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Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Hrehová, K., Sandow, E. & Lindgren, U. (2023). Firm relocations, commuting and relationship stability. Regional Studies, Regional Science, 10(1), 194-216
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firm relocations, commuting and relationship stability
2023 (English)In: Regional Studies, Regional Science, E-ISSN 2168-1376, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 194-216Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper we study the impact of firm relocations on commuting distance and the probability of married couples and cohabiting couples with children separating. We use Swedish register data for the period 2010–16 and select employees of relocating firms with one workplace and more than 10 employees. Focusing on this sample allows us to use plausibly exogenous variation in the commuting distance arising from the relocation. We extend the literature on the effect of commuting on relationship stability by reducing the possibility for unobserved time-variant factors to bias our estimates. While previous literature has focused on the difference between short- and long-distance commuting, we focus on changes in the commuting distance that are externally induced by firm management. We find a small but statistically significant negative effect of increased firm relocation distance on family stability. A 10 km change in commuting distance leads to a 0.09 percentage point higher probability of separation if the commuter remains with the firm for the next five years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2023
Keywords
separation, marriage, commuting time, commuting distance, quasi-experiment, spatial mobility
National Category
Business Administration Economics Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205411 (URN)10.1080/21681376.2023.2174042 (DOI)000942885900001 ()2-s2.0-85149477019 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-03-03 Created: 2023-03-03 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Sandow, E. & Lundholm, E. (2023). Leaving the city: counterurbanisation and internal return migration in Sweden. European Journal of Population, 39(1), Article ID 7.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leaving the city: counterurbanisation and internal return migration in Sweden
2023 (English)In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 39, no 1, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines counterurban migration among young families with children in Sweden and the extent to which these moves reflect return migration, recognising the role of family members and family roots at the destination from a life course perspective. Drawing on register data for all young families with children leaving the Swedish metropolitan areas during the years 2003–2013, we analyse the pattern of counterurban moves and explore how the families’ socioeconomic characteristics, childhood origins, and links to family networks are associated with becoming a counterurban mover and choice of destination. The results show that four out of ten counterurban movers are former urban movers who choose to return to their home region. Among them, almost all have family at the destination, indicating that family ties are important for counterurban migration. In general, urban residents with a background outside metropolitan areas are much more likely to become counterurban movers. Families’ previous residential experiences during childhood, particularly in rural areas, are found to be associated with the residential environment they choose to resettle in when leaving the big city. Counterurban movers making a return move are similar to other counterurban movers in relation to employment status, but tend to be better off economically and move longer distances than other counterurban movers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Keywords
Counterurbanisation, Return migration, Family migration, Intergenerational networks, Competing risk
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Population studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205656 (URN)10.1007/s10680-023-09649-4 (DOI)000945808700002 ()2-s2.0-85150153849 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-00290
Available from: 2023-03-13 Created: 2023-03-13 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Hrehová, K., Sandow, E. & Lindgren, U. (2021). Firm Relocations, Commuting and Relationship Stability. Prague: CERGE-EI
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firm Relocations, Commuting and Relationship Stability
2021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we study the impact of firm relocations on commuting distance and the probability of married couples and cohabiting couples with children separating. We use Swedish register data for 2010-2016 and select employees of relocating firms with one workplace and more than 10 employees. Focusing on this sample allows us to use plausibly exogenous variation in the commuting distance arising from the relocation. We extend the literature on the effect of commuting on relationship stability by reducing the possibility for unobserved time-variant factors to bias our estimates. While previous literature has focused on the difference between short- and long-distance commuting, we focus on changes in the commuting distance that are externally induced by firm management. We find a small but statistically significant negative effect of increased firm relocation distance on family stability. A 10 km change in commuting distance leads to a 0.09 percentage point higher probability of separation if the commuter remains with the firm for the next 5 years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Prague: CERGE-EI, 2021. p. 31
Series
CERGE-EI Working Paper Series, ISSN 1211-3298 ; 694
Keywords
separation, marriage, commuting time, commuting distance, quasi-experiment, spatial mobility
National Category
Economics Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186756 (URN)978-80-7343-500-4 (ISBN)978-80-7344-589-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-08-19 Created: 2021-08-19 Last updated: 2021-08-24Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, J., Sandow, E., Findlay, A. & Malmberg, G. (2020). Boomerang Behaviour and Emerging Adulthood: Moving Back to the Parental Home and the Parental Neighbourhood in Sweden. European Journal of Population, 36(5), 919-945
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Boomerang Behaviour and Emerging Adulthood: Moving Back to the Parental Home and the Parental Neighbourhood in Sweden
2020 (English)In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 919-945Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper makes two original contributions to research on young adults’ boomerang mobility. First, it reveals the magnitude and complexity of return moves by young people to their parental home and neighbourhood. Secondly, it shows that the determinants and associates of return migration vary significantly when analysed at two different geographical scales—the parental home and the parental neighbourhood area. Using longitudinal data (1986–2009) on four cohorts of young adults, we find that boomeranging to the parental home in Sweden has increased in times of economic recession and is associated with economic vulnerability, such as leaving higher education or entering unemployment, and partnership dissolution. While returning to the parental home can offer financial support in times of life course reversal, we found gender differences indicating a greater independence among young women than men. Returning to the parental neighbourhood is found to be a very different kind of mobility than returning to co-reside with one’s parents, involving the migration decisions of more economically independent young adults. Results also indicate that returns to the parental neighbourhood, as well as returns to the parental home, can be part of young people’s life course changes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Keywords
Boomerang mobility, Life course, Young adults, Longitudinal, Returning home
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Population studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-169825 (URN)10.1007/s10680-020-09557-x (DOI)000520794500001 ()33177968 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85082846318 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-04-21 Created: 2020-04-21 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Lundholm, E., Sandow, E. & Malmberg, G. (2020). Income distribution in family networks by gender and proximity. Population, Space and Place, 26(7), Article ID e2373.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Income distribution in family networks by gender and proximity
2020 (English)In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 26, no 7, article id e2373Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Whereas the significance of family networks for support and well‐being has been shown in previous research, few studies have analysed the income distribution within family networks. The aim of this study is to examine income distribution within family networks and how they have changed over time for women and men in different parts of the income distribution and if the incomes are more similar in the geographically proximate family network. The analysis is based on register data and by use of ordinary least squares (OLS) and quantile regressions. The results indicate that men in the lowest income group tend to have become more similar to their family network over time. Gender differences have decreased, possibly as an effect of women's higher labour market participation rate leading to decreased income disparity. This paper contributes by highlighting how the uneven distribution of economic resources in family networks adds to individual's own resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Keywords
family networks, income distribution, proximity, gender, Sweden
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-173958 (URN)10.1002/psp.2373 (DOI)000554417100001 ()2-s2.0-85088840017 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-08-10 Created: 2020-08-10 Last updated: 2021-01-07Bibliographically approved
Sandow, E. & Lundholm, E. (2020). Which families move out from metropolitan areas?: Counterurban migration and professions in Sweden. European Urban and Regional Studies, 27(3), 276-289
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Which families move out from metropolitan areas?: Counterurban migration and professions in Sweden
2020 (English)In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 276-289Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper seeks to contribute to the ongoing revitalisation of the counterurbanisation research within population geography by nuancing counterurban migration beyond the rural–urban dichotomy, including all moves downwards in the urban hierarchy. The focus is to explore counterurban migration patterns among families with children leaving Swedish metropolitan areas, and whether some groups of skilled professions are more likely to make a counterurban move than others. Using register data on all families moving out from metropolitan areas in Sweden during the period 2003–2013, we found a small but steady outflow of families, mainly to medium-sized or small towns. The highly educated are overrepresented among these families, thus providing potential for an inflow of competence to the receiving areas. Contrary to expected, the assumed flexibility in time and space among knowledge sector professionals does not seem to enable them more than others to pursue counterurban moves. Instead, public sector professionals characterise families making a counterurban move to all destination regions, while men with a profession within arts and crafts to a higher extent move with their family to more rural areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2020
Keywords
Competing risk, counterurban migration, counterurbanisation, event-history analysis, families, profession
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography; Population studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-166868 (URN)10.1177/0969776419893017 (DOI)000503922000001 ()2-s2.0-85077193486 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-00290
Available from: 2020-01-06 Created: 2020-01-06 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Sandow, E. (2019). Til work do us part: the social fallacy of long-distance commuting. In: Christina Lindkvist Scholten and Tanja Joelsson (Ed.), Integrating gender into transport planning: from one to many tracks (pp. 121-144). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Til work do us part: the social fallacy of long-distance commuting
2019 (English)In: Integrating gender into transport planning: from one to many tracks / [ed] Christina Lindkvist Scholten and Tanja Joelsson, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 121-144Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156196 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-05042-9_6 (DOI)2-s2.0-85064364145 (Scopus ID)881251 (Local ID)9783030050412 (ISBN)9783030050429 (ISBN)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2024-02-21Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, J., Sandow, E., Findlay, A. & Malmberg, G. (2017). The importance of geographical scale in explaining the return migration of young adults to the parental home and to the parental neighbourhood.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The importance of geographical scale in explaining the return migration of young adults to the parental home and to the parental neighbourhood
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper makes two original contributions to research on the return migration of young adults to the parental home. First it argues that the numerical significance and complexity of return moves by young people to their parental home (boomeranging) is greater than has previously been recognised. Secondly we show that the determinants and associates of return migration vary significantly when analysed at two different geographical scales – the parental home and the parental neighbourhood area. We compare boomerang mobility behaviour in Sweden to work undertaken previously in the United Kingdom. By using longitudinal data (1986 to 2009) on four cohorts of young adults we find that boomeranging to parents’ home is an increasing mobility behaviour in Sweden associated with economic vulnerability, such as leaving higher education or entering unemployment, and partnership dissolution. While returning to parents’ home can offer financial support in times of life course reversal, we found gender differences indicating a larger independence among young women than men. Returning to the parental neighbourhood is found to be a much wider phenomenon than return to co-residence with parents, involving migration decisions of more economically independent young adults. 

Series
CPC working papers, ISSN 2042-4116 ; 85
Keywords
Boomerang mobility, life course, young adults, longitudinal, returning home
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139904 (URN)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Available from: 2017-09-26 Created: 2017-09-26 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, P., Sandow, E. & Westerlund, O. (2016). Commuting and timing of retirement. The annals of regional science, 56(1), 125-152
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Commuting and timing of retirement
2016 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 125-152Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Interregional commuting is an important feature of labour supply and regional labour market adjustment. In this study, we examine the effect of long-distance commuting (LDC) on timing of retirement. Previous research indicates negative health effects and substantial disutility of commuting. Potentially, this may affect the labour supply of older workers via early retirement. Longitudinal population register data from Sweden on employed older workers are used for semi-parametric estimation of survival in the labour force. The results for men indicate shorter survival in the labour force/ earlier retirement for LDCs, primarily among men with high education. For women, there is no evidence of LDC being associated with early retirement. For women with high education, there are indications of longer survival in the labour force among the commuters. The seemingly contradictory results for the highly educated may be due to gender differences in commuting distances and socio-economic attributes of commuters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2016
Keywords
Commuting, Retirement, Geographical Mobility, Older Workers
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics; Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111303 (URN)10.1007/s00168-015-0723-8 (DOI)000373579900006 ()2-s2.0-84955174807 (Scopus ID)
Projects
ALC
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2006-21576-36119-66Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2006-1010
Available from: 2015-11-12 Created: 2015-11-12 Last updated: 2023-03-23Bibliographically approved
Sandow, E., Westerlund, O. & Lindgren, U. (2014). Is your commute killing you?: On the mortality risks of long-distance commuting. Environment and planning A, 46(6), 1496-1516
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is your commute killing you?: On the mortality risks of long-distance commuting
2014 (English)In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 1496-1516Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a general belief that expanding labour-market regions, triggered by increased commuting, have positive economic effects on individuals, firms, and society. Recently, however, scholars have reported possible negative outcomes related to health and well-being. Based on these findings, this study addresses the association between long-distance commuting, and mortality. Using longitudinal individual data from between 1985 and 2008, focusing on 55-year-olds in 1994, we model mortality through propensity score matching and Kaplan–Meyer estimates of survival among long-distance commuters and matched controls from the population travelling short distances to work. The results indicate that women who have experienced long-distance commuting face a significantly higher mortality risk compared with women with short commutes to work. This seems to be driven by variations in income and education: for example, for women with long-distance commuting experience, substantially lower survival rates are found among those with low education and low income. A very different picture emerges for men, for whom mortality risks do not seem to be associated with long-distance commuting. Our findings suggest that men and women are subject to different mechanisms regarding the nexus between commuting and mortality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pion, 2014
Keywords
long-distance commuting, health, mortality, propensity score matching, survival rates
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Economics; Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81955 (URN)10.1068/a46267 (DOI)000345691600016 ()2-s2.0-84902829744 (Scopus ID)881251 (Local ID)881251 (Archive number)881251 (OAI)
Projects
FAS 2006-1010
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2006-1010
Available from: 2013-10-24 Created: 2013-10-24 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Projects
Moving out from the city. A study on families? migration strategies for social sustainable living outside metropolitan areas [2016-00290_Forte]; Umeå University; Publications
Sandow, E. & Lundholm, E. (2023). Leaving the city: counterurbanisation and internal return migration in Sweden. European Journal of Population, 39(1), Article ID 7. Sandow, E. & Lundholm, E. (2020). Which families move out from metropolitan areas?: Counterurban migration and professions in Sweden. European Urban and Regional Studies, 27(3), 276-289
Relocation as a strategy for families in search of a sustainable everyday life outside the metropolitan areas [P18-0396:1_RJ]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9587-9000

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