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Bjärstig, Therese, DocentORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6845-5525
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Publications (10 of 40) Show all publications
Eckerberg, K., Bjärstig, T., Miljand, M. & Mancheva, I. (2020). Devolving power from the state: Local initiatives for nature protection and recreation in Sweden. Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, Article ID 10.1080/13549839.2020.1760226.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Devolving power from the state: Local initiatives for nature protection and recreation in Sweden
2020 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, article id 10.1080/13549839.2020.1760226Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Quests for devolving more power to local actors for nature protection stem from both international and national policies. Also, there is a growing recognition of the need for local governments to promote green infrastructure for citizens to recreate and learn about their environment. Starting in 2004, the Swedish government has allocated special funding towards these goals through the Local Nature Conservation Programme (LONA). Virtually all Swedish municipalities have received such funding in pursuit of facilitating wide access to nature and promoting recreational activities, including the protection of nature areas, creating pathways, information devices, and promoting these areas among new societal groups to enjoy. This study presents the results of ten years of experience with LONA. A survey with respondents from 191 municipalities and 20 county administrations, together with 20 key informant interviews, show that the programme has been a success in several respects. Not only have most municipalities created a wealth of new ways to engage local organisations and citizens in nature conservation and recreation, but they have also broadened the ways they think about how nature is important to their constituencies. Due to innovative ways to count voluntary work as local matching of funding, smaller and less resourceful municipalities have also become engaged. Still, the local needs for further initiatives are deemed considerable. State support coupled with knowledge sharing is important to show policy priority to such bottom-up initiatives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
nature protection, local nature conservation, recreation, knowledge sharing, networking, participation, central-local relations
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-170702 (URN)10.1080/13549839.2020.1760226 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Note

epub ahead of print. granskad så långt det är möjligt. lägg till ny pdf samt info om volum osv / PSu

Available from: 2020-05-13 Created: 2020-05-13 Last updated: 2020-05-13Bibliographically approved
Eckerberg, K. & Bjärstig, T. (2020). Environmental policy: the challenge of institutional fit in a complex policy area. In: Daniel Silander & Mats Öhlén (Ed.), Sweden and the European Union: an assessment of the influence of EU-membership on eleven policy areas in Sweden (pp. 83-108). Stockholm: Santérus Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental policy: the challenge of institutional fit in a complex policy area
2020 (English)In: Sweden and the European Union: an assessment of the influence of EU-membership on eleven policy areas in Sweden / [ed] Daniel Silander & Mats Öhlén, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2020, p. 83-108Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2020
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-171270 (URN)9789173350563 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-05-29 Created: 2020-05-29 Last updated: 2020-06-03Bibliographically approved
Hallberg-Sramek, I., Bjärstig, T. & Nordin, A. (2020). Framing woodland key habitats in the Swedish media: how has the framing changed over time?. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Framing woodland key habitats in the Swedish media: how has the framing changed over time?
2020 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The concept of woodland key habitats is well-established in northern Europe, denoting sites in the forest landscape with particularly high biodiversity. In Sweden, woodland key habitats have been inventoried on individual forest owner’s land by the Swedish Forest Agency since 1993. Recently, various actors have questioned the woodland key habitat concept and its policy implications. To investigate how framing of the concept has changed over time we conducted a media analysis based on theories of collective action frames. The analysis covered the period 1991–2018 and a total of 293 articles in daily newspapers. Our results showed that, over time, woodland key habitats have mostly been framed by government agencies, journalists and environmental organizations as suffering as a result of forestry practices and that nature conservation is the solution to this problem. Actors presenting other or conflicting frames are not as common and they occur mostly when the frequency of articles is high. However, it is noteworthy that individual forest owners sometimes framed themselves as suffering economically from the woodland key habitats, which contrasts with the dominant framing. There were no large differences between national and regional newspapers in the framing of woodland key habitats.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Frame analysis, nature conservation, biodiversity, forestry, stakeholder, forest policy
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-170732 (URN)10.1080/02827581.2020.1761444 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-05-14 Created: 2020-05-14 Last updated: 2020-05-14
Bjärstig, T., Nordström, E.-M., Zhang, J. & Sandström, C. (2020). Mångbruk - att samsas om samma skog. Umeå: Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mångbruk - att samsas om samma skog
2020 (Swedish)Other, Policy document (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
Umeå: Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, 2020. p. 4
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-170593 (URN)
Projects
Future Forest
Available from: 2020-05-11 Created: 2020-05-11 Last updated: 2020-05-12Bibliographically approved
Bjärstig, T., Nygaard, V., Riseth, J. Å. & Sandström, C. (2020). The Institutionalisation of Sami Interest in Municipal Comprehensive Planning: A Comparison Between Norway and Sweden. International Indigenous Policy Journal, 11(2), 1-24
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Institutionalisation of Sami Interest in Municipal Comprehensive Planning: A Comparison Between Norway and Sweden
2020 (English)In: International Indigenous Policy Journal, ISSN 1916-5781, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Sami are recognized as an Indigenous people and a national minority in both Norway and Sweden, and their involvement in any planning concerning their traditional territories is required. The aim of this article is to examine how Sami interests are secured and institutionalized in municipal comprehensive planning (MCP). We use two case study areas: Sortland municipality in Norway and Vilhelmina municipality in Sweden. Analysis of various qualitative materials indicates that, despite contextual and institutional differences, the planning processes in the case study areas have similar outcomes. We conclude that formal rights of the Sami are not always acknowledged by the politicians who make the final decision. Rather, the Sami depend on the politicians’ willingness to consider their needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Western Ontario, 2020
Keywords
Indigenous people, reindeer herding, land use, sustainability, Sami, Sami Parliament, Sametinget, Norway, Sweden
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161799 (URN)10.18584/iipj.2020.11.2.10574 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-08-05 Created: 2019-08-05 Last updated: 2020-04-29Bibliographically approved
Johansson, J., Bjärstig, T. & Sandström, C. (2020). Vägar till effektiva samverkansprocesser: styrning, deltagande och dialog inom skogspolitikens ramar. Umeå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vägar till effektiva samverkansprocesser: styrning, deltagande och dialog inom skogspolitikens ramar
2020 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I den här rapporten belyses olika perspektiv på samverkan med utgångspunkt i befintlig kunskap om samverkansprocesser främst utifrån ett skogligt perspektiv.

Forskning inom ramen för Future Forests, men även andra forskningsmiljöer, har visat att samverkansprocesser har en rad fördelar men att de också är förknippade med ett antal fallgropar. Rapporten pekar på såväl bakgrunden till varför samverkan blir allt vanligare inom politik och förvaltning, vad som egentligen avses med samverkan samt hur man skapar så goda förutsättningar som möjligt för samverkansprocesser.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2020. p. 31
Series
Future Forests Rapport ; 2020:3
Keywords
Collaborative governance, dialogue, forest policy, participation, Deltagande, dialog, samverkan, skogspolitik, styrning
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-169018 (URN)978-91-576-9733-2 (ISBN)
Projects
Future Forest
Available from: 2020-03-16 Created: 2020-03-16 Last updated: 2020-03-17Bibliographically approved
Bjärstig, T., Sandström, C., Sjögren, J., Sonesson, J. & Nordin, A. (2019). A struggling collaborative process: revisiting the woodland key habitat concept in Swedish forests. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 34(8), 699-708
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A struggling collaborative process: revisiting the woodland key habitat concept in Swedish forests
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 699-708Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The term woodland key habitat (WKH) was launched in Sweden in 1990. Definitions for the concept have changed over the years, and today the WKH concept and its application are issues of debate in Sweden. Consequently, the Swedish Forestry Agency (SFA) initiated a collaborative process including forest stakeholders with the purpose to clarify the application and develop the inventory methodology of WKH. We have studied, by means of interviews and observations, participant perceptions of how endogenous and exogenous factors affect the collaborative process. During our research, we identified three game changers: the pause in WKH registration in northwestern Sweden that caused several participants to drop out of the process; budget allocations for new nationwide WKH inventories that put the process on hold; and formal instructions from the government that came nine months later and essentially re-initiated the collaborative process. Altogether, this not only affected the participants’ abilities, understanding and willingness to participate, but also the overall legitimacy of the process – indicating the difficulty of conducting policy development in collaborative form, especially when it is highly politicized since it impact on the participants’ anticipation of the process and its end results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2019
Keywords
evaluation, collaboration, woodland key habitat, inventories, forest, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163501 (URN)10.1080/02827581.2019.1674916 (DOI)000506918500001 ()
Projects
Future Forests
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2020-03-02Bibliographically approved
Bjärstig, T. & Thellbro, C. (2019). Deltagande planering – underlättar det samråd och utställning av en ny översiktsplan?. PLAN, 73(1-2), 53-56
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deltagande planering – underlättar det samråd och utställning av en ny översiktsplan?
2019 (Swedish)In: PLAN, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 73, no 1-2, p. 53-56Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Föreningen för Samhällsplanering, 2019
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153428 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-21 Created: 2018-11-21 Last updated: 2019-11-19Bibliographically approved
Zachrisson, A., Bjärstig, T. & Eckerberg, K. (2019). EIP-Agri – lärdomar från första åren: Halvtidsrapport från den löpande lärande utvärderingen av EIP-Agri med fokus på dess införande och uppstart. Jönköping: Jordbruksverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EIP-Agri – lärdomar från första åren: Halvtidsrapport från den löpande lärande utvärderingen av EIP-Agri med fokus på dess införande och uppstart
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

EIP-Agri är ett nytt innovationsstöd inom landsbygdsprogrammet med fokus på jordbruk, trädgårds- och rennäring. Två typer av stöd kan beviljas: stöd för att bilda en innovationsgrupp samt stöd till att genomföra ett innovationsprojekt (med full finansiering). Inom ramen för utvärderingen har främst rutiner, regler, roller med mera vid införandet av detta nya stöd undersökts, och olika typer av genomförandeproblem, samt hur de förebyggs och/eller undviks, analyserats.

Gruppbildnings- och genomförandestöd

Möjligheten att söka gruppbildningsstöd är en stor styrka. Regeringen börse över om detta kan utökas/stärkas ytterligare i kommande programperiod. Genomförandestödet upplevs som krävande att söka och Jordbruksverket börta fram en specifik e-ansökan. Kraven bör sänkas något, för att t ex öka flexibiliteten kring budgeten. Förtydligade beslutskriterier bör göras mer tillgängliga. Innovationssupporten kan rikta mer stöd mot resurssvaga aktörer för att öka antalet som går vidare från grupp- till genomförandestöd. Sociala och organisatoriska innovationer är mycket få och borde uppmuntras i högre grad. Kopplingen till forskningsprojekt kan stärkas.

Handläggningen av ansökningar

En majoritet av de sökande är övervägande missnöjda med ansökningsprocessen, då handläggningstiden är lång och kraven på ansökan höga med många kompletteringar. Sen utbetalning av medel upplevs också som ett hinder för många. Här måste fortsatta insatser till för att effektivisera och förkorta handläggningen internt på Jordbruksverket samt i relation till innovationssupportens rådgivning.

Roller och samordning

Rollfördelningen mellan Jordbruksverkets handläggare, Rådgivande urvalskommittén och innovationssupporten har diskuterats internt och förtydligats allteftersom. Särskilt samordningen och erfarenhetsutbytet har stärkts. Tolkningen av begreppet innovation och beslutskriterier varierar fortsatt något, men samstämmigheten i vad som kommuniceras till sökande har gradvis förbättrats. Fortsatt kalibrering och interaktion är dock nödvändig.

Koppling till andra innovationssatsningar

Begränsad information om EIP-Agri har nått innovationskontoren. EIP-Agri bör kommuniceras via andra/kompletterande kanaler. Erfarenheter från andra liknande innovationsprogram bör också komma EIP-Agri till del för att utveckla möjliga synergier och säkra att innovationerna kommer ut på marknaden. Målgruppen för och syftet med EIP-Agri bör därmed förtydligas och kommuniceras mer strategiskt.

Planerad effektutvärdering

Under 2019–2021 förväntas utvärderingen svara på frågor om programmetbidragit till relevanta innovationer i relation till målen. Nuvarande rapportering liksom de breda och otydliga målen samt kriterierna ger dock begränsade möjligheter att värdera dessa effekter. Utvecklade datasystem och förtydligade mål och kriterier krävs.

Abstract [en]

EIP-Agri is an innovation support mechanism within the EU Rural Development Programme targeting agriculture, horticulture and reindeer husbandry. This on-going evaluation examines routines, rules and roles at the Swedish Board of Agriculture in connection with introducing EIP-Agri in Sweden. Two types of support can be granted: for forming an innovation group and for an innovation project (with full funding). Implementation problems and potential solutions are analysed and discussed.

Group formation and innovation projects

The possibility of applying for group formation support is a great strength. This possibility could well be strengthened in the next programme period. Some of the requirements could be more flexible. Clarified decision criteria should be made publicly available. Resource-weak actors should be specifically targeted in order to increase the share going further from group to implementation project. Social and organizational innovations are few and should be encouraged. The connection to research can be further strengthened.

Processing of applications

The e-application process for innovation project support is perceived as demanding, requiring considerable additional documentation. Late payments is also viewed as an obstacle for many. Further efforts are needed to make the internal processing at the Board of Agriculture and the innovation support advice more effective.

Roles and coordination

The role division between the administration at the Board of Agriculture, the Advisory Selection Committee and the innovation support has been internally discussed and clarified over time. In particular, coordination and exchange of experiences has improved. The interpretation of the innovation concept and decision criteria is still somewhat varying, but the coherence of what is communicated to applicants has gradually improved. Still, however, continued calibration and interaction is necessary.

Link to other innovation initiatives

Limited information about EIP-Agri has reached the Swedish university-based innovation offices. EIP-Agri should be better communicated via complementary channels than those of the Board of Agriculture. Experiences from other similar innovation programs should be incorporated into EIP-Agri to develop synergies and ensure that innovations reach the market. The potentials of EIP-Agri support should be communicated more strategically.

Planned evaluation of effects

During 2019–2021, the on-ongoing evaluation is expected to examine whether the program has contributed to relevant innovations in relation to its goals. However, current data reporting routines limit the opportunities to evaluate such effects, including its currently broad and vague goals and criteria. Development of evaluation criteria and data reporting from the Board of Agriculture is required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jordbruksverket, 2019. p. 51
Series
Utvärderingsrapport ; 2019:12a
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162751 (URN)
Projects
Löpande lörande utvärdering av EIP-Agri
Funder
Swedish Board of Agriculture, 3.1.17-11610/16
Available from: 2019-08-27 Created: 2019-08-27 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
Zachrisson, A., Bjärstig, T. & Eckerberg, K. (2019). EIP-Agri – lärdomar från första åren: Halvtidsrapport från den löpande lärande utvärderingen av EIP-Agri med fokus på dess införande och uppstart. Bilagor. Jönköping: Jordbruksverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EIP-Agri – lärdomar från första åren: Halvtidsrapport från den löpande lärande utvärderingen av EIP-Agri med fokus på dess införande och uppstart. Bilagor
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jordbruksverket, 2019. p. 43
Series
Utvärderingsrapport ; 2019:12b
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162760 (URN)
Projects
Löpande lörande utvärdering av EIP-Agri
Funder
Swedish Board of Agriculture, 3.1.17-11610/16
Available from: 2019-08-27 Created: 2019-08-27 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6845-5525

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