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Sehlin MacNeil, KristinaORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4853-9641
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Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Sehlin MacNeil, K. & Inga, N. (2019). Extraktivt våld och urfolks koppling till mark. Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, 28(1-2), 42-51
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Extraktivt våld och urfolks koppling till mark
2019 (Swedish)In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 28, no 1-2, p. 42-51Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Denna artikel är en omarbetad version av en presentation som hölls av författarna vid konferensen La Responsabilité de Protéger. Écologie et Dignité (The responsibility to protect. Ecology and dignity) vid Université Laval i Quebec i början av oktober 2017. Kristina Sehlin MacNeil och Niila Inga lärde känna varandra som forskare och forskningsdeltagare under Kristinas avhandlingsarbete, vilket avslutades i februari 2017. De har sedan dess inbjudits att tala tillsammans vid en rad olika konferenser. Detta är deras första gemensamma publikation, samt den första artikeln på svenska som behandlar Sehlin MacNeils resultat från hennes avhandling Extractive Violence on Indigeneous Country (2017), där hon med utgång i begreppet ”Extraktivt våld” diskuterar om urfolks perspektiv på marken och på kopplingen mellan människa och mark.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Original i Umeå AB, 2019
Keywords
Aboriginal, Australia, Connection to land, Extractive violence, Sámi
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167265 (URN)
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved
Sehlin MacNeil, K. (2019). Undermining the resource ground: Extractive violence on Laevas and Adnyamathanha land. In: E. Gunilla Almered Olsson and Pernille Gooch (Ed.), Natural resource conflicts and sustainable development: (pp. 99-113). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Undermining the resource ground: Extractive violence on Laevas and Adnyamathanha land
2019 (English)In: Natural resource conflicts and sustainable development / [ed] E. Gunilla Almered Olsson and Pernille Gooch, Routledge, 2019, p. 99-113Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Asymmetric natural resource conflicts between extractive industries and Indigenous groups often have devastating consequences for Indigenous peoples. Due to colonial societal structures, where Indigenous perspectives on land management are frequently trivialised or ignored in favour of extractivist ideologies, many Indigenous groups are struggling to maintain their lands. This chapter draws on two case studies to compare situations of conflicts connected to natural resource exploitation, experienced by Laevas reindeer herding Sami community in northern Sweden and Adnyamathanha Traditional Owners in South Australia. The chapter builds on my PhD research where I introduced the concept of extractive violence as a complement to Galtung's violence triangle. Through building an analysis on concepts including connection to country, asymmetric conflict and extractive violence, deeper understandings of conflicts between extractive industries and Indigenous communities can be created. The chapter concludes that in order to achieve conflict transformation and address the violent structures many Indigenous groups are subjected to, the asymmetric power relations must be altered through the inclusion of Indigenous perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Series
Earthscan studies in natural resource management
National Category
Political Science Environmental Sciences
Research subject
environmental science; political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158826 (URN)10.4324/9781351268646-8 (DOI)9781138576896 (ISBN)9781138576889 (ISBN)9781351268646 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-06-04Bibliographically approved
Sehlin MacNeil, K. (2018). Let's name it: identifying cultural, structural and extractive violence in Indigenous and extractive industry relations. Journal of Northern Studies, 12(2), 81-103
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Let's name it: identifying cultural, structural and extractive violence in Indigenous and extractive industry relations
2018 (English)In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 81-103Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article on conflict and power relations between extractive industries and Indigenous groups in Sweden and Australia draws on two case studies to compare situations for Laevas reindeer herding Sami community in Northern Sweden and Adnyamathanha Traditional Owners in South Australia. In this international comparison the analysis, based on the research participants’ narratives, employs Johan Galtung’s concepts of cultural and structural violence as analytical tools to further explore and contrast the participants’ experiences of interactions with extractive industries and industrial proponents. In addition, this study introduces extractive violence – defined as a form of direct violence but relating specifically to extractivism and Indigenous peoples – as a complement to Galtung’s model, known as the violence triangle. The results show that although the expressions of cultural, structural and extractive violence experienced by the two Indigenous communities varied, the impacts were strikingly similar. Both communities identified extractive violence, supported by structural and cultural violence, as threats to the continuation of their entire cultures. The study also shows that in order to address violence against Indigenous peoples, Indigenous and decolonising perspectives must be taken into account.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet, 2018
Keywords
Aboriginal, Adnyamathanha, conflict, cultural violence, extractive industries, extractive violence, Indigenous, Laevas, LKAB, nuclear waste repository, Sami, structural violence
National Category
Ethnology Other Humanities not elsewhere specified Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Social Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130592 (URN)
Note

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form.

Available from: 2017-01-24 Created: 2017-01-24 Last updated: 2019-10-14Bibliographically approved
Sehlin MacNeil, K. (2018). Människan och marken: Om extraktivt våld på urfolks marker. Tidskriften Ord&Bild (2-3), 34-39
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Människan och marken: Om extraktivt våld på urfolks marker
2018 (Swedish)In: Tidskriften Ord&Bild, ISSN 0030-4492, no 2-3, p. 34-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: , 2018
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Ethnology; Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147723 (URN)
Available from: 2018-05-15 Created: 2018-05-15 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Sehlin MacNeil, K., Svonni, C. & Össbo, Å. (2018). Nyansera debatten om makten. NSD
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nyansera debatten om makten
2018 (Swedish)In: NSDArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147514 (URN)
Available from: 2018-05-04 Created: 2018-05-04 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Sehlin MacNeil, K. (2017). Extractive Violence on Indigenous Country: sami and Aboriginal Views on Conflicts and Power Relations with Extractive Industries. (Doctoral dissertation). Umeå: Umeå Universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Extractive Violence on Indigenous Country: sami and Aboriginal Views on Conflicts and Power Relations with Extractive Industries
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Extraktivt våld på urfolks marker : konflikter och maktrelationer mellan utvinningsindustrier och urfolk i Sverige och Australien
Abstract [en]

Asymmetrical conflicts and power relations between extractive industries and Indigenous groups often have devastating consequences for Indigenous peoples. Many Indigenous groups are struggling to maintain their lands as Indigenous perspectives on connection to Country are frequently undervalued or dismissed in favour of extractivist ideologies. While this conflicted interface has been researched in various parts of the world, studies exploring conflicts and power relations with extractive industries from Indigenous perspectives are few.

This thesis is an international comparison aiming to illuminate situations of conflict and asymmetrical power relations caused by extractivism on Indigenous lands from new viewpoints. By drawing on two single case studies, the situations for Laevas reindeer herding Sami community in northern Sweden and Adnyamathanha Traditional Owners in South Australia are compared and contrasted. Yarning (a form of interviewing) is used as a method for data collection and in order to stay as true as possible to the research participants’ own words a number of direct quotes are used. The analysis employs peace researcher Johan Galtung’s concepts of cultural and structural violence as analytical tools to further explore the participants’ experiences of interactions with extractive industries and industrial proponents, including governments. In addition, the thesis introduces the concept of extractive violence as a complement to Galtung’s model. Extractive violence is defined as a form of direct violence against people and/or animals and nature caused by extractivism, which predominantly impacts peoples closely connected to land. The concepts of structural and cultural violence are understood as unjust societal structures and racist and discriminating attitudes respectively.

A number of main themes could be identified in the research participants’ narratives. However, the most prominent on both continents was connections to Country and the threat that extractive violence posed to these connections.

The results show that although the expressions of cultural, structural and extractive violence experienced by the two Indigenous communities varied, the impacts were strikingly similar. Both communities identified extractive violence, supported by structural and cultural violence, as threats to the continuation of their societies and entire cultures. Furthermore, the results suggest that in order to address violence against Indigenous peoples and achieve conflict transformation, Indigenous and decolonising perspectives should be heard and taken into account.

Abstract [sv]

Konflikter och maktrelationer mellan utvinningsindustrier och urfolksgrupper får ofta förödande konsekvenser för urfolken. På grund av assymetriska maktförhållanden mellan urfolk och majoritetssamhällen som råder på de flesta ställen i världen utsätts många urfolk systematiskt för rättighetskränkningar. Många urfolksgrupper kämpar idag för att bevara sina marker eftersom urfolks perspektiv och kopplingar till marken ofta förminskas eller ignoreras när de står i motsättning till extraktiva ideologier. Även om extraktivism och påverkan på urfolk och urfolksgrupper varit fokus för tidigare studier saknas forskning som utgår från urfolkens perspektiv.

Denna avhandling är en internationell jämförelse med syfte att, från nya synvinklar, belysa konfliktsituationer och asymmetriska maktrelationer som orsakats av extraktivism på urfolks marker. Avhandlingen jämför och kontrasterar två fallstudier som utförts med Laevas č earru (sameby) i norra Sverige och Adnyamathanha-folket i delstaten South Australia. I fallstudien som utförts tillsammans med Laevas č earru ingår en grupp av totalt sex forskningsdeltagare, fyra män och två kvinnor. Det var dock framför allt två forskningsdeltagare som intervjuades med anledning av den konfliktsituation mellan Laevas č earru och gruvbolaget LKAB, som står i fokus för artikel I i avhandlingen. I den australiska fallstudien, som utförts tillsammans med Adnyamathanha-folket, ingår en grupp av sju forskningsdeltagare bestående av fyra kvinnor och tre män. Denna studie, artikel II, behandlar Adnyamathanhafolkets kamp mot de australiska och sydaustraliska regeringarnas förslag om att inrätta kärnavfallsdepåer på Adnyamathanhas marker. För att inhämta material användes yarning (en typ av intervjumetod) och för att återge forskningsdeltagarnas ord så rättvisande möjligt inkluderades ett antal direktcitat i texterna. För att möjliggöra en mer djupgående analys av forskningsdeltagarnas upplevelser av konflikter med utvinningsindustrier och förespråkare för extraktivism, inklusive regeringar och stater, användes Johan Galtungs modell, känd som Galtungs våldstriangel, som analysverktyg. Galtungs modell innefattar strukturellt, kulturellt och direkt våld. Direkt våld definieras som fysiskt våld eller hot om fysiskt våld, strukturellt våld utgörs av orättvisa och diskriminerande samhällsstrukturer och kulturellt våld är de attityder som får det strukturella och således även det direkta våldet att te sig legitimt. Föreliggande avhandling introducerar även konceptet extraktivt våld som ett komplement till Galtungs modell där xvi det ersätter direkt våld. Jag definierar extraktivt våld som en typ av direkt våld mot människor och/eller djur och natur orsakat av extraktivism som framför allt påverkar människor med starka kopplingar till sina marker. Extraktivism förstås här som alla typer av aktiviteter som extraherar stora mängder av resurser från marker och människor, exempelvis gruvdrift, skogsbruk, fiske, lantbruk och turism. I forskningsdeltagarnas utsagor identifierades ett antal nyckelteman. Dessa teman uppvisade både likheter och skillnader beroende på deltagarnas olika situationer och förutsättningar. Det mest framträdande temat på båda kontinenterna var dock ”connection to Country” eller kopplingar till marken. Båda grupperna beskrev hur marken och deras förhållande till den innefattade historia, kunskap, traditioner och kultur. För Adnyamathanhagruppen var det mest centrala att rädda och bevara heliga platser som hotas av extraktivism och för Laevas č earru sågs renskötseln och bevarandet av markerna för renarnas skull som det mest väsentliga.

Avhandlingens resultat visar att även om de former av kulturellt, strukturellt och extraktivt våld som forskningsdeltagarna upplevde varierade, var effekterna av våldet slående lika. Båda grupperna identifierade extraktivt våld, understött av strukturellt och kulturellt våld, som hot mot fortlevnaden av deras samhällen och kulturer. Resultaten pekar även på vikten av att urfolkens perspektiv inkluderas och blir hörda om konflikttransformering mellan utvinningsindustrier och urfolk ska kunna uppnås.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet, 2017. p. 53
Series
Samiska studier, ISSN 1651-5153 ; 8Etnologiska skrifter, ISSN 1103-6516 ; 64
Keywords
Aboriginal, Adnyamathanha, Australia, conflict, cultural violence, extractive industries, extractive violence, Indigenous peoples, Laevas cearru, LKAB, nuclear waste repository, Sami, structural violence, Sweden, Aboriginer, Adnyamathanha, Australien, konflikt, kulturellt våld, kärnavfallsdepå, Laevas cearru, LKAB, samer, strukturellt våld, Sverige, utvinningsindustrier, urfolk
National Category
Other Humanities Ethnology
Research subject
Ethnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130590 (URN)978-91-7601-657-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-02-17, Hörsal F, Humanisthuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-01-27 Created: 2017-01-24 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Sehlin MacNeil, K. (2017). Förtryck leder till lateralt våld. Samefolket (7)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förtryck leder till lateralt våld
2017 (Swedish)In: Samefolket, ISSN 0346-0320, no 7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147721 (URN)
Note

Artikeln ingår i en bilaga från Folkhälsomyndigheten, som publicerades tillsammans med Samefolket nummer 7, 2017.

Available from: 2018-05-15 Created: 2018-05-15 Last updated: 2018-06-21Bibliographically approved
Sehlin MacNeil, K. & Lawrence, R. (2017). Samiska frågor i gruvdebatten 2013: nya utrymmen för ohörda diskurser?. In: Marianne Liliequist och Coppélie Cocq (Ed.), Samisk kamp: kulturförmedling och rättviserörelse (pp. 140-161). Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samiska frågor i gruvdebatten 2013: nya utrymmen för ohörda diskurser?
2017 (Swedish)In: Samisk kamp: kulturförmedling och rättviserörelse / [ed] Marianne Liliequist och Coppélie Cocq, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2017, p. 140-161Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Sommaren 2013 präglades Sápmi av den pågående gruvdebatten. Den svenska regeringens mineralstrategi hade lett till att gruvbolaget Jokkmokk Iron Mines AB (Jimab) fått tillstånd att bryta järnmalm i Gállok utanför Jokkmokk, något som delar av lokalbefolkningen, miljöaktivister, renskötare och andra samer ville bestrida. Resultatet blev en långdragen konflikt. Trots att konflikten i Gállok nådde långt utanför Sveriges gränser genom uppmärksammande i utländska medier, möttes den med ett relativt svalt intresse i de nationella medierna. Syftet med kapitlet är att, med utgångspunkt i de artiklar som publicerats i de fyra största nationella pressmedierna, Dagens Nyheter (DN), Svenska Dagbladet (SvD), Aftonbladet (AB) och Expressen belysa och analysera gruvdebatten och riksmediernas intresse i gruvfrågan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2017
Series
Samiska studier, ISSN 1651-5153 ; 9Serie Akademi, ISSN 1653-9575 ; 12
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-132891 (URN)978-91-7327-231-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-23 Created: 2017-03-23 Last updated: 2018-09-05Bibliographically approved
Sehlin MacNeil, K. (2016). On Equal Terms?: exploring Traditional Owners' Views Regarding Radioactive Waste Dumps on Adnyamathanha Country. Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues, 19(3), 95-111
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Equal Terms?: exploring Traditional Owners' Views Regarding Radioactive Waste Dumps on Adnyamathanha Country
2016 (English)In: Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues, ISSN 1440-5202, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 95-111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores Adnyamathanha Traditional Owners’ experiences of the South Australian Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission consultation process and the Australian Government’s nomination process for nuclear repository sites. The study investigates how structural and cultural violence is manifested in the relations between the Australian and South Australian Governments and members of the Adnyamathanha community. Structural violence includes power inequality, injustices and corruption built into social systems. Cultural violence means discriminatory attitudes and beliefs that justify and legitimise structural violence. The results show that structural violence is manifested in several ways including lack of information and language services as well as government representatives approaching individuals rather than the community. Cultural violence is demonstrated as discriminatory, colonial and racist attitudes and actions resulting in flawed consultation processes. The study concludes that in order to address structural and cultural violence Indigenous experiences and opinions must be heard and taken seriously.

Keywords
Aboriginal, Adnyamathanha, Cultural Violence, FPIC, Indigenous, IPA, Native Title, Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission, Nuclear Waste Repository, Structural Violence
National Category
Ethnology
Research subject
Ethnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128321 (URN)
Available from: 2016-12-01 Created: 2016-12-01 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Sehlin MacNeil, K. & Marsh, J. (2015). Indigenous research across continents: a comparison of ethically and culturally sound approaches to research in Australia and Sweden. In: Henk Huijser, Robyn Ober, Sandy O’Sullivan, Eva McRae-Williams, Ruth Elvin (Ed.), Finding the common ground: narratives, provocations and reflections from the 40 year celebration of batchelor institute (pp. 119-126). Batchelor NT: Batchelor Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Indigenous research across continents: a comparison of ethically and culturally sound approaches to research in Australia and Sweden
2015 (English)In: Finding the common ground: narratives, provocations and reflections from the 40 year celebration of batchelor institute / [ed] Henk Huijser, Robyn Ober, Sandy O’Sullivan, Eva McRae-Williams, Ruth Elvin, Batchelor NT: Batchelor Press , 2015, p. 119-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the context of opposition to, or absence of, ethical engagement in Indigenous research, researchers aremorally obligated to make a stand that ensures their engagement strategy and implementation plan uses an approach based on positionality, participation, mutual respect, and partnership. Whilst this may involve new challenges for the researcher, such an initiative maximises the likelihood of an empowering and culturally safe process for vulnerable participants, including inexperienced researchers. As two early career researchers, we reflect on our experiences amidst some of the challenges within Indigenous research. These challenges include ethical, methodological and structural issues. The main aims of this chapter are to advocate for practical and philosophical reform of Indigenous research ethics particularly in the context of decolonisation; ultimately to maximise the benefits of research primarily for community research participants, service providers, and policy makers as opposed to primarily for the academy. The authors' experiential and theoretical knowledge enables a critical understanding of the philosophical underpinnings of a decolonising research approach and how this guides the development of an appropriate ethics protocol. We acknowledge that research impacts on Indigenous peoples' lives, often in a negative or unintended manner, and its governance varies dramatically according to individual as well as institutional values that are steeped in Western thought including colonialism. This paper draws on scholarly theoretical knowledge of cultural protocols and the governance of ethical processes from international and local sources, as well as our own experiences in cross-cultural communication to articulate what we call a Decolonising Standpoint. We regard this as a necessary addition to the implementation of an Indigenous Standpoint in the context of research, which has provided a highly credible philosophy and practice for Indigenous researchers. We aim to create an additional and quite distinct position that non-Indigenous researchers can add to their repertoire of skills and knowledge in the context of Indigenous research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Batchelor NT: Batchelor Press, 2015
National Category
Cultural Studies Ethnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112307 (URN)978-1-74131-310-9 (ISBN)978-1-74131-309-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-12-04 Created: 2015-12-04 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4853-9641

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