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Hardell, S., Johansson Sevä, I. & Öun, I. (2020). Welfare service privatization and opinions about service quality: The role of political ideology among local politicians and the public. Social Policy & Administration, 54(1), 45-59
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Welfare service privatization and opinions about service quality: The role of political ideology among local politicians and the public
2020 (English)In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 45-59Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we join the discussion about the potential consequences of welfare service privatization by examining the relationship between the privatization of welfare service delivery and public opinion about service quality in Sweden. Due to the politically polarized debate about welfare service privatization in Sweden, we also examine the extent to which individuals' ideological orientations influence this relationship in both local politicians and ordinary citizens. For local politicians, the results show that a higher municipal degree of privatization is generally associated with slightly lower levels of satisfaction overall with welfare services, although no such relationship exists for the public. Most importantly, however, the results indicate that political ideology constitutes an important moderator in the relationship between privatization and opinions about service quality. Local politicians and, to some extent, ordinary citizens who place themselves to the left on the ideological left–right scale tend to be less satisfied with services as the municipal degree of welfare service privatization increases. For local politicians who position themselves far to the right on the scale, the relationship between welfare service privatization and satisfaction is positive. These findings suggest that there is no clear-cut relationship between privatization and individuals' opinions about services; rather, this relationship depends on the ideological predispositions of local politicians and ordinary citizens.

Keywords
local politicians; political ideology; welfare service privatization; Sweden; welfare service delivery; welfare service
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160070 (URN)10.1111/spol.12509 (DOI)2-s2.0-85067666285 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1733
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2020-01-22Bibliographically approved
Johansson Sevä, I. & Öun, I. (2019). Conditional representation: Gendered experiences of combining work and family among local politicians. Journal of women, politics & policy, 40(3), 367-384
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conditional representation: Gendered experiences of combining work and family among local politicians
2019 (English)In: Journal of women, politics & policy, ISSN 1554-4788, E-ISSN 1554-4788, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 367-384Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article focuses on working and living conditions among local politicians in Sweden, and on their experiences of combining political work and family life. Applying a sociological perspective on representation, we first map the working and living conditions represented among politicians, with a specific focus on gender and age. We then examine experiences of work-family conflict and subjective well-being, and investigate how these outcomes are related to gender, age, and working and living conditions. The main findings show significant gender differences in working and living conditions, and substantially higher levels of work-family conflict among young female politicians.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
local politicians, gender and age, working and living conditions, work-family conflict, subjective well-being, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148379 (URN)10.1080/1554477X.2019.1602992 (DOI)000471502700001 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1733
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2019-09-09Bibliographically approved
Grönlund, A. & Öun, I. (2018). Beyond the Mummy Track?: Part-time Rights, Gender, and Career-Family Dilemmas. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 8(3), 177-198
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond the Mummy Track?: Part-time Rights, Gender, and Career-Family Dilemmas
2018 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 177-198Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Statutory rights to part-time work are increasingly discussed and institutionalized, but have been little empirically investigated. On the basis of a survey of Swedish parents (n = 1900), the article explores the usage and usefulness of the right to work hour reductions in relation to career-family dilemmas. The results show that the gender composition of the workplace affects both mothers’ and fathers’ likelihood of reducing work hours. Mothers who reduce work hours experience lower work-family conflict but stronger fears of negative career repercussions. For fathers, the implications of work hour reductions vary with the gender composition of the workplace. Meanwhile, the division of housework is related both to the likelihood of reducing work hours and to its implications. The analysis suggests that even when a statutory right to part-time is provided, workplace norms and men’s participation in housework are crucial for changing gender patterns.

Keywords
part-time work, family policy, gender segregation, housework, work-family conflict, career
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150516 (URN)10.18291/njwls.v8i3.109546 (DOI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-0342
Available from: 2018-08-09 Created: 2018-08-09 Last updated: 2018-10-01Bibliographically approved
Grönlund, A. & Öun, I. (2018). In search of family-friendly careers?: Professional strategies, work conditions and gender differences in work-family conflict. Community, Work and Family, 21(1), 87-105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In search of family-friendly careers?: Professional strategies, work conditions and gender differences in work-family conflict
2018 (English)In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 87-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to investigate whether women in a dual-earner context acquire family-friendly jobs as a strategy to keep work–family conflict down. The analysis is based on a survey of newly graduated highly educated men and women in five occupations in Sweden (n ≈ 2400). The sample was stratified by occupation and gender to minimize the influence of factors other than gender. The results show that women are more family-oriented, but also more career-oriented than men in their professional strategies. In their jobs, women have less control over work and schedules than men but a similar level of work demands. However, women face lower requirements for employer flexibility (e.g. frequent over time) and this is related to their professional strategies. Finally, women report a higher level of work–family conflict than men in the same occupation, but this gender difference becomes non-significant when accounting for women's lower level of control. In sum, women in this sample clearly aim for both family and career and do not acquire family-friendly jobs, but aim to avoid 'family-unfriendly' requirements for constant availability. To some extent, this enables them to limit their work–family conflict but due to their lower control over work, women still experience more conflict than men in the same occupation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Work–family conflict, gender, demands, control, flexibility
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138477 (URN)10.1080/13668803.2017.1375460 (DOI)000429371700006 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2011-0816Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-0342
Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Grönlund, A. & Öun, I. (2018). The gender-job satisfaction paradox and the dual-earner society: are women (still) making work-family trade-offs?. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, 59(4), 535-545
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The gender-job satisfaction paradox and the dual-earner society: are women (still) making work-family trade-offs?
2018 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 59, no 4, p. 535-545Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Despite their disadvantaged labour market position, women consistently report higher levels of job satisfaction than men. Researchers have attributed women's higher job satisfaction to their lower expectations, arguing that gender differences will fade away as women's labour market prospects improve. Others, however, argue that women are more contented than men because their jobs satisfy a need for family adaptions.

Objective: In this article, we put the hypotheses of transitions and trade-offs to a strong test, by comparing men and women with comparable human capital investments living in a country where women's employment is strongly supported by policies, practices and social norms.

Methods: The relationship between gender and job satisfaction is analysed with stepwise OLS regressions. The analysis is based on a survey to newly graduated highly educated men and women in five occupations in Sweden (n≈2 450).

Results: First, we show that, after controlling for a range of job characteristics, women report a higher level of job satisfaction than men. Second, although the paradox appears to be surprisingly persistent, it cannot be attributed to work-family trade-offs.

Conclusions: Future research should consider job satisfaction more broadly in the light of gender role socialization and persistent gender inequalities.

Keywords
job satisfaction, gender, preferences, work-family, Sweden
National Category
Social Work Gender Studies
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138476 (URN)10.3233/WOR-182708 (DOI)000431142300006 ()29733051 (PubMedID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2011-0816
Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Edlund, J. & Öun, I. (2016). Småbarnfamiljers vardagsliv: ska man dela lika på ansvaret för familj och försörjning?: En jämförelse mellan människors åsikter i Sverige och några länder kring Östersjön. In: Filip Fors och Jenny Olofsson (Ed.), Utblick: Sverige i en internationell jämförelse (pp. 79-102). Umeå: Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Småbarnfamiljers vardagsliv: ska man dela lika på ansvaret för familj och försörjning?: En jämförelse mellan människors åsikter i Sverige och några länder kring Östersjön
2016 (Swedish)In: Utblick: Sverige i en internationell jämförelse / [ed] Filip Fors och Jenny Olofsson, Umeå: Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2016, p. 79-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

När människor får barn blir frågor om jämställdhet och genus ofta extra framträdande. Föräldrarna ska till exempel bestämma hur föräldraledigheten ska delas upp och vem som senare ska hämta på dagis. Dessa beslut påverkas till viss del av individers specifika villkor och preferenser, men regler och normer i det omgärdande samhället har också stor betydelse. I det här kapitlet undersöker vi vad människor i allmänhet har för åsikter i frågor som rör barnfamiljers fördelning av omsorgsarbete och försörjning. Fem europeiska länder ingår i studien. Och även om dessa länder till viss del har mycket gemensamt, går åsikterna i frågor som rör genus och jämställdhet till stor del isär.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2016
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118619 (URN)978-91-7601-429-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-03-24 Created: 2016-03-24 Last updated: 2018-08-15Bibliographically approved
Edlund, J. & Öun, I. (2016). Who should work and who should care?: attitudes towards the desirable division of labour between mothers and fathers in five European countries. Acta Sociologica, 59(2), 151-169
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who should work and who should care?: attitudes towards the desirable division of labour between mothers and fathers in five European countries
2016 (English)In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 59, no 2, p. 151-169Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we study attitudes towards the gendered division of paid and unpaid work from a comparative perspective. Based on the notion that political institutions are important in structuring individuals’ orientations, five countries with different family policy arrangements are included in the analysis: Denmark, Finland, Germany, Poland and Sweden. Previous comparative attitude research has a strong bias towards public opinion about women’s employment, while research on attitudes towards men’s participation in care work is rare. Drawing on data from the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) 2012, we use latent class analysis to explore public opinion about: (a) how parents should divide the responsibilities of economic provision and unpaid work; and (b) whether and how parents should divide paid parental leave between them. The strongest support for a traditional organization of work and care is found in Poland, while the strongest support for an equal sharing of work and care responsibilities is found in Sweden. Among the Nordic countries, results differ. While those holding non-traditional ideals in Denmark and Finland emphasize the importance of full-time work for both parents, non-traditional Swedes instead emphasize that both parents should cut back their work hours and thereby share the responsibility for earning and caring in the family.

Keywords
Attitudes, gendered division of labour, family policy, cross-country comparative, latent class analysis, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Poland, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118620 (URN)10.1177/0001699316631024 (DOI)000374493900004 ()
Available from: 2016-03-24 Created: 2016-03-24 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Johansson Sevä, I. & Öun, I. (2015). Self-Employment as a Strategy for Dealing with the Competing Demands of Work and Family? The Importance of Family/Lifestyle Motives. Gender, Work and Organization, 22(3), 256-272
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-Employment as a Strategy for Dealing with the Competing Demands of Work and Family? The Importance of Family/Lifestyle Motives
2015 (English)In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 256-272Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we test the argument that self-employment may be a strategy for dealing with competing demands of work and family. We do this by comparing work–family conflict experienced by self-employed and employed men and women. By examining to what extent the selfemployed versus regularly employed value time for themselves and their family — i.e., whether they are driven by family/lifestyle motives in their working life — we examine whether selfemployment can help reduce work–family conflict among those guided by family/lifestyle motives. Using data from a 2011 Swedish survey of 2483 self-employed and 2642 regularly employed, the analyses indicate that experiences of work–family conflict differ between selfemployed and employees. Self-employed men and women, especially those with employees, generally experience more work–family conflict than do employees. However, self-employment can sometimes be a strategy for dealing with competing demands of work and family life. The presence of family/lifestyle motives generally decreases the probability of experiencing work–family conflict, particularly among self-employed women with employees.

Keywords
work–family conflict, self-employed, family/lifestyle motive, gender, employment
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-98831 (URN)10.1111/gwao.12076 (DOI)000353972500005 ()
Available from: 2015-01-27 Created: 2015-01-27 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Scholz, E., Jutz, R., Edlund, J., Öun, I. & Braun, M. (2014). ISSP 2012 Family and Changing Gender Roles IV: Questionnaire Development. Mannheim: GESIS - Leibniz-Inst. für Sozialwissenschaften
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ISSP 2012 Family and Changing Gender Roles IV: Questionnaire Development
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2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mannheim: GESIS - Leibniz-Inst. für Sozialwissenschaften, 2014. p. 53
Series
GESIS-Technical Reports, ISSN 1868-9051 ; 2014:19
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-108825 (URN)
Available from: 2015-09-15 Created: 2015-09-15 Last updated: 2019-02-28Bibliographically approved
Öun, I. (2014). Konflikten arbete-familj: Sverige i ett jämförande perspektiv. In: Boye, K. och Nermo, M. (Ed.), Lönsamt arbete: familjeansvarets fördelning och konsekvenser : forskningsantologi till Delegationen för jämställdhet i arbetslivet (pp. 257-280). Stockholm: Fritzes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Konflikten arbete-familj: Sverige i ett jämförande perspektiv
2014 (Swedish)In: Lönsamt arbete: familjeansvarets fördelning och konsekvenser : forskningsantologi till Delegationen för jämställdhet i arbetslivet / [ed] Boye, K. och Nermo, M., Stockholm: Fritzes , 2014, p. 257-280Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Fritzes, 2014
Series
SOU, ISSN 0375-250X ; 2014:28
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-93566 (URN)978-91-38-24108-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-25 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Projects
A family-friendly working life? Policy and practice in the dual-earner society [2013-00342_Forte]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8414-8381

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