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Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Kaiser, N., Lundberg, M., Nordin, M., Sandström, A., Semb, O. & Westerberg, K. (Eds.). (2018). Psykologi för vårdprofessioner (1ed.). Natur och kultur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psykologi för vårdprofessioner
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2018 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Natur och kultur, 2018. p. 328 Edition: 1
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145706 (URN)9789127140325 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-14 Created: 2018-03-14 Last updated: 2019-03-22Bibliographically approved
Waern, M., Kaiser, N. & Salander Renberg, E. (2016). Psychiatrists' experiences of suicide assessment. BMC Psychiatry, 16, Article ID 440.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychiatrists' experiences of suicide assessment
2016 (English)In: BMC Psychiatry, ISSN 1471-244X, E-ISSN 1471-244X, Vol. 16, article id 440Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Clinical guidelines for suicide prevention often stress the identification of risk and protective factors as well as the evaluation of suicidal intent. However, we know very little about what psychiatrists actually do when they make these assessments. The aim was to investigate psychiatrists' own accounts of suicide assessment consultations, with a focus on their behaviors, attitudes and emotions.

Method: Semi-structured in depth interviews were carried out with a purposive selection of 15 psychiatrists.

Results: Thematic analysis revealed three main themes: understanding the patient in a precarious situation, understanding one's own reactions, and understanding how the doctor-patient relationship impacted on risk assessment and management decisions. Emotional contact and credibility issues were common subthemes that arose when the respondents talked about trying to understand the patient. The psychiatrists stressed the semi-intuitive nature of their assessments. Problems related to the use of risk factor assessments and rating scales were apparent. Assessment consultations could evoke physical and emotional symptoms of anxiety, and concerns about responsibility could lead to repressive management decisions. In situations of mutual trust, however, the assessment consultation could kick-start a therapeutic process.

Conclusion: This study highlights psychiatrists' experiences in clinical suicide assessment situations. Findings have implications for professional development as well as for service delivery.

Keywords
Suicide assessment, Psychiatrists' experiences, Involuntary care, Medical training, Professional development
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130230 (URN)10.1186/s12888-016-1147-4 (DOI)000390391400001 ()
Available from: 2017-01-16 Created: 2017-01-14 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Kaiser, N., Näckter, S., Karlsson, M. & Salander Renberg, E. (2015). Experiences of Being a Young Female Sami Reindeer Herder: A Qualitative Study from the Perspective of Mental Health and Intersectionality. Journal of Northern Studies, 9(2), 55-72
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of Being a Young Female Sami Reindeer Herder: A Qualitative Study from the Perspective of Mental Health and Intersectionality
2015 (English)In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 55-72Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
Sami mental health, reinder herder; female, gender, expreriences, qualitative content analysis, social construction, social categories, intersectionality
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119918 (URN)
Note

Objectives: To explore experiences of what it means to be a young, female Sami reindeer herder in Sweden, a group occupying a unique position in Swedish Sami life, with special focus on intersectionality and exposure to risk factors regarding mental (ill) health.

Methods: A qualitative content analysis of semi-structured interviews with 13 strategically selected female reindeer herders (18–35 years old).

Results: The participants described a reindeer-herding lifestyle that they find joyful and vital, but is also conflictual and harsh. Gender-specific issues were raised, for example that they unfortunately and unnecessarily have a place other than the heart of reindeer herding reserved for them.

Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that the position of women reindeer herders is paradoxical. This position implies not only a pride in Sami culture but also a risk of developing mental health problems which should be addressed in relation to gender, the reindeer-herding lifestyle and ethnicity.

Available from: 2016-05-02 Created: 2016-05-02 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Stoor, J. P., Kaiser, N., Jacobsson, L., Salander Renberg, E. & Silviken, A. (2015). "We are like lemmings'': making sense of the cultural meaning(s) of suicide among the indigenous Sami in Sweden. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 74, Article ID 27669.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"We are like lemmings'': making sense of the cultural meaning(s) of suicide among the indigenous Sami in Sweden
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2015 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 74, article id 27669Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Suicide is a widespread problem among indigenous people residing in the circumpolar Arctic. Though the situation among the indigenous Sami in northern Scandinavia is better than among some other indigenous people, suicide is still regarded as a major public health issue. To adapt prevention strategies that are culturally attuned one must understand how suicide is understood within context. That is, the cultural meaning(s) of suicide.

Objective. To explore and make sense of the cultural meaning(s) of suicide among Sami in Sweden.

Design. Open-ended focus group discussions (FGDs) on the topic "suicide among Sami'' were carried out in 5 Sami communities in Sweden, with in total 22 strategically selected Sami participants. FGDs were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed through employing content analysis.

Results. From the FGDs 4 themes emerged including "The Sami are fighting for their culture and the herders are in the middle of the fight,'' "Suicide as a consequence of Sami losing (or having lost) their identity,'' "A wildfire in the Sami world'' and "Difficult to get help as a Sami.''

Conclusions. Findings indicate that Sami in Sweden make sense of suicide in relation to power and identity within a threatened Sami cultural context. Suicide is then understood as an act that takes place and makes sense to others when a Sami no longer has the power to maintain a Sami identity, resulting in being disconnected from the Sami world and placed in an existential void where suicide is a solution. The findings are useful in development of culturally attuned suicide prevention among Sami in Sweden.

Keywords
Sami, suicide, indigenous, identity, Sweden, qualitative study
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychiatry Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117422 (URN)10.3402/ijch.v74.27669 (DOI)000369582100004 ()26333721 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-03-02 Created: 2016-02-29 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Kaiser, N. (2014). Att utveckla grupper. In: Mattias Lundberg (Ed.), Psykologi på jobbet: Handbok för chefer och HR. Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att utveckla grupper
2014 (Swedish)In: Psykologi på jobbet: Handbok för chefer och HR / [ed] Mattias Lundberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2014Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2014
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119916 (URN)9789147111282 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-05-02 Created: 2016-05-02 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, H., Nordlund, L. & Kaiser, N. (2014). Developing an authentic sex: deconstructing developmental–psychological discourses of transgenderism in a clinical setting. Feminism and Psychology, 24(1), 20-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing an authentic sex: deconstructing developmental–psychological discourses of transgenderism in a clinical setting
2014 (English)In: Feminism and Psychology, ISSN 0959-3535, E-ISSN 1461-7161, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 20-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper is based on a broader study of the use of discourses of transgenderism among sex-reassignment evaluators in Sweden. In this paper we explore how a developmental–psychological discourse was reproduced by the evaluators in their discursive negotiations of transsexualism. We found that maturity and authenticity are two key concepts that illuminate how the developmental–psychological discourse both clashes with and works together with a medical–pathological discourse of transgenderism. The developmental–psychological discourse can help to produce a definition of transgenderism that is more diverse regarding male/female dichotomies. This in turn can create a wider range of possible subject positions for patients who are seeking help. The developmental–psychological discourse also imposes additional limitations regarding the subject positions available to transgender persons through a demand for maturity and for having gone through all of the steps in the expected identity development process. The developmental–psychological repertoire casts transgenderism as an identity crisis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2014
Keywords
transgender, developmental psychology; medical psychology; transgender politics, sex reassignment evaluator, authenticity, age, identity, Sweden
National Category
Social Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-83557 (URN)10.1177/0959353513510653 (DOI)000330772500002 ()
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Semb, O., Kaiser, N., Andersson, S.-O. & Sundbom, E. (2014). Learning psychology as a challenging process towards development as well as "studies as usual": a thematic analysis of medical students' reflective writing. Advances in Medical Education and Practice, 5, 491-498
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning psychology as a challenging process towards development as well as "studies as usual": a thematic analysis of medical students' reflective writing
2014 (English)In: Advances in Medical Education and Practice, ISSN 1179-7258, E-ISSN 1179-7258, Vol. 5, p. 491-498Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reflective writing in medical training has been shown to be most effective when combined with some form of personal meeting or dialog. During a course in medical psychology for medical students, reflective texts were followed up by an individual personal talk with a teacher from the course. Thematic analysis of the texts revealed four separate sub-themes: 1) the course has enabled me and the class to develop, which is good albeit arduous; 2) understanding myself is a resource in understanding people as well as knowing psychology; 3) the course provided me with new, purely intellectual skills as well as eye-openers; and 4) the receiving teacher is an integral part of my reflective writing. The main theme, capturing the students' writing process, concluded that students perceive the course as "Learning psychology as a challenging process towards development" as well as "studies as usual". Ethical, psychological, and pedagogical aspects are discussed in the paper.

National Category
Clinical Medicine Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100010 (URN)10.2147/AMEP.S73221 (DOI)25540601 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-02-18 Created: 2015-02-18 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Kaiser, N. (2014). Professionella samtal. In: Mattias Lundberg (Ed.), Psykologi på jobbet: Handbok för chefer och HR. Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professionella samtal
2014 (Swedish)In: Psykologi på jobbet: Handbok för chefer och HR / [ed] Mattias Lundberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2014Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2014
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119915 (URN)9789147111282 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-05-02 Created: 2016-05-02 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Kaiser, N., Ruong, T. & Salander Renberg, E. (2013). Experiences of being a young male Sami reindeer herder: a qualitative study in perspective of mental health. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 72(20926)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of being a young male Sami reindeer herder: a qualitative study in perspective of mental health
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 72, no 20926Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives. To explore experiences of what it is to be a young male Sami reindeer herder in Sweden, a group with previously known stigma and specific health issues, and to understand experiences in perspective of mental health.

Methods. A qualitative content analysis was employed. Data were collected by in-depth interviews with 15 strategically selected reindeer herders aged 18–35 years old.

Results. The analysis resulted in 5 sub-themes: (a) being “inside” or “outside” is a question of identity; (b) a paradox between being free/bound; (c) an experience of various threats and a feeling of powerlessness; (d) specific norms for how a “real” reindeer herder should be; and (e) the different impacts and meanings of relations. The overarching theme is summarized thus: being a young reindeer herder means so many (impossible) dreams and conditions. Overall, the experience of the informants was that being a reindeer herder is a privileged position that also implies many impossibilities and unjust adversities they have no control over, and that there is nothing they can do but “bite the bullet or be a failure.”

Conclusions. Knowledge about this group's experiences can be used to understand difficulties faced by young reindeer herders and its consequences regarding mental health problems. This also implies a need for a broader perspective when discussing future interventions aimed at preventing mental health problems in this group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CoAction Publishing, 2013
Keywords
Sami, mental health, reindeer herder, males, gender, experiences, qualitative content analysis, organizational culture
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81485 (URN)10.3402/ijch.v72i0.20926 (DOI)000325723800001 ()
Available from: 2013-10-13 Created: 2013-10-13 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Sundbom, E., Andersson, S.-O., Semb, O. & Kaiser, N. (2013). Reflekterande skrivande och personligt samtal i läkarutbildningen: Nya moment i psykologikurs bidrog till ökad självkännedom. Läkartidningen (110), Article ID CA4E.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reflekterande skrivande och personligt samtal i läkarutbildningen: Nya moment i psykologikurs bidrog till ökad självkännedom
2013 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, no 110, article id CA4EArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reflective writing and personal talks in medical education: New segments in the Medical Psychology course helped to increase self-awareness

There is a national goal for medical students to gain self-awareness during their training. However, teaching methods and examination procedures supporting this goal are rarely discussed. Two new course segments – weekly newsletters and personal talks – aimed at stimulating self-reflection and self-awareness during the Medical Psychology course are presented, along with a student evaluation and the teachers’ experiences of the segments. The course evaluations and teachers’ comments support the perception that the new segments help to increase self-awareness. The teachers share the experience that the motivation, trust and openness shown by most of the students in their letters and talks are an impetus and important basis for increased self-reflection and self-awareness. For many students, personal talks have been important from a psychosocial point of view. It was possible to capture those in need of support and mediate further contacts when necessary.

Abstract [sv]

Självkännedom är ett nationellt mål för läkarexamen. Hur självkännedom som mål ska läras ut och examineras är dock föga diskuterat.

Här presenteras två nya moment inom kursen Medicinsk psykologi, vars syfte varit att stimulera självreflektion och självkännedom. Studenternas kursutvärderingar och lärarnas erfarenheter av dessa moment – veckobrev och personligt samtal – redovisas.

Kursutvärderingarna med kommentarer stödjer uppfattningen att de nya momenten bidrar till ökad självkännedom.

En gemensam erfarenhet hos lärarna har varit att den motivation, tillit och öppenhet som de flesta studenter visat i sina brev och i samtalen ger stimulans till och är en viktig utgångspunkt för ökad självreflektion och självkännedom.

Det personliga samtalet har haft en viktig psykosocial funktion för många studenter. Personer i behov av stöd har kunnat fångas upp och vid behov har olika kontakter förmedlats.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81464 (URN)
Available from: 2013-10-11 Created: 2013-10-11 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1413-3253

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