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Allard, Per
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Publications (10 of 46) Show all publications
Boström, G., Hörnsten, C., Brännström, J., Conradsson, M., Nordström, P., Allard, P., . . . Littbrand, H. (2016). Antidepressant use and mortality in very old people. International psychogeriatrics, 28(7), 1201-1210
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Antidepressant use and mortality in very old people
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2016 (English)In: International psychogeriatrics, ISSN 1041-6102, E-ISSN 1741-203X, Vol. 28, no 7, p. 1201-1210Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Antidepressant treatment may increase the risk of death. The association between antidepressants and mortality has been evaluated in community-dwelling older people, but not in representative samples of very old people, among whom dementia, multimorbidity, and disability are common.

METHODS: Umeå 85+/GERDA study participants (n = 992) aged 85, 90, and ≥95 years were followed for up to five years. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to analyze mortality risk associated with baseline antidepressant treatment, adjusted for potential confounders.

RESULTS: Mean age was 89 years; 27% of participants had dementia, 20% had stroke histories, 29% had heart failure, and 16% used antidepressants. In age- and sex-adjusted analyses, antidepressant use was associated with a 76% increased mortality risk (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.41-2.19). Adding adjustment for Geriatric Depression Scale score, HR was 1.62 (95% CI, 1.29-2.03). The association was not significant when adjusting for additional confounding factors (HR = 1.08; 95% CI, 0.85-1.38). Interaction analyses in the fully adjusted model revealed a significant interaction between sex and antidepressant use (HR: 1.76; 95% CI, 1.05-2.94). Among male and female antidepressant users, the HRs for death were 0.76 (95% CI, 0.47-1.24) and 1.28 (95% CI, 0.97-1.70), respectively.

CONCLUSION: Among very old people, baseline antidepressant treatment does not seem to be independently associated with increased mortality risk. However, the risk may be different in men and women. This difference and the potential risk of initial treatment require further investigation in future cohort studies of very old people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2016
Keywords
depression, antidepressants, age 80 and over, dementia, residential facilities, frail elderly, epidemiology, mortality
National Category
Geriatrics
Research subject
Geriatrics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119010 (URN)10.1017/S104161021600048X (DOI)000382387500016 ()26987958 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-04-07 Created: 2016-04-07 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, U., Bertilsson, G., Allard, P., Gyllensvard, H., Soderlund, A., Tham, A. & Andersson, G. (2016). Psychological Treatment of Depression in People Aged 65 Years and Over: A Systematic Review of Efficacy, Safety, and Cost-Effectiveness. PLoS ONE, 11(8), Article ID e0160859.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychological Treatment of Depression in People Aged 65 Years and Over: A Systematic Review of Efficacy, Safety, and Cost-Effectiveness
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2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 8, article id e0160859Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives Depression in elderly people is a major public health concern. As response to antidepressants is often unsatisfactory in this age group, there is a need for evidence-based non-pharmacological treatment options. Our objectives were twofold: firstly, to synthesize published trials evaluating efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of psychological treatment of depression in the elderly and secondly, to assess the quality of evidence. Method The electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINAL, Scopus, and Psyc-INFO were searched up to 23 May 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of psychological treatment for depressive disorders or depressive symptoms in people aged 65 years and over. Two reviewers independently assessed relevant studies for risk of bias. Where appropriate, the results were synthesized in meta-analyses. The quality of the evidence was graded according to GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation). Results Twenty-two relevant RCTs were identified, eight of which were excluded from the synthesis due to a high risk of bias. Of the remaining trials, six evaluated problem-solving therapy (PST), five evaluated other forms of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), and three evaluated life review/reminiscence therapy. In frail elderly with depressive symptoms, the evidence supported the efficacy of PST, with large but heterogeneous effect sizes compared with treatment as usual. The results for life-review/reminiscence therapy and CBT were also promising, but because of the limited number of trials the quality of evidence was rated as very low. Safety data were not reported in any included trial. The only identified cost-effectiveness study estimated an incremental cost per additional point reduction in Beck Depression Inventory II score for CBT compared with talking control and treatment as usual. Conclusion Psychological treatment is a feasible option for frail elderly with depressive symptoms. However, important questions about efficacy, generalizability, safety and cost-effectiveness remain.

National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126514 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0160859 (DOI)000381577000035 ()
Available from: 2016-10-26 Created: 2016-10-10 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Israelsson, H., Allard, P., Eklund, A. & Malm, J. (2016). Symptoms of Depression are Common in Patients With Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: The INPH-CRasH Study. Neurosurgery, 78(2), 161-168
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Symptoms of Depression are Common in Patients With Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: The INPH-CRasH Study
2016 (English)In: Neurosurgery, ISSN 0148-396X, E-ISSN 1524-4040, Vol. 78, no 2, p. 161-168Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: If patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) also have depression, this could have important clinical ramifications in assessment and management of their cognitive function and response to shunting. In many dementias, depression is overrepresented, but the prevalence of depression in shunted patients with INPH is unknown.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this case-control study was to assess the prevalence of symptoms of depression in shunted INPH patients compared with population-based controls.

METHODS: INPH patients consecutively shunted from 2008 to 2010 in Sweden were analyzed. Patients remaining after inclusion (within 60-85 years and not having dementia, ie, mini-mental state examination >=23) had a standardized visit to their healthcare provider and answered an extensive questionnaire. Age- and sex-matched population-based controls underwent the same procedure. Symptoms of depression were assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale 15 (suspected depression defined as >=5 points, suspected severe depression as >=12 points). This study is part of the INPH-CRasH study.

RESULTS: One hundred seventy-six INPH patients and 368 controls participated. After adjustment for age, sex, cerebrovascular disease, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, patients had a higher mean depression score (patients: 4.9 ± 3.7 SD, controls: 1.9 ± 2.3 SD; OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.3-1.6, P < .001), more patients had suspected depression (46% vs 13%, OR 6.4, 95% CI 3.8-10.9, P < .001), and more patients had suspected severe depression (7.3% vs 0.6%, OR 14.4, 95% CI 3.0-68.6, P < .005).

CONCLUSION: Symptoms of depression are overrepresented in INPH patients compared with the population, despite treatment with a shunt. Screening for depression should be done in the evaluation of INPH patients in order to find and treat a coexisting depression.

Keywords
Case-control studies, Dementia, Depression, Depressive disorder, Follow-up studies, GDS 15, drocephalus, Normal pressure
National Category
Psychiatry Geriatrics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-116731 (URN)10.1227/NEU.0000000000001093 (DOI)000368585600001 ()26528670 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-02-19 Created: 2016-02-11 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Mathillas, J., Petersson, S., Wallin, K., Olofsson, B., Allard, P. & Gustafson, Y. (2014). Risk factors for depressive disorders in very old age: a population-based cohort study with a five-year follow-up. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 49(5), 831-839
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk factors for depressive disorders in very old age: a population-based cohort study with a five-year follow-up
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2014 (English)In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, ISSN 0933-7954, E-ISSN 1433-9285, Vol. 49, no 5, p. 831-839Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Depressive disorders are common among the very old, but insufficiently studied. The present study aims to identify risk factors for depressive disorders in very old age.

The present study is based on the GERDA project, a population-based cohort study of people aged a parts per thousand yen85 years (n = 567), with 5 years between baseline and follow-up. Factors associated with the development of depressive disorders according to DSM-IV criteria at follow-up were analysed by means of a multivariate logistic regression.

At baseline, depressive disorders were present in 32.3 % of the participants. At follow-up, 69 % of those with baseline depressive disorders had died. Of the 49 survivors, 38 still had depressive disorders. Of the participants without depressive disorders at baseline, 25.5 % had developed depressive disorders at follow-up. Baseline factors independently associated with new cases of depressive disorders after 5 years were hypertension, a history of stroke and 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale score at baseline.

The present study supports the earlier findings that depressive disorders among the very old are common, chronic and malignant. Mild depressive symptoms as indicated by GDS-15 score and history of stroke or hypertension seem to be important risk factors for incident depressive disorders in very old age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014
Keywords
Depression, Depressive disorder, Very old, Risk factors, GDS-a5, Stroke, Hypertension
National Category
Geriatrics Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79981 (URN)10.1007/s00127-013-0771-2 (DOI)000336286100015 ()24100915 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2013-09-05 Created: 2013-09-05 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Sigurdh, J., Allard, P., Spigset, O. & Hägglöf, B. (2013). Platelet serotonin transporter and 5-HT2A receptor binding in adolescents with eating disorders. International Journal of Neuroscience, 123(5), 333-338
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Platelet serotonin transporter and 5-HT2A receptor binding in adolescents with eating disorders
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0020-7454, E-ISSN 1563-5279, Vol. 123, no 5, p. 333-338Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The pathogenetic involvement of the serotonergic system in eating disorders is an established finding. Conclusions from platelet studies are based on results from investigations of subjects with a mean age of 20 years or more. The aim was to investigate whether previous findings in adults are valid also for adolescents who are examined within a relatively short interval after the onset of the eating disorder. [H-3] paroxetine binding to the platelet serotonin transporter and [H-3] lysergic acid diethylamide ([H-3] LSD) binding to the 5-HT2A receptor was studied in 15 female adolescents with eating disorders (11 with anorexia nervosa and 4 with clearly anorectic eating behaviour not fulfilling the criteria for anorexia nervosa) and 32 controls. The patients revealed a higher density of serotonin transporters and a lower density of 5-HT2A receptors compared with healthy controls of the same age (775 +/- 165 vs. 614 +/- 111 fmol/mg protein (p = 0.003) for [H-3] paroxetine binding and 215 +/- 59 vs. 314 +/- 151 fmol/mg protein (p = 0.005) for [H-3] LSD binding). The findings of increased density of platelet serotonin transporters and reduced density of 5-HT2A receptors differ from previous results in older patients. The lower patient age and the short duration of disease in the present study, possibly in conjunction with variations in stress-related psychological and biological factors, may have caused these differences. Although the present findings contradict prevailing evidence, they add further information concerning the nature of serotonergic involvement in eating disorders and indicate that demographic and course-related factors might influence the regulation of the serotonin system in these disorders.

Keywords
eating disorders, anorexia nervosa, serotonin, platelets, [H-3]paroxetine binding, [H-3]LSD binding
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-71081 (URN)10.3109/00207454.2012.761215 (DOI)000317660400007 ()
Available from: 2013-06-17 Created: 2013-05-20 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Allard, P. (2013). Äldrepsykiatri: en nödvändighet i framtidens sjukvård. Äldre i centrum (4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Äldrepsykiatri: en nödvändighet i framtidens sjukvård
2013 (Swedish)In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
hälsa – ohälsa, läkemedel, minne och kognition, organisation och lagstiftning, sjukvård
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92599 (URN)
Available from: 2014-08-29 Created: 2014-08-29 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Sparring Björkstén, K., Karlsson, I., Almqvist, O., Waern, M., Eriksdotter, M., Allard, P. & Lökk, J. (2013). Äldrepsykiatri: kliniska riktlinjer för utredning och behandling. Stockholm: Gothia Fortbildning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Äldrepsykiatri: kliniska riktlinjer för utredning och behandling
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2013 (Swedish)Book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Gothia Fortbildning, 2013. p. 164
Series
Svensk psykiatri, ISSN 1402-1749 ; 11
National Category
Geriatrics Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92595 (URN)978-91-7205-900-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-08-29 Created: 2014-08-29 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Güzey, C., Allard, P., Brännström, T. & Spigset, O. (2012). Radioligand binding to brain dopamine and serotonin receptors and transporters in Parkinson's disease: relation to gene polymorphisms. International Journal of Neuroscience, 122(3), 124-132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Radioligand binding to brain dopamine and serotonin receptors and transporters in Parkinson's disease: relation to gene polymorphisms
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0020-7454, E-ISSN 1563-5279, Vol. 122, no 3, p. 124-132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The influence of variations in genes coding for dopamine and serotonin transporters and receptors on the expression of these structures in the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is not known. In order to investigate the significance of dopamine and serotonin transporter and receptor gene polymorphisms on the expression of dopamine and serotonin transporters and the dopamine D(2) and serotonin 5HT(2A) receptors in brain tissue in PD, we conducted a study on brain autopsy material from 16 patients diagnosed with clinical PD and 11 controls. The polymorphisms studied were DAT1 VTNR, DRD2 Taq1A, 5HTTLPR, and 5HTR2A 102 T>C, 516 C>T, His425Tyr and Thr25Asn. Compared to control subjects, patients with PD had a significantly lowered radioligand binding to the dopamine transporter in nucleus caudatus (P = 0.001) and putamen (P = 0.008), and to the serotonin transporter in gyrus cingulatus (P = 0.010) and nucleus caudatus (P = 0.032). We did not observe any significant associations between genetic polymorphisms and the extent of radioligand binding or between the polymorphisms and a diagnosis of PD. In conclusion, the density of brain dopamine and serotonin transporters in patients with PD was reduced. However, there were no associations between the investigated genotypes and the expression of the corresponding receptors and transporters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Gordon and Breach, 2012
Keywords
dopamine, genetics, Parkinson's disease, radioligand binding, receptor, serotonin
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-48638 (URN)10.3109/00207454.2011.631716 (DOI)22004534 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2011-10-26 Created: 2011-10-26 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Allard, P. (2012). Äldrepsykiatri. Psykisk hälsa (1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Äldrepsykiatri
2012 (Swedish)In: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92601 (URN)
Available from: 2014-08-29 Created: 2014-08-29 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Allard, P. (2012). Äldrepsykiatri: en bristvara. Äldre i centrum (1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Äldrepsykiatri: en bristvara
2012 (Swedish)In: Äldre i centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
hälsa – ohälsa, läkemedel, medicin, organisation och lagstiftning, sjukvård
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92597 (URN)
Available from: 2014-08-29 Created: 2014-08-29 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
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