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Egerbladh, Inez
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Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Egerbladh, I. & Bittles, A. (2011). Socioeconomic, demographic and legal influences on consanguinity and kinship in northern coastal Sweden 1780-1899. Journal of Biosocial Science, 43(4), 413-435
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Socioeconomic, demographic and legal influences on consanguinity and kinship in northern coastal Sweden 1780-1899
2011 (English)In: Journal of Biosocial Science, ISSN 0021-9320, E-ISSN 1469-7599, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 413-435Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Most studies on consanguinity have been conducted on contemporary populations and have focused on the prevalence and types of preferred intra-familial marriage. With its comprehensive birth, marriage and deaths records dating back to the late 17th century, and the legal bar on first cousin marriage removed in the mid-19th century, Sweden offers unique opportunities to examine the factors that determine by whom, where and why consanguineous marriages were contracted. The present study covers the period 1780-1899 and presents a detailed portrait of cousin and sibling exchange marriages in the Skelleftea region of northern coastal Sweden. The combined prevalence of first, second and third cousin marriage increased from 2.3% in 1790-1810 to 8.8% in 1880-1899, and multi-generation consanguinity also increased significantly over the study period. The distribution and prevalence of first cousin marriages was strikingly non-random, with a significantly greater propensity for consanguinity among land-owning families, especially involving first-born sons, within specific pedigrees, and in a number of more remote inland communities. Additional factors associated with a greater likelihood of consanguineous marriage included physical or mental disability among males, and among females the prior birth of an illegitimate child. Besides the inherent interest in the social and demographic structure of this region of northern Sweden during the course of the 19th century, in future studies it will be important to determine the degree to which the observed patterns of consanguineous and sibling exchange marriages in these past generations could have influenced present-day genetic structure.

National Category
Social and Economic Geography Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-104848 (URN)10.1017/S0021932011000125 (DOI)000292089000003 ()21418728 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Egerbladh, I. & Bittles, A. (2008). The influence of consanguineous marriage on reproductive behavior and early mortality in Northern Coastal Sweden, 1780-1899. In: Kinship and demographic behavior in the past: . Paper presented at Seminar on Kinship and Demographic Behavior in the Past, 2005, Univ Utah, Huntsman Cancer Inst, Salt Lake City, UT (pp. 205-224). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The influence of consanguineous marriage on reproductive behavior and early mortality in Northern Coastal Sweden, 1780-1899
2008 (English)In: Kinship and demographic behavior in the past, Springer, 2008, p. 205-224Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Remarkably few studies have been conducted into the prevalence and possible influence of close kin marriage on fertility and mortality in northern European populations. The Demographic DataBase at Umea University offers a unique opportunity to correct this situation, with data on births, deaths, and marriages in the Skelleftea region of Sweden for the period 1720-1899 collected by the State Lutheran Church. The data are made more interesting by the fact that until 1680 first cousin unions were prohibited in Sweden; and from 1680 until 1844 a royal dispensation was needed before such unions could proceed. Of the 14,639 marriages initially studied, 20.8 percent were between couples related as sixth cousins or closer, with a significant increase in first cousin marriages post-1844. Using logistic regression, two subsets of marriages contracted from 1780 to 1899 were investigated with respect to fertility and mortality. First cousin marriages were strongly favored by freeholders and peasant landowning families; and in some families they had been preferentially contracted across successive generations. Consanguinity appeared to exert no influence on fertility. However, first cousin couples had higher rates of stillbirths and more deaths in infancy and early childhood among their progeny. This excess mortality was probably associated with the expression of detrimental recessive genes, although nongenetic factors may also have been involved. There was evidence of the clustering of multiple deaths within first cousin families, which likewise would be consistent with a genetic aetiology. Overall, the data confirm the significance of close consanguinity as an important demographic variable in this European population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2008
Series
International Studies in Population, ISSN 1871-0395 ; 7
Keywords
Consanguineous marriage, fertility, mortality, Sweden, 19th century
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117529 (URN)10.1007/978-1-4020-6733-4_9 (DOI)000269767400009 ()978-1-4020-6733-4 (ISBN)978-1-4020-6732-7 (ISBN)
Conference
Seminar on Kinship and Demographic Behavior in the Past, 2005, Univ Utah, Huntsman Cancer Inst, Salt Lake City, UT
Available from: 2016-03-01 Created: 2016-03-01 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Einarsdottir, E., Egerbladh, I., Beckman, L., Holmberg, D. & Andersson Escher, S. (2007). The genetic population structure of northern Sweden and its implications for mapping genetic diseases.. Hereditas, 144(5), 171-180
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The genetic population structure of northern Sweden and its implications for mapping genetic diseases.
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2007 (English)In: Hereditas, ISSN 1601-5223, Vol. 144, no 5, p. 171-180Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The northern Swedish population has a history of admixture of three ethnic groups and a dramatic population growth from a relatively small founder population. This has resulted in founder effects that together with unique resources for genealogical analyses provide excellent conditions for genetic mapping of monogenic diseases. Several recent examples of successful mapping of genetic factors underlying susceptibility to complex diseases have suggested that the population of northern Sweden may also be an important tool for efficient mapping of more complex phenotypes. A potential factor contributing to these effects may be population sub-isolates within the large river valleys, constituting a central geographic characteristic of this region. We here provide evidence that marriage patterns as well as the distribution of gene frequencies in a set of marker loci are compatible with this notion. The possible implications of this population structure on linkage- and association based strategies for identifying genes contributing risk to complex diseases are discussed.

Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-24653 (URN)10.1111/j.2007.0018-0661.02007.x (DOI)18031350 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-07-08 Created: 2009-07-08 Last updated: 2018-06-08
Bittles, A. H. & Egerbladh, I. (2005). The influence of past endogamy and consanguinity on genetics disorders in northern Sweden. Annals of Human Genetics (69), 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The influence of past endogamy and consanguinity on genetics disorders in northern Sweden
2005 (English)In: Annals of Human Genetics, no 69, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12364 (URN)
Available from: 2006-02-21 Created: 2006-02-21 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Egerbladh, I. (1987). Agrara bebyggelseprocesser: Utvecklingen i Norrbottens kustland fram till 1900-talet. (Doctoral dissertation).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agrara bebyggelseprocesser: Utvecklingen i Norrbottens kustland fram till 1900-talet
1987 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 391
Series
, ISSN 0560-2416
Keywords
Settlement geography, historical geography, rural settlement growth models, colonization models, rural rank-size rule, agriculture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15008 (URN)91-86438-042 (ISBN)
Available from: 2007-06-25 Created: 2007-06-25 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Inez, E. (1987). Agrara bebyggelseprocesser: Utvecklingen i Norrbottens kustland fram till 1900-talet. (Licentiate dissertation).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agrara bebyggelseprocesser: Utvecklingen i Norrbottens kustland fram till 1900-talet
1987 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 391
Series
Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundets Handlingar, ISSN 0560-2416 ; 32
Keywords
Settlement geography, historical geography, rural settlement growth models, colonization models, rural rank-size rule, agriculture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15003 (URN)91-86438-042 (ISBN)
Available from: 2007-06-25 Created: 2007-06-25 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Einarsdottir, E., Andersson Escher, S., Egerbladh, I., Beckman, L., Sandgren, O., Golovleva, I. & Holmberg, D.The population structure of northern Sweden and its implications for mapping genetic diseases.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The population structure of northern Sweden and its implications for mapping genetic diseases
Show others...
(English)Manuscript (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-4490 (URN)
Available from: 2005-04-15 Created: 2005-04-15 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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