86). A confirmatory factory analysis was carried out based on the four requirements and showed a goodness-of-fit after deleting two items. After deletion of these items, Cronbach’s alpha was 0.82.

Discussion: Based on the exploratory factor analysis, we suggest that the scale should be treated as a one-factor model. The result indicates that the instrument is unidimensional and assesses ethical climate as a whole.

Conclusion: After testing the Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire, we found support for the validity and reliability of the instrument. We found the 10-item version of Swedish Ethical Climate Questionnaire satisfactory. However, we found no support for measuring different dimensions and, therefore, this instrument should be seen as assessing ethical climate as of whole.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Ethical climate, Habermas, healthcare professionals, psychometric assessment
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156992 (URN)10.1177/0969733018819122 (DOI)30665340 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85060602906 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-04 Created: 2019-03-04 Last updated: 2019-03-19
Brännström, M., Fischer Grönlund, C., Zingmark, K. & Söderberg, A. (2019). Meeting in a ‘free-zone’: Clinical ethical support in integrated heart-failure and palliative care. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meeting in a ‘free-zone’: Clinical ethical support in integrated heart-failure and palliative care
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: Integrating heart-failure and palliative care combines expertise from two cultures, life-saving cardiology and palliative care, and involves ethically difficult situations that have to be considered from various perspectives. We found no studies describing experiences of clinical ethical support (CES) in integrated cardiology and palliative care teams.

Objective: Our aim is to describe experiences of CES among professionals after a period of three years working in a multidisciplinary team in integrated heart-failure and palliative homecare.

Method: The study design was descriptive qualitative, comprising interviews with seven professionals from one integrated heart-failure and palliative care team who received CES over a three-year period. The interview data were subjected to qualitative content analysis.

Results: The CES was found to offer possibilities for meeting in an ethical ‘free-zone’ where the participants could relate to each other beyond their various professional roles and specialties. The trust within the team seemed to increase and the participants were confident enough to express their points of view. Together they developed an integrated understanding, and acquired more knowledge and a comprehensive view of the ethically difficult situation of concern. The CES sessions were considered a means of becoming better prepared to deal with ethical care issues and developing action strategies to apply in practice, from shared standpoints.

Conclusion: Participating in CES was experienced as meeting in an ethical ‘free-zone’ and seemed to be a means of facilitating integration of palliative and heart-failure care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Clinical ethical support, PREFER study, RiFECC, heart failure, implementation, palliative care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159012 (URN)10.1177/1474515119851621 (DOI)31088300 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-05-16 Created: 2019-05-16 Last updated: 2019-05-17
Fischer Grönlund, C., Söderberg, A., Dahlqvist, V., Sandlund, M. & Zingmark, K. (2018). Communicative and organizational aspects of clinical ethics support.. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Communicative and organizational aspects of clinical ethics support.
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Interprofessional Care, ISSN 1356-1820, E-ISSN 1469-9567, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Studies show that healthcare professionals need inter-professional clinical ethics support (CES) in order to communicate and reflect on ethically difficult care situations that they experience in their clinical practice. Internationally, various CES interventions have been performed, but the communication processes and organisation of these interventions are rarely described in detail. The aim of this study was to explore communicative and organisational conditions of a CES intervention with the intention of promoting inter-professional communication about ethically difficult care situations. Eight audio- and video-recorded inter-professional CES sessions, inspired by Habermas' theory of communicative actions, were conducted. The observations were transcribed, sorted, and analysed using concept- and data-driven content analysis methods. The findings show three approaches to promoting communicative agreement, which include the CES facilitators' and participants' approaches to promoting a permissive communication, extended views, and mutual understanding. The CES sessions had organizational aspects for facilitating communicative agreement with both a given structure and openness for variation. The dynamic structure of the organization, promoted both safety and stability as well as a creativity and responsiveness, which in turn opened up for a free and dynamic inter-professional dialogue concerning ethically difficult care situations. The findings constitute a step towards a theory-based CES method inspired by Habermas' theory of communicative action. Further research is needed in order to fully develop the method and obtain increased knowledge about how to promote an inter-professional dialogue about ethically difficulties.

Keywords
Clinical ethics support, care ethics, ethically difficult situations, healthcare professionals, inter-professional communication
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155309 (URN)10.1080/13561820.2018.1551862 (DOI)30497309 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2019-01-11 Last updated: 2019-04-05
Fischer Grönlund, C., Dahlqvist, V., Zingmark, K., Sandlund, M. & Söderberg, A. (2016). Managing Ethical Difficulties in Healthcare: Communicating in Inter-professional Clinical Ethics Support Sessions. HEC Forum, 28(4), 321-338
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing Ethical Difficulties in Healthcare: Communicating in Inter-professional Clinical Ethics Support Sessions
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2016 (English)In: HEC Forum, ISSN 0956-2737, E-ISSN 1572-8498, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 321-338Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several studies show that healthcare professionals need to communicate inter-professionally in order to manage ethical difficulties. A model of clinical ethics support (CES) inspired by Habermas' theory of discourse ethics has been developed by our research group. In this version of CES sessions healthcare professionals meet inter-professionally to communicate and reflect on ethical difficulties in a cooperative manner with the aim of reaching communicative agreement or reflective consensus. In order to understand the course of action during CES, the aim of this study was to describe the communication of value conflicts during a series of inter-professional CES sessions. Ten audio- and video-recorded CES sessions were conducted over eight months and were analyzed by using the video analysis tool Transana and qualitative content analysis. The results showed that during the CES sessions the professionals as a group moved through the following five phases: a value conflict expressed as feelings of frustration, sharing disempowerment and helplessness, the revelation of the value conflict, enhancing realistic expectations, seeing opportunities to change the situation instead of obstacles. In the course of CES, the professionals moved from an individual interpretation of the situation to a common, new understanding and then to a change in approach. An open and permissive communication climate meant that the professionals dared to expose themselves, share their feelings, face their own emotions, and eventually arrive at a mutual shared reality. The value conflict was not only revealed but also resolved.

Keywords
Work, fibromyalgia, women, interviews, qualitative methods, Healthcare-professionals, Care ethics, Ethically difficulties, Clinical ethics support, Inter-professional communication
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120196 (URN)10.1007/s10730-016-9303-2 (DOI)000410009400004 ()27147521 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-05-11 Created: 2016-05-11 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Fischer Grönlund, C., Söderberg, A., Zingmark, K., Sandlund, M. & Dahlqvist, V. (2015). Ethically difficult situations in hemodialysis care: nurses' narratives. Nursing Ethics, 22(6), 711-722
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethically difficult situations in hemodialysis care: nurses' narratives
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2015 (English)In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 711-722Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Providing nursing care for patients with end-stage renal disease entails dealing with existential issues which may sometimes lead not only to ethical problems but also conflicts within the team. A previous study shows that physicians felt irresolute, torn and unconfirmed when ethical dilemmas arose.

RESEARCH QUESTION: This study, conducted in the same dialysis care unit, aimed to illuminate registered nurses' experiences of being in ethically difficult situations that give rise to a troubled conscience.

RESEARCH DESIGN: This study has a phenomenological hermeneutic approach.

PARTICIPANTS: Narrative interviews were carried out with 10 registered nurses working in dialysis care.

ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine, Umeå University.

RESULTS: One theme, 'Calling for a deliberative dialogue', and six sub-themes emerged: 'Dealing with patients' ambiguity', 'Responding to patients' reluctance', 'Acting against patients' will', 'Acting against one's moral convictions', 'Lacking involvement with patients and relatives' and 'Being trapped in feelings of guilt'.

DISCUSSION: In ethically difficult situations, the registered nurses tried, but failed, to open up a dialogue with the physicians about ethical concerns and their uncertainty. They felt alone, uncertain and sometimes had to act against their conscience.

CONCLUSION: In ethical dilemmas, personal and professional integrity is at stake. Mistrusting their own moral integrity may turn professionals from moral actors into victims of circumstances. To counteract such a risk, professionals and patients need to continuously deliberate on their feelings, views and experiences, in an atmosphere of togetherness and trust.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015
Keywords
Dialogue, dialysis care, ethics, narratives, nursing, troubled conscience
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-97927 (URN)10.1177/0969733014542677 (DOI)000360898200009 ()25106455 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-01-22 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Eldh, A. C., Vogel, G., Söderberg, A., Blomqvist, H. & Wengstrom, Y. (2013). Use of Evidence in Clinical Guidelines and Everyday Practice for Mechanical Ventilation in Swedish Intensive Care Units. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 10(4), 198-207
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Use of Evidence in Clinical Guidelines and Everyday Practice for Mechanical Ventilation in Swedish Intensive Care Units
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2013 (English)In: Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, ISSN 1545-102X, E-ISSN 1741-6787, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 198-207Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and Aim: One way to support evidence-based decisions in health care is by clinical guidelines, in particular, in highly specialized care such as intensive care units (ICUs). The aim of this study was to explore the development and dissemination of guidelines regarding mechanical ventilation (MV) in Swedish ICUs, and the use of evidence on MV in guidelines and everyday practice.

Methods: Inviting all general ICUs in Sweden (N = 65), a national survey was performed on occurrence of MV guidelines, and a review of submitted ICU guidelines by four evidence items from the AGREE instrument. In addition, ICU head nurses and senior physicians were interviewed using semistructured and open-ended questions to explore development and dissemination of MV guidelines, staff adherence or nonadherence to guidelines, and everyday practice of MV management bedside.

Findings: Fifty-five ICUs (85%) participated in the study; 51 ICUs submitted a total of 245 guidelines, including recommendations for medical or nursing MV actions. None of the documents included how evidence had been sought or assessed, while 22% included a list of references (n = 54). No guidelines included patients' experiences of MV. According to the managers, the guidelines were most often compiled by a multiprofessional team sharing the information through the ICU's website. The guidelines were mainly used as a basis for MV management bedside, but variation occurred as a result of personal preferences, lack of awareness, and adjustment to patients' needs.

Conclusions: Local MV guidelines seem to constitute a basis for healthcare practice in Swedish ICUs, even though the evidence proposed was limited with respect to how it was attained and lacked patient perspectives. In addition, the strategies used for dissemination were limited, suggesting that further initiatives are needed to support knowledge translation in advanced healthcare environments such as ICUs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013
Keywords
evidence-based practice, intensive care, guidelines, mechanical ventilation, knowledge translation, patient experiences
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-84129 (URN)10.1111/wvn.12008 (DOI)000327028200003 ()
Available from: 2013-12-17 Created: 2013-12-16 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Fischer Grönlund, C., Dahlqvist, V. & Söderberg, A. (2011). Feeling trapped and being torn: Physicians' narratives about ethical dilemmas in hemodialysis care that evoke a troubled conscience.. BMC Medical Ethics, 12, Article ID 8.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feeling trapped and being torn: Physicians' narratives about ethical dilemmas in hemodialysis care that evoke a troubled conscience.
2011 (English)In: BMC Medical Ethics, ISSN 1472-6939, E-ISSN 1472-6939, Vol. 12, article id 8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: This study is part of a major study about difficulties in communicating ethical problems within and among professional groups working in hemodialysis care. Describing experiences of ethically difficult situations that induce a troubled conscience may raise consciousness about ethical problems and thereby open the way to further reflection. The aim of this study was to illuminate the meanings of being in ethically difficult situations that led to the burden of a troubled conscience, as narrated by physicians working in dialysis care.

METHOD: A phenomenological hermeneutic method was used to analyze the transcribed narrative interviews with five physicians who had varying lengths of experience in nephrology.

RESULTS: The analysis shows that physicians working in hemodialysis care suffered from a troubled conscience when they felt torn by conflicting demands and trapped in irresolution. They faced ethical dilemmas where they were forced to make crucial decisions about life or death, or to prioritize when squeezed between time restraints and professional and personal demands. In these ethical dilemmas the physicians avoided arousing conflicts, were afraid of using their authority, were burdened by moral responsibility and felt devalued and questioned about their way of handling the situation. The findings point to another way of encountering ethical dilemmas, being guided by their conscience. This mean sharing the agony of deciding how to act, being brave enough to bring up the crucial problem, feeling certain that better ways of acting have not been overlooked, being respected and confirmed regarding decisions made.

CONCLUSION: The meanings of being in ethically difficult situations that led to the burden of a troubled conscience in those working in hemodialysis care, indicate the importance of increasing the level of communication within and among various professional groups - to transform being burdened by a troubled conscience into using conscience as a guide - in situations where no way of solving the problem seems to be good.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2011
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44360 (URN)10.1186/1472-6939-12-8 (DOI)000291229100001 ()21569295 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2011-06-01 Created: 2011-06-01 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Söderholm, A., Söderberg, A. & Nordin, S. (2011). The experience of living with sensory hyperreactivity: accessibility, financial security, and social relationships. Health Care for Women International, 32(8), 686-707
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The experience of living with sensory hyperreactivity: accessibility, financial security, and social relationships
2011 (English)In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 32, no 8, p. 686-707Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Odor intolerance is a frequently reported problem, predominantly among women. Our purpose was to illuminate how individuals living with sensory hyperreactivity (SHR; a form of odor intolerance) experience its impact on accessibility, financial security, and social relationships. Data were collected by having 12 women with SHR write descriptive texts. These texts were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Six themes were identified: Being limited in participating in society, being forced to behave incompatibly with one’s personality, experiencing lack of understanding and respect from others, experiencing insecurity, being dependent on others, and being forced to choose between the plague and cholera.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2011
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-45672 (URN)10.1080/07399332.2011.585727 (DOI)
Available from: 2011-08-09 Created: 2011-08-09 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Lindahl, E., Gilje, F., Norberg, A. & Söderberg, A. (2010). Nurses' ethical reflections on caring for people with malodorous exuding ulcers. Nursing Ethics, 17(6), 777-790
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nurses' ethical reflections on caring for people with malodorous exuding ulcers
2010 (English)In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 777-790Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to illuminate nurses' reflections on obstacles to and possibilities for providing care as desired by people with malodorous exuding ulcers. Six nurses who took part in a previous study were interviewed. The participants were shown an illustration with findings from a study that elucidated the meaning of living with malodorous exuding ulcers. They were asked to reflect on the obstacles to and possibilities of providing the care desired by the patients. Twelve audio-recorded transcribed interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Our interpretations of participants' reflections on the obstacles and possibilities while caring for such patients revealed one theme: striving to 'do good' and 'be good'. The obstacles were formulated as subthemes: experiencing clinical competence constraints, experiencing organizational constraints, experiencing ineffective communication, fearing failure, and experiencing powerlessness. The possibilities were formulated by the subthemes: spreading knowledge about ulcer treatments, considering wholeness, and creating clear channels of communication. A multiprofessional team could overcome the identified obstacles and provide structure, competencies, commitment and support to 'do good' for patients and 'be good' nurses.

Keywords
Caring, ‘being good’, ‘doing good’, malodour, qualitative content analysis, ulcers
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-38237 (URN)10.1177/0969733010379181 (DOI)000284462700012 ()21097976 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-12-01 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Ångström-Brännström, C., Norberg, A., Strandberg, G., Söderberg, A. & Dahlqvist, V. (2010). Parents' experiences of what comforts them when their child is suffering from cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 27(5), 266-275
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parents' experiences of what comforts them when their child is suffering from cancer
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2010 (English)In: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1043-4542, E-ISSN 1532-8457, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 266-275Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to describe parents' narratives concerning what they find comforting when they have a child suffering from cancer. Interviews were conducted with 9 parents--8 mothers and 1 father--of children aged 3 to 9 years who were admitted to a pediatric oncology ward and had undergone their first treatment. The findings showed that the parents derived comfort from being close to their child, perceiving the child's strength, feeling at home in the ward, being a family and being at home, and receiving support from their social network. Comfort experienced in communion with the child and others became important and helped the parents build a new normality perceived as being at home in life despite all their difficulties. Within the frame of communion, the parents seemed to experience moments of hope for their child's recovery and survival.

Keywords
comfort, communion, feeling at home, hope, parent
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37431 (URN)10.1177/1043454210364623 (DOI)000281243900003 ()20639348 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-11-03 Created: 2010-11-03 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
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