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Bergman, Torbjörn
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Publications (10 of 93) Show all publications
Bergman, T. & Blomgren, M. (2020). The EU Hybrid: Incrementalism with Democracy? (1ed.). In: Antonia Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Karin Leijon, Anna Michalski, Lars Oxelheim (Ed.), The European Union and the return of the nation state: (pp. 27-57). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The EU Hybrid: Incrementalism with Democracy?
2020 (English)In: The European Union and the return of the nation state / [ed] Antonia Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Karin Leijon, Anna Michalski, Lars Oxelheim, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, 1, p. 27-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter argues that the debate about the proper relationship between member states and EU institutions usually pits those who favour emphasising intergovernmental principles against those who think that the Union must have an increased element of supranationalism. One result of a stalemate between these two positions is that the EU has developed into a hybrid regime. However, an empirical examination of recent debates in four important policy areas conducted by the authors reveals that member states often take a third position, incrementalism, which is a step-wise process characterised by advocating small policy reforms without really altering the hybrid. The main drawback of the incrementalism position is that it has only a vague notion of the need for and possibility of representative democracy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2020 Edition: 1
Series
Interdisciplinary European Studies
Keywords
EU member state, Intergovernmentalism, Supranationalism, Hybrid Democracy, EU hybrid, European integration, Incrementalism, Madisonian democracy model
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-168257 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-35005-5_2 (DOI)978-3-030-35004-8 (ISBN)978-3-030-35005-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-02-18 Created: 2020-02-18 Last updated: 2020-03-03Bibliographically approved
Bergman, T., Ilonszki, G. & Müller, W. C. (2019). Coalition Governance in Central Eastern Europe. Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coalition Governance in Central Eastern Europe
2019 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Coalition government among different political parties is the way most European democracies are governed. Traditionally, the study of coalition politics has been focused on Western Europe. Coalition governance in Central Eastern Europe brings the study of the full coalition life-cycle to a region that has undergone tremendous political transformation, but which has not been studied from this perspective. The volume covers Bulgaria, Estonia, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia. It provides information and analyses of the coalition life-cycle, from pre-electoral alliances to coalition formation and portfolio distribution, governing in coalitions, the stages that eventually lead to government termination, and the electoral performance of coalition parties. In Central Eastern Europe, few single-party cabinets form and there have been only a few early elections. The evidence provided shows that coalition partners in the region write formal agreements (coalition agreements) to an extent that is similar to the patterns that we find in Western Europe, but also that they adhere less closely to these contracts. While the research on Western Europe tends to stress that coalition partners emphasize coalition compromise and mutual supervision, there is more evidence of 'ministerial government' by individual ministers and their parties. There are also some systems where coalition governance is heavily dominated by the prime minister. No previous study has covered the full coalition life-cycle in all of the ten countries with as much detail. Systematic information is presented in 10 figures and in more than one hundred tables.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019. p. 596
Series
Comparative Politics
Keywords
Öst- och centraleuropa, regeringar, koalitioner, partier, parlamentariska demokratier
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-166667 (URN)10.1093/oso/9780198844372.001.0001 (DOI)978-0-19-884437-2 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A050-10
Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved
Bergman, T. & Blomgren, M. (2019). EU-hybriden och den representativa demokratin: positioner och framtidsperspektiv (1ed.). In: Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski, Lars Oxelheim (Ed.), EU och nationalstatens återkomst: (pp. 37-64). Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EU-hybriden och den representativa demokratin: positioner och framtidsperspektiv
2019 (Swedish)In: EU och nationalstatens återkomst / [ed] Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Anna Michalski, Lars Oxelheim, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2019, 1, p. 37-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2019 Edition: 1
Series
Europaperspektiv, ISSN 1403-3879 ; 2019
Keywords
Europeiska unionen, demokrati, integration
National Category
Political Science Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156186 (URN)9789173591324 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-06 Created: 2019-02-06 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Müller, W. C., Bergman, T. & Ilonszki, G. (2019). Extending the Coalition Life-cycle Approach to Central Eastern Europe: An Introduction. In: Torbjörn Bergman, Gabriella Ilonszki, and Wolfgang C. Müller (Ed.), Coalition Governance in Central Eastern Europe: (pp. 1-59). Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Extending the Coalition Life-cycle Approach to Central Eastern Europe: An Introduction
2019 (English)In: Coalition Governance in Central Eastern Europe / [ed] Torbjörn Bergman, Gabriella Ilonszki, and Wolfgang C. Müller, Oxford University Press, 2019, p. 1-59Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Coalitions are central to politics at all levels, from international relations to the government of clubs and voluntary organizations with actors ranging from nation states to individuals. In particular, coalitions are key to understanding how national governments work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
Series
Comparative Politics
Keywords
Öst- och centraleuropa, regeringar, koalitioner, partier, parlamentariska demokratier
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-166680 (URN)10.1093/oso/9780198844372.003.0001 (DOI)978-0-19-884437-2 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A050-10
Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved
Walther, D., Hellström, J. & Bergman, T. (2019). Government instability and the state. Political Science Research and Methods, 7(3), 579-594
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Government instability and the state
2019 (English)In: Political Science Research and Methods, ISSN 2049-8470, E-ISSN 2049-8489, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 579-594Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Government instability (cabinet duration) is an important feature of parliamentary democracy. Over time, the research on cabinet duration has improved in technical and theoretical sophistication. However, we note that little attention has been paid to the relationship between governments and the state itself. Our main hypothesis is that state capacity, e.g., factors such as state bureaucratic effectiveness and law and order, shape how easy it is for governments to implement the new policy and thus how well they can achieve policy objectives. We also argue that when state capacity is low, the ability to adequately respond to external shocks goes down, and instability increases. When testing this empirically we find that low state capacity does indeed help us predict an increased risk for early termination—in particular, whether the government ends through a replacement (but not by an early election). Using interaction effects, we also demonstrate that the effect of external shocks, such as an increase in unemployment, is conditional on state capacity. An increase in unemployment only has a significant effect on cabinet stability when state capacity is low, suggesting that the cabinet’s (in)ability to address the economic problems is an important factor for understating cabinet durability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2019
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133426 (URN)10.1017/psrm.2018.20 (DOI)000472096700011 ()
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation
Note

Previously published in thesis in manuscript form.

Available from: 2017-04-10 Created: 2017-04-10 Last updated: 2019-07-12Bibliographically approved
Bergman, T., Ilonszki, G. & Müller, W. C. (2019). The Coalition Life-cycle in Central Eastern Europe. In: Torbjörn Bergman, Gabriella Ilonszki, and Wolfgang C. Müller (Ed.), Coalition Governance in Central Eastern Europe: (pp. 522-576). Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Coalition Life-cycle in Central Eastern Europe
2019 (English)In: Coalition Governance in Central Eastern Europe / [ed] Torbjörn Bergman, Gabriella Ilonszki, and Wolfgang C. Müller, Oxford University Press, 2019, p. 522-576Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Earlier chapters have investigated politics along the coalition life-cycle in our ten countries. In this chapter, we summarize the main patterns and we compare among the ten cases. We also look at how our findings contrast with the general patterns that are known from the literature on coalition politics, in particular those that we find in Western Europe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
Series
Comparative Politics
Keywords
Öst- och centraleuropa, regeringar, koalitioner, partier, parlamentariska demokratier
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-166684 (URN)10.1093/oso/9780198844372.003.0013 (DOI)978-0-19-884437-2 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A050-10
Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved
Bergman, T., Hellström, J. & Sandström, C. (2018). Regeringsbildningen efter riksdagsvalet 2018. In: Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin & Kajsa Falasca (Ed.), Snabbtänkt: reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare (pp. 21-22). Sundsvall: DEMICOM, Mittuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regeringsbildningen efter riksdagsvalet 2018
2018 (Swedish)In: Snabbtänkt: reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin & Kajsa Falasca, Sundsvall: DEMICOM, Mittuniversitetet , 2018, p. 21-22Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: DEMICOM, Mittuniversitetet, 2018
Series
DEMICOM-rapport ; 38
Keywords
Regeringsbildning, riksdagsvalet 2018, partier, partipositioner, valmanifest, medieanalys
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153291 (URN)978-91-88025-99-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-16 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2018-11-20Bibliographically approved
Bergman, T. (2016). Parlamentarism (4ed.). In: Ingvar Mattson & Olof Petersson (Ed.), Svensk författningspolitik: (pp. 137-152). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parlamentarism
2016 (Swedish)In: Svensk författningspolitik / [ed] Ingvar Mattson & Olof Petersson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 4, p. 137-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016 Edition: 4
Keywords
Parlament, riksdag, regering, regeringsbildning
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-114317 (URN)978-91-44-10640-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-17 Created: 2016-01-17 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Bergman, T., Ersson, S. & Hellström, J. (2015). Government formation and breakdown in Western and Central Eastern Europe. Comparative European Politics, 13(3), 345-375
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Government formation and breakdown in Western and Central Eastern Europe
2015 (English)In: Comparative European Politics, ISSN 1472-4790, E-ISSN 1740-388X, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 345-375Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we use a new data set describing governments, political parties and institutions to make an explicit comparison between Western Europe (WE) and Central Eastern Europe (CEE) in the investigation of three different topical issues found in the coalition literature, namely, coalition formation (that is, which factors affect who forms the winning coalitions), the number of cabinet members (that is, what affects the number of ministers in a cabinet) and cabinet duration (that is, which factors affect how long a new government lasts). Our findings indicate that, regardless of all the discussions about how CEE is different from WE because of the post-communist heritage or the volatility of voters in the CEE region, structural attributes such as the size and number of political parties are important determinants of coalition formation and cabinet duration patterns in both the West and the East. In fact, precisely because of the unsettled nature of CEE party politics, structural attributes tend to matter even more in the East.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2015
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82331 (URN)10.1057/cep.2013.27 (DOI)000352824700004 ()
Projects
The European Representative Democracy Data ArchiveRepresentative Democracy in Europe
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, dnr A050-10Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, MMW 2011.0030
Available from: 2013-10-30 Created: 2013-10-30 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Agnafors, M., Amnå, E., Bergman, T., Bexell, M., Stubbergaard, Y., Wihlborg, E. & von Sydow, B. (2015). Kommentarer till Johan P. Olsen, "Lorenzettis utfordring og demokratiets århundre". Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 117(1), 38-41
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kommentarer till Johan P. Olsen, "Lorenzettis utfordring og demokratiets århundre"
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2015 (Swedish)In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 117, no 1, p. 38-41Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund University Open Access, 2015
Keywords
Demokrati Sverige EU
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-110640 (URN)
Note

Marcus Agnafors: Lorenzettis utmaning, Pax perspektiv och det normativas plats

Erik Amnå: När medborgaren står standby

Torbjörn Bergman: Demokratins utmaningar – ett beprövat men svårt tema

Magdalena Bexell: Globalt folkstyre?

Ylva Stubbergaard: Makt att tala – makt att tolka

Elin Wihlborg: Demokratins utmaningar i digitalise-ringens tidevarv – reflektioner kring organiseringen

Björn von Sydow: Norge och Sverige i Lorenzettis ljus

Available from: 2015-10-24 Created: 2015-10-24 Last updated: 2019-03-05Bibliographically approved
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