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Sandström, Herbert
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Hendrikx, T., Sundqvist, M., Sandström, H., Sahlin, C., Rohani, M., Al-Khalili, F., . . . Franklin, K. A. (2017). Atrial fibrillation among patients under investigation for suspected obstructive sleep apnea. PLoS ONE, 12(2), Article ID e0171575.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Atrial fibrillation among patients under investigation for suspected obstructive sleep apnea
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2017 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 2, article id e0171575Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea is common among patients with atrial fibrillation, but the prevalence and risk factors for atrial fibrillation among patients who are being investigated on suspicion of sleep apnea are not well known. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of atrial fibrillation among patients investigated for suspected obstructive sleep apnea and to identify risk factors for atrial fibrillation among them.

METHODS: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation was investigated among 201 patients referred for suspected obstructive sleep apnea. Patients without known atrial fibrillation were investigated with a standard 12-lead ECG at hospital and short intermittent handheld ECG recordings at home, during 14 days.

RESULTS: Atrial fibrillation occurred in 13 of 201 subjects (6.5%), and in 12 of 61 men aged 60 years and older (20%). The prevalence of atrial fibrillation increased with sleep apnea severity (p = 0.038). All patients with atrial fibrillation were men and all had sleep apnea. Age 60 or older, the occurrence of central sleep apnea and diabetes mellitus were independent risk factors for atrial fibrillation after adjustments for body mass index, gender, sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease.

CONCLUSIONS: Atrial fibrillation is common among subjects referred for sleep apnea investigation and the prevalence of atrial fibrillation increases with sleep apnea severity. Independent risk factors for atrial fibrillation among patients investigated for suspected obstructive sleep apnea include the occurrence of coexisting central sleep apnea, age 60 years or older and diabetes mellitus.

National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131353 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0171575 (DOI)000393712500051 ()28178304 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-02-13 Created: 2017-02-13 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Lundqvist, A., Sandström, H. & Bäckström, T. (2017). The relationship between weight gain during pregnancy and allopregnanolone levels: a longitudinal study. Endocrine Connections, 6(4), 253-259
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relationship between weight gain during pregnancy and allopregnanolone levels: a longitudinal study
2017 (English)In: Endocrine Connections, ISSN 2049-3614, E-ISSN 2049-3614, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 253-259Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Large weight gain during pregnancy is a risk factor for complications for mother and fetus. Hunger and satiety are regulated in the hypothalamus, where the gamma-amino-butyric acid system (GABA) has an important role. Allopregnanolone, a progesterone metabolite, increases during pregnancy and is a potent GABA-A receptor modulating steroid. Allopregnanolone has been shown to induce overeating in rodents. The aim was to investigate whether there is a relationship between weight gain and allopregnanolone concentrations during pregnancy in humans. Design: A longitudinal, cohort study. Methods: Pregnant women (n = 56) were recruited in primary care in northern Sweden. Allopregnanolone concentrations in plasma were measured using radioimmunoassay and weight was measured in gestational weeks 12 and 35. Results: Weight increase correlated significantly to allopregnanolone in late pregnancy increase (r(s) = 0.320; P = 0.016), indicating a positive relationship between weight increase and allopregnanolone increase. A positive relationship was also noted between allopregnanolone in the 35th gestational week and weight increase. Women who gained = 11 kg during pregnancy showed higher allopregnanolone concentrations in week 35 and higher increase compared to women who increased < 11 kg (P = 0.006 and P = 0.009 resp.). There was no difference in weight or allopregnanolone concentrations at the onset of pregnancy. Conclusions: The results show a relationship between weight gain during pregnancy and increase in allopregnanolone concentrations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bioscientifica, 2017
Keywords
allopregnanolone, pregnancy, weight increase, longitudinal
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137986 (URN)10.1530/EC-17-0046 (DOI)000404927100012 ()28381564 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-08-01 Created: 2017-08-01 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Liljeholm, M., Vikberg, A.-L., Golovleva, I., Sandström, H. & Wahlin, A. (2016). Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemia Type III and Primary Hemochromatosis; Coexistence of Mutations in KIF23 and HFE.. Journal of Hematology and Blood Disorders, 1(2), Article ID 203.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemia Type III and Primary Hemochromatosis; Coexistence of Mutations in KIF23 and HFE.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Hematology and Blood Disorders, Vol. 1, no 2, article id 203Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type III (CDA III) can be caused by mutation in KIF23. CDA III differs from CDA I and II in the sense that secondary hemochromatosis has not been reported. However, we have observed elevated serum ferritin in a CDA III family. Since primary hemochromatosis is common in Northern Europe we decided to screen the family for HFE mutations.

Aim: Study clinical appearance and prevalence of HFE gene mutations, C282Y and H63D, in a CDA III family. 

Methods: DNA from 37 CDA III patients and 21 non-affected siblings was genotyped. Iron status from EDTA plasma was measured in 32 of the CDA III patients and 18 of the non-affected siblings.

Results: Out of 37 CDA III patients, 18 carried heterozygous HFE mutations and six were compound heterozygotes. Out of 21 CDA III negative siblings, nine had heterozygous HFE mutations, two were homozygous (one H63D and one C282Y), and two were compound heterozygous. None of the patients with wt HFE, regardless of CDA III status, suffered from iron overload. Four patients with HFE mutations needed treatment with phlebotomy to normalize ferritin and transferrin iron saturation; one CDA III negative patient with homozygous C282Y, two CDA III patients with heterozygous HFE mutations and one CDA III case with compound heterozygosity.

Conclusion: HFE mutations were found in 65 % of CDA III patients and in 62 % of their CDA III negative siblings. Heterozygous HFE mutation, C282Y and even H63D, can cause iron overload when occurring concomitantly with CDA III.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Annex Publishers, 2016
Keywords
Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia; Hereditary hemochromatosis; Iron overload; HFE gene; KIF23 gene
National Category
Hematology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117453 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-29 Created: 2016-02-29 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Jutterström, L., Hörnsten, Å., Sandström, H., Stenlund, H. & Isaksson, U. (2016). Nurse-led patient-centered self-management support improves HbA1c in patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized study. Patient Education and Counseling, 99(11), 1821-1829
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nurse-led patient-centered self-management support improves HbA1c in patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized study
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2016 (English)In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 99, no 11, p. 1821-1829Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a patient-centered self-management support, in type 2 diabetes (T2D) with regard to metabolic changes.

METHODS: 182 patients were randomized into group intervention (GI), individual intervention (II) or internal controls (IC). An external control (EC) group was recruited from another county council. The intervention consisted of six sessions that featured themes, which regarded different views of their illness experiences. Data were collected in 2010 and 2011.

RESULTS: HbA1c was significantly decreased at 12-month follow-up with 5mmol/mol in the GI and 4mmol/mol in the II. In the IC group, the HbA1c was close to baseline. The EC group had increased HbA1c, though not significantly. When the HbA1c difference at baseline was adjusted, there was a significant difference between intervention groups and the EC-group.

CONCLUSION: Patient-centered self-management support, led by nurses, can lower HbA1c among patients with type 2 diabetes.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: It is possible to train diabetes specialist nurses in clinical patient-centered care, and simultaneously influence patients' metabolic balance positively.

National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127491 (URN)10.1016/j.pec.2016.06.016 (DOI)000391222100011 ()27372525 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-11-14 Created: 2016-11-14 Last updated: 2019-04-26Bibliographically approved
Wennberg, A.-L., Isaksson, U., Sandström, H., Lundqvist, A., Hörnell, A. & Hamberg, K. (2016). Swedish women’s food habits during pregnancy up to six months post-partum:: A longitudinal study. Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, 8, 31-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish women’s food habits during pregnancy up to six months post-partum:: A longitudinal study
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2016 (English)In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 8, p. 31-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Diet influences the health of the foetus and the woman during pregnancy and later in life. Itis therefore important to investigate pregnant women’s food habits. The aim of this study was to describewomen’s food habits during pregnancy and up to six months post-partum.Study design: A Food Frequency Questionnaire (VIP-FFQ) was distributed to 163 pregnant women on fiveoccasions during and after pregnancy. Data were analysed using Friedman’s ANOVA and a Bonferronipost-hoc test.Main outcome measures: Food habits in relation to the National Food Agency’s (NFA) food index.Results: The pregnant women’s diets were inadequate according to the NFA food index. A tendency towardsan even poorer diet after delivery was identified, something which was related to an increased intakeof discretionary food, e.g. sweets, cakes, cookies, crisps, ice cream, and decreased intake of fruit and vegetable.The alcohol consumption was low throughout.Conclusions: The food habits during pregnancy were inadequate compared to recommendations and thesehabits became unhealthier after delivery. These suggest that dietary counselling needs to be more effectiveand continued into the lactating period. An increased focus should be given to healthy eating fromthe life course perspective, not just focus on effects on the foetus and pregnancy outcomes.

Keywords
Pregnancy, Food habit, Longitudinal study, Questionnaire, Counselling
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119820 (URN)10.1016/j.srhc.2016.01.006 (DOI)000376839500006 ()27179375 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-04-28 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Lundqvist, A., Sandström, H., Stenlund, H., Johansson, I. & Hultdin, J. (2016). Vitamin D Status during Pregnancy: a Longitudinal Study in Swedish Women from Early Pregnancy to Seven Months Postpartum. PLoS ONE, 11(3), Article ID e0150385.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vitamin D Status during Pregnancy: a Longitudinal Study in Swedish Women from Early Pregnancy to Seven Months Postpartum
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2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 3, article id e0150385Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Low vitamin D levels during pregnancy may have negative consequences for the health of both the mother and child. Cross-sectional studies in childbearing women suggest that vitamin D levels are low during pregnancy, but few studies have followed the same women during pregnancy and postpartum. The aims of this study were to longitudinally assess vitamin D status during pregnancy and postpartum and identify the factors associated with vitamin D status in pregnant women in northern Sweden. Between September 2006 and March 2009, 184 women were consecutively recruited at five antenatal primary care clinics. Blood was sampled, and dietary intake was estimated using a food frequency questionnaire with 66 food items/food aggregates and questions on the intake of vitamin supplements at gestational weeks 12, 21, and 35, as well as at 12 and 29 weeks after birth. Plasma 25(OH) vitamin D levels were analyzed using liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry. At least one-third of the women had 25(OH) vitamin D levels <50 nmol/L on at least one sampling occasion. Plasma levels increased slightly over the gestation period and peaked in late pregnancy. The levels reverted to the baseline levels after birth. Multivariate analysis showed that gestational and postpartum week, season, dietary intake of vitamin D, and vitamin supplementation were significantly related to plasma levels. There was also an influence of season on the longitudinal concentration patterns. In conclusion, more than one-third of the women studied had low 25(OH) vitamin D levels, and gestational and postpartum week was related to 25(OH) vitamin D levels after adjustment for season and vitamin D intake.

National Category
General Practice Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117426 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0150385 (DOI)000371735200077 ()
Available from: 2016-02-29 Created: 2016-02-29 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Hendrikx, T., Rosenqvist, M., Sandström, H., Persson, M. & Hörnsten, R. (2015). Identifiering av paroxysmala, kortvariga arytmier: intermittent registrering mer effektiv än 24-timmars Holter-EKG. Läkartidningen, 112(1-2), Article ID C6SE.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identifiering av paroxysmala, kortvariga arytmier: intermittent registrering mer effektiv än 24-timmars Holter-EKG
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2015 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 112, no 1-2, article id C6SEArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many patients suffer from palpitations or dizziness/presyncope. These patients are often referred for Holter ECG (24 hour), although the sensitivity for detecting arrhythmias is low. A new method, short intermittent regular and symptomatic ECG registrations at home, might be a convenient and more sensitive alternative also suitable for primary health care. In this case report we present a patient who had contacted health care several times during a seven year period for paroxysmal palpitations. Routine examination with 24 hour Holter ECG and event recorder did not result in a diagnosis. Using intermittent handheld ECG registration at home, a paroxysmal supraventricular arrhythmia was diagnosed. Further investigation revealed that the patient had a concealed Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Sveriges läkarförbund, 2015
National Category
General Practice
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118044 (URN)25584602 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
diva2:719182
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intermittent short ECG recording is more effective than 24-hour Holter ECG in detection of arrhythmias
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2014 (English)In: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, ISSN 1471-2261, E-ISSN 1471-2261, Vol. 14, p. 41-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Many patients report symptoms of palpitations or dizziness/presyncope. These patients are often referred for 24-hour Holter ECG, although the sensitivity for detecting relevant arrhythmias is comparatively low. Intermittent short ECG recording over a longer time period might be a convenient and more sensitive alternative. The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of 24-hour Holter ECG with intermittent short ECG recording over four weeks to detect relevant arrhythmias in patients with palpitations or dizziness/presyncope.

Methods:

Design: prospective, observational, cross-sectional study. Setting: Clinical Physiology, University Hospital. Patients: 108 consecutive patients referred for ambiguous palpitations or dizziness/presyncope.

Interventions: All individuals underwent a 24-hour Holter ECG and additionally registered 30-second handheld ECG (Zenicor EKG ((R)) thumb) recordings at home, twice daily and when having cardiac symptoms, during 28 days.

Main outcome measures: Significant arrhythmias: atrial fibrillation (AF), paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), atrioventricular (AV) block II-III, sinus arrest (SA), wide complex tachycardia (WCT).

Results: 95 patients, 42 men and 53 women with a mean age of 54.1 years, completed registrations. Analysis of Holter registrations showed atrial fibrillation (AF) in two patients and atrioventricular (AV) block II in one patient (= 3.2% relevant arrhythmias [95% CI 1.1-8.9]). Intermittent handheld ECG detected nine patients with AF, three with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) and one with AV-block-II (= 13.7% relevant arrhythmias [95% CI 8.2-22.0]). There was a significant difference between the two methods in favour of intermittent ECG with regard to the ability to detect relevant arrhythmias (P = 0.0094). With Holter ECG, no symptoms were registered during any of the detected arrhythmias. With intermittent ECG, symptoms were registered during half of the arrhythmia episodes.

Conclusions: Intermittent short ECG recording during four weeks is more effective in detecting AF and PSVT in patients with ambiguous symptoms arousing suspicions of arrhythmia than 24-hour Holter ECG.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2014
Keywords
Arrhythmias, Atrial fibrillation, Electrocardiography, Holter ECG, Intermittent ECG
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-88955 (URN)10.1186/1471-2261-14-41 (DOI)000334546200001 ()
Available from: 2014-05-23 Created: 2014-05-19 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Lundberg, T., Biagio, L., Laurent, C., Sandström, H. & Swanepoel, D. W. (2014). Remote evaluation of video-otoscopy recordings in an unselected pediatric population with an otitis media scale. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 78(9), 1489-1495
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Remote evaluation of video-otoscopy recordings in an unselected pediatric population with an otitis media scale
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2014 (English)In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, ISSN 0165-5876, E-ISSN 1872-8464, Vol. 78, no 9, p. 1489-1495Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: A recently validated image-based grading scale for acute otitis media (OMGRADE) can be used to assess tympanic membrane (TM) status. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of this scale for remote assessments of TM status using video-otoscopy recordings in an unselected pediatric population.

Method: Children 2-16 years attending a South African primary health clinic were offered an ear examination by an otologist using otomicroscopy. An ear and hearing telehealth facilitator then made video-otoscopy recordings (9 – 33 seconds) of the ears and uptakes were uploaded to a secure server for remote assessments in Sweden by an otologist and general practitioner at four- and eight-weeks post onsite assessment. TM appearance was judged according to the OMGRADE scale. Concordance between onsite otomicroscopy and asynchronous assessments of video-otoscopy recordings was calculated together with intra- and inter-rater agreements.

Results: One hundred and eighty ears were included. Concordance of TM classifications using the OMGRADE scale was found to be substantial (weighted kappa range 0,66-0,79). Intra- and inter-rater agreement (test-retest) was found to be substantial to almost perfect (weighted kappa range 0,85-0,88 and 0,69-0,72, respectively).

Conclusion: The OMGRADE scale can be used to accurately assess the normal TM and secretory otitis media (SOM) remotely using video-otoscopy recordings in an unselected pediatric population.

National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Research subject
Family Medicine; Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86947 (URN)10.1016/j.ijporl.2014.06.018 (DOI)000340983500016 ()
Available from: 2014-03-13 Created: 2014-03-13 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Lundqvist, A., Johansson, I., Wennberg, A.-L., Hultdin, J., Högberg, U., Hamberg, K. & Sandström, H. (2014). Reported dietary intake in early pregnant compared to non-pregnant women: a cross-sectional study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14(373)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reported dietary intake in early pregnant compared to non-pregnant women: a cross-sectional study
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2014 (English)In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 14, no 373Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: A woman's nutritional status before conception and during pregnancy is important for maternal health and the health of the foetus. The aim of the study was to compare diet intake in early pregnant women with non-pregnant women. Methods: Between September 2006 and March 2009, 226 women in early pregnancy were consecutively recruited at five antenatal clinics in Northern Sweden. Referent women (n = 211) were randomly selected from a current health screening project running in the same region (the Vasterbotten Intervention Program; VIP). We collected diet data with a self-reported validated food frequency questionnaire with 66 food items/food aggregates, and information on portion size, alcohol consumption, and supplement intake. Data were analysed using descriptive, comparative statistics and multivariate partial least square modelling. Results: Intake of folate and vitamin D from foods was generally low for both groups. Intake of folate and vitamin D supplements was generally high in the pregnant group and led to significantly higher total estimated intake of vitamin D and folate in the pregnant group. Iron intake from foods tended to be lower in pregnant women although iron supplement intake evened out the difference with respect to iron intake from foods only. Energy intake was slightly lower in pregnant women but not significant, a reflection of that they reported consuming significantly less of potatoes/rice/pasta, meat/fish, and vegetables (grams/day) than the women in the referent group. Conclusions: In the present study, women in early pregnancy reported less intake of vegetables, potatoes, meat, and alcohol than non-pregnant women. As they also had a low intake (below the Nordic Nutritional Recommendations) of folate, vitamin D, and iron from foods, some of these women and their unborn children are possibly at risk for adverse effects on the pregnancy and birth outcome.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2014
Keywords
Pregnancy, Diet, Nutrition, Cross-sectional
National Category
General Practice Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-96943 (URN)10.1186/s12884-014-0373-3 (DOI)000344505400001 ()25361589 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-02-25 Created: 2014-12-05 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
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