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Johansson Sevä, IngemarORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3349-5778
Publications (10 of 22) Show all publications
Johansson Sevä, I. & Öun, I. (2019). Conditional representation: Gendered experiences of combining work and family among local politicians. Journal of women, politics & policy, 40(3), 367-384
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conditional representation: Gendered experiences of combining work and family among local politicians
2019 (English)In: Journal of women, politics & policy, ISSN 1554-4788, E-ISSN 1554-4788, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 367-384Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article focuses on working and living conditions among local politicians in Sweden, and on their experiences of combining political work and family life. Applying a sociological perspective on representation, we first map the working and living conditions represented among politicians, with a specific focus on gender and age. We then examine experiences of work-family conflict and subjective well-being, and investigate how these outcomes are related to gender, age, and working and living conditions. The main findings show significant gender differences in working and living conditions, and substantially higher levels of work-family conflict among young female politicians.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
local politicians, gender and age, working and living conditions, work-family conflict, subjective well-being, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148379 (URN)10.1080/1554477X.2019.1602992 (DOI)000471502700001 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1733
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2019-09-09Bibliographically approved
Bongard, R., Fors Connolly, F. & Johansson Sevä, I. (2019). Hur mår företagaren?: En rapport om välbefinnande och livstillfredsställelse. Stockholm: Företagarna
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur mår företagaren?: En rapport om välbefinnande och livstillfredsställelse
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Företagarna, 2019. p. 29
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159276 (URN)
Available from: 2019-05-23 Created: 2019-05-23 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
Kulin, J. & Johansson Sevä, I. (2019). The Role of Government in Protecting the Environment: Quality of Government and the Translation of Normative Views about Government Responsibility into Spending Preferences. International Journal of Sociology, 49(2), 110-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of Government in Protecting the Environment: Quality of Government and the Translation of Normative Views about Government Responsibility into Spending Preferences
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Sociology, ISSN 0020-7659, E-ISSN 1557-9336, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 110-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While it is becoming increasingly evident that environmental problems such as climate change and global warming constitute existential threats to human societies, these problems will very likely per- sist and even intensify unless governments enact effective and potentially costly environmental poli- cies. However, government policies and spending ultimately rely on public support, thus underscoring the need to increase present knowledge about the processes underlying citizens' policy attitudes. In this study, we focus on the relationship between citizens' normative views about govern- ment responsibility and their support for government spending on the environment. While people who think that, as a general principle, it ought to be the government's responsibility to protect the environment should be more likely to support increasing government spending on the environment, we argue that this relationship is dependent on the quality of government. Using multilevel analysis and data from the most recent ISSP “Role of Government” module, we show that people who think that it is the government's responsibility to protect the environment are more likely to support increasing government spending on the environment in countries where government institutions are fair, effective, and non-corrupt. This suggests that the role of government in protecting the environment stretches far beyond designing effective environmental policies, since an overall ineffective and corrupt government appears to undermine public support for critical environmental policymaking. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
environmental protection, government responsibility, ISSP, quality of government (QoG), spending attitudes
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158629 (URN)10.1080/00207659.2019.1582964 (DOI)000469854400003 ()
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, MMW 2014.0034
Available from: 2019-05-03 Created: 2019-05-03 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved
Hardell, S., Johansson Sevä, I. & Öun, I. (2019). Welfare service privatization and opinions about service quality: The role of political ideology among local politicians and the public. Social Policy & Administration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Welfare service privatization and opinions about service quality: The role of political ideology among local politicians and the public
2019 (English)In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this article, we join the discussion about the potential consequences of welfare service privatization by examining the relationship between the privatization of welfare service delivery and public opinion about service quality in Sweden. Due to the politically polarized debate about welfare service privatization in Sweden, we also examine the extent to which individuals' ideological orientations influence this relationship in both local politicians and ordinary citizens. For local politicians, the results show that a higher municipal degree of privatization is generally associated with slightly lower levels of satisfaction overall with welfare services, although no such relationship exists for the public. Most importantly, however, the results indicate that political ideology constitutes an important moderator in the relationship between privatization and opinions about service quality. Local politicians and, to some extent, ordinary citizens who place themselves to the left on the ideological left–right scale tend to be less satisfied with services as the municipal degree of welfare service privatization increases. For local politicians who position themselves far to the right on the scale, the relationship between welfare service privatization and satisfaction is positive. These findings suggest that there is no clear-cut relationship between privatization and individuals' opinions about services; rather, this relationship depends on the ideological predispositions of local politicians and ordinary citizens.

Keywords
local politicians; political ideology; welfare service privatization; Sweden; welfare service delivery; welfare service
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160070 (URN)10.1111/spol.12509 (DOI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1733
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-18
Johansson Sevä, I. & Kulin, J. (2018). A Little More Action, Please: Increasing the Understanding about Citizens’ Lack of Commitment to Protecting the Environment in Different National Contexts. International Journal of Sociology, 48(4), 314-339
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Little More Action, Please: Increasing the Understanding about Citizens’ Lack of Commitment to Protecting the Environment in Different National Contexts
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Sociology, ISSN 0020-7659, E-ISSN 1557-9336, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 314-339Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study advances the current understanding of why many citizens do not display a high level of commitment to protecting the environment. We examine cross-national differences in the salience of attitudinal and behavioral profiles distinguished by their comparably low levels of pro-environmental behavior, in both the public and private spheres. Based on theories of postmaterialism and collective action problems, we expect gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and levels of generalized trust to be related to the salience of these attitudinal and behavioral profiles cross-nationally. First, low levels of GDP very likely constrain pro-environmental behavior through decreasing environmental concern, which should increase the probability of citizens displaying an attitudinal and behavioral profile characterized by low levels of both environmental concern and pro-environmental behavior. Second, collective action problems in low-trust countries should also constrain behavior by undermining the propensity of environmentally concerned individuals to act on their concerns, which should increase the probability of citizens displaying a profile characterized by low levels of pro-environmental behavior despite high levels of concern. Using latent class analysis and multilevel modeling, we analyze data from the International Social Survey Programme (2010) and show that the probability of individuals displaying these profiles is clearly linked to GDP and national levels of generalized trust, in the expected manner. In contrast to previous research, we demonstrate that these societal factors are complementary insofar as they relate to fundamentally different individual-level processes underlying pro-environmental behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
pro-environmental behavior, environmental concern, GDP per capita, generalized trust, International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155906 (URN)10.1080/00207659.2018.1515703 (DOI)000470273700002 ()
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, MMW 2014.0034
Available from: 2019-01-31 Created: 2019-01-31 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved
Högberg, B., Strandh, M., Baranowska-Rataj, A. & Johansson Sevä, I. (2018). Ageing, health inequalities and the welfare state: a multilevel analysis. Journal of European Social Policy, 28(4), 311-325
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ageing, health inequalities and the welfare state: a multilevel analysis
2018 (English)In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 311-325Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Comparative studies of health inequalities have largely neglected age and ageing aspects, while ageing research has often paid little attention to questions of social inequalities. This article investigates cross-country differences in gradients in self-rated health and limiting long-standing illness (LLSI) in middle-aged and in older people (aged 50–64 and 65–80 years) linked to social class, and degrees to which the social health gradients are associated with minimum pension levels and expenditure on elderly care. For these purposes, data from the European Social Survey (2002–2010) are analysed using multilevel regression techniques. We find significant cross-level interaction effects between class and welfare policies: higher expenditure on elderly care and particularly more generous minimum pensions are associated with smaller health inequalities in the older age group (65–80 years). It is concluded that welfare policies moderate the association between social class and health, highlighting the importance of welfare state efforts for older persons, who are strongly reliant on the welfare state and welfare state arrangements such as pensions and care policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
health equity, LLSI, social class, social gradient, subjective health
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143461 (URN)10.1177/0958928717739234 (DOI)000445639900001 ()
Funder
Welfare and Life-course
Available from: 2018-01-01 Created: 2018-01-01 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved
Hjerm, M., Johansson Sevä, I. & Werner, L. (2018). How critical thinking, multicultural education and teacher qualification affect anti-immigrant attitudes. International Studies in Sociology of Education, 27(1), 42-59
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How critical thinking, multicultural education and teacher qualification affect anti-immigrant attitudes
2018 (English)In: International Studies in Sociology of Education, ISSN 0962-0214, E-ISSN 1747-5066, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 42-59Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous studies identify a relationship between education and anti-immigrant attitudes. There is, however, uncertainty regarding the underlying explanations linking education to attitudes. In this article, we examine whether a relationship exists between exposure to teaching about critical thinking as well as multiculturalism (measured as religions/cultures as well as xenophobia/racism), and anti-immigrant attitudes among adolescents. In addition, we examine whether teacher qualification matters for attitudes. The analysis is based on survey data collected from high school students in Sweden. The results show an association between exposure to teaching about critical thinking as well as multiculturalism (both indicators) and anti-immigrant attitudes among students, i.e. higher exposure is related to lower levels of anti-immigrant attitudes. However, we find that teaching about xenophobia/racism affects attitudes, but not when simultaneously controlling for teaching about critical thinking and religions/cultures. In terms of teacher qualification, we find that students in schools with a high proportion of certified teachers tend to have lower levels of anti-immigrant attitudes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
anti-immigrant attitudes, education, critical thinking, multicultural education, teacher qualification, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145047 (URN)10.1080/09620214.2018.1425895 (DOI)000428517200004 ()
Available from: 2018-02-19 Created: 2018-02-19 Last updated: 2019-04-12Bibliographically approved
Lindh, A. & Johansson Sevä, I. (2018). Political Partisanship and Welfare Service Privatization: Ideological Attitudes among Local Politicians in Sweden. Scandinavian Political Studies, 41(1), 75-97
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political Partisanship and Welfare Service Privatization: Ideological Attitudes among Local Politicians in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 75-97Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article ties in with a growing international literature examining the link between party politics and welfare service privatization in modern welfare states. In recent decades, a central aspect of policy change in Sweden is that private actors have come to produce publicly financed welfare services on a more regular basis. This overall privatization trend is furthermore characterized by substantial geographical variation across Sweden's 290 municipalities. The ideological attitudes of local politicians have been recognized as particularly important for understanding this development. This article examines the extent to which local politicians’ ideological attitudes regarding welfare service privatization are best explained with a partisan approach emphasizing between-party polarization as opposed to a critical perspective that points to the proclaimed significance of ideological consensus between left and right parties in certain municipal contexts. Using multilevel modelling and survey data collected from elected politicians in municipal governments, the empirical findings show substantial differences in attitudes between Conservatives and Social Democrats, irrespective of municipal characteristics – most notably the degree of welfare service privatization. Hence, the results strongly indicate that the partisan approach is much more fruitful compared to the consensus approach as a general explanation for local politicians’ attitudes towards welfare service privatization in Sweden. Accordingly, a conclusion is that comparisons at the subnational level within countries are important as a complement to country-comparative studies when attempting to understand the link between political partisanship and welfare service privatization in modern welfare states.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2018
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144216 (URN)10.1111/1467-9477.12109 (DOI)000425113700004 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1733
Available from: 2018-01-26 Created: 2018-01-26 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Fors Connolly, F. & Johansson Sevä, I. (2018). Social status and life satisfaction in context: a comparison between Sweden and the USA. International Journal of Wellbeing, 8(2), 110-134
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social status and life satisfaction in context: a comparison between Sweden and the USA
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Wellbeing, ISSN 1179-8602, E-ISSN 1179-8602, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 110-134Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has shown that social status is an important predictor of life satisfaction (LS). However, researchers have largely focused on the United States, which raises questions about the extent to which the cultural context moderates the relationship between social status and LS. In this paper, we argue that the dominant cultural orientations in society most likely influence the strength of the relationship between social status and LS. Cultural orientations emphasizing competition, achievement and assertiveness should increase the positive influence of social status on LS, while cultural emphases on cooperation, equality and humility instead weakens the effect of status. We therefore analyze the social status-LS relationship in two distinctly different cultural contexts, i.e., Sweden and the United States. Based on theories about national differences in cultural value orientations, we argue that social status should be of more importance in the US compared to in Sweden, since the dominant values and ideals emphasize hierarchy, mastery and masculinity, while the Swedish culture represents an opposite pole by emphasizing egalitarianism, harmony, and femininity. We formulate a number of hypotheses and use survey data to examine the extent to which both social status attainment and social status seeking are related to LS in both countries. The results show that socioeconomic status (income) and sociometric status (perceived respect and admiration in everyday life) have a stronger influence on LS in the US compared to in Sweden. Further, the findings show that social status seeking (low honesty-humility) has a positive relationship to LS in the US, but is negatively related in Sweden. The results also show that gender differences in the relationship between social status and LS are more pronounced in the US compared to in Sweden. We conclude that both the attainment and pursuit of social status are more important for LS in the American cultural context compared to in the Swedish, especially among men. These findings are in line with our expectations, based on the opposing cultural orientations in Sweden and the US. The study contributes to the literature on the relationship between social status and LS, but also to the more general literature on the moderating influence of culture on the predictors of LS.

Keywords
subjective well-being, SWB, social status, cultural orientations, socioeconomic status, sociometric status, status seeking, Sweden, USA
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology; Social Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153932 (URN)10.5502/ijw.v8i2.710 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-1117
Available from: 2018-12-09 Created: 2018-12-09 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Goossen, M., Johansson Sevä, I. & Larsson, D. (2016). Basic human values and white-collar crime: Findings from Europe. European Journal of Criminology, 13(4), 434-452
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Basic human values and white-collar crime: Findings from Europe
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 434-452Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to investigate the relationship between values and white-collar crime. The analyses draw on pooled survey data covering 14 European countries. The value constructs are derived on the basis of the theory of basic human values and seven value constructs are tested in relation to three types of white-collar crime: tax evasion, insurance fraud and bribery. The results show that a majority of the value constructs are statistically significantly related to white-collar crime in the expected direction. The relationships between values and white-collar crime are particularly clear-cut regarding tax evasion and insurance fraud but more mixed regarding bribery. The value constructs ‘universalism/benevolence’, ‘power/achievement’ and ‘stimulation’ yield consistent results across all three crime types. ‘Universalism/benevolence’ levels are negatively associated, while ‘power/achievement’ and ‘stimulation’ levels are positively associated, with odds of having committed white-collar crime. The results suggest that values are relevant predictors when trying to account for variation in white-collar offending.

Keywords
basic human values, bribery, Europe, insurance fraud, tax evasion, white-collar crime
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117906 (URN)10.1177/1477370816633260 (DOI)000378422000002 ()
Available from: 2016-03-04 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Projects
European Social Survey round 5 (ESS 5) [In09-0483:1-E_RJ]; Umeå UniversityMaterial resources and attitudes among self-employed [P10-0411:1_RJ]; Umeå UniversityWelfare opinion 2017 [2016-00255_Forte]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3349-5778

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