umu.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Ramqvist, Per H., professor emeritus
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 55) Show all publications
Ramqvist, P. H. (2019). Old Uppsala: people and powers in the shadows of the right: Vendel period, Viking Age, Middle Ages [Review]. Historisk Tidskrift (S), 139(2), 376-379
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Old Uppsala: people and powers in the shadows of the right: Vendel period, Viking Age, Middle Ages
2019 (English)In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 139, no 2, p. 376-379Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska Historiska Föreningen, 2019
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161612 (URN)000472591800017 ()
Note

[Kristina Ekero Eriksson, Gamla Uppsala, anm. av Per H. Ramqvist]

Available from: 2019-07-12 Created: 2019-07-12 Last updated: 2019-07-12
Bergman, I. & Ramqvist, P. H. (2018). Hunters of forests and waters: Late Iron Age and Medieval subsistence and social processes in coastal northern Sweden. Acta Borealia, 35(1), 1-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hunters of forests and waters: Late Iron Age and Medieval subsistence and social processes in coastal northern Sweden
2018 (English)In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 1-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the course of the 14th century the Swedish Crown and the Catholic Church made robust attempts to include the areas beside the Bothnian bay within their central fiscal and clerical organization. Salmon fishing in the productive river rapids became major targets for external commercial interests. Written records inform us about the situation from the perspective of the exploiters. However, there is a story running in parallel – that of the local population already occupying the lands and the fishing grounds. The study aims to analyse the significance of hunting and fishing to the overall subsistence of coastal communities in northern Sweden during the period AD 500–1600. The social context is of particular interest, specifically in relation to the successive conformation by the local communities to the Swedish fiscal system. The study draws on archaeological records and on historical records from the 14th to the 17th century, in addition to ethnographic accounts for hunting and fishing. We conclude that the legal cultures embraced by the indigenous population and that of the Swedish central powers were in essence incompatible. The acquisition of land and fishing rights was never settled between two equal parties, but one-sidedly enforced by the party holding the pen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
Salmon fishing, seal hunting, Medieval, coastal farmers, Sámi, northern Sweden
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146722 (URN)10.1080/08003831.2018.1456765 (DOI)000430497100001 ()2-s2.0-85045139131 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Recalling the past
Available from: 2018-04-18 Created: 2018-04-18 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Ramqvist, P. H. (Ed.). (2017). Arkeologi i norr 16. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arkeologi i norr 16
2017 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017. p. 159
Series
Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x ; 16
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142440 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Bergman, I. & Ramqvist, P. H. (2017). Farmer-fishermen: interior lake fishing and inter-cultural and intra-cultural relations among coastal and interior Sámi communities in northern Sweden AD 1200–1600. Acta Borealia, 34(2), 134-158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Farmer-fishermen: interior lake fishing and inter-cultural and intra-cultural relations among coastal and interior Sámi communities in northern Sweden AD 1200–1600
2017 (English)In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 134-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the productive fishing grounds had long attracted the Crown and the Church to northern Sweden, it was not until the sixteenth century that the judicial and fiscal powers of the Swedish Crown were exercised in full. Records show that the regular fishing in interior lakes formed a prominent enterprise among coastal farmer communities. This paper examines the social and economic context of farmers engaged in interior fishing with respect to the internal organization of village communities, principles of private and collective ownership, land-use strategies and inter-community relations. There are no a-priori assumptions about the coastal population being “Swedish”. Instead of applying ethnonyms, the terms “farmer” and “coastal” are used throughout the paper. The main area of investigation includes the coastal area of northernmost Sweden and the western parts of Finnish Lapland. The study shows that interior lakes fitted into village resource areas, long sanctioned by usage, and that usufruct belonged to village members collectively. A large part of the fishing lakes are situated in interior Sámi territory. Fishermen were internalizing Sámi place names, implying close relations between the groups. Archeological investigations point to subsistence strategies including systemic interior lake fishing being established before AD 1200. The authors propose that coastal and interior communities should be perceived as two economic strategies representing indigenous and pre-colonial land-use schemes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tromsö: Routledge, 2017
Keywords
Interior lake fishing, medieval, coastal farmers, Sámi; land-use, Northern Sweden
National Category
Archaeology History
Research subject
Archaeology; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142436 (URN)10.1080/08003831.2017.1390662 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2018-08-29Bibliographically approved
Liedgren, L. & Ramqvist, P. H. (2017). Medeltida gårdar i Böle by, Lövånger. Arkeologi i Norr, 16, 135-159
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Medeltida gårdar i Böle by, Lövånger
2017 (Swedish)In: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 16, p. 135-159Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

A tax register (Gustav Vasa's jordebok), from 1543, shows that there were 148 tax units or farms in Lövånger parish at the time. This paper records excavations conducted in 2014 in one of the villages named Böle. Two farmsteads were partly excavated. One (Lövånger parish no. Raä 508) consisted of two house foundations and an ancient field with clearance cairns, and another (Lövånger parish no Raä 621) consisted of three house foundations, a cellar and clearance cairns.

Radiocarbon datings show that the farmsteads were used during the 12th–15th centuries. A coin was found, a so called "klipping", which can be dated to the early reign of King Gustav Vasa, 1521–1523. Most of the artefacts found came from refuse deposits, containing large amounts of burned and unburned bone fragments. Nearly all of the identified bones (c. 97–98 %) came from domesticated animals, such as cattle, sheep and goat. Sources of the few identified bones from wild game included seal, hare, pike and perch.

Areas covered by house foundations on the two sites varied from c. 20 - 50 m2. All foundations had cairns in one corner, marking fireplaces. The houses on the foundations were probably timber-framed, like most houses in the area during historical times. In and outside the houses, pieces of bricks and burned clay were found, showing that the farmers used bricks, at least to some extent in the fireplaces, as early as the 14th century.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142435 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Ramqvist, P. H. (2017). Om äldre gravskick i det norrländska kustområdet. Arkeologi i Norr, 16, 87-110
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Om äldre gravskick i det norrländska kustområdet
2017 (Swedish)In: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 16, p. 87-110Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The article presents some new radiocarbon dates of burnt bones found in cairns and stone-settings in Northern Sweden. The author also describes the earliest known graves in the north. The low and discreet Late Mesolithic stone-settings, with red ochre and inhumations, seem to be elements of a northern burial tradition that continued into the Neolithic Period. The latest hitherto known of these descreet stone-settings was excavated west of Umeå in Västerbotten, and was radiocarbon dated to 1750-1520 BC. However, this grave lacked the typical red ochre. During approximately the same time monumental cairns were erected along the coast of Norrland. The oldest of these were traditionally believed to have been introduced during the Early Bronze Age and contain inhumations in long stone cists, which were replaced by cremations during the Late Bronze Age. However, new radiocarbon dates from five cremations in cairns and stone-settings strongly challenge that belief, placing all in the Early Bronze Age. The cremations in cairns are not necessarily the oldest monumental stratum. The author suggests that the cairns were linked to the introduction of agricultural activities along the coast during the end of the 3rd Millennium BC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142434 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Ramqvist, P. H. (2017). Saddle and bridle from Högom, Central Sweden. In: Charlotte Fabech & Ulf Näsman (Ed.), The Sösdala Horsemen: and the equestrian elite of fifth century Europe (pp. 221-235). Höjbjerg: Jutland archaeological society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Saddle and bridle from Högom, Central Sweden
2017 (English)In: The Sösdala Horsemen: and the equestrian elite of fifth century Europe / [ed] Charlotte Fabech & Ulf Näsman, Höjbjerg: Jutland archaeological society , 2017, p. 221-235Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Höjbjerg: Jutland archaeological society, 2017
Series
Jutland archaeological publications, ISSN 0107-2854 ; 99
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142437 (URN)978-87-93423-15-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Ramqvist, P. H. (Ed.). (2016). Arkeologi i Norr. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arkeologi i Norr
2016 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2016. p. 168
Series
Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x ; 15
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142438 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Ramqvist, P. H. (2016). Grisfest i Fröland?: nya resultat angående hög 3 i Högom, Medelpad – samt något om hög 4. Arkeologi i Norr, 15, 91--118
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Grisfest i Fröland?: nya resultat angående hög 3 i Högom, Medelpad – samt något om hög 4
2016 (Swedish)In: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 15, p. 91--118Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Storhögskomplexet i Högom (raä nr 1 i Selånger sn, Medelpad), utgjorde en central plats under yngre romersk järnålder och folkvandringstid. Platsen har varit föremål för omfattande arkeologiska undersökningar under åren 1949-1984. Resultaten av grävningarna blev sensationella och den först undersökta storhögen, nr. 2 (fig. 1), innehöll en av Nordeuropas rikhaltigaste kammargravar från folkvandringstiden (Selling 1952; Janson & Selling 1955). Det skulle dock dröja nästan fyra decennier sedan grävningarna avslutades 1952, innan mer omfattande, såväl nationell och internationell, publicering kom till stånd (Ramqvist 1990, 1992; Nockert 1991). Fram till 1960 undersöktes ytterligare två av storhögarna nr. 4 och nr. 3, samt några av de mindre högarna på gravfältet. Mycket litet av detta blev publicerat.

År 1984 inleddes ett internationellt samarbete kring publiceringen av det rikhaltiga materialet. Publicerings- och dokumentationsprojektet initierades prof. Evert Baudou och författaren, båda vid Umeå universitet, som genom ett fruktbart samarbete med prof. Michael Müller-Wille vid Christian-Albrechts Universität i Kiel och dåvarande riksantikvarien Margareta Biörnstad vid Riksantikvarieämbetet lyckades vi dokumentera och publicera hela Högommaterialet. Två större volymer av Margareta Nockert (1991) respektive författaren (Ramqvist 1992) har publicerats. Därtill en rad övriga publiceringar (bl. a. Ramqvist 1987a; b; 1988a; b; 1990; 1992; 1995a; b; 2000; 2014; Ramqvist & Müller-Wille 1988). Högom intar idag en central roll vid diskussionen om folkvandringstidens samhällen i Skandinavien och Nordeuropa och utgör en självklar del i läroböcker och uppslagsverk (t. ex. Ramqvist 2000; 2014). Mest ljus har av naturliga skäl fallit på den mycket innehållsrika kammargraven i hög 2, med det finns även helt unika företeelser i samband med hög 3 och 4. Föremålet för denna uppsats är främst bebyggelsespåren under hög 3, men det ska kort nämnas att även hög 4 bidrar på ett intressant sätt med nya iakttagelser.

Abstract [en]

During the years 1949-1984 large-scale excavations were conducted at the large mound complex at Högom in Medelpad, Central Sweden. Apart from the extraordinary chamber grave in mound 2, parts of a large and unusual building were found beneath the cenotaph mound 3. This paper presents new analyses and interpretations of this buildning´s foundation, and both its political and religious significance during the late 4th century AD. It has been attacked, burnt down and several (probably three) women were trapped by the fire. At the western gable end of the feasting hall there was a podium extending between the northern and southern long walls, directly in front of a dividing wall. A high seat was placed on the podium. Many details of the Högom material were described in an extensive publication in 1992, but only preliminary osteological analysis had been completed at that time. The new analyses concern radiocarbon datings and osteological determinations of the bones found in the feasting hall, which provide very different indications of the quantities and distributions of species consumed. Among other things large numbers of pig bones were found in the feasting hall and gable room of the building, indicating that the species was exceptionally important in the feasting cult at the site. The new osteological analysis also showed that burned and unburned parts of horse skulls and teeth bones were present, but only at each side of the high seat at the end of the podium. The building is interpreted as a hall dedicated to the fertility god Frey, and the place-name Högom is thought to have been preceded by something like Fröland.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2016
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142433 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Ramqvist, P. H., Bergman, I. & Liedgren, L. (2016). Hällmålningarna i Gaskávrre: nordliga bilder med geometriska motiv. Arkeologi i Norr, 15, 1-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hällmålningarna i Gaskávrre: nordliga bilder med geometriska motiv
2016 (Swedish)In: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 15, p. 1-36Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

År 2014 uppmärksammades hällmålningar vid norra stranden av sjön Gaskávrre (.askaure), de hittills nordligast kända (Àg. ). Vid en av de många brant sluttande klipporna av kvartsit upptäckte Solveig Andal -ohansen bilderna (Àg. 1). (n vårvinterdag när Solveig pimpelÀskade tillsammans med sin moster och morbror, Lennart och Margareth 5anberg, tröttnade hon på den magra Àskelyckan och beslöt sig för att istället utforska området i sluttningen ovanför pimpelstället. Snön hade smält bort närmast klippväggen och där lyste röda Àgurer som målats på de lodräta väggarna. Solveig bad de övriga i sällskapet att komma och titta och det stod snabbt klart för alla att det var fråga om hällmålningar och så småningom informerades Silvermuseets arkeologer om fyndet.

Det anmärkningsvärda är att hällmålningarna upptäckts ungefär på samma sätt några år tidigare då tre pojkar från Piteå tillsammans med sina föräldrar pimpelÀskade på samma ställe, blev lite rastlösa och bestämde sig för att utforska omgivningarna (Àg. 2). Dessvärre nådde inte upptäckten fram till Silvermuseets arkeologer och hällmålningarna Àck vänta ytterligare något år på att nå offentlighetens ljus.

Vid det första antikvariska besöket av hällmålningarna, som gjordes 2014 av Ingela Bergman och Lars Liedgren från Silvermuseet i Arjeplog, påträffade Bergman ytterligare en lokal ca 80 meter öster om den första. Vi har gett lokalerna namnen Gaskávrre 1 och 2. Den sistnämnda är mindre och består av två ytor med enstaka målade Àgurer (se nedan).

Hällmålningarna i Gaskávrre utgör inte bara de nordligaste hittills kända i Sverige, de är också unika genom sina omfattande och komplexa geometriska motiv. Belägenheten i fjällmiljö är ovanlig, men har motsvarigheter i Härjedalen, där samtliga fem kända lokaler ligger på samma höjd eller högre än målningarna i Gaskávrre. Högst belägna är målningarna i Rogen, ca 70 m ö.h. (nr på Àg. och tab. 1).

Abstract [en]

This article describes two recently discovered rock painting sites on the northern shore of lake Gaskávrre, in the mountain area of Arjeplog parish, western Lappland. The sites, called Gaskávrre 1 and 2, are the most northerly rock art sites in present day Sweden found so far and are situated at c. 550 m a.s.l. Gaskávrre 1 contains 17 distinguishable Àgures, and several unidentiÀed spots of fragmented and eroded red ochre, while at the smaller Gaskávrre 2 site (c. 80 m to the east) only two images have been found. 0ost of the images represent geometric Àgures, ranging from relatively simple rhombs and V-shapes, to very complex compositions. Only one certain and one possible human Àgure have been found, and no animal Àgures such as the elk or reindeer Àgures typically present at other Fennoscandian rock art sites.

Although the assemblage at Gaskávrre hitherto has uniTue features, it Àts well with northern rock art from the Stone Age. Several of the images are found elsewhere in northern Fennoscandia, suggesting that the people who made them were part of a large cultural environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2016
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142432 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications