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Wiberg, Ulf
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Publications (10 of 39) Show all publications
Larsson, L., Wiberg, U. & Keskitalo, E. C. (2015). Contrasting territorial policy perspectives for Northern Sweden. Barents Studies, 2(1), 11-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contrasting territorial policy perspectives for Northern Sweden
2015 (English)In: Barents Studies, ISSN 1651-0534, E-ISSN 2324-0652, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 11-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Northern Sweden is increasingly influenced by competing social interests striving for advantages and claiming territorial influence through "scalar politics". The strategic deployment of scalar conceptions is an integral part of policy making and implementation. Increasing use of varying scalar conceptions follows from "new spatial planning" practices. Set territorial delineations and administrative responsibilities are opened up to complex associational relationships with varying spatial claims. Focusing on territorial policies, this paper examines what orientations there are in territorial policy development in and for northern Sweden. The 29 municipalities embraced by the two northernmost counties Norrbotten and Västerbotten are the geographical delimitation of the study. As the analysis shows, the dominating scalar constructs relate to national and EU territorial policies rather than to competing constructs focused on Nordic, Barents and Arctic territorialization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rovaniemi: The Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 2015
Keywords
Territorial policy, scalar politics, spatial planning, northern Sweden, Arctic
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-114070 (URN)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2016-01-12 Created: 2016-01-12 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Wiberg, U. & Limani, I. (2015). Intermunicipal collaboration: a smart alternative for small municipalities?. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, 19(1), 63-82
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intermunicipal collaboration: a smart alternative for small municipalities?
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 63-82Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A characteristic of the Nordic states is their ambition to provide their citizens with a variety of good quality welfare services. A significant part of the responsibility for arranging reliable local solutions is devoted to the municipal level irrespective of the size of the municipality. This means a great variation in local capacity to meet different types of requirements. Especially small municipalities, which also face depopulation and an ageing population, are increasingly challenged to find renewal strategies and action plans to secure both municipal service obligations at reasonable cost per capita and competent staff. Besides rearranged internal steering, organizational frameworks, and working instructions, new solutions may be launched based on resource mobilization and a striving for improved performance in a wider spatial context. This paper explores how three municipalities in the north of Sweden have developed a voluntary intermunicipal collaboration and how it relates to alternative collaborative options in the regional context. The strengths and weaknesses of the chosen approach and its outcome are discussed based on interviews with the local government commissioners and their executive civil servants in different positions. The strength of the achieved collaborative profile is that it meets needs for higher cost efficiency and competence among staff within some municipal sectors. Further is noted that the chosen collaborative profile is not challenging the democratic accountability in each municipality. However, a weakness is that the collaborative results achieved after ten years of collaborative intentions are of marginal importance for all involved municipalities. These experiences are reflected upon with advantages and disadvantages of a merge alternative in mind.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborgs universitet, 2015
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101434 (URN)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2015-03-30 Created: 2015-03-30 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Wiberg, U. (2013). A Competitive Local and Regional Milieu for Firms and People. In: Lundström, M. J., Fredriksson, C . & Witzell, J (Ed.), Planning and Sustainable Urban Development in Sweden: . Stockholm: The Swedish Society for Town and Country Planning.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Competitive Local and Regional Milieu for Firms and People
2013 (English)In: Planning and Sustainable Urban Development in Sweden / [ed] Lundström, M. J., Fredriksson, C . & Witzell, J, Stockholm: The Swedish Society for Town and Country Planning. , 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: The Swedish Society for Town and Country Planning., 2013
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-71485 (URN)881251 (Local ID)9789163730832 (ISBN)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2013-05-30 Created: 2013-05-30 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Keskitalo, E. C., Malmberg, G., Westin, K., Wiberg, U., Müller, D. K. & Pettersson, Ö. (2013). Contrasting arctic and mainstream Swedish descriptions of Northern Sweden: the view from established domestic research. Arctic, 66(3), 351-365
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contrasting arctic and mainstream Swedish descriptions of Northern Sweden: the view from established domestic research
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2013 (English)In: Arctic, ISSN 0004-0843, E-ISSN 1923-1245, Vol. 66, no 3, p. 351-365Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 2011, Sweden released its first-ever Arctic strategy, in preparation for taking over the chairmanship of the Arctic Council, an eight-state cooperation organization. The recent political development that will include Sweden more extensively in Arctic regional cooperation makes it relevant to review and comment on the image of the areas involved from a Swedish viewpoint and to improve the often very brief descriptions of northernmost Sweden in Arctic literature. In this paper, we contrast descriptions of the Arctic in the Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR) with descriptions of northern Sweden in established domestic demographic and regional development research. The study shows that many of the assumptions in the first AHDR to the effect that the eight "Arctic" regions are rather directly comparable in fact reveal substantial differences between areas, with northern Sweden standing in sharp contrast to many of the descriptions. Instead of having a population that is very small, young, and rapidly growing because of a high birth rate, northern Sweden is characterized by relatively dense habitation with a stable and aging population of long-term residents. Moreover, it has a very small and relatively integrated indigenous population with largely the same health situation as in Sweden overall. While depopulation and urbanization are evident in its less populated areas, migration from the region is partly directed at the larger regional centres in the area, following a pattern seen in the Western world at large.

Abstract [fr]

En 2011, au moment où elle se préparait à assumer la présidence du Conseil de l’Arctique, un organisme de collaboration entre huit pays, la Suède a mis en oeuvre sa toute première politique relative à l’Arctique. L’événement politique récent qui a fait en sorte que la Suède devra jouer un rôle plus grand dans la collaboration régionale de l’Arctique incite à analyser l’image des régions qui entrent en jeu du point de vue de la Suède, à porter des commentaires sur cette image ainsi qu’à améliorer les descriptions souvent très brèves de la partie la plus au nord de la Suède que l’on retrouve dans la documentation au sujet de l’Arctique. Dans cet article, nous contrastons les descriptions de l’Arctique figurant dans l’Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR) avec les descriptions du nord de la Suède émanant de travaux de recherche établis sur le développement régional et la démographie intérieure. Cette étude permet de constater que de nombreuses hypothèses du premier rapport AHDR selon lesquelles les huit régions « arctiques » sont plutôt directement comparables révèlent en fait des différences considérables entre les régions, le nord de la Suède représentant un contraste marqué par rapport à grand nombre des autres descriptions. Au lieu d’être doté d’une population très petite, jeune et en croissance rapide attribuable à un taux de natalité élevé, le nord de la Suède est caractérisé par une habitation relativement dense et une population stable et vieillissante composée de résidents de longue date. Par ailleurs, le nord de la Suède comprend une population indigène très petite et relativement intégrée affichant à peu près la même situation de santé que l’ensemble de la Suède. Bien que le dépeuplement et l’urbanisation s’avèrent évidents dans les zones moins peuplées, la migration en partance de cette région est partiellement orientée vers les plus grands centres régionaux de la région, conformément à la tendance générale enregistrée dans le monde occidental.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Arctic Institute of North America, 2013
Keywords
Arctic, Sweden, Arctic Human Development Report, demography, economic development, Arctique, Suède, Arctic Human Development Report, démographie, développement économique
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82515 (URN)000325309500010 ()881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2013-11-04 Created: 2013-11-04 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Wiberg, U. (2013). Umeå universitet: en stark och mångsidig påverkan på Umeås utveckling. In: Lars-Gunnar Olsson & Susanne Haugen (Ed.), Umeå 1314-2014: 100 berättelser om 700 år (pp. 447-451). Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Umeå universitet: en stark och mångsidig påverkan på Umeås utveckling
2013 (Swedish)In: Umeå 1314-2014: 100 berättelser om 700 år / [ed] Lars-Gunnar Olsson & Susanne Haugen, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2013, p. 447-451Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2013
Series
Skrifter utgivna av Johan Nordlander-sällskapet, ISSN 0348-6664 ; 30
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-83256 (URN)881251 (Local ID)9789175806686 (ISBN)9789188466822 (ISBN)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2013-11-21 Created: 2013-11-21 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Wiberg, U. (2012). Norrlänningarnas framtidsperspektiv. In: Anders Lidström (Ed.), Ett delat Norrland: på väg mot regioner? (pp. 175-184). Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Norrlänningarnas framtidsperspektiv
2012 (Swedish)In: Ett delat Norrland: på väg mot regioner? / [ed] Anders Lidström, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 175-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I början av 1900-talet betraktades Norrland som ett framtidsland med en rikedom av naturresurser som kunde exploateras (Sörlin 1988). Bebyggelsen bredde ut sig och befolkningsökningen var kraftig. Byar och tätorter grundlades. Satsningar gjordes på uppbyggnad av service och transportinfrastruktur. Denna positiva bild har dock förmörkats under de senaste femtio åren på grund av en svagare sysselsättnings- och befolkningsutveckling än i övriga delar av Sverige. Endast enstaka städer och orter har fortsatt att växa (jämför kapitel 1 och 10 i denna volym – Lidström 2012, Wiberg & Lind 2012). I många kommuner har befolkningsminskningen varit omfattande trots att det redan på 1960-talet påbörjades regionalpolitiska satsningar på strukturomvandling inom näringslivet samt utbyggnad av den offentliga servicen på liknande sätt som i riket i övrigt. Finns det någon chans till trendbrott? Vilka inslag i samhällsstrukturen anser dagens norrlänningar vara viktigast och hur tror de att det lokala samhällslivet kommer att utvecklas? Hur tycker de att naturresurserna ska nyttjas? En del av svaren på dessa frågor kan jämföras med resultaten från den tidigare regionstudien (Wiberg 2009).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2012
Series
Statsvetenskapliga institutionens skriftserie, ISSN 0349-0831 ; 2012:1
Keywords
samhällsservice, regional utveckling, naturresursutnyttjande, Norrland
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-53086 (URN)881251 (Local ID)978-91-7459-375-4 (ISBN)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2012-03-13 Created: 2012-03-13 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Wiberg, U. & Lind, T. (2012). Uppfattningar om att leva och bo i norr. In: Anders Lidström (Ed.), Ett delat Norrland: på väg mot regioner? (pp. 161-173). Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Uppfattningar om att leva och bo i norr
2012 (Swedish)In: Ett delat Norrland: på väg mot regioner? / [ed] Anders Lidström, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 161-173Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2012
Series
Forskningsrapporter i statsvetenskap vid Umeå universitet, ISSN 0349-0831 ; 2012:1
Keywords
livsvillkor, regional utveckling, Norrland
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-53085 (URN)881251 (Local ID)978-91-7459-375-4 (ISBN)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2012-03-13 Created: 2012-03-13 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Wiberg, U. & Lind, T. (2011). Mind maps of employment development in Swedish sparse regions. Fennia, 189(11), 32-42
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mind maps of employment development in Swedish sparse regions
2011 (English)In: Fennia, ISSN 0015-0010, Vol. 189, no 11, p. 32-42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Employment options are forming an essential part of living conditions for individuals and households. In this paper we present how people in Sweden perceive current and future job options. The empirical case is the northern half of the Swedish territory, which is divided into four counties. The analysis is based on data from a questionnaire which was distributed to 4 000 inhabitants aged 15-85 years during October 2008 - January 2009. The ANOTA method is used as analytical instrument. Two categories of determinants behind attitudes to job options in general at the local labor market have been chosen. The first category includes a set of personal attributes, while the second category includes a set of locational characteristics. Further is analyzed how the respondents perceived the specific role of manufacturing industry, service industry and R&D for the development in their county. Also in this part the two categories of determinants are used. The analysis reveals a rather widely spread anxiety about both current and future provision of job options. The most satisfied and optimistic respondents were young, male and high income earners living in coastal municipal with a low unemployment level. There were also some striking differences in views among sub groups on the role of manufacturing industry, service industry and R&D. The biggest contrasts were between manufacturing industry and R&D. The highest share of respondents who regarded manufacturing industry as very important was found among men, over 30 years, with a low education and living in municipalities with a high unemployment level. The highest share of respondents who regarded R&D as very important was found among women, younger than 30 years, highly educated and living in coastal municipalities with a low unemployment level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsingfors: , 2011
Keywords
Northern Sweden, employment, ANOTA analysis, path dependency, manufacturing industry, service industry, R&D
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46807 (URN)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2011-09-15 Created: 2011-09-15 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Strömgren, M. & Wiberg, U. (2010). Befolkningen breder ut sig, men bosättningsmönstrets täthet både ökar och minskar. PLAN (5–6), 49-53
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Befolkningen breder ut sig, men bosättningsmönstrets täthet både ökar och minskar
2010 (Swedish)In: PLAN, ISSN 0032-0560, no 5–6, p. 49-53Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Föreningen för Samhällsplanering, FFS, 2010
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-38918 (URN)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2011-01-10 Created: 2011-01-10 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Wiberg, U. (2009). Förutsättningar för hållbar tillväxt i gruv- och mineralsektorn. Stockholm: Tillväxtverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förutsättningar för hållbar tillväxt i gruv- och mineralsektorn
2009 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Tillväxtverket, 2009
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-32607 (URN)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2010-03-18 Created: 2010-03-18 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
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