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Wikström, E. & Sténs, A. (2019). Problematising refugee migrants in the Swedish forestry sector. Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, 25(1), 63-80
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Problematising refugee migrants in the Swedish forestry sector
2019 (English)In: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 63-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, ideas behind current Swedish efforts to integrate refugees in ‘green’ industries are analysed. We ask why the employment of refugees in forestry, a sector historically and globally notorious for its abuse of migrant workers, has come to be regarded as a solution in official Swedish migration policy. A discourse analytical approach is applied, analysing what the arguments are for introducing refugees to forestry work and how the forest, as a space, is depicted and used discursively as a means for refugee integration. The sources for the analyses consist of articles appearing in the printed press from 2015 to 2017. Three main problem discourses are identified: the ‘labour shortage’ discourse, the ‘refugees in need of work’ discourse and the ‘forest as a health-promoting learning environment’ discourse. The hazardous aspects of forestry work or the fact that refugees might be overqualified for the jobs offered are generally left unproblematised.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Migrant workers, refugees, integration, forestry work, Sweden, ‘refugee crisis’, ‘What-is-the-problem-represented-to-be?’ (WPR) approach, media analysis
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156198 (URN)10.1177/1024258919827133 (DOI)000462046500007 ()
Note

Special Issue: SI

Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-04-12Bibliographically approved
Bjärstig, T. & Sténs, A. (2018). Social values of forests and production of new goods and services: the views of Swedish family forest owners. Small-scale Forestry, 17(1), 125-146
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social values of forests and production of new goods and services: the views of Swedish family forest owners
2018 (English)In: Small-scale Forestry, ISSN 1873-7617, E-ISSN 1873-7854, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 125-146Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Forests are considered crucial assets for sustainable rural development, and contemporary forestry is an industry where production, environmental and social goals can – and should – be handled simultaneously. Swedish family forest owners (FFOs) are expected to both manage and conserve their forests for the benefit of the whole country, but there are contradictions between development and conservation and between traditional and alternative forms of utilization, representing dilemmas in rural areas. Tensions between urban and rural areas, between demands on what to produce and protect, are often linked to the FFOs’ views on opportunities for forest management. The aim of this study is to identify and analyse the extent to which FFOs perceive that social values have the ability to generate “new” goods and services as a supplement or alternative to traditional forestry, and to suggest how the forests might be managed to render high social values. Fifty-seven interviews were conducted with FFOs (both resident and non-resident). The results indicate that regardless of where they reside, FFOs have a multifunctional view of their forests and forest management, that the social values attached to forests can play an important role in the development of local recreation- and forest-based tourism activities, and in this respect they can enhance sustainable rural development. It is, however, not obvious who might start and develop these businesses, since there seems to be a lack of interest among the FFOs themselves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrecht: Springer, 2018
Keywords
Social values, Multifunctionality, Family forest owners (FFOs), Rural development, Sweden
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141094 (URN)10.1007/s11842-017-9379-9 (DOI)000424912100008 ()
Available from: 2017-10-25 Created: 2017-10-25 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Ranius, T., Hämäläinen, A., Egnell, G., Olsson, B., Eklöf, K., Stendahl, J., . . . Felton, A. (2018). The effects of logging residue extraction for energy on ecosystem services and biodiversity: a synthesis. Journal of Environmental Management, 209, 409-425
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effects of logging residue extraction for energy on ecosystem services and biodiversity: a synthesis
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 209, p. 409-425Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We review the consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem services from the industrial-scale extraction of logging residues (tops, branches and stumps from harvested trees and small-diameter trees from thinnings) in managed forests. Logging residue extraction can replace fossil fuels, and thus contribute to climate change mitigation. The additional biomass and nutrients removed, and soils and other structures disturbed, have several potential environmental impacts. To evaluate potential impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity we reviewed 279 scientific papers that compared logging residue extraction with non-extraction, the majority of which were conducted in Northern Europe and North America. The weight of available evidence indicates that logging residue extraction can have significant negative effects on biodiversity, especially for species naturally adapted to sun-exposed conditions and the large amounts of dead wood that are created by large-scaled forest disturbances. Slash extraction may also pose risks for future biomass production itself, due to the associated loss of nutrients. For water quality, reindeer herding, mammalian game species, berries, and natural heritage the results were complicated by primarily negative but some positive effects, while for recreation and pest control positive effects were more consistent. Further, there are initial negative effects on carbon storage, but these effects are transient and carbon stocks are mostly restored over decadal time perspectives. We summarize ways of decreasing some of the negative effects of logging residue extraction on specific ecosystem services, by changing the categories of residue extracted, and site or forest type targeted for extraction. However, we found that suggested pathways for minimizing adverse outcomes were often in conflict among the ecosystem services assessed. Compensatory measures for logging residue extraction may also be used (e.g. ash recycling, liming, fertilization), though these may also be associated with adverse environmental impacts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Bioenergy, Clear-felling, Environment, Forestry, Slash, Stumps, Whole-tree harvesting
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145369 (URN)10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.12.048 (DOI)000425074400040 ()29309965 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-03-13 Created: 2018-03-13 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Lindahl, K. B., Sandström, C. & Stens, A. (2017). Alternative pathways to sustainability?: Comparing forest governance models. Forest Policy and Economics, 77, 69-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alternative pathways to sustainability?: Comparing forest governance models
2017 (English)In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 77, p. 69-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2017
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134232 (URN)10.1016/j.forpol.2016.10.008 (DOI)000397552600008 ()
Available from: 2017-06-13 Created: 2017-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Sandström, C., Beland Lindahl, K. & Sténs, A. (2017). Comparing forest governance models. Forest Policy and Economics, 77, 1-5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparing forest governance models
2017 (English)In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 77, p. 1-5Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2017
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134230 (URN)10.1016/j.forpol.2016.10.007 (DOI)000397552600001 ()
Available from: 2017-06-13 Created: 2017-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Ranius, T., Rudolphi, J., Sténs, A. & Erland, M. (2017). Conflicting demands and shifts between policy and intra-scientific orientation during conservation research programmes. Ambio, 46(6), 621-629
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conflicting demands and shifts between policy and intra-scientific orientation during conservation research programmes
2017 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 621-629Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Conservation scientists must meet the sometimes conflicting demands of policy and science, but not necessarily at the same time. We analysed the policy and intra-scientific orientations of research projects on effects of stump extraction on biodiversity, and found shifts over time associated with these demands. Our results indicate that uncertainties related to both factual issues and human decisions are often ignored in policy-oriented reports and syntheses, which could give misleading indications of the reliability or feasibility of any conclusions. The policy versus intra-scientific orientation of the scientific papers generated from the surveyed projects varied substantially, although we argue that in applied research, societal relevance is generally more important than intra-scientific relevance. To make conservation science more socially relevant, there is a need for giving societal relevance higher priority, paying attention to uncertainties and increasing the awareness of the value of cross-disciplinary research considering human decisions and values.

Keywords
Conservation biology, Forest biofuels, Policy-science interface, Synthesis, Uncertainties
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Entomology; Conservation Biology; History Of Sciences and Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138182 (URN)10.1007/s13280-017-0913-y (DOI)000410711600001 ()
Projects
Future Forests
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2017-08-15 Created: 2017-08-15 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Nummelin, T., Widmark, C., Riala, M., Sténs, A., Nordström, E.-M. & Nordin, A. (2017). Forest futures by Swedish students: developing a mind mapping method for data collection. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 32(8), 807-817
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forest futures by Swedish students: developing a mind mapping method for data collection
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2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 32, no 8, p. 807-817Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Forests are an important natural resource in Sweden. They are used for multiple purposes, for example, providing economic returns from timber harvest, conservation of biodiversity, provision of wild berries and mushrooms and recreational benefits. People's perceptions of forests and forest use are currently under transformation due to drivers like globalization and urbanization. The aim of this study was to analyse in particular Swedish university student's visions of future forests using a newly developed survey method based on mind mapping. An online survey with mind map technique was used to collect data from university students in Umeå, northern Sweden. The study focused on features of forests, products derived from forests and activities in forests. The results indicate that students regard ecological, social and economic aspects of forests as important for future forests and the use of them. In particular, the role of non-wood forest products, like berries and mushrooms, as well as recreational features of forests were central to many of the students. The multitude of different visions suggests that forest management decisions of today, directing the future of forests, need to consider the multiple use of forests to be able to satisfy forest preferences also of younger generations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Forest management, forest activities, features of forest, forest products, cross-sectional survey
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138250 (URN)10.1080/02827581.2017.1287303 (DOI)000413600600019 ()
Projects
Future Forests
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2017-08-15 Created: 2017-08-15 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Mårald, E., Sandström, C. & Annika, N. (2017). Forest governance and management across time: developing a new forest social contract. London & New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forest governance and management across time: developing a new forest social contract
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2017 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The influence of the past, and of the future on current-time tradeoffs in the forest arena are particularly relevant given the long-term successions in forest landscapes and the hundred years' rotations in forestry. Historically established path dependencies and conflicts determine our present situation and delimit what is possible to achieve. Similarly, future trends and desires have a large influence on decision making. Nevertheless, decisions about forest governance and management are always made in the present – in the present-time appraisal of the developed situation, future alternatives and in negotiation between different perspectives, interests, and actors.

This book explores historic and future outlooks as well as current tradeoffs and methods in forest governance and management. It emphasizes the generality and complexity with empirical data from Sweden and internationally. It first investigates, from a historical perspective, how previous forest policies and discourses have influenced current forest governance and management. Second, it considers methods to explore alternative forest futures and how the results from such investigations may influence the present. Third, it examines current methods of balancing tradeoffs in decision-making among ecosystem services. Based on the findings the authors develop an integrated approach – Reflexive Forestry – to support exchange of knowledge and understandings to enable capacity building and the establishment of common ground. Such societal agreements, or what the authors elaborate as forest social contracts, are sets of relational commitment between involved actors that may generate mutual action and a common directionality to meet contemporary challenges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London & New York: Routledge, 2017. p. 174
Series
The Earthscan forest library
Keywords
reflexive forestry, forest history, social contracts, governance, future studies
National Category
Forest Science
Research subject
History; statskunskap; biology; History Of Sciences and Ideas; Social and Economic Geography; Conservation Biology; biological chemistry; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140184 (URN)978-1-138-90430-9 (ISBN)978-1-315-69643-0 (ISBN)
Projects
Future Forests
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved
Sténs, A. (2017). Forskning för ett reflexivt, variationsrikt och hållbart skogsbruk. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forskning för ett reflexivt, variationsrikt och hållbart skogsbruk
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Hållbart skogsbruk är en utmaning i en tid präglad av allt större efterfrågan på skogens ekosystemtjänster. Forskning som utförts vid Umeå universitet om skogens sociala värden, inklusive allemansrättens gränser, har påverkat uppfattningen om vilka skogens sociala värden är i ett svenskt perspektiv. Den har också bidragit till uppvärderingen av skogens estetiska och rekreationsmässiga värden. Detta synliggörs i nationella policydokument samt i utbildningssatsningar inom skogssektorn. Forskningen kan på längre sikt bidra till ett mer reflexivt, variationsrikt och socialt hållbart skogsbruk.

Forskningen har utgjort en del av forskningsprogrammet Future Forests, ett transdisciplinärt forskningsprogram som påbörjades 2009. Huvuddelen av forskningen om skogens sociala värden har pågått mellan 2012 och 2016. Ett stort antal forskare från Umeå universitet och SLU har bidragit. Den nyckelforskare som lyfts fram här är Anna Sténs, fil. dr. i historia och aktiv vid Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Umeå universitet.

Forskarna har samverkat med en rad aktörer inom skogssektorn, däribland miljörörelsen, Samiska organisationer, myndigheter, friluftslivsorganisationer och skogsindustri. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017. p. 7
Keywords
social impact, historisk forskning, hållbart skogsbruk
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140186 (URN)
Note

Rapporten är resultatet av en av Umeå universitets pilotstudier om forskningens impact på samhället.

Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2018-08-10Bibliographically approved
Sténs, A. (2017). Kulturella ekosystemtjänster i skoglig planering.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kulturella ekosystemtjänster i skoglig planering
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport presenterar arbetssätt och resultat under projektet ”Integrering av information om kulturella ekosystemtjänster i privata skogsägares skogsbruksplaner”. Projektet pågick 2016-09-15–2016-12-15. Finansiärer var Umeå universitet och Vinnova. Projektledare var Anna Sténs, Umeå universitet. Projektet har avrapporterats till Vinnova.

Publisher
p. 24
Keywords
kulturella ekosystemtjänster, skogsbruksplaner, kulturhistoriska lämningar
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134044 (URN)
Projects
Integrering av information om kulturella ekosystemtjänster i privata skogsägares skogsbruksplaner
Funder
VINNOVA, 2015-06586
Available from: 2017-04-25 Created: 2017-04-25 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2739-0497

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