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Petersen, Solveig
Publications (10 of 33) Show all publications
Högberg, B., Lindgren, J., Johansson, K., Strandh, M. & Petersen, S. (2019). Consequences of school grading systems on adolescent health: evidence from a Swedish school reform. Journal of education policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Consequences of school grading systems on adolescent health: evidence from a Swedish school reform
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2019 (English)In: Journal of education policy, ISSN 0268-0939, E-ISSN 1464-5106Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Education reforms that entail increased emphasis on high-stakes testing, assessment and grading have spread across education systems in recent decades. Critics have argued that these policies could have consequences for stress, identity, self-esteem and the overall health of pupils. However, these potentially negative consequences have rarely been investigated in a systematic and rigorous way. In this study we use a major education reform in Sweden, which introduced grades and increased the use of testing for pupils in the 6th and 7th school year (aged 12 to 13 years), to study the consequences of grading and assessment for health outcomes. Using data from the Health Behaviours of School-Aged Children Survey, we find that the reform increased school-related stress and reduced the academic self-esteem of pupils in the 7th school year. This, in turn, had an indirect effect on psychosomatic symptoms and life satisfaction for these pupils. Moreover, the negative effects of the reform were generally stronger for girls, thereby widening the already troubling gender differences in health. We conclude that accountability reforms aimed at increased use of testing, assessment and grading can potentially have negative side effects on pupils’ health.

National Category
Educational Sciences Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165211 (URN)10.1080/02680939.2019.1686540 (DOI)000493743800001 ()
Available from: 2019-11-15 Created: 2019-11-15 Last updated: 2019-11-21
Högberg, B., Strandh, M., Petersen, S. & Johansson, K. (2019). Education system stratification and health complaints among school-aged children. Social Science and Medicine, 220, 159-166
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education system stratification and health complaints among school-aged children
2019 (English)In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 220, p. 159-166Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research shows that the school environment is an important social determinant of health among children and adolescents. However, we know virtually nothing of the health consequences of national education systems and policies, for example the stratification of pupils by academic ability. This study aimed to investigate if education system stratification is related to self-reported psychological and somatic health complaints of pupils aged 11 to 15, and social inequalities in such health complaints.

Survey data from the Health Behaviors of School-aged Children (HBSC) survey, covering 33 countries and more than 180 000 pupils in primary and lower secondary school, were used. Multilevel models showed that education system stratification was not associated with the average levels of health complaints of pupils, but cross-level interaction effects showed that stratification moderated the relationship between social background and health complaints, such that inequalities in health complaints were smaller in countries with more stratified systems. Moreover, this moderating effect was mediated by the school learning environmentand social relations in school. Specifically, social inequalities in school pressure, academic self-concept, school climate, and school satisfaction were smaller in more stratified education systems, which in turn accounted for smaller inequalities in health complaints in these countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Health complaints, Health inequalities, Education systems, Schools Children, Adolescents, Multilevel, Comparative research
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155320 (URN)10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.11.007 (DOI)000456222400017 ()30445341 (PubMedID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00048Swedish Research Council, 2018-03870_3
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2019-01-11 Last updated: 2019-02-26Bibliographically approved
Baroudi, M., Petersen, S., Namatovu, F., Annelie, C., Ivarsson, A. & Norström, F. (2019). Preteen children’s health related quality of life in Sweden: changes over time and disparities between different sociodemographic groups. BMC Public Health, 19, Article ID 139.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Preteen children’s health related quality of life in Sweden: changes over time and disparities between different sociodemographic groups
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2019 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 19, article id 139Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Assessing disparities in health-related quality of Life (HRQoL) is important as a part of health-related disparities in the society. The aim of this study was to explore HRQoL among 12-year-olds in Sweden in terms of differences between years 2005 and 2009 and disparities related to sociodemographic background.

Methods: During the school years 2005 and 2009, a total of 18,325 sixth grade students in Sweden were invited to a celiac disease screening study; 13,279 agreed to participate. Jointly with the celiac screening, the children answered a questionnaire that included EuroQol 5 Dimensions-youth (EQ-5D-Y) and their parents responded to separate questionnaires about their own and their child’s country of birth, family structure, their employment status, occupation, and education. In total 11,009 child-parent questionnaires were collected. Logistic regression was used to study differences in HRQoL between 2005 and 2009, and between various sociodemographic subgroups.

Results: Compared with 2005, children in 2009 reported more pain (OR: 1.20, 95% CI: 1.1–1.3) and more mood problems (OR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.2–1.5). In general, girls reported more pain and mood problems and had more disparities than boys. There were no significant differences based on parents’ occupation, however, children of parents with low or medium education levels reported less “mood problems” than those of parents with high education levels (OR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.46–0.92) and (OR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.73–0.96), respectively. A slight variation was seen in HRQoL between children with different migration background. Girls living in small municipalities reported more pain (OR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.14–2.01), and problems performing usual activities (OR: 3.77, 95% CI: 2.08–6.84), compared to girls living in large municipalities. In addition, children living with two parents had less mood problems than children living in other family constellations.

Conclusion: More children reported pain and mood problems in 2009 compared with 2005. To study future trends, health outcomes among children in Sweden should continue to be reported periodically. More efforts should be invested to increase the awareness of health-related disparities as highlighted in this study especially for girls living in small municipalities and children of parents with high education level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2019
Keywords
Preteen children health, Health inequity, Quality of life, HRQoL, Sociodemographic disparities
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155944 (URN)10.1186/s12889-019-6429-6 (DOI)000457471800001 ()30704442 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 521-2004-7093Swedish Research Council, 521-2007-2953Swedish Research Council Formas, 222-2004-1918Swedish Research Council Formas, 222-2007-1394
Available from: 2019-02-01 Created: 2019-02-01 Last updated: 2019-02-25Bibliographically approved
Ragnarsson, S., Myléus, A., Hurtig, A.-K., Sjöberg, G., Rosvall, P.-Å. & Petersen, S. (2019). Recurrent Pain and Academic Achievement in School-Aged Children: A Systematic Review. Journal of School Nursing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recurrent Pain and Academic Achievement in School-Aged Children: A Systematic Review
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2019 (English)In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364Article, review/survey (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Recurrent pain and school failures are common problems in children visiting the school nurses office. The overall aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between recurrent pain and academic achievement in school-aged children. Literature was searched in seven electronic databases and in relevant bibliographies. Study selection, data extraction, and study and evidence quality assessments were performed systematically with standardized tools. Twenty-one studies met the inclusion criteria and 13 verified an association between recurrent pain (headache, stomachache, and musculoskeletal pain) and negative academic achievement. Two longitudinal studies indicated a likely causal effect of pain on academic achievement. All studies had substantial methodological drawbacks and the overall quality of the evidence for the identified associations was low. Thus, children’s lack of success in school may be partly attributed to recurrent pain problems. However, more highquality studies are needed, including on the direction of the association and its moderators and mediators.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
recurrent pain, school-aged children, school failure, school nursing
National Category
Nursing Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157030 (URN)10.1177/1059840519828057 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-06 Created: 2019-03-06 Last updated: 2019-12-18
Johansson, K., Petersen, S., Högberg, B., Stevens, G. W., De Clercq, B., Frasquilho, D., . . . Strandh, M. (2019). The interplay between national and parental unemployment in relation to adolescent life satisfaction in 27 countries: analyses of repeated cross-sectional school surveys. BMC Public Health, 19, Article ID 1555.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The interplay between national and parental unemployment in relation to adolescent life satisfaction in 27 countries: analyses of repeated cross-sectional school surveys
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2019 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 19, article id 1555Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research shows that parental unemployment is associated with low life satisfaction in adolescents. It is unclear whether this translates to an association between national unemployment and adolescent life satisfaction, and whether such a contextual association is entirely explained by parental unemployment, or if it changes as a function thereof. For adults, associations have been shown between unemployment and mental health, including that national unemployment can affect mental health and life satisfaction of both the employed and the unemployed, but to different degrees. The aim of this paper is to analyse how national unemployment levels are related to adolescent life satisfaction, across countries as well as over time within a country, and to what extent and in what ways such an association depends on whether the individual’s own parents are unemployed or not.

Methods: Repeated cross-sectional data on adolescents’ (aged 11, 13 and 15 years, n = 386,402) life satisfaction and parental unemployment were collected in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey, in 27 countries and 74 country-years, across 2001/02, 2005/06 and 2009/10 survey cycles. We linked this data to national harmonised unemployment rates provided by OECD and tested their associations using multilevel linear regression, including interaction terms between national and parental unemployment.

Results: Higher national unemployment rates were related to lower adolescent life satisfaction, cross-sectionally between countries but not over time within countries. The verified association was significant for adolescents with and without unemployed parents, but stronger so in adolescents with unemployed fathers or both parents unemployed. Having an unemployed father, mother och both parents was in itself related to lower life satisfaction.

Conclusion: Living in a country with higher national unemployment seems to be related to lower adolescent life satisfaction, whether parents are unemployed or not, although stronger among adolescents where the father or both parents are unemployed. However, variation in unemployment over the years did not show an association with adolescent life satisfaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2019
Keywords
Adolescents, HBSC, Health behaviour in school-aged children, Life satisfaction, National factors, Unemployment
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-166569 (URN)10.1186/s12889-019-7721-1 (DOI)31775833 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85075743099 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-12-18 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved
Malakellis, M., Hoare, E., Sanigorski, A., Crooks, N., Allender, S., Nichols, M., . . . Millar, L. (2018). Authors' response to Letter to the Editor: ANZJPH-2017-220 [Letter to the editor]. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, 42(2), 215-215
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Authors' response to Letter to the Editor: ANZJPH-2017-220
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2018 (English)In: Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, ISSN 1326-0200, E-ISSN 1753-6405, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 215-215Article in journal, Letter (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145748 (URN)10.1111/1753-6405.12767 (DOI)000429410700018 ()29281167 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-03-16 Created: 2018-03-16 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Löfgren, H. O., Petersen, S., Nilsson, K., Padyab, M., Ghazinour, M. & Hägglöf, B. (2017). Effects of Parent Training Programs on Parental Stress in a General Swedish Population Sample. Psychology, 8(5), 700-716, Article ID 75044.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of Parent Training Programs on Parental Stress in a General Swedish Population Sample
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2017 (English)In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 700-716, article id 75044Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This is a confirmatory study that assessed the effects of parent training programs on parental stress in a general population. There is a need to repeat and confirm earlier findings to acquire solid knowledge for policy stakeholders. In a quasi-experimental design, self-reported data were gathered at three occasions from 83 parents of children between the ages from one to ten years. These parents had responded to advertisements of parent training programs, and were matched to a comparison group of 83 parents chosen from a governmental database. Parent training program based upon behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, Adlerian and family system-theories. Parental stress due to incompetence, role restriction, social isolation, spousal relationship problems, and health problems were measured by the Swedish Parenthood Stress Ques- tionnaire that is based on the Parent Stress Index Scale. The data indicated a reduction of stress in the sub-scale of health problems among parents in the intervention group with an effect size of 0.33, however, no other subscale showed the intervention as a significant variable when controlling for confounding variables. This study adds on the accumulated knowledge of supporting interventions for parents. We conclude that parent training programs have a significant effect on the stress components of parental health when implemented in real-life settings. 

Keywords
Parental Training Program, Parental Stress, Universal Prevention, SPSQ
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133099 (URN)10.4236/psych.2017.85045 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-03-31 Created: 2017-03-31 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Löfgren, H. O., Padyab, M., Ghazinour, M., Nilsson, K., Petersen, S. & Hägglöf, B. (2017). Healthier Parents: Effects of Parent Training Programs on Mental Health. International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice, 5(2), 70-79
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Healthier Parents: Effects of Parent Training Programs on Mental Health
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2017 (English)In: International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice, ISSN 2332-6832, E-ISSN 2332-6840, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 70-79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study aims to investigate the effects of Parent Training Programs on the mental health of parents with children aged between 1 and 17 in a universal preventive setting. The intervention group included 279 parents who were assigned to five professionally administered interventions, which included 5–10 two-hour sessions; they were then compared to 702 parents in the comparison group without intervention. The improvement in general mental health was statistically significant in the intervention group compared to the comparison group. The findings suggest that evidence-based parent training programs enhance well-being in parents without indicated problems. However further exploration of preventive training programs for parents are needed.

Keywords
Parental Training Program, Universal Interventions, General Mental Health, GHQ
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-136134 (URN)10.13189/ijrh.2017.050204 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-06-13 Created: 2017-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Malakellis, M., Hoare, E., Sanigorski, A., Crooks, N., Allender, S., Nichols, M., . . . Millar, L. (2017). School-based systems change for obesity prevention in adolescents: outcomes of the Australian Capital Territory "It's Your Move!'. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, 41(5), 490-496
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School-based systems change for obesity prevention in adolescents: outcomes of the Australian Capital Territory "It's Your Move!'
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2017 (English)In: Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, ISSN 1326-0200, E-ISSN 1753-6405, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 490-496Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The Australian Capital Territory It's Your Move!' (ACT-IYM) was a three-year (2012-2014) systems intervention to prevent obesity among adolescents. Methods: The ACT-IYM project involved three intervention schools and three comparison schools and targeted secondary students aged 12-16 years. The intervention consisted of multiple initiatives at individual, community, and school policy level to support healthier nutrition and physical activity. Intervention school-specific objectives related to increasing active transport, increasing time spent physically active at school, and supporting mental wellbeing. Data were collected in 2012 and 2014 from 656 students. Anthropometric data were objectively measured and behavioural data self-reported. Results: Proportions of overweight or obesity were similar over time within the intervention (24.5% baseline and 22.8% follow-up) and comparison groups (31.8% baseline and 30.6% follow-up). Within schools, two of three the intervention schools showed a significant decrease in the prevalence of overweight and obesity (p<0.05). Conclusions: There was some evidence of effectiveness of the systems approach to preventing obesity among adolescents. Implications for public health: The incorporation of systems thinking has been touted as the next stage in obesity prevention and public health more broadly. These findings demonstrate that the use of systems methods can be effective on a small scale.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY, 2017
Keywords
Adolescence, systems intervention, obesity, weight status, schools, health promotion
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140883 (URN)10.1111/1753-6405.12696 (DOI)000412292500008 ()28749562 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-11-20 Created: 2017-11-20 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Stenmark, H., Bergström, E., Hägglöf, B., Öhman, A. & Petersen, S. (2016). Mental problems and their socio-demographic determinants in young schoolchildren in Sweden, a country with high gender and income equality. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 44(1), 18-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental problems and their socio-demographic determinants in young schoolchildren in Sweden, a country with high gender and income equality
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2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 18-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS: Mental problems and their potential socio-demographic determinants were investigated in young schoolchildren in Sweden, a high-income country in the top of income- and gender-equality rankings.

METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 1465 schoolchildren in grades 3 and 6. Mental health was measured by the Child Behavior Checklist and the Youth Self Report (Total problems and 14 specific problem areas). Potential socio-demographic determinants were sex, parental education and occupation, family structure, and immigrant status.

RESULTS: Mental problems were present in 14% of the sixth graders and in 7% of the third graders. In grade 3, the mean total problem score was lower in girls than in boys, but the prevalence of problems at a subclinical/clinical level did not differ by sex. Furthermore, in nine to 13 of the 14 specific problem areas, problems were equally distributed by sex, parental education, parental occupation, immigrant status, and family structure. In grade 6, both the total mean score and the overall odds of subclinical/clinical problems were similar in girls and boys. Likewise, in all the specific problem areas, problems were evenly distributed by parental education and occupation, and only independently associated with immigrant status and family structure in one problem area. In five specific problem areas, boys had higher odds of problems than girls.

CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that also in a relatively wealthy and equal country such as Sweden, mental problems are a significant child public health issue. The association between socio-demographic background and mental problems seems to be rather weak, but differ dependent on the type of mental problem in focus.

Keywords
adolescent, anxiety, aggression, attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity, child, conduct disorder, depression, mental disorders, prevalence, socio-demographic factors
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-110310 (URN)10.1177/1403494815603544 (DOI)000369969000005 ()26392422 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-10-20 Created: 2015-10-20 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
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